List of U.S. states by Amish population

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Distribution of native speakers of Pennsylvania Dutch by state.
Old Order Amish population growth in the 20th century.
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: Persons speaking a Indo-European language at home other than English or Spanish (among adults 18+), a vast majority of them speak Pennsylvania German. Data are being provided by: ACS 2019 5-year estimate.
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: Persons speaking a Indo-European language at home other than English or Spanish (among children 5-17), a vast majority of them speak Pennsylvania German. Data are being provided by: ACS 2019 5-year estimate.

In 2021 there were 31 states of the United States that had a significant Amish population.

The Amish have settled in as many as 31 US-states though about 2/3 are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The greatest concentration of Amish is in Holmes and adjoining counties in northeast Ohio, about 78 miles south of Cleveland. Next in size is a group of Amish people in Elkhart and surrounding counties in northeastern Indiana. Then comes the Amish settlement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. According to Albrecht Powell, the Pennsylvania Amish has not always been the largest group of U.S. Amish as is commonly thought.

The Amish population in the U.S. numbers more than 350,000 and is growing rapidly, due to large family size (seven children on average) and a church-member retention rate of approximately 80%."[1][2]

Statistics of states[edit]

Amish population by state and date
State 1992 2000 2010 2020 2021 Increase
2020–2021
% of the state
population, 2021
% of the total U.S.
Amish population
Pennsylvania 32,710 40,100 59,350 81,500 84,100 Increase3.2% 0.65% 23.6%
Ohio 34,830 49,750 58,590 78,280 80,240 Increase2.5% 0.68% 22.6%
Indiana 23,405 32,650 43,710 59,305 60,960 Increase2.8% 0.90% 17.1%
Wisconsin 6,785 10,250 15,360 22,235 23,195 Increase4.3% 0.39% 6.5%
New York 4,050 5,000 12,015 21,230 21,725 Increase2.3% 0.11% 6.1%
Michigan 5,150 9,300 11,350 16,525 17,695 Increase7.1% 0.18% 5.0%
Missouri 3,745 6,100 9,475 14,520 14,610 Increase0.6% 0.24% 4.1%
Kentucky 2,625 5,150 7,750 13,595 14,215 Increase4.6% 0.32% 4.0%
Iowa 3,525 4,850 7,190 9,780 9,845 Increase0.7% 0.31% 2.8%
Illinois 2,940 4,200 6,860 7,240 7,565 Increase4.5% 0.06% 2.1%
Minnesota 1,135 1,600 3,150 4,740 4,935 Increase4.1% 0.09% 1.4%
Tennessee 750 1,500 2,125 3,325 3,560 Increase7.1% 0.05% 1%
Kansas 675 1,100 1,485 2,025 2,135 Increase5.4% 0.06% >
Delaware 1,200 1,100 1,350 1,750 1,795 Increase2.6% 0.18% >
Maryland 810 800 1,350 1,650 1,695 Increase2.7% > >
Virginia 75 500 300 1,590 1,620 Increase1.9% > >
Montana 270 550 675 935 1,045 Increase11.7% 0.10% >
Maine 225 955 1,020 Increase6.8% 0.07% >
Colorado 810 650 755 Increase16.1% > >
Oklahoma 540 700 675 675 730 Increase8.1% > >
West Virginia 225 390 430 Increase10.3% > >
Nebraska 150 355 345 Decrease2.9% > >
Arkansas 225 265 290 Increase13.2% > >
Wyoming 220 285 Increase29.5% > >
North Carolina 75 75 270 255 Decrease5.6% > >
Mississippi 75 290 220 Decrease24.1% > >
Florida* 75 75 100 100 Steady > >
Vermont 95 100 Increase5.3% > >
Texas 405 75 65 70 Increase7.7% > >
South Dakota 75 60 65 Increase8.3% > >
Idaho 55 60 Increase9.1% > >
Total 125,850 175,200 244,770 344,670 355,660 Increase3.2% 0.107% 100%
  • The settlement in Pinecraft (Sarasota), Florida is very atypical and its population varies a lot according to the season.

Sources of the statistics[edit]

The data for 1992 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[3]

The data for 2000 are from a book published in 2001 (Donald Kraybill, The Riddle of Amish Culture).[4]

The data for 2010 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[5] The 2010 census of Amish population was published in 2012, compiled by Elizabeth Cooksey, professor of sociology, and Cory Anderson, a graduate student in rural sociology, both at The Ohio State University.[6] It was commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the 2010 U.S. Religion Census (published in 2012).[6][7]

The data for 2021 comes from "Amish Studies – The Young Center".[2]

The percentage of the state's population is from a 2021 estimate.[8]

Largest settlements[edit]

Settlement in State Estimated
population (2020)
Estimated
population (2021)
Annual
growth
rate
Lancaster, Chester, York (PA) and Cecil (MD) counties area Pennsylvania, Maryland 40,525 41,795 Increase3.13%
Holmes, Wayne, Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Stark counties area Ohio 36,955 37,770 Increase2.20%
Elkhart, LaGrange and Noble counties area Indiana 26,380 27,105 Increase2.75%
Geauga, Trumbull, Ashtabula and Portage counties area Ohio 18,820 19,420 Increase3.19%
Adams / Jay counties area Indiana 10,305 10,630 Increase3.15%
Elkhart, St. Joseph, Marshall and Kosciusko counties area Indiana 6,300 6,445 Increase2.30%
Daviess / Martin counties area Indiana 5,465 5,595 Increase2.38%
Moultrie, Douglas and Coles counties area Illinois 4,095 4,270 Increase4.27%
Belleville, Mifflin county Pennsylvania 4,090 4,205 Increase2.81%
Allen, Allen county Indiana 3,445 3,550 Increase3.05%
Seymour, Webster county Missouri 3,170 3,110 Decrease1.89%
Smicksburg, Indiana county Pennsylvania 3,355 2,945 Decrease12.22%
Lawrence / Mercer counties area Pennsylvania 2,740 2,820 Increase2.92%
Heuvelton, St. Lawrence county New York 2,540 2,640 Increase3.94%
Clearfield / Jefferson counties area Pennsylvania 1,850 2,560 Increase38.38%
Conewango Valley, Cattaraugus county New York 2,450 2,515 Increase2.65%
Spartansburg, Crawford county Pennsylvania 2,335 2,425 Increase3.85%
Munfordville, Hart county Kentucky 2,340 2,360 Increase0.86%
Monroe / Vernon counties area Wisconsin 2,420 2,360 Decrease2.48%
Medina / Ashland counties area Ohio 2,165 2,245 Increase3.70%
  • The annual growth rate (Increase/Decrease) is calculated for the period from June 2020 to June 2021.

Sources: 2020[9][10] and 2021[2][11]

Amish settlements outside the US[edit]

There are Amish settlements in four Canadian provinces, Ontario, founded in the 1820s, Manitoba, founded in 2018,[12] New Brunswick in 2015 and Prince Edward Island, in 2016.

There was an Amish settlement in Honduras from about 1968 to 1978 but the settlement failed.[13]

In 2015 new settlements of New Order Amish were founded in Argentina and Bolivia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Powell, Albrecht. "Amish 101 - Amish Beliefs, Culture & Lifestyle, History of the Amish in America". about.com. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "The Amish Population in 2021". Elizabethtown College, the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  3. ^ "Amish Population Change 1992-2013 (Alphabetical Order)" (PDF). Population Trends 1992-2013. 21-Year Highlights. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  4. ^ Donald Kraybill (2001). The Riddle of Amish Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6772-9.
  5. ^ Amish Studies: "Population Change 2010-2015"
  6. ^ a b Emily Caldwell (July 27, 2012). "Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every three and a half weeks in US". Phys.org. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  7. ^ 2010 U.S. Religion Census, official website.
  8. ^ "Amish Population 2020". World Population Review. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  9. ^ "Twelve largest settlements, 2020". Groups.etown.edu. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  10. ^ Amish Population in the United States by State and County, 2020
  11. ^ Amish Population in the United States by State and County, 2021
  12. ^ 1st Amish settlement west of Ontario prepares for Prairie winter in quiet Manitoba town.
  13. ^ Cory Anderson and Jennifer Anderson. "The Amish Settlement in Honduras, 1968-1978" in Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 4,1, pages 1-50.