List of Tibetan monasteries

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This list of Tibetan monasteries is a listing of historical and contemporary monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism within Tibet itself and abroad: The list includes monasteries that were within Tibetan borders when extant, or that were culturally included within the Tibetan tradition.

Tibet is home to numerous Buddhist monasteries. Included are monasteries which belonged to historical Tibet but may now lie within other Chinese provinces.

Samye Monastery in Dranang
Sera Monastery in Lhasa
Name Location Tradition Established Destroyed Note
Menri Ü Bön 1405 1386, 1966
Alchi Ladakh Gelug 11th century
Dorje Drak Lhoka Nyingma 1400, 1720, 1960s in India 1717, 1960s One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Drepung Lhasa Gelug 1416 Home monastery of H.H. the Dalai Lama. Founded by Jamyang Choje.
Drigung Lhasa Prefecture Kagyu 1179, 1980s 1960s
Dzogchen Kham Nyingma 1684 One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Ganden Lhasa Prefecture Gelug 1409 Seat of the Ganden Tripa. Founded by Tsongkhapa in 1409.
Gongchen Monastery Kham Sakya 1729
Gongkar Chöde Lhokha Sakya 1464
Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges Tsang Gelug 1433&1475 [1]
Hemis Ladakh Drukpa 1672
Jokhang Temple Lhasa Gelug 652 Lhasa main temple. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo in 647; a major pilgrimage site.
Jonang Phuntsokling Monastery Tsang Jonang 14 th century
Kardang Lahaul Drukpa 12th century Main monastery in Lahaul.
Karma Gön Monastery Kham Kagyu 1147
Katok Garze Nyingma 1159 One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Keru Temple Ü Nyingma mid-8th century
Kharchu Monastery Lhokha Nyingma 16th century
Khomthing Monastery Lhokha
Khorshak Temple Western Tibet
Kirti Gompa Amdo Gelug 1472
Kumbum Monastery Amdo Gelug 1583
Labrang Monastery Amdo Gelug 1709 Was founded in 1709 by the first Jamyang Zhaypa, Ngawang Tsondru.
Magur Namgyal Ling Amdo Gelug 1646 [2]
Menri Monastery Tsang
Mindrolling Lhokha Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Nalendra Monastery Penpo [3]
Namdzong Nunnery Amdo
Namgyal Monastery Lhasa
Nangshi Monastery Ngaba, Amdo
Narthang Monastery Tsang
Nechung Temple Lhasa
Ngor Temple Ü Sakya 1429 1959
Nyethang Drolma Lhakhang Temple Ü
Pabonka Hermitage Lhasa Gelug 7th century Independent before 1959, has belonged to Sera since 1980.
Gyantse Palkor Chöde Monastery Tsang
Palpung Kagyu Seat of the Tai Situpa and Jamgon Kongtrul.
Palyul Palyul Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries." other Branch "Namdroling Monastery" established by Penor Rinpoche at INDIA, since 1963
Pomda Monastery Baxoi
Punakha Dzong Bhutan Drukpa Winter home of the Central Monk Body.
Ralung Monastery Tsang
Ralung Drukpa Seat of the Gyalwang Drukpa.
Ramoche Temple Lhasa
Rato Dratsang Karnataka Gelug Formerly on the outskirts of Lhasa, but now re-established in south India.
Ratö Monastery Ü
Reting Ü Gelug
Riwoche Kham Kagyu Seat of the Taklung Kagyu lineage.
Rongwo Gönchen Monastery Amdo
Sakya Tsang Sakya Seat of H.H. the Sakya Trizin.
Samye Monastery Ü 775 - 779
Samye Nyingma First monastery in Tibet, established by Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita.
Sekhar Guthok Monastery Lhokha [4]
Sanga Monastery Lhokha
Sera Lhasa Gelug Largest monastery in Tibet, containing numerous colleges. Founded by Chöje Shakya Yeshe
Shalu Tsang Sakya
Shechen Kham Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Simbiling Monastery ...
Spituk Ladakh Gelug
Surmang Monastery Kham 1988
Surmang Kagyu Seat of the Trungpa tülkus.
Tabo Spiti Gelug Largest monastery in Spiti.
Taklung Monastery Ü
Taktsang Monastery Dzoge, Amdo
Tashichho Dzong Thimphu Drukpa Houses the Central Monk Body in summer.
Tashilhünpo Tsang Gelug Seat of the Panchen Lama. Founded by Gyalwa Gendün Drup.
Tholing Monastery West Tibet
Tibet Institute Rikon Switzerland Nyingma Since 2007, the monastery comprises representatives of all four great traditions : Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug.
Tingri Monastery Tsang
Tradruk Temple Lhokha Gelug The largest, oldest and most important monastery in the Yarlung Valley. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo.
Trathang Monastery Lhokha
Tsandan Monastery Nagchu
Tsaparang Monastery & Palace Complex West Tibet
Tsethang Monastery Lhokha
Tsö Monastery Amdo
Tsozong Gongba Nyingma
Tsurphu Ü Kagyu Seat of H.H. the Gyalwa Karmapa.
Yama Tashikyil Rebkong, Amdo
Yarchen Gar Nyingma 1985 Largest monastery in the world +10000 monks.
Yemar Temple Tsang
Yerpa Gelug 600-700 1959 Famous meditation site of King Songtsen Gampo and Padmasambhava; 300 monks lived here in 1959.
Yonghe Temple Beijing Gelug 1700s national centre of Lama administration during Qing dynasty
Yungdrungling Monastery Tsang [5]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Gelug Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  2. ^ http://treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Second-Zhabdrung-Karpo/TBRC_p4249
  3. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Nalendra Monastery". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Sakya Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  4. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Drug Sang-ngag Choling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Kagyü Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  5. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Yungdrungling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Bön Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.