List of U.S. states by Amish population

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Eighteen states of the United States have a significant Amish population. The most recent census of Amish population was published in 2012, compiled by Elizabeth Cooksey, professor of sociology, and Cory Anderson, a graduate student in rural sociology, both at The Ohio State University.[1] It was commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the 2010 U.S. Religion Census (published in 2012).[1][2] Following are populations by state per the results.

State Population
Ohio 59103
Pennsylvania 58009
Indiana 45144
Wisconsin 14957
New York 10787
Michigan 10218
Missouri 9833
Kentucky 8172
Iowa 7179
Illinois 6267
Minnesota 2765
Tennessee 1948
Maryland 1512
Delaware 1424
Kansas 940
Virginia 547
Oklahoma 523
Montana 363
Colorado 330
Nebraska 275
West Virginia 217
Maine 203
Mississippi 175
Arkansas 130
North Carolina 127
Florida 125
Texas 52
South Dakota 31

The following population listing uses data from a book published in 2001 (Donald Kraybill, The Riddle of Amish Culture).[3]

State Population
Ohio 49750
Pennsylvania 40100
Indiana 32650
Wisconsin 10250
Michigan 9300
Missouri 6100
Kentucky 5150
New York 5000
Iowa 4850
Illinois 4200
Minnesota 1600
Tennessee 1500
Delaware 1100
Kansas 1100
Maryland 800
Oklahoma 700
Montana 550
Virginia 550

According to Albrecht Powell, the Pennsylvania Amish are not the largest group of U.S. Amish as is commonly thought. The Amish have settled in as many as twenty-four states, Canada, and Central America, though about 80% are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The greatest concentration of Amish is in Holmes and adjoining counties in northeast Ohio, about 100 miles from Pittsburgh. Next in size is a group of Amish people in Elkhart and surrounding counties in northeastern Indiana. Then comes the Amish settlement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish population in the U.S. numbers more than 270,000 and is growing rapidly, due to large family size (seven children on average) and a church-member retention rate of approximately 80%."[4]


  1. ^ a b Emily Caldwell (July 27, 2012). "Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every three and a half weeks in US". Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  2. ^ 2010 U.S. Religion Census, official website.
  3. ^ Donald Kraybill (2001). The Riddle of Amish Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6772-9. 
  4. ^ Powell, Albrecht. "Amish 101 - Amish Beliefs, Culture & Lifestyle, History of the Amish in America,". Retrieved 2012.