List of Texas state symbols

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The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas.

Official designations and symbols[edit]

Type Symbol Date Designated Notes
state flower bluebonnet (flowers) (Lupinus spp., namely Texas Bluebonnet, L. texensis) March 1901[1]
Texas bluebonnet
state motto "Friendship" 1930 [2]
state nickname The Lone Star State[3] (also The Friendship State)
State Flag "The Lone Star Flag" June 30, 1839
National Seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
First Great Seal of Texas
State Seal Seal of the State of Texas December 29, 1845
Reverse of the State Seal Reverse of the State Seal August 26, 1961
The Reverse of the Texas State Seal of Texas
National Coat of Arms Coat of Arms of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
State Coat of Arms Coat of Arms of the State of Texas 1993
National Guard Crest National Guard Crest of the State of Texas February 18, 1924
National Guard Crest of Texas
state tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) 1906
Pecan tree in Abilene, Texas
state soil Houston Black
state bird Northern Mockingbird 1927
state song Texas, Our Texas 1929
state mammal (small) Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) 1927
state mammal (large) Texas longhorn 1995
Texas longhorn cow
state mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat 1995
Mexican free-tailed bat
state dog Blue Lacy June 18, 2005
Lacy Dog

Other official designations[edit]

Type Symbol Date Designated Notes
State Air Force Commemorative Air Force
State bread pan de campo
state cooking implement Dutch oven
1890s Dutch oven
state dinosaur Brachiosaur Sauropod, Pleurocoelus
state dish chili con carne 1977
Chili con carne
State Domino Game Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
state fiber and fabric cotton
Cotton plant
state fish Guadalupe bass 1989
Guadalupe bass
state folk dance square dance 1991
state fruit Texas red grapefruit 1993
state gem Texas blue topaz 1969
state gemstone cut Lone Star Cut[4]
state grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) 1971
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
state insect monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) 1995
female monarch butterfly
state molecule buckyball
Buckyball Buckminsterfullerene C60
state music western swing WSlogo.jpg
musical instrument Guitar
Guitar 1.jpg
state nut Native pecan 1919
state pepper (native) chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Chiltepin mexico sonora.jpg
state pepper (other) jalapeño 1995
Illustration Capsicum annuum0.jpg
state plant prickly pear cactus 1995
Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
state plays Fort Griffin Fandangle, The Lone Star, Texas, Beyond Sundown
state reptile Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the "Horny Toad" or "Horned Frog".
The Horned Lizard is a species unique to Texas.
state shell lightning whelk (Busycon perversum pulleyi) 1987
state ship the Battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
USS Texas BB-35.jpg
state shrub crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Lagerstroemia indica.jpg
state shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens))
Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg
state slogan "The Friendly State" 1930
state snack tortilla chips and salsa 1995
state sport (individual) rodeo
bull riding at a rodeo
state sport (team) American football
Cowboys Stadium field.jpg
state stone petrified palmwood
state tartan Texas Bluebonnet Tartan May 25, 1989
Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg
state pastry strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
state vegetable Texas sweet onion 1997
Texas centennial half dollar commemorative.
Texas quarter reverse.

Pledge to the Texas Flag[edit]

Further information: Flag of Texas

Words to the pledge:

Honor the Texas Flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,[5]
one and indivisible.


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ list of State Nicknames
  4. ^ State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  5. ^ Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library

External links[edit]