List of Turkish sports clubs by foundation dates

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Football was introduced to the Ottoman Empire by English men living in the area. The first matches took place in Selanik, now known as Thessaloniki, in 1875. F.C. Smyrna was the first football club established in Turkey. The same men brought football from İzmir to Istanbul in 1895. The first competitive matches between İzmir and Istanbul clubs took place in 1897, 1898, 1899, and 1904. The İzmir team won every match.[1]

List of Turkish Sports Clubs by Foundation Dates[edit]

Year Home town Club Notes
1875 Istanbul Hermes ACAC 1923 renamed Peraclub, but disbanded; new foundation in Greece as PAOK
1890 Izmir Orpheus MSC moved 1922 to Athens, Greece, as Panionios G.S.S.
1891 Izmir Apollon Smyrni moved 1922 to Athens, Greece, as GS Apollon Smyrnis
1894 Izmir Smyrna FC Dissolved
1896 Istanbul Kurtuluş SK Founded as "Tatavla Heraklis", oldest still existing Turkish sports club.[2]
1899 Istanbul Cadi-Keuy FC Dissolved 1912
1901 Istanbul Black Stockings FC Dissolved 1901
1903 Istanbul Beşiktaş JK Football section in 1911
1903 Istanbul Moda FC Dissolved 1910
1904 Istanbul Elpis FC Dissolved 1910
1904 Istanbul HMS Imogene FC Dissolved 1909
1905 Istanbul Galatasaray SK Turkish club with the oldest football team
1907 Istanbul Fenerbahçe SK
1907 Istanbul Üsküdar Anadolu SK
1908 Istanbul Beykoz 1908 S.K.D.
1908 Istanbul Vefa SK
1908 Istanbul Union Club FC Dissolved
1908 Istanbul Strugglers FC Dissolved 1913
1909 Istanbul Altınordu İdman Yurdu SK Founded as Galatasaray B team under the name Progres FC. Changed name in 1914. Dissolved 1926
1910 Ankara MKE Ankaragücü SK Founded in istanbul and moved to Ankara in 1920
1910 Istanbul Armstrong-Vickers FC Dissolved 1914
1910 Istanbul Türk İdman Ocağı SK Dissolved 1915
1911 Istanbul Rumblers FC Dissolved
1911 Istanbul Küçükçekmece SK Founded as Süleymaniye Sirkeci
1911 Istanbul Beylerbeyi SK
1912 Istanbul Hilal SK
1912 Izmir Karşıyaka SK
1912 Istanbul Telefoncular FC Dissolved 1914
1913 Istanbul Anadolu Hisarı İdman Yurdu SK
1913 Istanbul Türk Gücü SK 13 March 1913
1913 Istanbul OSG Maccabi Dissolved late 1930s
1914 Izmir Altay SK
1914 Istanbul Nişantaşı SK
1914 Istanbul Beyoğluspor Founded as Pera SK
1914 Istanbul Darüşşafaka SK
1915 Izmir İzmir İdman Yurdu SK
1919 Istanbul Eyüpspor
1919 Ankara Muhafızgücü
1921 Istanbul Kasımpaşa SK Founded as Altıntuğ
1923 Ankara Gençlerbirliği S.K.
1924 Bursa Mudanyaspor
1925 Izmir Göztepe S.K.
1926 Istanbul İstanbulspor A.Ş. Founded on July 23rd, 1913 as Makriköy İdman Yurdu,
changed name to İstanbul Spor Kulübü in 1925 and merged with Istanbul High School in 1926.
1926 Istanbul Fatih Karagümrük SK Founded as Karagümrük İdman Yurdu
1926 Giresun Bulancakspor
1927 Istanbul Feriköy SK
1928 Izmir Bucaspor
1930 Ankara Ankara Demirspor
1930 Eskişehir Eskişehir Demirspor


  1. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Before the Turkish leagues, accessed 21 June 2010
  2. ^ "Kurtuluş Spor Klubü". Retrieved 25 November 2015.