List of companies of Turkey

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Location of Turkey

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey is a transcontinental parliamentary republic in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.[1][2]

The country has an emerging market economy as defined by the IMF.[3] Turkey is among the world's developed countries according to the CIA World Factbook.[4] Turkey is also defined by economists and political scientists as one of the world's newly industrialized countries. Turkey has the world's 18th largest nominal GDP,[5] and 15th largest GDP by PPP.[5] The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances.

For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see "Business entities in Turkey".

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenue for 2016.[6] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
419 DivanHotel.JPG Koç Holding $25,515 91,304 Significant and diverse industrial conglomerate controlled by third-generation members of the Koç family.

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

     Active firms
     State-owned firms
     Defunct firms

Name Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
Adana Çimento Industrials Construction & materials Adana 1954 Cement producer
Akbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1948 Banking, part of Sabanci Holding
Aksa Basic materials Chemicals Yalova 1968 Chemicals
Alarko Holding Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1954 Construction and mechanical industries
Anadolu Isuzu Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Istanbul 1984 Automotive, part of Isuzu Motors (Japan)
Arçelik Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1955 Home appliances, part of Koç Holding
Arkem Basic materials Chemicals Istanbul 1991 Chemicals
Aselsan Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 1975 Defense electronic systems
Askam (trucks) Industrials Industrial engineering Istanbul 1964 Commercial trucks, defunct 2015
Avea Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Istanbul 2004 Mobile phone operation
Avsar Enamel Consumer goods Personal & household goods Bolvadin 2010[7] Kitchenware
Aygaz Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 1961 Propane gas, part of Koç Holding
Banvit Consumer goods Food & beverage Bandırma 1968 Poultry
Basak Traktor Industrials Industrial engineering Adapazarı 1914 Tractors
Beko Elektronik Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1967 Home electronics, part of Koç Holding
BMC Consumer goods Automobiles & parts İzmir 1964 Automotive
Borusan Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1944 Conglomerate: Steel, energy, logistics
BOTAŞ Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Ankara 1974 State-owned oil/energy
Çalık Enerji Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 1998 Energy
Canovate Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1965 Electrical equipment
Cengiz Holding Conglomerate Istanbul[8] 1980
Ciner Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1978 Energy, media, commerce
Çukurova Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1923 Construction, media, telecommunications
Denizbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1938 Private bank
Diardi Consumer goods Automobiles & parts İzmir 1987 Automotive
Dilek Ecza Deposu Health care Pharmaceuticals & biotechnology Antalya 1991 Pharmaceutical distribution
Doğan Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1980 Energy, media
Doğtaş Consumer goods Personal & household goods Biga 1972 Furniture
Doğuş Group Conglomerate Istanbul 1951 Highly diversified conglomerate
DYO Boya Fabrikaları Basic materials Chemicals İzmir 1927 Chemicals, paint
Eczacıbaşı Health care Pharmaceuticals & biotechnology Istanbul 1942 Pharmaceuticals
Efes Beverage Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Istanbul 1969 Brewery
Elektrik Üretim Utilities Electricity Ankara 2001 Energy
Enerco Energy Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 2004 Natural gas
Enka Insaat ve Sanayi A.S. Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1957 Construction
Erdem Architects Industrials Support services Ankara 1998 Architects
Erdemir Basic materials Basic resources Zonguldak 1967 Iron and steel
Erkunt Group Industrials Industrial engineering Ankara 1953 Tractors
Eser Industrials Construction & materials Ankara 1986 Construction
Estap Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1989 Electronics
Etox Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Ankara 2006 Automotive
EUROTAI Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 1997 Helicopters, joint with Airbus Helicopters and TAI
EUROTEM Industrials Industrial Transportation Istanbul 2006 Trains, joint with Hyundai Rotem (South Korea)
Fibabanka Financials Banks Istanbul 2010 Private bank
Finansbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1987 Banking
GAMA Endustri Industrials Construction & materials Ankara[9] 1970 Construction
Garanti Bank Financials Banks Istanbul 1946 Private bank
Geliyoo Consumer goods Personal & household goods Edirne 2010 electronics
Goldas Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1993 jewelry
Halikarnas Financial Services and Advisory (HFSA) Financials Financial services Istanbul 2013 financial services
Halk Bankasi Financials Banks Ankara 1938 banking
Hunca Cosmetics Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1957 cosmetics
Assan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Istanbul 1994 automotive
Inebolu Shipyard Industrials Industrial Transportation Inebolu 2008 shipbuilding
Isdemir Basic materials Basic resources Iskenderun 1970 steel
Istanbul Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1980 musical instruments
Kalyon Group Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1974 construction
Kardemir Karabük Demir Çelik Fabrikalari A.S. Basic materials Basic resources Karabuk 1937 iron and steel
Karsan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Bursa 1966 automotive
Kayi Construction Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1991
Kimetsan Basic materials Chemicals Ankara 1986 chemicals
Koç Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1926 conglomerate
Koray Holding Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1956 construction
Koton Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1988 clothing
Kristal Kola Consumer goods Food & beverage Istanbul 1996 brewery
LC Waikiki Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1985 clothing
Lescon Consumer goods Personal & household goods Gaziantep 1980 sport shoe company
Limak Holding Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1976 construction
LittleBig Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1994 clothing
Mako Elektrik Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Bursa 1970 automotive
Mavi Jeans Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1991 clothing
Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 1950
Migros Türk Consumer services Retail Istanbul 1975 supermarket, part of Koç Holding
Nurol Holding Industrials Construction & materials Ankara 1989 construction
Omsan Industrials Support services Istanbul 1978 logistics
OPET Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Mersin 1982 oil and gas, part of Koç Holding
Otokar Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Sakarya 1963 automotive, part of Koç Holding
Otosan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Golcuk 1959 automotive, part of Koç Holding
Oyak-Renault Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Bursa 1969 automotive
Ozaltin Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Adana 2000 automotive
Pancar Motor Industrials Industrial engineering 1956 diesel engines
Permak Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1981 construction
Petkim Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Izmir 1965 petrochemical
Petrol Ofisi Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 1941 oil and gas
Polimeks Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1995 construction
Poliya Basic materials Chemicals Istanbul 1983 composites and chemicals
Sabanci Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1926
Sahinler Holding Industrials General industrials Istanbul 1984 textile
Salcano (bicycle) Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1975 bicycle
Sekerbank Financials Banks Eskisehir 1953 banking
Sisecam Industrials General industrials Istanbul 1935 glass
Pasabahçe Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1935 glass products
Solimpeks Oil & gas Alternative energy Konya 2001 renewable energy
STFA Group Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1938 civil engineering and construction
Tabanlioglu Architects Industrials Support services Istanbul 1956 architects
TAV Airports Holding Industrials Industrial Transportation Istanbul 1997 airport
Tekel Consumer goods Food & beverage Istanbul 1862 tobacco and alcoholic beverages
Tekfen Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1956 construction
Temsa Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Adana 1968 automotive, part of Sabanci Holding
Tersan Shipyard Industrials Industrial Transportation Yalova 1990 shipbuilding
Tofas Türk Otomobil Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Istanbul 1968 automotive, part of Koç Holding
TÜLOMSAŞ Industrials Industrial Transportation Eskisehir 1894 Locomotive manufacture
Tüpraş Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Kocaeli 1983 oil refining, part of Koç Holding
Turbo Consumer goods Food & beverage 1980 chewing gum
Türk Telekom Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Ankara 1839 telecommunication
Turkcell Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Istanbul 1994 mobile phone operation
TAI Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 2005 aircraft manufacture
Türk Hava Yollari Consumer services Travel & leisure Istanbul 1933 airline
Türkiye Is Bankasi Financials Banks Istanbul 1924 banking
Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortaklığı (TPAO) Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Ankara 1954 oil and gas industry
TÜVASAŞ Industrials Industrial Transportation Adapazari 1951 railcar manufacturer
Ugur Cooling Industrials General industrials Aydin 1954 cooling equipment
Ugur Group Companies Conglomerate Aydin 1954
Ülker Consumer goods Food & beverage Istanbul 1944 food production
UTAS Industrials Aerospace & defense 2006 arms
Vakiflar Bankasi Financials Banks Istanbul 1954 banking
Vakko Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1934 clothing
Vestel Consumer goods Personal & household goods Manisa 1984 home electronics
Viko Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1980 electronics
Vitra Health care Health care equipment & services Istanbul 1942 sanitary goods
Yapi Merkezi Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1965 construction
Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi Financials Banks Istanbul 1944 banking
Yüksel Tohumculuk Consumer goods Food & beverage Antalya 1996 seeds, plant breeding
Ziraat Bankasi Financials Banks Ankara 1863 banking
Zorlu Group Conglomerate Istanbul 1990

See also[edit]

References[edit]