List of U.S. states and territories by poverty rate

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Proportion of Americans living below the poverty line in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2016 - 2020 American Community Survey
Proportion of Americans living below the poverty line in each county of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico according to the 2016 - 2020 American Community Survey

This list of U.S. states and territories by poverty rate covers the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the territory of Puerto Rico and their populations' poverty rate. The four other inhabited U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) are listed separately.

The data source for the main list is the U.S. Census Bureau's five-year American Community Survey taken 2016 - 2020.[1] The American Community Survey is a large demographic survey collected throughout the year using mailed questionnaires, telephone interviews, and visits from Census Bureau field representatives to about 3.5 million household addresses annually, regardless of their legal immigration status.

Overall, out of Americans for whom the Census Bureau was able to determine poverty status, 42.31 million lived below the poverty line (or 13.15% of the total population). Poverty rates were highest in the states of Mississippi (19.58%), Louisiana (18.65%), New Mexico (18.55%), West Virginia (17.10%), Kentucky (16.61%), and Arkansas (16.08%), and they were lowest in the states of New Hampshire (7.42%), Maryland (9.02%), Utah (9.13%), Hawaii (9.26%), and Minnesota (9.33%).

List[edit]

In the list below, the population in each state and territory of the U.S. by specific poverty status can be found. The list is initially sorted by poverty rate but the table headers can be clicked to sort by any column.[1]

State or Territory Population Population under
Poverty Line
Poverty Rate
 
 Puerto Rico 3,227,457 1,400,958 43.41%
 Mississippi 2,883,074 564,439 19.58%
 Louisiana 4,532,187 845,230 18.65%
 New Mexico 2,053,909 381,026 18.55%
 West Virginia 1,755,591 300,152 17.10%
 Kentucky 4,322,881 717,895 16.61%
 Arkansas 2,923,585 470,190 16.08%
 Alabama 4,771,614 762,642 15.98%
 District of Columbia 669,089 103,391 15.45%
 Oklahoma 3,833,712 585,520 15.27%
 South Carolina 4,950,181 726,470 14.68%
 Tennessee 6,603,468 965,213 14.62%
 Georgia 10,238,369 1,461,572 14.28%
 Texas 28,013,446 3,984,260 14.22%
 Arizona 7,012,999 990,528 14.12%
 North Carolina 10,098,330 1,411,939 13.98%
 Michigan 9,753,541 1,337,256 13.71%
 Ohio 11,350,378 1,546,011 13.62%
 New York 19,009,098 2,581,048 13.58%
 Florida 20,793,628 2,772,939 13.34%
 Missouri 5,942,813 772,992 13.01%
 Indiana 6,491,632 838,149 12.91%
 South Dakota 849,910 108,863 12.81%
 Montana 1,036,490 132,476 12.78%
 Nevada 2,987,817 381,695 12.78%
 California 38,589,882 4,853,434 12.58%
 Oregon 4,096,744 506,558 12.36%
 Illinois 12,418,504 1,488,670 11.99%
 Pennsylvania 12,387,061 1,480,430 11.95%
 Idaho 1,722,972 205,676 11.94%
 Rhode Island 1,017,028 117,785 11.58%
 Kansas 2,828,498 323,644 11.44%
 Delaware 941,266 107,641 11.44%
 Iowa 3,051,284 339,090 11.11%
 Maine 1,304,038 144,384 11.07%
 Wisconsin 5,659,485 620,947 10.97%
 Vermont 599,938 64,700 10.78%
 Wyoming 566,858 61,006 10.76%
 North Dakota 735,842 77,491 10.53%
 Nebraska 1,869,467 193,820 10.37%
 Alaska 719,445 74,369 10.34%
 Washington 7,372,433 751,044 10.19%
 Virginia 8,255,575 826,708 10.01%
 Massachusetts 6,637,329 653,454 9.85%
 Connecticut 3,466,935 339,156 9.78%
 Colorado 5,563,823 544,232 9.78%
 New Jersey 8,713,792 842,704 9.67%
 Minnesota 5,476,956 511,185 9.33%
 Hawaii 1,381,577 127,971 9.26%
 Utah 3,102,049 283,360 9.13%
 Maryland 5,894,835 531,553 9.02%
 New Hampshire 1,312,770 97,418 7.42%
 United States 321,791,585 42,311,284 13.15%

U.S. territories[edit]

Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands are data deficient (because they are not included in the American Community Survey), not all recent poverty rate estimates have been made for them. Below are the poverty rates for these territories in 2010.

Rank Territory 2010
Poverty rate
 U.S. Virgin Islands 22.4%
 Guam 22.9%
 Northern Mariana Islands 52.3%

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TABLE S1701 - POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS". Census - Table Results. U.S. Census Bureau. 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 17 March 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.

External links[edit]