List of colleges and universities in the United States by endowment

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Annenberg Hall at Harvard University. Harvard has the largest endowment in the United States

This following is a list of U.S. institutions of higher education with endowments greater than one billion dollars according to the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO).[1]

Since colleges and universities vary greatly in terms of the size of their student bodies, a table with endowment per student figures is included as well. For example, Princeton University's endowment is smaller than Harvard University's, yet Princeton University's endowment per student figure is larger than Harvard University's at $2.8 million per student.

In 2005, the endowment table below totaled $219.37 Billion. At the end of 2015 the table totals $394.96 Billion, an increase of 80% in billion dollar university endowments. The total increased to $479.232B in 2018-9, for 101 institutions.

Modications, enhancements, levies[edit]

The tabulated data below are from NACUBO. Some universities benefit from endowments that are not under their direct control but which are nonetheless dedicated to the welfare of one or several institutions. Examples include The Duke Endowment, Welch Foundation, and Roy Carver Foundation.

In 2017, an endowment tax was levied on some of the wealthiest institutions. Endowments at some particularly wealthy U.S. institutions are subject to federal tax. As enacted in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 an excise tax of 1.4% has been levied on endowments supported by institutions who have at least 500 tuition-paying students and net assets of at least $500,000 per student. The $500,000 is not adjusted for inflation, so the threshold is effectivity lowered over time. Thus the tax applies to the wealthiest large institutions as well as some smaller colleges with small enrollments.[2]

Endowments currently greater than $1 billion according to NACUBO[edit]

Data are compiled annually by the National Association of College and University Business Officers (short scale billions (thousand of millions) are used). [3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Institution State 2018
(billions USD)[3]
2017
(billions USD)[14]
2016
(billions USD)[4]
2015
(billions USD)[5]
2014
(billions USD)[6]
2013
(billions USD)[7]
2012
(billions USD)[8]
2011
(billions USD)[9]
2010
(billions USD)[10]
2009
(billions USD)[11]
2008
(billions USD)[12]
2007
(billions USD)[13]
Amherst College MA $2.378 $2.248 $2.031 $2.194 $2.149 $1.823 $1.641 $1.642 $1.386 $1.306 $1.705 $1.662
Baylor University TX $1.313 $1.230 $1.144 $1.168 $1.154 $1.061 $0.964 $1.004 $0.872 $0.880 $1.060 $1.018
Baylor College of Medicine TX $1.272 $1.166 $1.064 $1.095 $1.021 $0.873 $0.795 $0.838 $0.799 $0.731 $1.091 $1.278
Berea College KY $1.198 $1.150 $1.051 $1.101 $1.137 $1.012 $0.943 $0.979 $0.847 $0.791 $1.023 $1.102
Boston College MA $2.478 $2.317 $2.064 $2.220 $2.131 $1.809 $1.646 $1.726 $1.480 $1.341 $1.631 $1.670
Boston University MA $2.198 $1.957 $1.655 $1.644 $1.616 $1.369 $1.104 $1.160 $0.992 $0.892 $1.145 $1.101
Bowdoin College ME $1.628 $1.456 $1.340 $1.393 $1.216 $1.039 $0.902 $0.904 $0.754 $0.688 $0.831 $0.828
Brandeis University MA $1.046
Brown University RI $3.604 $3.245 $2.964 $3.073 $3.000 $2.669 $2.460 $2.497 $2.155 $2.017 $2.747 $2.781
California Institute of Technology CA $2.879 $2.607 $2.107 $2.199 $2.094 $1.849 $1.747 $1.772 $1.545 $1.398 $1.892 $1.860
Carnegie Mellon University PA $2.386 $2.154 $1.709 $1.739 $1.600 $1.371 $0.987 $1.017 $0.815 $0.754 $1.067 $1.116
Case Western Reserve University OH $1.887 $1.799 $1.663 $1.776 $1.759 $1.678 $1.600 $1.703 $1.462 $1.402 $1.766 $1.841
College of the Holy Cross MA $1.081
Columbia University NY $10.869 $9.997 $9.041 $9.639 $9.223 $8.197 $7.654 $7.790 $6.517 $5.893 $7.147 $7.150
Cornell University NY $7.230 $6.758 $5.758 $6.038 $6.312 $5.272 $4.947 $5.059 $4.379 $3.966 $5.385 $5.425
Dartmouth College NH $5.494 $4.956 $4.674 $4.663 $4.468 $3.733 $3.486 $3.413 $2.998 $2.825 $3.660 $3.760
Duke University NC $8.525 $7.911 $6.840 $7.297 $7.037 $6.040 $5.555 $5.747 $4.824 $4.441 $6.124 $5.910
Emory University GA $7.292 $6.905 $6.402 $6.684 $6.681 $5.816 $5.461 $5.400 $4.694 $4.328 $5.473 $5.562
George Washington University DC $1.799 $1.729 $1.570 $1.616 $1.577 $1.375 $1.306 $1.331 $1.144 $1.011 $1.256 $1.147
Georgetown University DC $1.770 $1.662 $1.484 $1.529 $1.461 $1.286 $1.142 $1.160 $1.010 $0.895 $1.059 $1.059
Georgia Institute of Technology GA $2.091 $1.985 $1.844 $1.859 $1.889 $1.714 $1.608 $1.620 $1.051 $0.994 $1.344 $1.281
Grinnell College IA $1.992 $1.871 $1.649 $1.788 $1.830 $1.553 $1.384 $1.500 $1.265 $1.076 $1.472 $1.718
Harvard University MA $38.303 $36.021 $34.542 $36.449 $35.883 $32.334 $30.435 $31.728 $27.557 $25.662 $36.556 $34.635
Indiana University
(system-wide)[15]
IN $2.397 $2.229 $1.986 $1.974 $1.988 $1.735 $1.577 $1.575 $1.371 $1.227 $1.546 $1.557
Iowa State University IA $1.064
Johns Hopkins University MD $4.325 $3.845 $3.381 $3.413 $3.452 $2.987 $2.593 $2.598 $2.220 $1.977 $2.525 $2.800
Liberty University VA $1.433 $1.291
Lehigh University PA $1.353 $1.278 $1.163 $1.213 $1.216 $1.103 $1.036 $1.077 $0.940 $0.886 $1.127 $1.086
Massachusetts Institute of Technology MA $16.529 $14.968 $13.182 $13.475 $12.425 $11.005 $10.150 $9.713 $8.317 $7.982 $10.069 $9.980
Michigan State University MI $2.908 $2.683 $2.225 $2.700 $2.145 $1.367 $1.407 $1.400 $1.148 $1.047 $1.282 $1.248
Middlebury College VT $1.124 $1.074 $1.001 $1.101 $1.082 $0.973 $0.880 $0.908 $0.783 $0.700 $0.885 $0.936
New York University NY $4.266 $3.991 $3.488 $3.576 $3.424 $2.949 $2.755 $2.827 $2.370 $2.094 $2.475 $2.162
North Carolina State University NC $1.294 $1.123 $0.999[4]
Northwestern University IL $11.088 $10.437 $9.648 $10.193 $9.778 $7.883 $7.119 $7.183 $5.945 $5.445 $7.244 $6.503
Ohio State University OH $5.211 $4.253 $3.579 $3.634 $3.548 $3.149 $2.366 $2.121 $1.869 $1.652 $2.076 $2.338
Pennsylvania State University
(system-wide)[15]
PA $4.264 $3.991 $3.602 $3.636 $3.446 $2.956 $1.780 $1.725 $1.368 $1.226 $1.545 $1.590
Pomona College CA $2.274 $2.167 $1.985 $2.099 $2.101 $1.823 $1.680 $1.700 $1.459 $1.334 $1.794 $1.761
Princeton University NJ $25.917 $23.812 $22.153 $22.723 $20.996 $18.200 $16.954 $17.110 $14.391 $12.614 $16.349 $15.787
Purdue University
(system-wide)[15]
IN $2.524 $2.425 $2.255 $2.398 $2.443 $2.182 $1.917 $2.002 $1.633 $1.458 $1.736 $1.787
Rice University TX $6.278 $5.814 $5.324 $5.557 $5.528 $4.836 $4.419 $4.451 $4.100 $3.613 $4.610 $4.670
Rockefeller University NY $2.194 $2.049 $1.927 $1.987 $1.986 $1.772 $1.662 $1.746 $1.561 $1.528 $2.021 $2.144
Rutgers University (system-wide) NJ $1.330 $1.220 $1.077 $1.002 $0.918 $0.783 $0.694 $0.699 $0.603 $0.545 $0.640 $0.654
Saint Louis University MO $1.223 $1.147 $1.053 $1.093 $1.077 $0.956 $0.853 $0.880 $0.708 $0.646 $0.880 $0.959
Smith College MA $1.875 $1.767 $1.627 $1.782 $1.756 $1.557 $1.410 $1.430 $1.244 $1.096 $1.366 $1.361
Southern Methodist University TX $1.633 $1.515 $1.384 $1.505 $1.466 $1.268 $1.177 $1.197 $1.069 $1.035 $1.368 $1.328
Stanford University CA $26.465 $24.785 $22.398 $22.223 $21.446 $18.668 $17.036 $16.503 $13.851 $12.619 $17.200 $17.165
Swarthmore College PA $2.116 $1.956 $1.747 $1.846 $1.877 $1.634 $1.499 $1.508 $1.249 $1.129 $1.413 $1.441
Syracuse University NY $1.338 $1.259 $1.157 $1.166 $1.183 $1.121 $0.9401 $0.9137 $0.8492 $0.6756 $1.000 $1.086
Texas A&M University System
(system-wide)[15]
TX $13.525 $11.556 $10.540 $10.477 $11.104 $8.732 $7.639 $7.000 $5.738 $5.084 $6.659 $6.590
Texas Christian University TX $1.628 $1.521 $1.436 $1.514 $1.443 $1.256 $1.180 $1.192 $1.048 $0.975 $1.260 $1.187
Texas Tech University
(system-wide)[15]
TX $1.307 $1.262 $1.126 $1.178 $1.195 $0.964 $0.869 $0.891 $0.775 $0.680 $0.793 $0.642
Trinity University (Texas) TX $1.292 $1.194 $1.085 $1.185 $1.180 $1.005 $0.908 $0.963 $0.855 $0.851 $1.034 $0.991
Tufts University MA $1.846 $1.739 $1.563 $1.593 $1.590 $1.440 $1.351 $1.404 $1.214 $1.103 $1.446 $1.452
Tulane University LA $1.384 $1.288 $1.171 $1.220 $1.184 $1.047 $0.960 $1.014 $0.888 $0.807 $1.035 $1.009
University of Alabama
(system-wide)[15]
AL $1.452 $1.351 $1.221 $1.239 $1.235 $1.055 $0.986 $0.995 $0.854 $0.796 $0.998 $1.000
University of Arkansas Foundation AR $1.199
University of California
(system-wide regents portions only)[15]
CA $11.008 $9.788 $8.341 $7.997 $7.384 $6.337 $5.963 $6.342 $5.441 $4.937 $6.217 $6.439
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley Foundation only)
CA $1.944 $1.795 $1.586 $1.575 $1.496 $1.243 $1.089 $1.055 $0.996 $0.895 $0.872 $0.837
University of California, Los Angeles
(UCLA Foundation only)
CA $2.523 $2.063 $1.803 $1.865 $1.733 $1.526 $1.331 $1.486 $0.996 $0.895 $1.054 $0.975
University of California, San Francisco
(UCSF Foundation only)
CA $1.644 $1.307 $1.139 $1.161 $0.944 $0.675 $0.643 $0.509 $0.439 $0.468 $0.471
University of Chicago IL $7.928 $7.524 $7.001 $7.550 $7.546 $6.668 $6.571 $6.575 $5.543 $5.578 $6.632 $6.204
University of Cincinnati OH $1.367 $1.283 $1.166 $1.196 $1.184 $1.045 $0.976 $1.003 $0.886 $0.884 $1.099 $1.185
University of Colorado
(UC Foundation only)
CO $1.361 $1.220 $1.063 $1.090 $1.063 $0.885 $0.771 $0.785 $0.665 $0.593 $0.870 $0.717
University of Delaware DE $1.413 $1.364 $1.262 $1.341 $1.310 $1.171 $1.088 $1.138 $1.092 $1.008 $1.340 $1.397
University of Florida
(UF Foundation only)
FL $1.735 $1.612 $1.462 $1.556 $1.520 $1.359 $1.263 $1.295 $1.105 $1.011 $1.251 $1.219
University of Georgia & Related Foundations GA $1.274 $1.152 $1.017
University of Illinois system
(system-wide)[15]
IL $2.623 $2.441 $2.291 $2.388 $2.278 $1.925 $1.667 $1.601 $1.290 $1.112 $1.459 $1.515
University of Iowa IA $1.500 $1.387 $1.259 $1.263 $1.251 $1.094 $0.981 $1.044 $0.792 $0.766 $0.935 $0.982
University of Kansas
KS $1.741 $1.612 $1.475 $1.500 $1.471 $1.228 $1.182 $1.250 $1.198 $0.955 $1.218 $1.239
University of Kentucky KY $1.361 $1.285 $1.119 $1.143 $1.137 $0.992 $0.900 $0.916 $0.779 $0.697 $0.909 $0.958
University of Maryland System & Foundation MD $1.298 $1.099
University of Miami FL $1.024
University of Michigan MI $11.902 $10.936 $9.743[4] $9.952 $9.731 $8.382 $7.691 $7.835 $6.564 $6.001 $7.572 $7.090
University of Minnesota MN $3.717 $3.494 $3.281 $3.297 $3.165 $2.757 $2.494 $2.503 $2.196 $2.086 $2.751 $2.804
University of Missouri
(system-wide)[15]
MO $1.675 $1.603 $1.460 $1.477 $1.441 $1.259 $1.172 $1.119 $0.975 $0.882 $1.025 $1.098
University of Nebraska[15] NE $1.723 $1.617 $1.475 $1.538 $1.547 $1.338 $1.215 $1.242 $1.143 $0.965 $1.221 $1.277
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill NC $3.433 $3.027 $2.890 $2.989 $2.696 $2.381 $2.179 $2.261 $1.979 $1.905 $2.359 $2.164
University of Notre Dame IN $10.728 $9.352 $8.374 $8.567 $8.040 $6.856 $6.330 $6.260 $5.235 $4.795 $6.226 $5.977
University of Oklahoma OK $1.735 $1.646 $1.520 $1.523 $1.493 $1.324 $1.172 $1.212 $0.968 $0.848 $1.155 $1.114
University of Pennsylvania PA $13.777 $12.213 $10.715 $10.134 $9.582 $7.741 $6.755 $6.582 $5.669 $5.171 $6.233 $6.635
University of Pittsburgh PA $4.200 $3.945 $3.525 $3.589 $3.493 $2.975 $2.618 $2.527 $2.033 $1.837 $2.334 $2.254
University of Richmond VA $2.512 $2.373 $2.372 $2.372 $2.313 $2.023 $1.868 $1.877 $1.615 $1.417 $1.704 $1.655
University of Rochester NY $2.257 $2.350 $2.190 $2.050 $2.015 $1.730 $1.582 $1.623 $1.368 $1.315 $1.731 $1.726
University of Southern California CA $5.544 $5.128 $4.609 $4.710 $4.593 $3.868 $3.489 $3.517 $2.948 $2.671 $3.589 $3.715
University of Tennessee system
(system-wide)[15]
TN $1.298 $1.215 $1.100 $1.107 $1.072 $0.919 $0.827 $0.848 $0.729 $0.887 $0.954
University of Texas System
(system-wide)[15]
TX $30.886 $26.535 $24.203 $24.083 $25.426 $20.448 $18.264 $17.149 $14.052 $12.163 $16.111 $15.614
University of Tulsa OK $1.093 $1.026
University of Utah UT $1.186 $1.127 $1.071
University of Virginia VA $6.953 $6.393 $5.852 $6.181 $5.946 $5.116 $4.789 $4.761 $3.707 $3.577 $4.526 $4.370
University of Washington WA $2.764 $2.529 $2.968 $3.076 $2.833 $2.346 $2.111 $2.154 $1.905 $1.649 $2.262 $2.184
University of Wisconsin–Madison WI $2.985 $2.746 $2.419 $2.465 $2.332 $2.020 $1.812 $1.873 $1.551 $1.373 $1.735 $1.645
Vanderbilt University TN $4.608 $4.136 $3.822 $4.134 $4.086 $3.673 $3.399 $3.415 $3.044 $2.834 $3.524 $3.487
Vassar College NY $1.083 $1.002
Virginia Commonwealth University VA $1.951 $1.843 $1.560 $1.638 $1.509 $1.327 $0.438 $0.350 $0.281 $0.253 $0.330 $0.329
Virginia Tech Foundation VA $1.146
Wake Forest University NC $1.329 $1.205 $1.141 $1.167 $1.148 $1.061 $1.000 $1.032 $0.938 $0.887 $1.254 $1.249
Washington and Lee University VA $1.603 $1.547 $1.472 $1.471 $1.478 $1.345 $1.262 $1.218 $1.008 $0.897 $1.027 $0.693
Washington State University WA $1.024
Washington University in St. Louis MO $7.594 $7.130 $6.462 $6.819 $6.643 $5.651 $5.226 $5.280 $4.473 $4.081 $5.350 $5.658
Wellesley College MA $2.105 $1.930 $1.785 $1.854 $1.808 $1.550 $1.445 $1.500 $1.307 $1.266 $1.611
Williams College MA $2.750 $2.508 $2.256 $2.395 $2.253 $1.996 $1.799 $1.784 $1.527 $1.409 $1.808 $1.892
Yale University CT $29.351 $27.176 $25.409 $25.572 $23.900 $20.780 $19.345 $19.374 $16.652 $16.327 $22.870 $22.530

The following states have no university with >$1B endowment according to the NACUBO report for 2018: AK, AZ, HI, ID, MT, ND, NM, NV, OR, SC, SD, WV, WY.

Blair Hall at Princeton University. Princeton has the largest endowment per student in the United States

Endowments per student[edit]

For this list, short scale billions (thousand of millions) are used.

[5]

Institution 2015 Endowment
(billion USD)
2015 Student Body Size
2015 Endowment per Student
(million USD)
Amherst College $2.194[5] 1,792[16] $1.224
Baylor University $1.168[5] 16,263[17] $.072
Baylor College of Medicine $1.095[5] 1,582[18] $.692
Berea College $1.101[5] 1,621[19] $.679
Boston College $2.220[5] 14,125[20] $.157
Boston University $1.644[5] 32,112[21] $.051
Bowdoin College $1.393[5] 1,805[22] $.772
Brandeis University $1.046[5] 5,800[23] $.180
Brown University $3.073[5] 9,181[24] $.335
California Institute of Technology $2.199[5] 2,209[25] $.995
Carnegie Mellon University $1.739[5] 13,285[26] $.131
Case Western Reserve University $1.776[5] 10,771[27] $.165
Columbia University $9.639[5] 29,870[28] $.323
Cornell University $6.038[5] 21,850[29] $.276
Dartmouth College $4.663[5] 6,298[30] $.740
Duke University $7.297[5] 14,850[31] $.491
Emory University $6.684[5] 14,769[32] $.453
George Washington University $1.616[5] 25,613[33] $.063
Georgetown University $1.529[5] 17,858[34] $.086
Georgia Institute of Technology $1.859[5] 23,109[35] $.080
Grinnell College $1.788[5] 1,734[36] $1.031
Harvard University $36.449[5] 21,000[37] $1.736
Johns Hopkins University $3.413[5] 21,726[38] $.157
Lehigh University $1.213[5] 7,119[39] $.170
Massachusetts Institute of Technology $13.475[5] 11,319[40] $1.190
Michigan State University $2.275[5] 50,085[41] $.045
Middlebury College $1.101[5] 2,526[42] $.436
New York University $3.576[5] 57,245[43] $.062
Northwestern University $10.193[5] 20,336[44] $.501
Ohio State University $3.634[5] 64,868[45] $.056
University of Pittsburgh $3.559[5] 34,934[46] $.102
Pennsylvania State University(system-wide)[15] $3.636[5] 95,973[47] $.038
Pomona College $2.099[5] 1,650[48] $1.272
Princeton University $22.723[5] 8,088[49] $2.809
Purdue University (system-wide)[15] $2.398[5] 38,770[50] $.062
Rice University $5.557[5] 6,621[51] $.839
Saint Louis University $1.093[5] 13,287[52] $.082
Smith College $1.782[5] 2,989[53] $.596
Soka University of America $1.01[5] 412[54] $2.428
Southern Methodist University $1.505[5] 11,272[55] $.134
Stanford University $22.223[5] 16,795[56] $1.323
Swarthmore College $1.846[5] 1,542[57] $1.197
Syracuse University $1.166[5] 21,492[58] $.054
Texas A&M University System (system-wide)[15] $10.477[5] 143,000[59] $.073
Texas Christian University $1.514[5] 10,033[60] $.151
Texas Tech University (system-wide)[15] $1.178[5] 35,158[61] $.034
Trinity University (Texas) $1.185[5] 2,488[62] $.476
Tufts University $1.593[5] 10,907[63] $.146
Tulane University $1.220[5] 13,531[64] $.090
University of Alabama (system-wide)[15] $1.239[5] 36,047[65] $.034
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley Foundation only)
$1.575[5] 37,581[66] $.042
University of California, Los Angeles
(UCLA Foundation only)
$1.865[5] 43,239[67] $.043
University of California, San Francisco
(UCSF Foundation only)
$1.161[5] 4,904[68] $.237
University of Chicago $7.550[5] 15,244[69] $.495
University of Cincinnati $1.196[5] 35,421[70] $.034
University of Illinois system (system-wide)[15] $2.388[5] 78,540[71] $.030
University of Michigan $9.952[5] 43,625[72] $.228
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill $2.989[5] 29,135[73] $.103
University of Notre Dame $8.567[5] 12,179[74] $.703
University of Pennsylvania $10.134[5] 21,296[75] $.476
University of Richmond $2.372[5] 3,514[76] $.675
University of Rochester $2.220[5] 11,060[77] $.201
University of Southern California $4.710[5] 42,469[78] $.111
University of Texas System (system-wide)[15] $24.083[5] 216,000[79] $.111
University of Virginia $6.181[5] 23,732[80] $.260
Vanderbilt University $4.134[5] 12,686[81] $.326
Wake Forest University $1.167[5] 7,788[82] $.150
Washington and Lee University $1.471[5] 2,264[83] $.650
Washington University in St. Louis $6.819[5] 14,503[84] $.470
Wellesley College $1.854[5] 2,323[85] $.798
Williams College $2.395[5] 2,099[86] $1.141
Yale University $25.572[5] 12,336[87] $2.073

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Association of College and University Business Officers". NACUBO. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  2. ^ "Wealthy colleges face uncertainty as they seek ways to avoid new endowment tax". www.insidehighered.com. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Endowment Market Value and Change* in Endowment Market Value from FY17 to FY18". 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "2016 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw "2015 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  6. ^ a b "2014 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-15.
  7. ^ a b "2013 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-19. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  8. ^ a b "2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
  9. ^ a b "2011 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments Results" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2012-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
  10. ^ a b "2010 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  11. ^ a b "2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
  12. ^ a b "2008 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  13. ^ a b "2007 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  14. ^ "2017 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
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  16. ^ Amherst College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  17. ^ Baylor University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  18. ^ Baylor College of Medicine: Ten Year Enrollment History
  19. ^ Berea College: Common Data Set 2014-2015 Archived 2016-04-01 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Boston College: 2014-2015 Fact Book
  21. ^ Boston University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  22. ^ Bowdoin College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  23. ^ Brandeis University
  24. ^ Brown University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  25. ^ California Institute of Technology: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  26. ^ Carnegie Mellon University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  27. ^ Case Western Reserve University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  28. ^ Columbia University: Enrollment by school, gender and degree level, Fall 2014
  29. ^ Cornell University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  30. ^ Dartmouth College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  31. ^ "Quick Facts About Duke - Office of News and Communications". 16 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  32. ^ "Facts and Figures About Emory - Emory University - Atlanta, GA". 4 December 2014. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  33. ^ George Washington University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  34. ^ Georgetown University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  35. ^ Georgia Institute of Technology: Common Data Set 2014-2015 Archived 2015-11-23 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Grinnell College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  37. ^ "Harvard at a Glance - Harvard University". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  38. ^ Johns Hopkins University: 2014-2015 Fall Term Enrollment Report
  39. ^ Lehigh University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  40. ^ "MIT Office of the Provost, Institutional Research". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  41. ^ Michigan State University: Common Data Set 2014-2015 Archived 2015-05-19 at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ Middlebury College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  43. ^ New York University: At a Glance
  44. ^ Northwestern University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  45. ^ "Institutional Research at OSU - The Ohio State University". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  46. ^ University of Pittsburgh Fact Book 2015 (PDF). Office of Institutional Research, University of Pittsburgh. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  47. ^ "Historical Comparison of Enrollment". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  48. ^ Pomona College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  49. ^ Princeton University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  50. ^ Purdue University: Common Data Set 2014-2015 Archived 2016-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
  51. ^ Rice University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  52. ^ Saint Louis University: 2014-2015 Profile
  53. ^ Smith College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  54. ^ Smith College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  55. ^ Southern Methodist University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  56. ^ "Stanford University: Common Data Set 2014-2015". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  57. ^ Swarthmore College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  58. ^ "SU Facts". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  59. ^ Texas A&M University System: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  60. ^ Texas Christian University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  61. ^ University, State of Texas and Texas Tech. "COMMON DATA SET 2014-2015 - Institutional Research - TTU". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  62. ^ "CDS 2014.pdf". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  63. ^ Tufts University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  64. ^ Tulane University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  65. ^ "2014-2015 Common Data Set - OIRA". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  66. ^ University of California, Berkeley: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  67. ^ "AIM - UCLA". 16 February 2015. Archived from the original on 16 February 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  68. ^ "University of California Financial Reports" (PDF). Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  69. ^ University of Chicago: Autumn 2014 Census
  70. ^ University of Cincinnati: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  71. ^ The University of Illinois: Pocket Facts 2014-2015
  72. ^ University of Michigan: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  73. ^ University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  74. ^ University of Notre Dame: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  75. ^ University of Pennsylvania: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  76. ^ University of Richmond: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  77. ^ University of Rochester: 2014-2015 Fact Book
  78. ^ University of Southern California: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  79. ^ "About The University of Texas System". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  80. ^ "Common Data Set: Institutional Assessment and Studies, University of Virginia". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  81. ^ "CDS B". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  82. ^ Wake Forest University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  83. ^ Washington and Lee University: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  84. ^ "Enrollment & Graduation Statistics - Office of the University Registrar - Washington University in St. Louis". 20 January 2015. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  85. ^ Wellesley College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  86. ^ Williams College: Common Data Set 2014-2015
  87. ^ Yale University: Common Data Set 2014-2015