List of U.S. states by Amish population

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Speakers of Pennsylvania Dutch by state
Old Order Amish population in the 20th century

In 2018 there were 31 states of the United States that had a significant Amish population. Following are populations by state per the results.

The data for 1992 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[1]

The data for 2000 are from a book published in 2001 (Donald Kraybill, The Riddle of Amish Culture).[2]

The data for 2010 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[3] The 2010 census of Amish population was published in 2012, compiled by Elizabeth Cooksey, professor of sociology, and Cory Anderson, a graduate student in rural sociology, both at The Ohio State University.[4] It was commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the 2010 U.S. Religion Census (published in 2012).[4][5]

The data for 2019 are from "Amish Studies – The Young Center".[6]

The percentage of the state's population is from a 2019 estimate.[7]

Amish population by state and date
State 1992 2000 2010 2019 Increase
2010–2019
% of the state's
population, 2019
% of the total U.S. Amish
population, 2019
Pennsylvania 32,710 40,100 59,350 79,200 Increase33.4% 0.62% 23.5%
Ohio 34,830 49,750 58,590 76,195 Increase30.0% 0.65% 22.6%
Indiana 23,405 32,650 43,710 57,430 Increase31.4% 0.86% 17.1%
Wisconsin 6,785 10,250 15,360 22,020 Increase43.3% 0.38% 6.5%
New York 4,050 5,000 12,015 20,595 Increase71.4% 0.11% 6.1%
Michigan 5,150 9,300 11,350 16,410 Increase44.6% 0.16% 4.9%
Missouri 3,745 6,100 9,475 13,990 Increase47.6% 0.23% 4.2%
Kentucky 2,625 5,150 7,750 13,345 Increase72.2% 0.30% 4.0%
Iowa 3,525 4,850 7,190 9,980 Increase38.8% 0.31% 3.0%
Illinois 2,940 4,200 6,860 7,730 Increase12.7% 0.06% 2.3%
Minnesota 1,135 1,600 3,150 4,680 Increase48.6% 0.08% 1.4%
Tennessee 750 1,500 2,125 3,220 Increase51.5% 0.05% > 1%
Kansas 675 1,100 1,485 1,850 Increase24.6% 0.06% >
Delaware 1,200 1,100 1,350 1,695 Increase25.5% 0.17% >
Maryland 810 800 1,350 1,580 Increase17.0% > >
Virginia 75 500 300 1,295 Increase332% > >
Maine 225 850 Increase278% 0.06% >
Montana 270 550 675 760 Increase12.6% 0.07% >
Oklahoma 540 700 675 670 Decrease0.7% > >
Colorado 810 610 Decrease24.7% > >
Nebraska 150 365 Increase143% > >
West Virginia 225 465 Increase107% > >
Mississippi 75 275 Increase267% > >
North Carolina 75 75 275 Increase267% > >
Arkansas 225 255 Increase13.3% > >
Wyoming 130 Increase > >
Florida* 75 75 100 Increase33.3% > >
South Dakota 75 90 Increase20.0% > >
Texas 405 75 65 Decrease13.3% > >
Vermont 60 Increase > >
Idaho 50 Increase > >
Total 125,850 175,200 244,770 336,235 Increase37.4% 0.102% 100%
  • The settlement in Pinecraft (Sarasota), Florida is very atypical and its population varies a lot according to the season.

According to Albrecht Powell, the Pennsylvania Amish are not the largest group of U.S. Amish as is commonly thought. The Amish have settled in as many as thirty-one states and Canada, and Central America, though about 63% are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The greatest concentration of Amish is in Holmes and adjoining counties in northeast Ohio, about 78 miles south of Cleveland. Next in size is a group of Amish people in Elkhart and surrounding counties in northeastern Indiana. Then comes the Amish settlement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish population in the U.S. numbers more than 270,000 and is growing rapidly, due to large family size (seven children on average) and a church-member retention rate of approximately 80%."[8]

There was an Amish settlement in Honduras from about 1968 to 1978 but the settlement failed.[9] In 2015 new settlements of New Order Amish were founded in Argentina and Bolivia. In Canada new settlements were founded in New Brunswick in 2015 and on Prince Edward Island in 2016.[10] In 2018 Amish founded a settlement in Manitoba.[11]

Largest settlements, 2019[edit]

Settlement in: State Estimated
population
p.a.g.r.
Lancaster County area Pennsylvania 39,255 Increase3.04%
Holmes County area Ohio 36,755 Increase2.52%
Elkhart/LaGrange counties area Indiana 25,660 Increase2.82%
Geauga County area Ohio 18,325 Decrease3.83%
Adams County area Indiana 9,910 Increase11.92%
Nappanee area Indiana 6,180 Increase2.48%
Daviess County area Indiana 5,290 Increase5.69%
Arthur area Illinois 4,650 Increase2.08%
Mifflin County area Pennsylvania 3,985 Increase2.97%
Allen County area Indiana 3,325 Increase1.83%
Seymour area Missouri 3,270 Increase16.58%
Indiana County area Pennsylvania 3,225 Increase3.70%
  • Per annum growth rate (Increase/Decrease) is calculated for the period of a year, June 2018 to June 2019.

Sources: 2018[12] and 2019[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amish Population Change 1992-2013 (Alphabetical Order)". Population Trends 1992-2013. 21-Year Highlights. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  2. ^ Donald Kraybill (2001). The Riddle of Amish Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6772-9.
  3. ^ Amish Studies: "Population Change 2010-2015"
  4. ^ a b Emily Caldwell (July 27, 2012). "Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every three and a half weeks in US". Phys.org. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  5. ^ 2010 U.S. Religion Census, official website.
  6. ^ "Amish Population Profile, 2019". Elizabethtown College, the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  7. ^ "Amish Population 2019". World Population Review. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  8. ^ Powell, Albrecht. "Amish 101 - Amish Beliefs, Culture & Lifestyle, History of the Amish in America,". about.com. Retrieved 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ Cory Anderson and Jennifer Anderson. "The Amish Settlement in Honduras, 1968-1978" in Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 4,1, pages 1-50.
  10. ^ 2016 Amish Population: Two New Settlements In South America at amishamerica.com.
  11. ^ 1st Amish settlement west of Ontario prepares for Prairie winter in quiet Manitoba town.
  12. ^ "Twelve largest settlements, 2018". Groups.etown.edu. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  13. ^ "Twelve largest settlements, 2019". Groups.etown.edu. Retrieved August 7, 2019.