List of U.S. states and territories by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of each state's population as of 2013

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

Map of population change in U.S. states from April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013.

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District would only be entitled to one Representative if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one Representative and effectively guarantees every state two Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3]

The eleven most populous states, representing 56% of the population, currently have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president, although these eleven states have not voted for the same candidate in any presidential election since 1984.

States and territories

Rank in
the fifty
states
,
2015
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory Population estimate for
July 1, 2015
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Total number

of seats in U.S. House of
Representatives
(2013 - 2023)

2015 Estimated pop.
per
House seat
2010 Census pop.
per
House
seat[4]
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2015[5]
Comparable country
1 1  California 39,144,818 37,254,503 53 738,581 702,905 12.18%  Poland
2 2  Texas 27,469,114 25,146,105 36 763,031 698,487 8.55%  Ghana
3 4  Florida 20,271,272 18,804,623 27 750,788 696,345 6.31%  Romania
4 3  New York 19,795,791 19,378,087 27 733,177 717,707 6.16%  Niger
5 5  Illinois 12,859,995 12,831,549 18 714,444 712,813 4.00%  Guinea
6 6  Pennsylvania 12,802,503 12,702,887 18 711,250 705,688 3.98%  Zimbabwe
7 7  Ohio 11,613,423 11,536,725 16 725,839 721,032 3.61%  Belgium
8 9  Georgia 10,214,860 9,688,681 14 729,633 691,975 3.18%  Portugal
9 10  North Carolina 10,042,802 9,535,692 13 772,523 733,498 3.12%  Hungary
10 8  Michigan 9,922,576 9,884,129 14 708,755 705,974 3.11%  Sweden
11 11  New Jersey 8,958,013 8,791,936 12 746,501 732,658 2.79%  Belarus
12 12  Virginia 8,382,993 8,001,045 11 762,090 727,366 2.61%  Israel
13 13  Washington 7,170,351 6,724,543 10 717,035 672,454 2.23%  Paraguay
14 16  Arizona 6,828,065 6,392,307 9 758,674 710,224 2.12%  Sierra Leone
15 14  Massachusetts 6,794,422 6,547,817 9 754,936 727,514 2.11%  Laos
16 15  Indiana 6,619,680 6,484,229 9 735,520 720,422 2.06%  El Salvador
17 17  Tennessee 6,600,299 6,346,275 9 733,367 705,123 2.05%  Libya
18 18  Missouri 6,083,672 5,988,927 8 760,459 748,615 1.89%  Nicaragua
19 19  Maryland 6,006,401 5,773,785 8 750,800 721,694 1.87%  Kyrgyzstan
20 20  Wisconsin 5,771,337 5,687,289 8 721,417 710,873 1.80%  Denmark
21 21  Minnesota 5,489,594 5,303,925 8 686,199 662,991 1.71%  Finland
22 22  Colorado 5,456,574 5,029,324 7 779,511 720,704 1.70%  Slovakia
23 24  South Carolina 4,896,146 4,625,401 7 699,449 660,766 1.52%  Costa Rica
24 23  Alabama 4,858,979 4,780,127 7 694,140 682,819 1.51%  Central African Republic
25 25  Louisiana 4,670,724 4,533,479 6 778,454 755,562 1.45%  Republic of Ireland
26 26  Kentucky 4,425,092 4,339,349 6 737,515 723,228 1.38%  Liberia
27 27  Oregon 4,028,977 3,831,073 5 805,795 766,215 1.25%  Bosnia
28 28  Oklahoma 3,911,338 3,751,616 5 782,268 750,270 1.22%  Panama
29 30  Connecticut 3,590,886 3,574,118 5 718,177 714,819 1.13%  Uruguay
29  Puerto Rico 3,474,182 3,726,157 1a 1.08%  Moldova
30 31  Iowa 3,123,899 3,046,869 4 780,975 761,589 0.97%  Mongolia
31 35  Utah 2,995,919 2,763,888 4 748,083 690,221 0.93%  Lithuania
32 32  Mississippi 2,992,333 2,968,103 4 748,083 741,824 0.93%  Lithuania
33 33  Arkansas 2,978,204 2,915,958 4 744,551 728,980 0.93%  Armenia
34 34  Kansas 2,911,641 2,853,132 4 727,910 713,280 0.91%  Albania
35 36  Nevada 2,890,845 2,700,691 4 722,711 675,110 0.90%  Jamaica
36 37  New Mexico 2,085,109 2,059,192 3 695,036 686,393 0.65%  Macedonia
37 39  Nebraska 1,896,190 1,826,341 3 632,063 608,780 0.59%  Gambia
38 38  West Virginia 1,844,128 1,853,011 3 614,709 617,665 0.57%  Kosovo
39 40  Idaho 1,654,930 1,567,652 2 827,465 783,791 0.51%  Gabon
40 41  Hawaii 1,431,603 1,360,301 2 715,802 680,151 0.45%  Bahrain
41 43  New Hampshire 1,330,608 1,316,466 2 665,304 658,235 0.41%  Estonia
42 42  Maine 1,329,328 1,328,361 2 664,664 664,181 0.41%  Trinidad and Tobago
43 44  Rhode Island 1,056,298 1,052,931 2 528,149 526,284 0.33%  East Timor
44 45  Montana 1,032,949 989,417 1 1,032,949 989,415 0.32%  Swaziland
45 46  Delaware 945,934 897,936 1 945,934 897,934 0.29%  Djibouti
46 47  South Dakota 858,469 814,191 1 858,469 814,180 0.27%  Cyprus
47 49   North Dakota 756,927 672,591 1 756,927 672,591 0.24%  Bhutan
48 48  Alaska 738,432 710,249 1 738,432 710,231 0.23%  Guyana
51  District of Columbia 672,228 601,767 1a 672,228 0.21%  Solomon Islands
49 50  Vermont 626,042 625,745 1 626,042 625,741 0.19%  Montenegro
50 52  Wyoming 586,107 563,767 1 586,107 563,626 0.18%  Luxembourg
53  Guam 159,358[6] 1a 0.06%  Saint Lucia
54  U.S. Virgin Islands 106,405[7] 1a 0.04%  Kiribati
55  American Samoa 55,519[8] 1a 0.02%  Saint Kitts and Nevis
56  Northern Mariana Islands 53,883[9] 1a 0.02%  Saint Kitts and Nevis
The fifty states 320,746,592 308,156,338 435 737,348 708,376 98.48%
Fifty states + D.C. 321,418,820 308,758,105 435 + 1a 98.67%
Total U.S. territory 312,913,872 435 + 6a 100.000

a: The District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are each represented by one non-voting delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives.

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and D.C.
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/Territory/
Division/Region
R
a
n
k
2013
pop.
R
a
n
k
2010
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000-
2010
chg.
Geog.
sort
 Massachusetts 14 6,692,824 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
 Connecticut 29 3,596,080 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
 Maine 41 1,328,302 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
 New Hampshire 42 1,323,459 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
 Rhode Island 43 1,051,511 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
 Vermont 49 626,630 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
       New England 9 14,618,806 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
 New York 3 19,651,127 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
 Pennsylvania 6 12,773,801 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
 New Jersey 11 8,899,339 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic 4 41,324,267 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
       Northeast 4 55,943,073 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
 Florida 4 19,552,860 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
 Georgia 8 9,992,167 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
 North Carolina 10 9,848,060 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
 Virginia 12 8,260,405 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
 Maryland 19 5,928,814 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
 South Carolina 24 4,774,839 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
 West Virginia 38 1,854,304 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
 Delaware 45 925,749 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
 District of Columbia -- 646,449 -- 601,723 -- 572,059 -- 5.2% SAtl
       South Atlantic 1 61,783,647 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
 Tennessee 17 6,495,978 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
 Alabama 23 4,833,722 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
 Kentucky 26 4,395,295 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
 Mississippi 31 2,991,207 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
       East South Central 8 18,716,202 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
 Texas 2 26,448,193 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
 Louisiana 25 4,625,470 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
 Oklahoma 28 3,850,568 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
 Arkansas 32 2,959,373 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
       West South Central 5 37,883,604 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
       South 1 118,383,453 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
 Illinois 5 12,882,135 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
 Ohio 7 11,570,808 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
 Michigan 9 9,895,622 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
 Indiana 16 6,570,902 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
 Wisconsin 20 5,742,713 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
       East North Central 3 46,662,180 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
 Missouri 18 6,044,171 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
 Minnesota 21 5,420,380 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
 Iowa 30 3,090,416 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
 Kansas 34 2,893,957 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
 Nebraska 37 1,868,516 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
 South Dakota 46 844,877 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
  North Dakota 48 723,393 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
       West North Central 7 20,885,710 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
       Midwest 3 67,547,890 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
 Arizona 15 6,626,624 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
 Colorado 22 5,268,367 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
 Utah 33 2,900,872 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
 Nevada 35 2,790,136 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
 New Mexico 36 2,085,287 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
 Idaho 39 1,612,136 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
 Montana 44 1,015,165 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
 Wyoming 50 582,658 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
       Mountain 6 22,881,245 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
 California 1 38,332,521 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
 Washington 13 6,971,406 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
 Oregon 27 3,930,065 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
 Hawaii 40 1,404,054 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
 Alaska 47 735,132 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
       Pacific 2 51,373,178 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
       West 2 74,254,423 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
 50 states and D.C. -- 316,128,839 -- 308,745,538 -- 281,421,906 -- 9.7% NAmer
 Puerto Rico 1 3,615,086 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
 Guam 2 -- 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 3 -- 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
 American Samoa 4 -- 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
 Northern Mariana Islands 5 -- 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
       Total Territories -- -- -- 4,100,954 -- 4,198,539 -- -2.3% USA

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ For simplicity's sake, these are the 2010 Resident Populations per 2003–2013 House seat; the seats for 2013–2023 will, however, be apportioned on the slightly different basis of "Apportionment Population" which can be found at http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-data-text.php and http://2010.census.gov/news/press-kits/apportionment/apport.html
  5. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  6. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn179.html
  7. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn180.html
  8. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn177.html
  9. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn178.html

External links