List of Texas state symbols

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The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas.

Official designations and symbols[edit]

Type Symbol Date designated Image
State flower Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis) March 1901[1]
State motto "Friendship" 1930 [2]
State nickname "The Lone Star State"[3] (also "The Friendship State")
State flag The Lone Star Flag June 30, 1839
Flag of Texas.svg
National seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
Seal of the Republic of Texas (1836).svg
State seal Seal of Texas December 29, 1845
Seal of Texas.svg
Reverse of the seal August 26, 1961
Seal of Texas (reverse).svg
National coat of arms Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas.svg
State coat of arms Coat of arms of Texas 1993
State Arms of Texas.svg
National guard crest Crest of the Texas National Guard February 18, 1924
Texas National Guard crest.svg
State tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) 1906
Pecan tree in Abilene, Texas
State soil Houston Black
State bird Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) 1927
Mimus-polyglottos-002 edit.jpg
State song "Texas, Our Texas" 1929
State mammal (small) Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) 1927
Dasypus novemcinctus.jpg
State mammal (large) Texas Longhorn 1995
Texas Longhorn cow.jpg
State mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) 1995
Tadarida brasiliensis.jpg
State dog Blue Lacy June 18, 2005
Blue lacy working.jpg

Other official designations[edit]

Type Symbol Date Designated Notes
State air force Commemorative Air Force
State bread Texas Toast
State cooking implement Dutch oven
Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg
State dinosaur Brachiosaur Sauropod, Pleurocoelus
State dish Chili 1977
Bowl of Chili No Beans.jpg
State domino game Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
State fiber and fabric Cotton
State fish Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii) 1989
Guadalupe bass - Micropterus treculii.jpg
State folk dance Square dance 1991
State fruit Texas red grapefruit 1993
Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg
State gem Texas blue topaz 1969
State gemstone cut Lone Star Cut[4]
State grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) 1971
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
State insect Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) 1995
Monarch In May.jpg
State molecule Buckyball or Buckminsterfullerene, C60
State music Western swing
Musical instrument Guitar
Guitar 1.jpg
State nut Native pecan 1919
State pepper (native) Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Chiltepin mexico sonora.jpg
State pepper (other) Jalapeño 1995
Illustration Capsicum annuum0.jpg
State plant Prickly pear cactus 1995
Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
State plays Fort Griffin Fandangle, The Lone Star, Texas, Beyond Sundown
State reptile Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog. 1993
State shell Lightning whelk (Busycon perversum pulleyi) 1987
State ship The battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
USS Texas BB-35.jpg
State shrub Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Lagerstroemia indica.jpg
State shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)
Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg
State slogan "The Friendly State" 1930
State snack Tortilla chips and salsa 1995
State sport Rodeo 1997 [5]
State stone Petrified palmwood
State tartan Texas Bluebonnet Tartan May 25, 1989
Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg
State pastries Strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
State vegetable Texas sweet onion 1997
Texas centennial half dollar commemorative
Texas quarter reverse

Pledge to the Texas flag[edit]

A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.

Honor the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,
one and indivisible.[6]


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ list of State Nicknames
  4. ^ State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  5. ^
  6. ^ Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library

External links[edit]