List of U.S. jurisdictions banning conversion therapy

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Map of U.S. cities and counties that have bans on sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts.
  No ban on conversion therapy for minors

This is a list of jurisdictions in the United States banning conversion therapy, the pseudoscientific practice of claiming to change an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity using psychological or spiritual interventions. All such bans, except for New York City's (and Washington, D.C.'s pending review), are limited to such therapy for minors.

States[edit]

States with bans on conversion therapy on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
State Date of enactment Date effective Legalization method Details
1.[1]  New Jersey August 19, 2013 August 19, 2013 Legislative statute On June 24, 2013, the New Jersey Assembly voted 56–14 in favor of AB 3371.[2] On June 27, 2013, the New Jersey State Senate voted 28–9 to pass the bill.[3] On August 19, 2013, Governor Chris Christie (R) signed AB 3371 into law, and it took effect the same day.[4]
2.[5]  California September 30, 2012 August 29, 2013 Legislative statute On May 30, 2012, the California State Senate voted 23–13 in favor of SB-1172. On August 28, 2012, the California State Assembly voted 52–22 in favor of the bill. On September 30, 2012, Governor Jerry Brown (D) signed it and it was scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2013.[6] On December 21, 2012, in the case of Welch v. Brown, Judge William B. Shubb granted a preliminary injunction to SB-1172 from going into effect.[7] On August 29, 2013, in the case of Pickup v. Brown and Welch v. Brown, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld SB-1172 and reversed the lower court order granting a preliminary injunction.[8]
3.[9]  Oregon May 18, 2015 May 18, 2015 Legislative statute On March 17, 2015, the Oregon House of Representatives voted 41–18 in favor of HB 2307. On May 7, 2015, the Oregon State Senate voted 21–8 in favor of the bill. On May 18, 2015, Governor Kate Brown (D) signed HB 2307 and it went into effect the same day.[10][11]
4.[12]  Illinois August 20, 2015 January 1, 2016 Legislative statute On May 19, 2015, the Illinois House of Representatives voted 68–43 in favor of HB 217.[13] On May 29, 2015, the Illinois State Senate voted 34–19 in favor of the bill.[14] On August 20, 2015, Governor Bruce Rauner (R) signed HB 217 and it went into effect on January 1, 2016.[15]
5.[16]  Vermont May 25, 2016 July 1, 2016 Legislative statute On March 17, 2016, the Vermont Senate unanimously approved S.132.[17][18] On April 26, the Vermont House of Representatives approved it with amendments. The Senate concurred with the amendments on April 29.[19] Governor Peter Shumlin (D) signed the bill on May 25. It went into effect on July 1.[20]
6.[21]  New Mexico April 7, 2017 April 7, 2017 Legislative statute The state Senate approved SB 121 on February 16, 2017 by a 32–6 vote, and the state House of Representatives concurred on March 15, 2017 by a 44–23 vote. The bill was signed by Governor Susana Martinez (R) on April 7, 2017.[22][23] The law went into effect immediately.
7.[24]  Connecticut May 10, 2017 May 10, 2017 Legislative statute The state House of Representatives approved HB 6695 on May 2, 2017 by a 141–8 vote, and the Senate concurred on May 10, 2017 by a 36–0 vote. The bill was signed by Governor Dannel Malloy (D) the same day and took effect immediately.[25]
8.[26]  Rhode Island July 19, 2017 July 19, 2017 Legislative statute H 5277 was passed by the state House 69–0 on May 30, 2017.[27][28][29] The Senate approved the bill 29–0 on June 30. It was signed by Governor Gina Raimondo (D) on July 19, 2017 and took effect immediately.[30]
9.[31]  Nevada May 17, 2017 January 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 201 was passed by the state Senate 15–5 on April 4, 2017 and by the Assembly 31–8 on May 9.[32][33][34] The Senate concurred with the House's amendments on the same day. The bill was signed by Governor Brian Sandoval (R) on May 17, 2017.[35][36] The law went into effect on January 1, 2018.
10.[37]  Washington March 28, 2018 June 7, 2018 Legislative statute SB 5722[38] passed the state Senate 32-16 on January 19, 2018 and the state House 66-32 on February 28. After the Senate concurred with the amended House version on March 3, it was signed by Governor Jay Inslee (D) on March 28, 2018.[39][40] It took effect on June 7, 2018.
11.[41]  Hawaii May 25, 2018 July 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 270 passed the state Senate on March 6, 2018, by a vote of 24-1 and passed the state House of Representatives on April 10, 2018, by a vote of 49-2. A conference committee of both houses concluded on April 27, 2018 with an amended bill. It was approved by both houses on May 1, and was signed by Governor David Ige (D) on May 25, 2018. The law took effect on July 1, 2018.[42][43]
12.[44]  Delaware July 23, 2018 July 23, 2018 Legislative statute SB 65 passed the state Senate by a vote of 12-3 on May 17, 2017, and the state House on June 7, 2018 by a vote of 24-14.[45] The bill was signed by Governor John Carney (D) on July 23, 2018, and took effect immediately.[46]
13.[47]  Maryland May 15, 2018 October 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 1028 passed the state Senate on March 27, 2018, by a vote of 34-12, and the state House on April 4, 2018, by a vote of 95-27.[48][49] The bill was signed by Governor Larry Hogan (R) on May 15, 2018, and went into effect on October 1, 2018.[50]
14.[51]  New Hampshire June 8, 2018 January 1, 2019 Legislative statute HB 587 passed the state House on February 8, 2018, by a vote of 179-171, and the state Senate on April 19, 2018, by a vote of 14-10, with an amendment.[52][53] The House concurred with the Senate's amendment on May 10, 2018.[54] It was signed by Governor Chris Sununu (R) on June 8, 2018 and took effect on January 1, 2019.[55]
15.[56]  New York January 25, 2019 January 25, 2019 Legislative statute A576 passed the state Assembly on January 15, 2019 by a vote of 141-7, and passed the state Senate that same day by a vote of 57-4.[57] The bill was signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo (D) on January 25, 2019, and took effect immediately upon receiving his signature. Since 2016, conversion therapy has been banned in New York from coverage by insurers and Medicaid, or from being practiced by any state-licensed or operated mental health facility per executive order.[58]
16.[59]  Massachusetts April 8, 2019 April 8, 2019 Legislative statute H140 was passed in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by a vote of 147-8 on March 13, 2019, and in the state Senate by a vote of 34-0 on March 28, 2019. Governor Charlie Baker (R) signed the legislation into law on April 8, 2019. The law prohibits licensed health care providers from practicing conversion therapy on minors within the state.[60]
17.[61]  Maine May 29, 2019 September 17, 2019 Legislative statute On May 8, 2019, the Maine House of Representatives passed LD 1025,[62] which would ban conversion therapy on minors, with a vote of 91–46. It later passed in the Maine Senate on May 21, 2019, by a vote of 25-9. Governor Janet Mills (D) signed the legislation into law on May 29, 2019. The law prohibits licensed health care providers from practicing conversion therapy on minors within the state, and takes effect 90 days after the adjournment of the legislative session.[63] A bill that previously passed the Maine Legislature in June 2018 was vetoed by former Governor Paul LePage the following month, and failed to survive a veto override attempt.
18.[64]  Colorado May 31, 2019 August 2, 2019 Legislative statute On February 19, 2019, the Colorado House of Representatives passed HB19-1129,[65] which would ban conversion therapy on minors, with a vote of 42-20. It was approved by the state Senate with amendments by a vote of 21-13 on March 25, 2019. The House concurred with the amendments on April 5, 2019. The bill was signed by Governor Jared Polis on May 31, and is scheduled to take effect 90 days after adjournment of the legislative session.[66][67]

Territories[edit]

Territories with bans on conversion therapy on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
Territory Date of enactment Date effective Legalization method Details
1.[68]  District of Columbia December 22, 2014 March 11, 2015 Legislative statute On December 2, 2014, the Council of the District of Columbia voted unanimously (12 ayes) in favor of B20-0501. On December 22, 2014, Mayor Vincent C. Gray signed B20-0501 into law. The act passed congressional review and took effect on March 11, 2015.

On January 16, 2019, Mayor Muriel Bowser signed a bill approved unanimously by the City Council extending the ban to adults who are under the care of a conservator or guardian. The bill was sent to Congress for a 30-day review.[69]

2.[70]  Puerto Rico March 27, 2019 March 27, 2019 Executive order On March 27, 2019, Governor Ricardo Rosselló issued an executive order prohibiting conversion therapy of minors, taking effect immediately.[71] Territorial agencies were provided 90 days for promulgation of the new order.

Counties, municipalities and communities[edit]

Counties, municipalities and communities with bans on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
County, municipality or community Date of enactment Date effective Legalization method Details
1.[72] Cincinnati, Ohio December 9, 2015 January 9, 2016 Ordinance On December 9, 2015, the Cincinnati City Council voted 7–2 in favor of Ordinance 373 and it went into effect on January 9, 2016.[73]
2.[74] Miami Beach, Florida June 8, 2016 June 18, 2016 Ordinance On June 8, 2016, Miami Beach voted to ban conversion therapy. The ban was sponsored by Commissioner John Elizabeth Alemàn and was unanimously approved by the City Commission.[75][76] The ban took effect on June 18.
3.[77] Wilton Manors, Florida September 13, 2016 September 13, 2016 Ordinance On September 13, 2016, the City Commission of Wilton Manors unanimously approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ban took effect that same day.[78]
4.[79] Seattle, Washington August 1, 2016 October 2, 2016 Ordinance On August 1, 2016, Seattle voted to ban conversion therapy on minors.[80][81] The ban was sponsored by councilmember Lorena González and was unanimously approved by all other eight city councilmembers. Mayor Ed Murray signed the ordinance on August 3 and it took effect on October 2.
5.[82] Miami, Florida October 13, 2016 October 13, 2016 Ordinance On October 13, 2016, the Miami City Commission voted 3–2 in favor of banning the use of conversion therapy on minors.[83][84] The ban was sponsored by Commissioner Francis Suarez and took effect that same day.
6.[85] West Palm Beach, Florida November 7, 2016 November 7, 2016 Ordinance On November 7, 2016, the City Commission of West Palm Beach unanimously approved an ordinance in its second reading banning conversion therapy. The ban took effect upon adoption.[86]
7.[87] Bay Harbor Islands, Florida November 14, 2016 November 14, 2016 Ordinance On November 14, 2016, the Bay Harbor Islands Town Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ordinance came into effect that same day.[87]
8.[88] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania December 13, 2016 December 20, 2016 Ordinance The Pittsburgh City Council voted in favor of an ordinance prohibiting conversion therapy on minors, by a vote of 9–0, on December 13, 2016. The ordinance went into effect on December 20, following Mayor Bill Peduto's signature.[89]
9.[90] Boynton Beach, Florida January 17, 2017 January 17, 2017 Ordinance On January 3, 2017, an ordinance banning conversion therapy in Boynton Beach passed its first reading.[91] The ordinance passed its second reading on January 17 and went into effect immediately.[90]
10.[92] Lake Worth, Florida January 10, 2017 January 20, 2017 Ordinance On December 13, 2016, the Lake Worth City Commission unanimously passed an ordinance banning conversion therapy on minors, in its first reading.[93] The ordinance passed its second reading, in a 5–0 vote, on January 10, 2017 and went into effect on January 20.
11.[94] El Portal, Florida January 24, 2017 January 24, 2017 Ordinance An ordinance banning conversion therapy passed its first reading in the El Portal Village Council in October 2016. The ordinance passed its second reading on January 24 and went into effect that same day.[94]
12.[95] Toledo, Ohio February 7, 2017 February 7, 2017 Ordinance An ordinance banning conversion therapy was unanimously (12–0) approved by the Toledo City Council on February 7, 2017.[96]
13.[97] Key West, Florida March 7, 2017 March 7, 2017 Ordinance On February 8, 2017, the Key West City Commission approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its first reading. The ordinance passed its second reading on March 7 and took effect immediately.
14.[98] North Bay Village, Florida March 14, 2017 March 14, 2017 Ordinance On March 14, 2017, the Commission of North Bay Village voted to ban conversion therapy. The ban took effect immediately upon adoption.[98]
15.[99] Columbus, Ohio March 27, 2017 March 27, 2017 Ordinance On March 13, the City Council of Columbus approved an ordinance, banning the use of conversion therapy on minors, in its first reading. The ordinance was introduced by Council President Zach Klein. It unanimously passed its second reading on March 27 and took effect immediately.[100][101]
16.[102] Tampa, Florida April 6, 2017 April 6, 2017 Ordinance On April 6, the Tampa City Council unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban. The ban went into effect immediately.[103]
17.[104] Delray Beach, Florida May 2, 2017 May 2, 2017 Ordinance On April 18, 2017, the Delray Beach City Commission approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its first reading.[105] The ordinance unanimously passed its second reading in the City Commission on May 2.[106] The ban took effect immediately.
18.[107] Riviera Beach, Florida May 4, 2017 May 4, 2017 Ordinance The Riviera Beach City Council unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban on May 4. The ban went into effect that same day.[108]
19.[109] Wellington, Florida June 27, 2017 June 27, 2017 Ordinance On June 27, 2017, the Wellington Village Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its second reading. The ban took effect immediately.[110]
20.[111] Dayton, Ohio July 5, 2017 July 5, 2017 Ordinance On June 28, 2017, the Dayton City Council passed an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[112][113] The ordinance passed its second reading on July 5 and went into force immediately.
21.[114] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania July 11, 2017 July 11, 2017 Ordinance On June 22, 2017, the Philadelphia City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. It was signed by Mayor Jim Kenney on July 11, 2017.[115] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
22.[116] Allentown, Pennsylvania July 20, 2017 July 20, 2017 Ordinance On July 19, 2017, the Allentown City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[117][118] It was signed by Mayor Ed Pawlowski the next day.[119] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
23.[120] Greenacres, Florida August 7, 2017 August 7, 2017 Ordinance On August 7, 2017, the Greenacres City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in a 4-1 vote.[121] The ordinance took effect immediately.[122]
24.[123] Athens, Ohio August 21, 2017 August 21, 2017 Ordinance On August 21, 2017, the Athens City Council unanimously approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy within city limits.[124] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
25.[125] Pima County, Arizona August 1, 2017 August 31, 2017 Ordinance The Pima County Board of Supervisors passed, in a 3–2 vote, an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[126][127] The ordinance went into effect 30 days later, upon filing with the Arizona Department of State.
26.[128] Boca Raton, Florida October 10, 2017 October 10, 2017 Ordinance The Boca Raton City Council voted 4-1 to enact the ordinance banning conversion therapy on October 10, 2017.[129][130] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
27.[131] Oakland Park, Florida October 18, 2017 October 18, 2017 Ordinance The City Commission of Oakland Park approved a conversion therapy ban on October 18, 2017 in a unanimous 4-0 vote.[132] The ordinance went into force upon adoption.
28.[133] Palm Beach County, Florida December 19, 2017 December 21, 2017 Ordinance On December 19, 2017, the Palm Beach County Board of Commissioners approved, in a 5-2 vote, an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ordinance applies to all incorporated and unincorporated municipalities in the county. It took effect upon filing with the Florida Department of State on December 21, 2017.[134]
29.[135] Reading, Pennsylvania December 21, 2017 December 21, 2017 Ordinance The Reading City Council approved a conversion therapy ban on December 18, 2017 in a unanimous vote. It was signed by Mayor Wally Scott on December 21, 2017.[136] The ordinance went into force upon adoption.
30.[137] Doylestown, Pennsylvania December 18, 2017 December 23, 2017 Ordinance The Borough Council of Doylestown passed (7-1) a conversion therapy ban on December 18, 2017. It came into effect five days later.[138]
31.[139] Broward County, Florida January 9, 2018 January 9, 2018 Ordinance On January 9, 2018, the Broward County Commission approved unanimously an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[140] The ordinance took effect upon filing with the Florida Department of State, which happened that same day.
32.[141] State College, Pennsylvania February 5, 2018 February 5, 2018 Ordinance On February 5, 2018, the Borough Council of State College approved unanimously an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[142]
33.[143] Erie County, New York February 15, 2018 March 7, 2018 Ordinance The Erie County Legislature unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban on February 15, 2018.[144] The ordinance was controversially named the "Prevention of Emotional Neglect and Childhood Endangerment" (P.E.N.C.E) after Vice President Mike Pence. After County Executive Mark Poloncarz signed the law on March 5, the law went into effect upon filing with the New York Department of State on March 7, 2018.[145][146]
34.[147] Yardley, Pennsylvania March 6, 2018 March 11, 2018 Ordinance On March 6, the Yardley Borough Council unanimously approved an anti-discrimination ordinance banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and prohibiting conversion therapy on minors.[148][149] The ordinance went into force five days later.
35.[150] Gainesville, Florida April 5, 2018 April 5, 2018 Ordinance On April 5, 2018, the Gainesville City Commission unanimously approved a conversion therapy ordinance.[151][152] It went into effect immediately.
36.[153] Milwaukee, Wisconsin April 4, 2018 April 14, 2018 Ordinance On March 27, 2018, the Milwaukee Common Council passed (12-2) a conversion therapy ordinance banning the practice in the city of Milwaukee. Mayor Tom Barrett signed the ordinance into law on April 4, and it went into effect 10 days later.[154]
37.[155] New York City, New York January 5, 2018 May 5, 2018 Ordinance In June 2017, a bill to ban conversion therapy was introduced to the New York City Council.[156] The City Council passed (43-2) the ban on November 30. Mayor Bill de Blasio returned the bill unsigned on January 5, thus allowing it to become law. It went into effect 120 days later.[157] The ban applies to minors as well as adults.
38.[158] Albany, New York May 21, 2018 May 21, 2018 Ordinance On May 21, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was unanimously approved by the city's Common Council.[159] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
39.[160] Bellefonte, Pennsylvania July 16, 2018 July 16, 2018 Ordinance On July 16, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was approved by the Borough Council.[161] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
40.[162] Bethlehem, Pennsylvania July 17, 2018 July 17, 2018 Ordinance On July 3, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was approved by the City Council, and on July 17, 2018, was approved in a second and final reading.[163] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
41.[164] Madison, Wisconsin July 10, 2018 July 20, 2018 Ordinance On July 10, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was approved by the city's Common Council.[165] The ordinance went into effect on July 20, 2018.
42.[166] Ulster County, New York July 20, 2018 July 27, 2018 Ordinance On June 20, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy on minors was unanimously approved by the Ulster County Legislature.[167] It was signed by County Executive Michael P. Hein on July 20, 2018, and took effect upon filing with the New York Secretary of State on July 27, 2018.[168][169]
43.[170] Rochester, New York July 25, 2018 August 25, 2018 Ordinance On July 24, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy on minors was unanimously approved by the City Council. It was deemed duly adopted on July 25 and took effect 30 days later.[170]
44.[171] Albany County, New York July 9, 2018 August 31, 2018 Ordinance On July 9, 2018, the Albany County Legislature approved an ordinance to ban conversion therapy by a vote of 37-1.[172] The ordinance was signed and adopted by the County Executive on August 2, 2018 and was filed with the New York Secretary of State on August 31, 2018.[173]
45.[174] Eau Claire, Wisconsin October 9, 2018 October 9, 2018 Ordinance On October 9, 2018, the Eau Claire City Council unanimously passed an ordinance to protect minors from conversion therapy.[175][176]
46.[177] Lakewood, Ohio October 15, 2018 October 15, 2018 Ordinance On October 15, 2018, the Lakewood City Council unanimously approved a measure to ban conversion therapy.[178][179] Fines for violating the law range from $500 to $1,000.
47.[180] Westchester County, New York October 18, 2018 October 26, 2018 Ordinance On October 1, 2018, the Westchester County Board of Legislators unanimously voted to ban the practice of conversion therapy.[181][182] County Executive George Latimer signed the ordinance into law on October 18, and on October 26, 2018 it was filed with the New York Department of State. Those practicing conversion therapy may face a misdemeanor punishable by a $1,000 fine or up to one year imprisonment.
48.[183] Newtown Township, Pennsylvania November 28, 2018 November 28, 2018 Ordinance On November 28, 2018, the Newtown Township (Bucks County) Board of Supervisors voted 4-0 to prohibit conversion therapy in a bill establishing a Human Rights Commission, enacting immediately upon passage.[184]
49.[185] Cudahy, Wisconsin January 2, 2019 January 2, 2019 Ordinance On January 2, 2019, the Cudahy Common Council voted to prohibit conversion therapy by a vote of 4-1.[186]
50.[187] Denver, Colorado January 8, 2019 January 8, 2019 Ordinance On January 7, 2019, the Denver City Council voted to ban the practice of conversion therapy, and the ordinance was signed into law by the Mayor the following day. Violations of the ordinance may be subject to penalties of $150 to $999 per violation.[188]
51.[189] Alachua County, Florida May 28, 2019 TBD Ordinance In a unanimous vote on May 28, 2019, the Alachua County Commission voted to prohibit the practice of conversion therapy on minors within the county. The bill is scheduled to take effect 10 days after filing with the Florida Secretary of State. Violators of the ordinance may be fined $500 per violation.[190][191]
52.[192] Racine, Wisconsin July 16, 2019 July 18, 2019 Ordinance On July 16, 2019, the Racine City Council passed (11-3) a conversion therapy ordinance banning the practice in the city of Racine. Mayor Cory Mason signed the ordinance into law on July 18.[193]
53.[194] Sheboygan, Wisconsin August 6, 2019 TBD Ordinance On August 6, 2019, the Sheboygan City Council passed (8-1) a conversion therapy ordinance banning the practice in the city of Sheboygan.[195]

School boards[edit]

School boards with prohibitions on conversion therapy on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
School board Date of enactment Date effective Legalization method Details
1. Eau Claire Area School District Board of Education, Wisconsin September 24, 2018 September 24, 2018 Policy On September 24, 2018, the Eau Claire School Board voted unanimously (7 ayes) in favor of Board Policy 453.7 - Student Mental Health and Wellness Education, which included a clause stating "the Eau Claire Area School District shall exclusively enter into School-based health center agreements with health clinics and/or providers that agree to abide by the District's Nondiscrimination Policy for Students. The District shall not enter into agreements with health clinics and/or providers that endorse or engage in the practice of conversion therapy." The policy went into effect immediately.[196]

Conversion therapy funding[edit]

On August 3 2019, the North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper signed an executive order within his office - explicitly banning any state funding of conversion therapy on minors. This is the first time a southern US state has done this.[197][198][199]

Pending legislation[edit]

State-level legislation[edit]

As of May 2019, bills to ban conversion therapy on minors have been introduced or are pending in the legislatures of Arizona,[200][201] Georgia,[202] Iowa,[203] Michigan,[204][205] Minnesota,[206][207] Missouri,[208] Nebraska,[209] North Carolina,[210][211] Ohio,[212][213] Oklahoma,[214] Pennsylvania,[215] Texas,[216] West Virginia,[217][218] and Wisconsin.[219]

Local legislation[edit]

Conversion therapy bans on minors are proposed or pending in Sarasota, Florida;[220] St. Petersburg, Florida;[103] Columbia, Missouri;[221] Allegheny County, Pennsylvania;[222] Erie, Pennsylvania;[223] and Shorewood, Wisconsin.[224]

Federal legislation[edit]

The Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act, which would ban conversion therapy nationwide, has been introduced in the 114th United States Congress and the 115th United States Congress by Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA), who had authored the California bill while State Senator.[225][226]

Failed legislation[edit]

 Minnesota[edit]

On April 25, 2019, the Minnesota House of Representatives voted to incorporate HF 12, which would ban conversion therapy on minors, into the omnibus health and human services finance bill HF 2414, by a vote of 72-53. [a][228][229] On April 30, 2019, the Minnesota Senate voted to strike the section by a vote of 34-30.[230][b] The original bill, HF 12, remains active in the Minnesota Legislature.

Resolutions and proclamations[edit]

As of April 2019, ten cities/counties have passed non-binding resolutions or proclamations declaring opposition to conversion therapy. These are Edgewater, Colorado;[232] Westminster, Colorado;[233] Wheat Ridge, Colorado;[234] Atlanta, Georgia;[235] Worcester, Massachusetts;[236] Columbia, Missouri;[221] Suffolk County, New York;[237] Harrisburg, Pennsylvania;[238] Eau Claire County, Wisconsin;[239][240] and Shorewood, Wisconsin.[224]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See Sec. 6. 214.078 PROTECTION FROM CONVERSION THERAPY[227]
  2. ^ See 11:32:19[231]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CHAPTER 150 - AN ACT concerning the protection of minors from attempts to change sexual orientation and supplementing Title 45 of the Revised Statutes
  2. ^ "New Jersey poised to become second state to ban anti-gay therapy". Reuters. June 24, 2013.
  3. ^ "N.J. Senate sends bill banning gay-to-straight 'conversion therapy' to Christie". NJ.com. June 27, 2013.
  4. ^ "Chris Christie Signs Ban On Gay Conversion Therapy". Huffington Post. August 19, 2013.
  5. ^ CHAPTER 835 - An act to add Article 15 (commencing with Section 865) to Chapter 1 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, relating to healing arts
  6. ^ Wyatt Buchanan (September 29, 2012). "State bans gay-repair therapy for minors". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  7. ^ Keen, Lisa (December 6, 2012). "Mixed decisions in gay therapy ban suits". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upholds California law banning LGBT conversion therapy". Equality On Trial. August 29, 2013.
  9. ^ House Bill 2307 - Relating to efforts to change an individual’s orientation; creating new provisions; amending ORS 675.070, 675.300, 675.336, 675.540 and 675.745; and declaring an emergency.
  10. ^ "Bill to ban conversion therapy for LGBT youth sent to Kate Brown's desk". Oregon Live. May 7, 2015.
  11. ^ HB2307, Oregon Legislature
  12. ^ HB0217 - AN ACT concerning regulation
  13. ^ Gay conversion therapy ban passes Illinois House
  14. ^ Illinois Senate approves ban on gay conversion therapy; bill heads to governor’s desk
  15. ^ Illinois Republican governor signs two more pro-equality bills
  16. ^ No. 138. An act relating to the prohibition of conversion therapy on minors
  17. ^ Bills Seeking To Ban 'Ex-Gay' Therapy To Minors Advance In Colorado, Vermont
  18. ^ "Vermont legislature moving towards banning conversion therapy". Metro Weekly. March 17, 2016.
  19. ^ S.132
  20. ^ Gov. Shumlin signs law banning conversion therapy in Vermont
  21. ^ AN ACT RELATING TO PROFESSIONAL SERVICES; ENACTING NEW SECTIONS OF THE UNIFORM LICENSING ACT, THE NURSING PRACTICE ACT, THE MEDICAL PRACTICE ACT, THE PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST ACT, THE OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE ACT, THE COUNSELING AND THERAPY PRACTICE ACT AND THE SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE ACT TO LIST CONVERSION THERAPY AS GROUNDS FOR DISCIPLINARY ACTION.
  22. ^ 2017 Regular Session - SB 121
  23. ^ "Martinez signs bill on conversion therapy; vetoes gun ban for restraining orders, minimum wage". KOB. April 7, 2017.
  24. ^ Public Act No. 17-5
  25. ^ H.B. No. 6695
  26. ^ AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY
  27. ^ H 5277 SUBSTITUTE A
  28. ^ House approves ban on ‘conversion therapy’ for children
  29. ^ R.I. House OKs ban of ‘conversion therapy’ for LGBT youth
  30. ^ Raimondo signs bill banning conversion therapy
  31. ^ An Act relating to health care professionals; prohibiting certain health care professionals from providing sexual orientation or gender identity conversion therapy to a minor; and providing other matters properly relating thereto
  32. ^ SB201
  33. ^ LGBT Bills Pass Nevada State Senate, Assembly
  34. ^ Conversion therapy bill could soon head to Nevada governor
  35. ^ Sandoval’s signature makes Nevada 8th state to ban conversion therapy
  36. ^ Governor signs ban on conversion therapy for minors
  37. ^ CONVERSION THERAPY--SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY
  38. ^ SB 5722 - 2017-18
  39. ^ Washington State Senate votes to ban conversion therapy
  40. ^ Washington set to become next state to ban anti-gay conversion therapy
  41. ^ A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO MINORS
  42. ^ SB270
  43. ^ Hawaii Bans 'Ex-Gay' Therapy on Minors
  44. ^ AN ACT TO AMEND TITLES 24 AND 29 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO CONVERSION THERAPY.
  45. ^ Senate Bill 65
  46. ^ Delaware Becomes 14th State to Protect LGBTQ Youth from Conversion Therapy
  47. ^ Health Occupations - Conversion Therapy for Minors - Prohibition (Youth Mental Health Protection Act)
  48. ^ "Maryland Senate gives initial approval to bill that outlaws 'gay conversion therapy'". Washington Post. March 27, 2018.
  49. ^ SB1028
  50. ^ Hogan signs bill banning conversion therapy for minors in Md.
  51. ^ An Act relative to conversion therapy seeking to change a person's sexual orientation
  52. ^ N.H. House Passes Bill Banning Gay Conversion Therapy After Legislative Do-Over
  53. ^ New Hampshire Senate votes to ban conversion therapy
  54. ^ Docket of HB587
  55. ^ N.H. governor signs two pro-LGBT bills
  56. ^ A00576
  57. ^ New York to become 15th state to ban 'gay conversion therapy'
  58. ^ Governor Cuomo Announces Executive Actions Banning Coverage of Conversion Therapy
  59. ^ Bill H.140
  60. ^ Street, Mikelle (April 8, 2019). "Massachusetts Is Now the 16th State to Ban Conversion Therapy". Out.
  61. ^ "PUBLIC Law, Chapter 165, An Act To Prohibit the Provision of Conversion Therapy to Minors by Certain Licensed Professionals". Maine Legislature. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  62. ^ "LD 1025". Maine Legislature. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  63. ^ James Besanvalle (29 May 2019). "Maine becomes 17th US state to ban conversion therapy on minors". Gay Star News.
  64. ^ HOUSE BILL 19-1129
  65. ^ "HB19-1129".
  66. ^ Colorado Senate approves a bill banning gay conversion therapy
  67. ^ Conversion therapy for gay youth banned in Colorado
  68. ^ Conversion Therapy for Minors Prohibition Amendment Act of 2014
  69. ^ "Bowser signs conversion therapy ban for adults with disabilities". Washington Blade. January 24, 2019.
  70. ^ OE-2019-016
  71. ^ Gobernador Rosselló Nevares firma orden ejecutiva que prohíbe terapias de conversión o reparativas
  72. ^ Chapter 769 - SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS
  73. ^ Council votes to ban gay 'conversion' therapy in Cincinnati
  74. ^ 2016-4018 Ordinance
  75. ^ "Miami Beach says no more conversion therapy for youths under 18". Miami Herald. June 8, 2016.
  76. ^ Ramos, Lisann (June 10, 2016). "Miami Beach Bans Conversion Therapy For Minors". Health News Florida.
  77. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 2016-009
  78. ^ 9/13/2016 Regular City Commission Meeting
  79. ^ AN ORDINANCE related to human rights; and adding a new Chapter 14.21 to the Seattle Municipal Code to prohibit the practice of conversion therapy on minors.
  80. ^ Seattle Bans Conversion Therapy for Minors
  81. ^ Seattle bans gay conversion 'therapy'
  82. ^ Ordinance 13638
  83. ^ City of Miami Commission votes to ban conversion therapy!
  84. ^ Ordinance 13638
  85. ^ City of West Palm Beach City Commission AGENDA November 7, 2016
  86. ^ West Palm Bans Conversion Therapy
  87. ^ a b TOWN OF BAY HARBOR ISLANDS November 14, 2016 AGENDA
  88. ^ Ordinance supplementing the Pittsburgh Code, Title VI Conduct, Article 1 Regulated Rights and Actions, to add a new Section 628 Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity or Expression Conversion Efforts prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy for LGBTQIA+ minors within the City of Pittsburgh.
  89. ^ Pittsburgh becomes first city in Pennsylvania to ban conversion therapy LGBTQ Nation
  90. ^ a b City Commission Agenda Tuesday, January 17, 2017
  91. ^ Boynton Beach Bans Conversion Therapy On Minors
  92. ^ ARTICLE VII. - PROHIBITION OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS Page 337: ORDINANCE NO. 2017-02 OF THE CITY OF LAKE WORTH, FLORIDA, AMENDING CHAPTER 15, OFFENSES, TO ADD ARTICLE VII, PROHIBITING THE PRACTICE OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS; PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY, THE REPEAL OF LAWS IN CONFLICT, CODIFICATION, AND AN EFFECTIVE DATE
  93. ^ A Unanimous Vote Bans Conversion Therapy in Lake Worth
  94. ^ a b Regular Village Council Meeting January 24, 2017 Page 7: AN ORDINANCE OF THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL, FLORIDA, TO CREATE A NEW CHAPTER IN THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL CODE OF ORDINANCES TO PROHIBIT WITHIN THE GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARIES OF THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL THE USE OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS WITH MINORS, INCLUDING REPARATIVE AND CONVERSION THERAPY
  95. ^ Repealing Toledo Municipal Code Chapter 554 "Employment, Real Estate Discrimination", enacting a new Chapter 554, "Discrimination Prohibited" to include gender identity as a protected class and set forth additional prohibitions.
  96. ^ Toledo City Council approves conversion therapy ban
  97. ^ An Ordinance of the City of Key West, Florida amending Chapter 42 of the Code of Ordinances, entitled "Miscellaneous Offenses," by creating Section 42-18, entitled "Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity Change Efforts," to prohibit licensed professionals from engaging in counseling efforts, practices, or treatments with the goal to change a minor's sexual orientation or gender identity; Providing for severability; Providing for repeal of inconsistent provisions; Providing for an effective date.
  98. ^ a b Ordinance No. 2017-004
  99. ^ To enact new section 2331.10 of the Columbus City Codes prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy or reparative therapy on minors and prescribing penalties for violations of that section.
  100. ^ Columbus Passes Ban on Using Conversion Therapy for Minors
  101. ^ Columbus, Ohio Bans Harmful Gay Conversion Therapy
  102. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF TAMPA, FLORIDA, RELATING TO CONVERSION THERAPY ON PATIENTS WHO ARE MINORS, MAKING REVISIONS TO CITY OF TAMPA CODE OF ORDINANCES, CHAPTER 14 (OFFENSES); CREATING ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 14-310 – 14-313; AMENDING CHAPTER 19 (PROPERTY MAINTENANCE AND STRUCTURAL STANDARDS); AMENDING SECTION 19.4.(a)(2), DEPARTMENT OF CODE ENFORCEMENT; DUTIES AND SCOPE OF AUTHORITY OF THE DIRECTOR; REPEALING ALL ORDINANCES OR PARTS OF ORDINANCES IN CONFLICT THEREWITH; PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY; PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
  103. ^ a b As Tampa unanimously passes anti-gay conversion "therapy" ban, St. Pete lays groundwork for its own
  104. ^ Ordinance 17-409
  105. ^ Delray one step closer to ban on gay conversion therapy on minors
  106. ^ Delray Beach Joins Growing Number of Cities To Ban Conversion Therapy
  107. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF RIVIERA BEACH, PALM BEACH COUNTY, FLORIDA, PROHIBITING THE PRACTICE OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON PATIENTS WHO ARE MINORS; PROVIDING FOR CODIFICATION PURSUANT TO §1-8 OF THE CITY'S CODE OF ORDINANCES; PROVIDING FOR CONFLICT, SEVERABILITY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE
  108. ^ Conversion therapy for LGBTQ youth banned in Riviera Beach
  109. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 2017-10 (PROHIBITING CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS)
  110. ^ Wellington Village Council Finalizes Conversion Therapy Ban
  111. ^ Sec. 135.04. - Conversion therapy prohibited.
  112. ^ Dayton looks to ban gay-conversion therapy for youth
  113. ^ AN ORDINANCE Enacting Sections 135.03 through 135.05 of the Revised Code of General Ordinances Regarding Conversion Therapy Page 51
  114. ^ Bill No. 161111
  115. ^ Philadelphia just passed a bill to ban conversion therapy for minors
  116. ^ Ordinance 15-1668
  117. ^ Allentown adopts conversion-therapy ban
  118. ^ Conversion therapy banned in Allentown
  119. ^ It's official: Allentown bans gay and trans conversion therapy for minors
  120. ^ Ordinance 2017-15 Conversion Therapy
  121. ^ Greenacres Moves to Join List of Florida Cities to Ban Conversion Therapy
  122. ^ City Council Meeting Monday, August 7, 2017
  123. ^ Chapter 3.12. - Sexual Orientation or Efforts to Change Gender Identity
  124. ^ Conversion Therapy Banned in Athens
  125. ^ "An ordinance of the Board of Supervisors, relating to the public health, safety, and welfare, restricting the practice of sexual orientation change efforts, commonly known as "conversion therapy."". Pima County, Arizona. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  126. ^ "Pima County passes conversion therapy ban". KGUN. August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  127. ^ "File ID 7772". Pima County, Arizona. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  128. ^ Ordinance Number 5407
  129. ^ Parsley, Jason (October 11, 2017). "Boca Allies Run City Hall: Conversion therapy for minors banned". South Florida Gay News. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  130. ^ Santoscoy, Carlos (October 13, 2017). "Boca Raton Bans 'Ex-Gay' Therapy To Youth". On Top Magazine. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  131. ^ ORDINANCE NO. O-2017-XXX
  132. ^ Oakland Park Bans Conversion Therapy
  133. ^ Ordinance No. 2017-046
  134. ^ Palm Beach County is first county in Florida to ban conversion therapy
  135. ^ Bill No. 118-2017 - amending the City Code by creating a new Chapter 185 Conversion Therapy
  136. ^ Reading bans conversion therapy
  137. ^ AN ORDINANCE AMENDING CHAPTER 1, PART 3, ARTICLE G OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES OF THE BOROUGH OF DOYLESTOWN TO PROHIBIT CONVERSION THERAPY AS A FORM OF DISCRIMINATION
  138. ^ Doylestown council passes conversion therapy ban
  139. ^ Ordinance No. 2018-03
  140. ^ "Broward County bans gay conversion therapy on minors". Local 10. January 9, 2018.
  141. ^ State College Borough Council Agenda Including Conversion Therapy Ordinance
  142. ^ "State College Bans LGBTQ Conversion Therapy for Minors". Centre Daily Times. February 5, 2018.
  143. ^ Erie County Conversion Therapy Ban
  144. ^ Erie County Legislature passes ban on conversion therapy for minors
  145. ^ POLONCARZ SIGNS LOCAL LAW BANNING CONVERSION THERAPY
  146. ^ ERIE_2018_1 ERIE COUNTY CONVERSION THERAPY BAN
  147. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 474
  148. ^ YARDLEY BOROUGH COUNCIL MEETING March 6, 2018
  149. ^ Yardley Borough Council unanimously adopts anti-discrimination ordinance; law extends protections to LGBT community
  150. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 160200
  151. ^ Gainesville Bans Conversion Therapy For Minors
  152. ^ Gainesville officials ban conversion therapy for minors
  153. ^ Ordinance 171760: A substitute ordinance prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy.
  154. ^ Milwaukee officials OK ban on gay conversion therapy
  155. ^ A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to prohibiting conversion therapy
  156. ^ City Council To Weigh Ban On Gay Conversion Therapy For Minors And Adults
  157. ^ Conversion therapy meant to turn gay people straight to be banned in NYC under Council bill
  158. ^ Chapter 152: Conversion Therapy
  159. ^ Albany bans 'conversion therapy' practice in city
  160. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 071618- 01
  161. ^ Bellefonte bans 'conversion therapy' practice in Borough
  162. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BETHLEHEM, COUNTIES OF LEHIGH AND NORTHAMPTON, COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, ESTABLISHING ARTICLE 1122 OF THE CODIFIED ORDINANCES OF THE CITY OF BETHLEHEM, TITLED "APPROPRIATE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES", PROVIDING FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CONVERSION THERAPY FOR MINORS
  163. ^ Bethlehem City Council approves ban on conversion therapy
  164. ^ Prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy
  165. ^ Madison Becomes Second City In Wisconsin To Ban Conversion Therapy
  166. ^ Local Law No. 11 Of 2018
  167. ^ Ulster County Legislature votes unanimously to ban use of conversion therapy on minors
  168. ^ Hein signs Ulster County conversion therapy ban, calls it ‘disgraceful pseudoscience’
  169. ^ ULSTER_2018_3
  170. ^ a b "July 24, 2018 Certified Ordinances". City of Rochester. pp. 6–9. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  171. ^ Local Law No. "E" for 2018
  172. ^ Albany County bans ‘so-called’ conversion therapy on minors
  173. ^ ALBANY_2018_3
  174. ^ EAU CLAIRE CITY COUNCIL AGENDA TUESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 2018, Ordinance creating Chapter 8.08, entitled "Conversion Therapy Prohibited", of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Eau Claire
  175. ^ Eau Claire Becomes Third Wisconsin City To Ban Conversion Therapy
  176. ^ "Eau Claire City Council September 25 Legislative Packet" (PDF).
  177. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 41-18
  178. ^ Lakewood City Council passes measure to protect LGBTQ youth from conversion therapy
  179. ^ Lakewood City Council considering ordinance banning conversion therapy
  180. ^ WESTCHESTER_2018_7
  181. ^ Local Law 11022
  182. ^ Board Votes to Ban Conversion Therapy for Minors
  183. ^ Ordinance 2018-0-8
  184. ^ Newtown Township Board of Supervisors Meeting Minutes November 28, 2018
  185. ^ Ordinance No. 2477
  186. ^ Cudahy 4th city in Wisconsin to ban conversion therapy
  187. ^ A bill for an ordinance adopting a new Article IX of Chapter 28 of the Revised Municipal Code concerning "Prohibition of Conversion Therapy."7
  188. ^ COUNCIL BILL NO. CB18-1508
  189. ^ Conversion Therapy Ordinance Chapter 120
  190. ^ Tien Le (May 30, 2019). "Alachua County Commission bans conversion therapy". The Independent Alligator Florida.
  191. ^ David Jones (May 28, 2019). "Alachua County Commission votes to ban conversion therapy". WCJB.
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  194. ^ https://www.sheboyganpress.com/story/news/2019/08/06/sheboygan-common-council-bans-conversion-therapy-packed-meeting/1878610001/
  195. ^ https://www.sheboyganpress.com/story/news/2019/08/06/sheboygan-common-council-bans-conversion-therapy-packed-meeting/1878610001/
  196. ^ "BoardDocs® Agenda Item: 4.8 Adopt New Policy 453.7 - Student Mental Health and Wellness Education". www.boarddocs.com. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
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  200. ^ Bill History for SB1047
  201. ^ Bill History for HB2658
  202. ^ HB 580
  203. ^ House File 106
  204. ^ Clarke, Kayla (April 24, 2019). "Legislation introduced to ban use of conversion therapy for LGBTQ youth in Michigan". ClickOnDetroit.
  205. ^ "Michigan Senate Bill 284". LegiScan. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  206. ^ SF 83
  207. ^ HF 12
  208. ^ House Bill 516
  209. ^ Legislature Bill 167
  210. ^ House Bill 516
  211. ^ Senate Bill 426
  212. ^ Martinez, Molly (April 17, 2019). "Ohio Senator Pushes for Ban on LGBTQ Conversion Therapy". spectrumnews1.com.
  213. ^ "Ohio Senate Bill 130". LegiScan. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  214. ^ Bill Information for HB 2456
  215. ^ Senate Bill 56
  216. ^ HB 517
  217. ^ Senate Bill 359
  218. ^ House Bill 2817
  219. ^ Senate Bill 107
  220. ^ "Should Conversion Therapy be Banned in Sarasota?". March 22, 2018.
  221. ^ a b McManus, Camille (February 19, 2019). "Council votes to support ban on conversion therapy". Columbia Missourian.
  222. ^ Martines, Jamie (March 6, 2019). "Allegheny County Council to consider banning conversion therapy". TribLIVE.com.
  223. ^ City Councilwoman to present resolution banning gay conversion therapy
  224. ^ a b Shorewood might ban gay conversion therapy, following the lead of dozens of other cities
  225. ^ "Congressional Democrats introduce measure to ban conversion therapy". Metro Weekly. April 25, 2017.
  226. ^ H.R.2450 - Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act, United States Congress
  227. ^ HF 2414
  228. ^ Journal of the House - 41st Day - Thursday, April 25, 2019 - Top of Page 4349
  229. ^ Tim Pugmire (April 25, 2019). "MN House adds conversion therapy ban to big health bill". Minnesota Public Radio.
  230. ^ ‘I'll be nauseated': Republican senators torn over conversion therapy vote
  231. ^ SENATE WEBCAST - Tuesday, April 30, 2019
  232. ^ "Edgewater Colorado Meeting Adgenda" (PDF). November 2, 2017.
  233. ^ Colorado Town Officially Declares Opposition to Conversion Therapy
  234. ^ AGENDA, CITY COUNCIL MEETING, CITY OF WHEAT RIDGE, COLORADO, 7500 WEST 29TH AVENUE, MUNICIPAL BUILDING
  235. ^ "Atlanta City Council Opposes Conversion Therapy, Urges State to Ban Practice". Atlanta Daily World.
  236. ^ Worcester council backs ban on sexual-orientation conversion therapy
  237. ^ RESOLUTION NO. 666 -2016, ESTABLISHING A PUBLIC INFORMATION CAMPAIGN ON THE DANGERS OF CONVERSION THERAPY
  238. ^ Harrisburg officially condemns conversion therapy for minors
  239. ^ Resolution File No. 18-19/057 (pages 23-26)
  240. ^ Human Services Board supports regulation, prohibiting conversion therapy