List of U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations
|U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations|
New York City is home to the largest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with over half a million. Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York, with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.
Cities considered to have significant Chinese-American populations are large U.S. cities or municipalities with a critical mass of at least 1% of the total urban population; medium-sized cities with a critical mass of at least 1% of their total population; and small cities with a critical mass of at least 10% of the total population.
According to the 2012 Census estimates, the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese-American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. In the post-1965 era, first- and second-generation immigrants include those from Mainland China, Hong Kong Macau, and Taiwan. Also included in the Chinese-American population enumeration are ethnic Chinese from Malaysia and Vietnam who might identify themselves as Chinese, thus skewing Census reporting.
New York City is home to by far the highest Chinese-American population of any city proper, with an estimated 573,388 Chinese-Americans in New York City, significantly higher than the total of the next five cities combined; multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (three), and Queens (three) are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York, with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia. The Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people. The San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County in particular has one of the most prominent collections of U.S. suburbs with large foreign-born Chinese-speaking populations, ranging from working-class individuals residing in Rosemead and El Monte to wealthier immigrants living in Arcadia, San Marino, and Diamond Bar. A similar demographic shift has also taken place in the southern half of the San Francisco Bay Area. Conversely, the suburbs of New York City within the state of New Jersey are notable for their widespread and increasing prevalence of Chinese-Americans (see list below), reflecting their general affluence and propensity for professional occupations.
- 1 Metropolitan areas with more than 25,000 Chinese-Americans
- 2 Large-sized cities
- 3 Medium-sized cities
- 4 Small-sized cities
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Metropolitan areas with more than 25,000 Chinese-Americans
|1||New York-Newark-Jersey City||Mid-Atlantic||717,812||3.6|
|2||Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim||Pacific||509,822||3.9|
|4||San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara||Pacific||162,466||8.6|
|6||Chicago-Naperville-Elgin||East North Central||104,667||1.1|
|9||Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land||West South Central||82,004||1.3|
|6||New York[n 1]||New York||533,856||6.4|
|26||Washington||District of Columbia||6,428||1.0|
New York City boroughs
As the city proper with the nation's largest Chinese-American population by a wide margin, with an estimated 533,856 in 2014 by the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, and as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants, New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth. After the City of New York itself, the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn encompass the largest Chinese populations, respectively, of all municipalities in the United States.
|3||Manhattan (Chinatown)||New York||99,605||6.2|
List of medium-sized cities (population between 100,000 and 250,000) with a Chinese-American population of at least one percent of the total population, according to the American Community Survey.
List of places with a population fewer than 100,000 of at least three percent (five percent in Los Angeles or San Francisco Bay areas) of the total population in the United States, according to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey.
|Isla Vista||Santa Barbara||1,963||7.9|
- Greater Los Angeles Area
The majority of the Chinese-American population of more than 400,000 in Los Angeles County lives within the San Gabriel Valley, which is particularly noted for cities that have a large Chinese-American ethnic plurality. The following cities have the highest percentage of Chinese-Americans in Greater Los Angeles.
- San Francisco Bay Area
Traditionally centered in San Francisco and Chinatown Oakland, the suburbanization of the Bay Area's Chinese-American population has resulted in significant concentrations in the southwestern East Bay, eastern Peninsula, and northern Santa Clara County. Chinese enclaves have also formed in many of these cities, in a similar manner to that of Southern California's San Gabriel Valley.
- Hockessin - 3.9%
|2||West Windsor Township||8.9|
|24||South Brunswick Township||4.2|
- Sugar Land - 9.1%
- New Territory - 7.1%
- Bellaire - 3.5%
- Richardson - 3.5%
- Stafford - 3.3%
- Jollyville - 3.2%
- Newcastle - 12.5%
- Mercer Island - 7.7%
- Redmond - 6.2%
- West Lake - 4.0%
- Bryn Mawr-Skyway - 3.8%
- Shoreline - 3.3%
- Sammamish - 3.3%
- Pullman - 3.0%
- Clyde Hill - 3.0%
- List of U.S. cities with Asian American majority populations
- List of U.S. cities with large Japanese-American populations
- List of U.S. cities with significant Korean-American populations
- List of U.S. cities with large Vietnamese-American populations
- Lists of U.S. cities with large ethnic identity populations
- "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES - 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - New York City - Chinese alone". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-10-01.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
- "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-27.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Queens County (Queens Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- Further subdivided into 5 boroughs.
- Officially, a County under Urban County Executive Form of Government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county-city.)
- Officially, a County under County Manager Plan of government. (Essentially, a highly urbanized county with a population density of at least 500 people per square mile.)