List of U.S. states by Amish population

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Distribution of native speakers of Pennsylvania Dutch by state.
Old Order Amish population growth in the 20th century.

In 2020 there were 31 states of the United States that had a significant Amish population. Following are populations by state per the results.

The data for 1992 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[1]

The data for 2000 are from a book published in 2001 (Donald Kraybill, The Riddle of Amish Culture).[2]

The data for 2010 are from "Amish Studies - The Young Center".[3] The 2010 census of Amish population was published in 2012, compiled by Elizabeth Cooksey, professor of sociology, and Cory Anderson, a graduate student in rural sociology, both at The Ohio State University.[4] It was commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the 2010 U.S. Religion Census (published in 2012).[4][5]

The data for 2020 comes from "Amish Studies – The Young Center".[6]

The percentage of the state's population is from a 2020 estimate.[7]

Amish population by state and date
State 1992 2000 2010 2020 Increase
2010–2020
% of the state
population, 2020
% of the total U.S.
Amish population
Pennsylvania 32,710 40,100 59,350 81,500 Increase37.3% 0.63% 23.6%
Ohio 34,830 49,750 58,590 78,280 Increase33.6% 0.67% 22.7%
Indiana 23,405 32,650 43,710 59,305 Increase35.7% 0.88% 17.2%
Wisconsin 6,785 10,250 15,360 22,235 Increase44.7% 0.38% 6.45%
New York 4,050 5,000 12,015 21,230 Increase76.7% 0.11% 6.15%
Michigan 5,150 9,300 11,350 16,525 Increase45.6% 0.16% 4.79%
Missouri 3,745 6,100 9,475 14,520 Increase53.2% 0.23% 4.21%
Kentucky 2,625 5,150 7,750 13,595 Increase75.4% 0.30% 3.94%
Iowa 3,525 4,850 7,190 9,780 Increase36.0% 0.31% 2.84%
Illinois 2,940 4,200 6,860 7,240 Increase5.5% 0.06% 2.10%
Minnesota 1,135 1,600 3,150 4,740 Increase50.5% 0.08% 1.37%
Tennessee 750 1,500 2,125 3,325 Increase56.5% 0.05% > 1%
Kansas 675 1,100 1,485 2,025 Increase36.4% 0.07% >
Delaware 1,200 1,100 1,350 1,750 Increase29.6% 0.18% >
Maryland 810 800 1,350 1,650 Increase22.2% > >
Virginia 75 500 300 1,590 Increase430% > >
Maine 225 955 Increase311% 0.07% >
Montana 270 550 675 935 Increase38.5% 0.09% >
Oklahoma 540 700 675 675 Steady0.0% > >
Colorado 810 650 Decrease19.7% > >
West Virginia 225 390 Increase73.3% > >
Nebraska 150 355 Increase137% > >
Mississippi 75 290 Increase287% > >
North Carolina 75 75 270 Increase260% > >
Arkansas 225 265 Increase17.8% > >
Wyoming 220 Increase > >
Florida* 75 75 100 Increase33.3% > >
Vermont 95 Increase > >
Texas 405 75 65 Decrease13.3% > >
South Dakota 75 60 Decrease20.0% > >
Idaho 55 Increase > >
Total 125,850 175,200 244,770 344,670 Increase40.9% 0.105% 100%
  • The settlement in Pinecraft (Sarasota), Florida is very atypical and its population varies a lot according to the season.

According to Albrecht Powell, the Pennsylvania Amish has not always been the largest group of U.S. Amish as is commonly thought. The Amish have settled in as many as 31 states and Canada, and Central America, though about 63% are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The greatest concentration of Amish is in Holmes and adjoining counties in northeast Ohio, about 78 miles south of Cleveland. Next in size is a group of Amish people in Elkhart and surrounding counties in northeastern Indiana. Then comes the Amish settlement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish population in the U.S. numbers more than 270,000 and is growing rapidly, due to large family size (seven children on average) and a church-member retention rate of approximately 80%."[8]

There was an Amish settlement in Honduras from about 1968 to 1978 but the settlement failed.[9] In 2015 new settlements of New Order Amish were founded in Argentina and Bolivia. In Canada new settlements were founded in New Brunswick in 2015 and on Prince Edward Island in 2016.[10] In 2018 Amish founded a settlement in Manitoba.[11]

Largest settlements, 2020[edit]

Settlement in State Estimated
population
Annual
growth
rate
Lancaster County area Pennsylvania 40,525 Increase3.23%
Holmes County area Ohio 36,955 Increase0.54%
Elkhart/LaGrange counties area Indiana 26,380 Increase2.80%
Geauga County area Ohio 18,820 Decrease2.70%
Adams County area Indiana 10,305 Increase3.98%
Nappanee area Indiana 6,300 Increase1.94%
Daviess County area Indiana 5,465 Increase3.37%
Arthur area Illinois 4,095 Decrease11.93%
Mifflin County area Pennsylvania 4,090 Increase2.63%
Allen County area Indiana 3,445 Increase3.61%
Indiana County area Pennsylvania 3,355 Increase4.03%
Seymour area Missouri 3,170 Decrease3.06%
  • The annual growth rate (Increase/Decrease) is calculated for the period from June 2019 to June 2020.

Sources: 2019[12] and 2020[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amish Population Change 1992-2013 (Alphabetical Order)" (PDF). Population Trends 1992-2013. 21-Year Highlights. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  2. ^ Donald Kraybill (2001). The Riddle of Amish Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6772-9.
  3. ^ Amish Studies: "Population Change 2010-2015"
  4. ^ a b Emily Caldwell (July 27, 2012). "Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every three and a half weeks in US". Phys.org. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  5. ^ 2010 U.S. Religion Census, official website.
  6. ^ "Amish Population Profile, 2020". Elizabethtown College, the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies. August 18, 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  7. ^ "Amish Population 2020". World Population Review. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  8. ^ Powell, Albrecht. "Amish 101 - Amish Beliefs, Culture & Lifestyle, History of the Amish in America,". about.com. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  9. ^ Cory Anderson and Jennifer Anderson. "The Amish Settlement in Honduras, 1968-1978" in Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 4,1, pages 1-50.
  10. ^ 2016 Amish Population: Two New Settlements In South America at amishamerica.com.
  11. ^ 1st Amish settlement west of Ontario prepares for Prairie winter in quiet Manitoba town.
  12. ^ "Twelve largest settlements, 2019". Groups.etown.edu. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  13. ^ "Twelve largest settlements, 2020". Groups.etown.edu. Retrieved August 26, 2019.