List of U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations

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U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations
Brooklyn Chinatown.png
New York City is home to the largest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with over half a million.[1] Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[2][3][4][5] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[6]
Census Bureau 2000, Chinese in the United States.png

Cities considered to have significant Chinese-American populations are large U.S. cities or municipalities with a critical mass of at least 1% of the total urban population; medium-sized cities with a critical mass of at least 1% of their total population; and small cities with a critical mass of at least 10% of the total population.

According to the 2012 Census estimates,[7] the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese-American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. In the post-1965 era, first- and second-generation immigrants include those from Mainland China, Hong Kong Macau, and Taiwan. Also included in the Chinese-American population enumeration are ethnic Chinese from Malaysia and Vietnam who might identify themselves as Chinese, thus skewing the census reporting.

New York City is home to by far the highest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with an estimated 573,388 Chinese-Americans in New York City,[1] significantly higher than the total of the next five cities combined; multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (three), and Queens (three) are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[8][9][10][11] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[12] The Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people. The San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County in particular has one of the most prominent collections of U.S. suburbs with large foreign-born Chinese-speaking populations, ranging from working-class individuals residing in Rosemead and El Monte to wealthier immigrants living in Arcadia, San Marino, and Diamond Bar. A similar demographic shift has also taken place in the southern half of the San Francisco Bay Area. Conversely, the suburbs of New York City within the state of New Jersey are notable for their widespread and increasing prevalence of Chinese-Americans (see list below), reflecting their general affluence and propensity for professional occupations.

Metropolitan areas with more than 20,000 Chinese-Americans[edit]

The list of metropolitan area with at least the total Chinese-American population of 20,000, as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey.

Rank MSA Region Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 New York-Newark-Jersey City Mid-Atlantic 739,144 3.7
2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim Pacific 528,248 4.0
3 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward Pacific 460,252 10.2
4 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara Pacific 169,026 8.8
5 Boston-Cambridge-Newton New England 133,241 2.8
6 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin East North Central 109,046 1.1
7 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria South Atlantic 105,462 1.8
8 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Pacific 98,949 2.7
9 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land West South Central 86,246 1.4
10 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Mid-Atlantic 82,487 1.4
11 Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade Pacific 61,203 2.8
12 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington West South Central 57,325 0.8
13 San Diego-Carlsbad Pacific 56,751 1.8
14 Urban Honolulu Pacific 53,119 5.4
15 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Pacific 51,628 1.2
16 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell South Atlantic 46,859 0.8
17 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach South Atlantic 34,210 0.6
18 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro Pacific 31,533 1.4
19 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise Mountain 30,329 1.5
20 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale Mountain 28,550 0.6
21 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington West North Central 24,721 0.7
22 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn East North Central 24,524 0.6
23 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson South Atlantic 24,092 0.9
24 Austin-Round Rock West South Central 20,182 1.1

Large-sized cities[edit]

The list of large cities (population greater than 250,000) with a Chinese-American population of at least 1% of the total population, as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey.

Rank City State Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 San Francisco[n 1] California 179,644 21.4
2 Irvine California 31,728 13.3
3 Oakland California 33,818 8.3
4 San Jose California 72,141 7.2
5 New York[n 2] New York 549,181 6.5
6 Honolulu[n 3] Hawaii 53,119 5.4
7 Plano Texas 15,105 5.5
8 Sacramento California 21,045 4.4
9 Seattle Washington 30,835 4.7
10 Boston Massachusetts 29,472 4.5
11 Jersey City New Jersey 7,816 3.0
12 San Diego California 40,033 2.9
13 Fairfax[n 4] Virginia 27,552 2.4
14 Philadelphia[n 5] Pennsylvania 35,732 2.3
15 Stockton California 6,501 2.2
16 Portland Oregon 12,806 2.1
17 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 6,536 2.1
18 Chandler Arizona 5,240 2.1
19 Los Angeles California 77,284 2.0
20 Chicago Illinois 51,809 1.9
21 Durham North Carolina 4,074 1.7
22 Austin Texas 14,343 1.6
23 Houston Texas 32,968 1.5
24 Riverside California 4,709 1.5
25 Anaheim California 4,945 1.4
26 Lexington[n 6] Kentucky 3,585 1.2
27 Columbus Ohio 9,166 1.1
28 Henderson Nevada 2,928 1.1
29 Washington[n 7] District of Columbia 6,355 1.0
30 Atlanta Georgia 4,361 1.0
31 Long Beach California 4,575 1.0
32 Raleigh North Carolina 4,254 1.0
33 Minneapolis Minnesota 3,913 1.0

New York City boroughs[edit]

As the city proper with the nation's largest Chinese-American population by a wide margin, with an estimated 533,856 in 2014 by the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, and as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants,[3] New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth.[13][14] After the City of New York itself, the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn encompass the largest Chinese populations, respectively, of all municipalities in the United States.

Rank Borough County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Queens (Chinatowns) Queens 223,882 9.7
2 Brooklyn (Chinatowns) Kings 201,414 7.8
3 Manhattan (Chinatown) New York 102,242 6.3
4 Staten Island Richmond 13,988 3.0
5 The Bronx Bronx 7,655 0.5

Medium-sized cities[edit]

List of medium-sized cities (population between 100,000 and 250,000) with a Chinese-American population of at least one percent of the total population, according to the American Community Survey.

2010-2014
Rank City State Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Daly City California 17,908 17.2
2 El Monte California 19,168 16.6
3 Fremont California 38,706 15.5
4 Sunnyvale California 17,656 12.1
5 Irvine California 26,688 11.6
6 Bellevue Washington 13,726 10.4
7 West Covina California 10,483 9.8
8 Berkeley California 10,199 8.8
9 Elk Grove California 10,975 6.9
10 Cambridge Massachusetts 6,899 6.5
11 Pasadena California 8,432 6.1
12 Ann Arbor Michigan 6,803 5.9
13 Spring Valley Nevada 10,048 5.5
14 Torrance California 7,857 5.3
15 Richmond California 5,210 4.9
16 Hayward California 6,811 4.6
17 Naperville Illinois 6,448 4.5
18 Enterprise Nevada 5,622 4.5
19 Fullerton California 5,238 3.8
20 College Station Texas 3,743 3.8
21 Richardson Texas 3,980 3.8
22 Thousand Oaks California 4,523 3.5
23 Cary North Carolina 4,921 3.4
24 Jersey City New Jersey 7,819 3.1
25 Rancho Cucamonga California 4,976 2.9
26 Pomona California 4,439 2.9
27 Concord California 3,666 2.9
28 Madison Wisconsin 5,847 2.4
29 Orange California 3,100 2.2
30 Tempe Arizona 3,727 2.2
31 Chandler Arizona 5,491 2.2
32 Antioch California 2,228 2.1
33 Kent Washington 2,595 2.1
34 New Haven Connecticut 2,775 2.1
35 Huntington Beach California 3,937 2.0
36 Columbia Missouri 2,208 2.0
37 Boulder Colorado 1,893 1.9
38 Arlington[n 8] Virginia 4,285 1.9
39 Gainesville Florida 2,325 1.8
40 Glendale California 3,340 1.7
41 Garden Grove California 2,905 1.7
42 Carlsbad California 1,805 1.7
43 Eugene Oregon 2,473 1.6
44 Miramar Florida 2,058 1.6
45 Durham North Carolina 3,772 1.6
46 Syracuse New York 2,327 1.6
47 Frisco Texas 2,093 1.6
48 Burbank California 1,572 1.5
49 Simi Valley California 1,831 1.5
50 Norman Oklahoma 1,789 1.5
51 Stamford Connecticut 1,830 1.5
52 Salt Lake City Utah 2,781 1.5
53 Providence Rhode Island 2,596 1.5
54 Pearland Texas 1,508 1.5
55 Norwalk California 1,528 1.4
56 Costa Mesa California 1,508 1.4
57 Fairfield California 1,390 1.3
58 Carrollton Texas 1,622 1.3
59 Worcester Massachusetts 2,300 1.3
60 Corona California 1,852 1.2
61 Rochester Minnesota 1,283 1.2
62 Overland Park Kansas 2,122 1.2
63 Roseville California 1,501 1.2
64 Vancouver Washington 1,807 1.1
65 Vallejo California 1,281 1.1
66 Olathe Kansas 1,394 1.1
67 Denton Texas 1,376 1.1
68 Fort Collins Colorado 1,425 1.0
69 Athens Georgia 1,982 1.0
70 Baton Rouge Louisiana 2,254 1.0
71 Garland Texas 2,247 1.0
72 Reno Nevada 2,411 1.0

Small-sized cities[edit]

List of places with a population fewer than 100,000 of at least three percent (five percent in Los Angeles or San Francisco Bay areas) of the total population in the United States, according to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey.

California[edit]

2015 ACS Chinese in California major metro.svg
City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
Davis Yolo 6,361 9.6
Isla Vista Santa Barbara 1,963 7.9
Florin Sacramento 3,178 6.3
Greater Los Angeles Area

The majority of the Chinese-American population of more than 400,000 in Los Angeles County lives within the San Gabriel Valley, which is particularly noted for cities that have a large Chinese-American ethnic plurality. The following cities have the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans in Greater Los Angeles.

2010-2014
Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Monterey Park Los Angeles 27,176 44.6
2 Arcadia Los Angeles 25,486 44.5
3 Temple City Los Angeles 15,783 43.8
4 San Marino Los Angeles 5,517 41.5
5 San Gabriel Los Angeles 16,576 41.3
6 East San Gabriel Los Angeles 5,707 36.6
7 Alhambra Los Angeles 30,676 36.3
8 Rosemead Los Angeles 19,656 36.1
9 Rowland Heights Los Angeles 18,108 35.1
10 Walnut Los Angeles 9,851 33.0
11 La Cañada Flintridge Los Angeles 5,709 27.9
12 Hacienda Heights Los Angeles 14,744 26.7
13 North El Monte Los Angeles 1,001 25.5
14 Diamond Bar Los Angeles 14,012 24.9
15 South San Gabriel Los Angeles 2,063 24.9
16 Mayflower Village Los Angeles 1,115 19.3
17 Bradbury Los Angeles 147 17.4
18 Cerritos Los Angeles 7,185 14.5
19 South Pasadena Los Angeles 3,358 13.0
20 East Pasadena Los Angeles 773 12.6
21 Chino Hills San Bernardino 8,816 11.6
22 Rancho Palos Verdes Los Angeles 3,873 9.2
23 Eastvale Riverside 4,484 8.1
24 Artesia Los Angeles 1,336 8.0
25 La Habra Heights Los Angeles 431 8.0
26 Palos Verdes Estates Los Angeles 1,041 7.7
27 Oak Park Ventura 1,100 7.6
28 Baldwin Park Los Angeles 5,549 7.3
29 La Palma Orange 1,128 7.1
30 Claremont Los Angeles 2,439 6.9
31 San Pasqual Los Angeles 139 6.5
32 Rolling Hills Estates Los Angeles 513 6.3
33 Rolling Hills Los Angeles 104 6.2
34 Fountain Valley Orange 3,506 6.2
35 Sierra Madre Los Angeles 677 6.1
36 Monrovia Los Angeles 2,165 5.8
37 South El Monte Los Angeles 1,076 5.3
38 Montebello Los Angeles 3,372 5.3
39 San Dimas Los Angeles 1,746 5.2
40 Avocado Heights Los Angeles 809 5.2
41 Cypress Orange 2,545 5.2
42 Duarte Los Angeles 1,090 5.0
43 Yorba Linda Orange 3,298 5.0
San Francisco Bay Area

Traditionally centered in San Francisco and Chinatown Oakland, the suburbanization of the Bay Area's Chinese-American population has resulted in significant concentrations in the southwestern East Bay, eastern Peninsula, and northern Santa Clara County. Chinese enclaves have also formed in many of these cities, in a similar manner to that of Southern California's San Gabriel Valley.

2010-2014
Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 Millbrae San Mateo 6,470 29.2
2 Cupertino Santa Clara 16,568 27.7
3 Camino Tassajara Contra Costa 446 24.9
4 Saratoga Santa Clara 6,663 21.8
5 Foster City San Mateo 6,911 21.7
6 Highlands-Baywood Park San Mateo 862 20.1
7 Broadmoor San Mateo 892 18.8
8 Hillsborough San Mateo 2,068 18.6
9 Los Altos Hills Santa Clara 1,298 15.7
10 San Leandro Alameda 13,391 15.4
11 Palo Alto Santa Clara 10,051 15.2
12 Albany Alameda 2,853 15.0
13 Loyola Santa Clara 485 14.0
14 Alameda Alameda 10,531 13.9
15 Brisbane San Mateo 598 13.5
16 Stanford Santa Clara 1,820 13.5
17 Milpitas Santa Clara 9,182 13.2
18 San Ramon Contra Costa 9,566 13.0
19 Castro Valley Alameda 7,709 12.4
20 Piedmont Alameda 1,349 12.3
21 Los Altos Santa Clara 3,607 12.1
22 El Cerrito Contra Costa 2,818 11.7
23 Mountain View Santa Clara 8,815 11.5
24 Union City Alameda 7,858 11.0
25 South San Francisco San Mateo 6,969 10.6
26 Emeryville Alameda 1,057 10.1
27 Burlingame San Mateo 2,985 10.1
28 Belmont San Mateo 2,635 9.9
29 San Bruno San Mateo 4,166 9.9
30 San Lorenzo Alameda 2,220 9.0
31 San Mateo San Mateo 8,698 8.7
32 Dublin Alameda 4,175 8.4
33 Ashland Alameda 1,876 8.0
34 Blackhawk Contra Costa 726 7.8
35 Fruitdale Santa Clara 85 7.8
36 Moraga Contra Costa 1,276 7.7
37 Pleasanton Alameda 5,145 7.0
38 Hercules Contra Costa 1,725 7.0
39 Orinda Contra Costa 1,212 6.6
40 Pacifica San Mateo 240 6.3
41 Atherton San Mateo 422 6.0
42 Colma San Mateo 107 5.8
43 East Foothills Santa Clara 368 5.7
44 Newark Alameda 2,375 5.4
45 San Carlos San Mateo 1,558 5.3
46 Campbell Santa Clara 2,029 5.0

Delaware[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Hockessin 3.9

Georgia[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Berkeley Lake, Georgia 3.3
2 Duluth, Georgia 3.1
3 Doraville, Georgia 3.0

Hawaii[edit]

Rank City County Chinese-Americans Percentage
1 East Honolulu Honolulu 5,385 11.0
2 Kalaheo Kauai 295 7.1
3 He'eia Honolulu 294 6.2
4 Maunawili Honolulu 108 5.1
5 Aiea Honolulu 456 5.0
6 Waikele Honolulu 396 5.0
7 Volcano Hawaii 120 4.6
8 Halawa Honolulu 647 4.5
9 Wailuā Homesteads Kauai 249 4.5
10 Laie Honolulu 221 4.1
11 Pearl City Honolulu 1,928 4.1
12 Kaneohe Honolulu 1,242 3.7
13 Wailuku Maui 564 3.5
14 Ko Olina Honolulu 68 3.4
15 Discovery Harbour Hawaii 37 3.4
16 Kailua Honolulu 1,304 3.3
17 Punaluu Honolulu 36 3.3
18 Waimalu Honolulu 391 3.1
19 Mililani Town Honolulu 852 3.0
20 Waimea Kauai 55 3.0

Indiana[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 West Lafayette 6.6
2 Carmel 3.4

New Jersey[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Holmdel Township 10.8
2 West Windsor Township 8.9
3 Plainsboro Township 8.7
4 Englewood Cliffs 8.3
5 Marlboro Township 7.3
6 Harrison 7.2
7 East Brunswick 7.1
8 Livingston 6.9
9 Montgomery Township 6.3
10 Edison 6.1
11 Parsippany-Troy Hills 6.0
12 Montville 5.9
13 Fort Lee 5.6
14 Alpine 5.4
15 East Hanover 5.4
16 Highland Park 5.2
17 Edgewater 5.1
18 Piscataway Township 5.0
19 Tenafly 5.0
20 Kingston 4.9
21 Warren Township 4.9
22 Dayton 4.7
23 Princeton Township 4.5
24 South Brunswick Township 4.2
25 Berkeley Heights 4.1
26 Bridgewater Township 4.1
27 Millburn 3.9
28 Paramus 3.9
29 Kendall Park 3.8
30 Cranbury Township 3.7
31 Princeton Junction 3.6
32 Bernards Township 3.3
33 Closter 3.3
34 Cresskill 3.3
35 New Providence 3.1

Ohio[edit]

[15]

Rank City Percentage
1 Glenwillow 5.1
2 Solon 4.2
3 Athens 3.7
4 Dublin 3.3
5 Oxford 3.1

Texas[edit]

Rank City Percentage
1 Sugar Land 9.1
2 New Territory 7.1
3 Bellaire 3.5
4 Richardson 3.5
5 Stafford 3.3
6 Jollyville 3.2

Washington[edit]

The overwhelming majority of these cities are in King County, while three others (Edmonds, Lynnwood, Mill Creek) are in Snohomish County. Pullman is in Whitman County.

Rank City Percentage
1 Newcastle 12.5
2 Mercer Island 7.7
3 Redmond 6.2
4 West Lake 4.0
5 Bryn Mawr-Skyway 3.8
6 Shoreline 3.3
7 Sammamish 3.3
8 Pullman 3.0
9 Clyde Hill 3.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES - 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - New York City - Chinese alone". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  4. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  5. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  6. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  7. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  8. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  9. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  11. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  13. ^ "Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  14. ^ "Queens County (Queens Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ San Francisco is a consolidated city-county.
  2. ^ Further subdivided into 5 boroughs which are also counties of its own rights.
  3. ^ Honolulu is a consolidated city-county.
  4. ^ Officially, a County under Urban County Executive Form of Government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county-city.)
  5. ^ Philadelphia is a consolidated city-county.
  6. ^ Lexington is a consolidated city-county.
  7. ^ Washington is a federal district.
  8. ^ Officially, a County under County Manager Plan of government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county with a population density of at least 500 people per square mile.)

Sources[edit]