List of U.S. state and territory flowers

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This is a list of U.S. state, federal district, and territory flowers:

State
federal district
or territory
Common name Scientific name Image Year
Alabama Camellia
(state flower)
Camellia japonica Camellia japonica flower 2.jpg 1959
(clarified
1999)[1]
Oak-leaf hydrangea
(state wildflower)
Hydrangea quercifolia Hydrangea quercifolia BhamBotGdn.jpg 1999[2]
Alaska Forget-me-not Myosotis alpestris Forget-me-not close 600.jpg 1917[3]
American Samoa Paogo (Ulafala) Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius.jpg 1973[4]
Arizona Saguaro cactus blossom Carnegiea gigantea Carnegiea gigantea (Saguaro cactus) blossoms.jpg 1931[5]
Arkansas Apple blossom Malus Appletree bloom l.jpg 1901[6]
California California poppy Eschscholzia californica California poppy.jpg 1903[7]
Colorado Rocky Mountain columbine Aquilegia coerulea Aquilegia caerulea.jpg 1899[8]
Connecticut Mountain laurel
(state flower)
Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia2.jpg 1907[9]
Michaela Petit’s Four-O’Clocks
(children's state flower)
Mirabilis jalapa Gul-Abas-4-O'clock plant.JPG 2015[10]
Delaware Peach blossom Prunus persica Peach flowers.jpg 1953[11]
District of Columbia American Beauty Rose Rosa Rosa American Beauty illustration.jpg 1925[4]
Florida Orange blossom
(state flower)
Citrus sinensis Orange blossom 1909[12]
Tickseed
(state wildflower)
Coreopsis spp. Coreopsis gladiata 1991[13]
Georgia Cherokee rose
(state floral emblem)
Rosa laevigata Cherokee rose.jpg 1916[14]
Azalea
(state wildflower)
Rhododendron Redazalea.jpg 1979[15]
Guam Bougainvillea spectabilis Bougainvillea spectabilis Starr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis.jpg 1968[4]
Hawaii Hawaiian hibiscus
(maʻo hau hele)
Hibiscus brackenridgei Maohauhele.jpg 1988[16][17]
Idaho Syringa, mock orange Philadelphus lewisii Lewis's Mock-orange NFUW - Umatilla NF Oregon.jpg 1931[18]
Illinois Violet
(state flower)
Viola Viola sororia.jpg 1907[19]
Milkweed
(state wildflower)
Asclepias spp. Asclepiascommon.JPG 2017[20]
Indiana Peony Paeonia Paeonia 19.jpg 1957[21]
Iowa Wild rose Rosa arkansana Rosa arkansana.jpg 1897[22][23]
Kansas Sunflower Helianthus annuus A sunflower.jpg 1903[24]
Kentucky Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 1926[25]
Louisiana Magnolia
(state flower)
Magnolia Magnolia flower Duke campus.jpg 1900[26]
Louisiana iris
(state wildflower)
Iris giganticaerulea Blue Iris at Jean Lafitte Barataria Unit (cropped).jpg 1990[27]
Maine White pine cone and tassel Pinus strobus Pinus strobus cones.JPG 1895[28]
Maryland Black-eyed susan Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta Indian Summer.JPG 1918[29]
Massachusetts Mayflower Epigaea repens Trailing arbutus.jpg 1918[30]
Michigan Apple blossom
(state flower)
Malus Appletree bloom l.jpg 1897[31]
Dwarf lake iris
(state wildflower)
Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris (Iris lacustris) (4719619035).jpg 1998[32]
Minnesota Pink and white lady's slipper Cypripedium reginae Cypripedium reginae Orchi 004.jpg 1902 (enacted 1967)[33][34]
Mississippi Magnolia
(state flower)
Magnolia Magnolia flower Duke campus.jpg 1900 (enacted 1952)[35]
Tickseed
(state wildflower)
Coreopsis Coreopsis7222.jpg 1991[36]
Missouri Hawthorn Crataegus Common hawthorn flowers.jpg 1923[37]
Montana Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg 1894[38]
Nebraska Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 1895[39]
Nevada Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata Sagebrush.jpg 1967[40]
New Hampshire Purple lilac
(state flower)
Syringa vulgaris Lilac (2).jpg 1919[41]
Pink lady's slipper
(state wildflower)
Cypripedium acaule Cypripedium acaule - Sasata edit1.jpg 1991[41]
New Jersey Violet Viola sororia Viola sororia.jpg 1971[42][43]
New Mexico Yucca flower Yucca Yucca filamentosa.jpg 1927[44]
New York Rose Rosa Rosa sp.163.jpg 1955[45]
North Carolina Flowering dogwood
(state flower)
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Yellow Flowers 3008px.JPG 1941[46]
Carolina lily
(state wildflower)
Lilium michauxii Carolina Lily.jpg 2003[47][48]
North Dakota Wild prairie rose Rosa blanda
or arkansana
Rosa arkansana.jpg 1907[49]
Northern Mariana Islands Flores mayo Plumeria Frangipani flowers.jpg 1979[4]
Ohio Scarlet carnation
(state flower)
Dianthus caryophyllus Red Carnation NGM XXXI p507.jpg 1953[50]
Large white trillium
(state wild flower)
Trillium grandiflorum White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum Flower 2613px.jpg 1987[51]
Oklahoma Oklahoma rose
(state flower)
Rosa Rose, Oklahoma - Flickr - nekonomania.jpg 2004[52]
Indian blanket
(state wildflower)
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel or Indian Blanket with a Spider at the back.jpg 1986[52]
Mistletoe
(state floral emblem)
Phoradendron serotinum American Mistletoe (NGM XXXI p514).jpg 1893[52]
Oregon Oregon grape Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium3.jpg 1899[53]
Pennsylvania Mountain laurel
(state flower)
Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia2.jpg 1933[54]
Penngift crown vetch
(beautification and
conservation plant)
Coronilla varia Securigera varia bgiu.jpg 1982[54]
Puerto Rico None [55]
Rhode Island Violet Viola Viola sororia.jpg 1968[56][57]
South Carolina Yellow jessamine
(state flower)
Gelsemium sempervirens Gelsemium sempervirensCDP140CA.jpg 1924[58]
Goldenrod
(state wildflower)
Solidago altissima Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 2003[59]
South Dakota Pasque flower Pulsatilla hirsutissima Pulsatilla vulgaris-700px.jpg 1903[60]
Tennessee Iris
(state cultivated flower)
Iris Iris 'Gene Wild' 2007-05-13 383.jpg 1933[61]
Purple passionflower
(state wildflower 1)
Passiflora incarnata OQ Passion flower.jpg 1919[61]
Tennessee purple coneflower
(state wildflower 2)
Echinacea tennesseensis Echinacea tennesseensis Couchville.jpg 2012[61]
Texas Bluebonnet sp. Lupinus sp. Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis).jpg 1901
(broadened
in 1971)[62]
Utah Sego lily Calochortus nuttallii Sego lily cm.jpg 1911[63]
Vermont Red clover Trifolium pratense Red clover closeup.jpg 1894[64]
Virgin Islands Yellow Elder Tecoma stans Yellow elder.jpg 1934[4]
Virginia American dogwood Cornus florida Benthamidia florida2.jpg [65]
Washington Coast rhododendron Rhododendron macrophyllum Rhododendron macrophyllum.JPG 1892
(officially
1959)[66]
West Virginia Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum Rhododendron-by-eiffel-public-domain-20040617.jpg 1903[67]
Wisconsin Wood violet Viola papilionacea Wood Violet 1909[68]
Wyoming Indian paintbrush Castilleja linariaefolia Indian Paintbrush in Grand Teton NP-NPS.jpg 1917[69][70]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State Flower of Alabama". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  2. ^ "State Wildflower of Alabama". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2004-05-27. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  3. ^ Legislative Affairs Agency, State of Alaska. "Alaska State Legislature Roster of Members, 1913-2013" (PDF). State of Alaska. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e McPherson, Alan (2013-06-10). State Botanical Symbols. AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1-4817-4885-8.
  5. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 41, Chapter 4.1, Article 5, Section 41-855". Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  6. ^ "Arkansas State Floral Emblem Flower". Netstate.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  7. ^ "California Government Code, General Provisions, Title 1, Division 2, Section 421". Archived from the original on 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  8. ^ "State Flower". State of Colorado. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  9. ^ "The General Statutes of Connecticut, Title 3, Chapter 3, Section 3-108". Archived from the original on 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  10. ^ Connecticut State Register and Manual (PDF), 2018, p. 825, retrieved 2019-05-28
  11. ^ "The Delaware Code, Title 29, Chapter 3, Section 308". Archived from the original on 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  12. ^ "Florida State Symbols". Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.
  13. ^ "State Wildflower". Florida Department of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  14. ^ "Government - Georgia State Flower (Cherokee Rose)". GeorgiaInfo. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  15. ^ "Today in Georgia history - Azalea became official state wildflower". Savannah Morning News. 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  16. ^ "Hawaii State Flower - Yellow Hibiscus". statesymbolsusa.org.
  17. ^ Hawaii State Legislature https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol01_Ch0001-0042F/HRS0005/HRS_0005-0016.htm. Retrieved 21 July 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "About Idaho". Visit Idaho. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  19. ^ "State Symbols". State of Illinois.
  20. ^ State Designations Act, Illinois General Assembly, retrieved 2019-05-20
  21. ^ "Indiana State Tree and Flower". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  22. ^ Naeve, Linda (1996-09-13). "Iowa's State Flower - the Wild Rose". Horticulture and Home Pest News. Iowa State University Extension. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  23. ^ http://publications.iowa.gov/135/1/profile/8-1.html
  24. ^ "Kansas State Flower: Sunflower Facts". Kansas Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  25. ^ "Kentucky State Symbols". Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. 2007-03-30. Archived from the original on 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
  26. ^ "State Symbols". State of Louisiana. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  27. ^ Killingsworth, Ron (2012-05-23). "LA Irises, The Wildflower of the State of Louisiana". World of Irises. American Iris Society. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  28. ^ "State Flower - White Pine and White Pine Cone & Tassel". Maine Secretary of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  29. ^ "Fiscal and Policy Notes (HB 345)" (PDF). Department of Legislative Services - Maryland General Assembly. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  30. ^ "CIS: State Symbols". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  31. ^ "Michigan State Flower". Netstate.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  32. ^ Gibbons, Lauren (2019-04-04). "The surprising stories behind Michigan's state symbols". MLive. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  33. ^ Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. "Minnesota State Symbols". Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  34. ^ Lileks, James (2018-11-29). "Minnesota Moment: The wrong state flower". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  35. ^ "Southern Magnolia". Mississippi Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  36. ^ Guyton, John (2013). "Mississippi's Wildflowers are Coreopsis spp" (PDF). Mississippi Native Plants and Environmental Education. 31 (1). Mississippi Native Plant Society.
  37. ^ "Missouri's State Floral Emblem". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  38. ^ Gullickson, Michelle (2018-06-03). "'Field Notes:' All About The Bitterroot, Montana's State Flower". Montana Public Radio. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  39. ^ "State Symbols". Nebraska Secretary of State. 2019-10-03. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  40. ^ https://www.leg.state.nv.us/Statutes/54th/Stats196704.html#Stats196704page702
  41. ^ a b https://www.nh.gov/almanac/flower.htm
  42. ^ "New Jersey State Flower - Violet". statesymbolsusa.org.
  43. ^ "Acts of the Legislature of New Jersey (1971)". DSpace. New Jersey State Library. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  44. ^ https://www.sos.state.nm.us/about-new-mexico/state-flower/
  45. ^ https://www.dos.ny.gov/kids_room/508/symbols2.html
  46. ^ "Official State Symbols of North Carolina". North Carolina State Library. State of North Carolina. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  47. ^ "Carolina Lily State Wildflower | State Symbols USA". statesymbolsusa.org. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  48. ^ "North Carolina General Statutes § 145-20 (2019) - State wildflower". Justia Law. Justia. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  49. ^ https://www.ndstudies.gov/gr4/citizenship/section-5-symbols-north-dakota
  50. ^ "Ohio Revised Code 5.02". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  51. ^ "Ohio Revised Code 5.021". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  52. ^ a b c https://www.okhistory.org/kids/symbols
  53. ^ https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/ors/ors186.html
  54. ^ a b Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission: State Symbols Archived February 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ Nuestra flor nacional. José A. Mari Mutt. Ediciones Digitales. 2020. Accessed 19 October 2020.
  56. ^ "Rhode Island State Flower - Violet". statesymbolsusa.org.
  57. ^ "Ri State Symbols". Rhode Island. Rhode Island Department of State. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  58. ^ "SC Statehouse Student's web page, State Symbols and Emblems". South Carolina General Assembly. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  59. ^ "South Carolina Code of Laws, State Emblems, Pledge to the Flag, Official Observances". South Carolina General Assembly. Archived from the original on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  60. ^ https://sdsos.gov/general-information/about-state-south-dakota/state-seal-symbols.aspx
  61. ^ a b c https://sos.tn.gov/sites/default/files/Pgs.%20599-627%20TN%20Symbols.pdf
  62. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/trb01
  63. ^ Utah State Flower - Sego Lily from pioneer.utah.gov "Pioneer - Utah's Online Library" page. Retrieved on 2008-09-08.
  64. ^ https://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/section/01/011/00498
  65. ^ https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title1/chapter5/section1-510/
  66. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-11.
  67. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (PDF), 2015–2016, p. 1046, retrieved 2019-07-21
  68. ^ "Wisconsin State Symbols". State of Wisconsin. Archived from the original on 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2011-12-19.
  69. ^ "Wyoming State Flower Indian Paintbrush Castilleja linariaefolia". Netstate. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  70. ^ "Wyoming Statute 8-3-104". Wyoming Statutes. Retrieved 2008-04-08.

External links[edit]