List of U.S. states and territories by GDP

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The GDP of each U.S. state and the District of Columbia in 2021 according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
The GDP per capita of each U.S. state and the District of Columbia in 2021 according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census Bureau
Real GDP Growth Rate by U.S. state according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis in 2021

This is a list of U.S. states and territories by Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This article presents the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia and their nominal GDP at current prices.

The data source for the list is the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) in 2021. The BEA defined GDP by state as "the sum of value added from all industries in the state."[1]

Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.[2]

Overall, in the calendar year 2021, the United States' Nominal GDP at Current Prices totaled at $23.00 Trillion, as compared to $20.89 Trillion in 2020.

The three U.S. states with the highest GDPs were California ($3.36 Trillion), Texas ($1.99 Trillion), and New York ($1.85 Trillion). The three U.S. states with the lowest GDPs were Vermont ($36.1 Billion), Wyoming ($41.6 Billion), and Alaska ($55.0 Billion).

GDP per capita also varied widely throughout the United States in 2021, with New York ($93,463), Massachusetts ($91,130), and Washington state ($86,265) recording the three highest GDP per capita figures in the U.S., while Mississippi ($42,411), Arkansas ($47,770), and West Virginia ($49,017) recorded the three lowest GDP per capita figures in the U.S. The District of Columbia, though, recorded a GDP per capita figure far higher than any U.S. state in 2021 at $226,861.

50 states and the District of Columbia[edit]

The list below lists the annual Nominal GDP of each U.S. state and the District of Columbia in both 2020 and in 2021, as well as the GDP change and GDP per capita for those two years. The list is initially sorted by Nominal GDP in 2021, but clicking the table headers can sort any column.[1][3] The total for "United States" in this table excludes the U.S. territories.

The raw GDP data below is measured in Millions of U.S. Dollars

The GDP data below does not reflect the fourth-quarter 2021 GDP totals, but rather the annual totals.

* indicates "GDP of STATE or FEDERAL DISTRICT" or "Economy of STATE or FEDERAL DISTRICT" links.

State or federal district Nominal GDP
at current prices
(millions of
U.S. dollars)[1]
Annual GDP change
at current prices
(2020 - 2021)[1]
Real GDP growth
rate (2020 - 2021)[1]
Nominal GDP per capita[1][3] % of national[1]
2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
 
 California * 3,356,631.4 3,007,187.7 Increase 349,443.7 Increase 11.6% Increase 7.8% $85,546 $76,132 14.69% 14.49%
 Texas * 1,985,318.5 1,775,587.8 Increase 209,730.7 Increase 11.8% Increase 5.6% $67,235 $60,771 8.69% 8.55%
 New York * 1,853,925.9 1,724,759.1 Increase 129,166.8 Increase 7.5% Increase 5.0% $93,463 $85,575 8.11% 8.31%
 Florida * 1,226,297.5 1,106,035.5 Increase 120,262.0 Increase 10.9% Increase 6.9% $56,301 $51,277 5.37% 5.33%
 Illinois * 938,347.3 858,366.9 Increase 79,980.4 Increase 9.3% Increase 5.0% $74,052 $67,137 4.11% 4.13%
 Pennsylvania * 839,436.5 771,897.9 Increase 67,538.6 Increase 8.7% Increase 4.4% $64,751 $59,424 3.67% 3.72%
 Ohio * 736,449.8 677,561.2 Increase 58,888.6 Increase 8.7% Increase 4.3% $62,517 $57,466 3.22% 3.26%
 Georgia * 683,202.1 622,627.8 Increase 60,674.3 Increase 9.7% Increase 5.8% $63,271 $58,050 2.99% 3.00%
 New Jersey * 672,089.4 618,579.3 Increase 53,510.1 Increase 8.7% Increase 4.9% $72,524 $66,659 2.94% 2.98%
 Washington * 667,576.8 604,253.8 Increase 63,323.0 Increase 10.5% Increase 6.7% $86,265 $78,284 2.92% 2.91%
 North Carolina * 654,985.7 589,829.0 Increase 65,156.7 Increase 11.0% Increase 6.7% $62,077 $56,404 2.87% 2.84%
 Massachusetts * 636,514.3 582,476.8 Increase 54,037.5 Increase 9.3% Increase 6.4% $91,129 $82,948 2.79% 2.81%
 Virginia * 591,851.0 549,535.8 Increase 42,315.2 Increase 7.7% Increase 4.0% $68,483 $63,662 2.59% 2.65%
 Michigan * 568,413.2 515,119.9 Increase 53,293.3 Increase 10.3% Increase 6.2% $56,554 $51,166 2.49% 2.48%
 Maryland * 438,234.9 410,674.7 Increase 27,560.2 Increase 6.7% Increase 3.2% $71,083 $66,531 1.92% 1.98%
 Colorado * 421,941.4 382,584.7 Increase 39,356.7 Increase 10.3% Increase 5.8% $72,597 $66,142 1.85% 1.84%
 Indiana * 420,339.2 375,336.7 Increase 45,002.5 Increase 12.0% Increase 6.9% $61,760 $55,313 1.84% 1.81%
 Tennessee * 418,294.2 369,574.3 Increase 48,719.9 Increase 13.2% Increase 8.6% $59,969 $53,406 1.83% 1.78%
 Minnesota * 412,000.8 373,739.3 Increase 38,261.5 Increase 10.2% Increase 5.7% $72,187 $65,486 1.80% 1.80%
 Arizona * 411,191.8 373,719.0 Increase 37,472.8 Increase 10.0% Increase 5.3% $56,511 $52,065 1.80% 1.80%
 Wisconsin * 365,931.3 337,714.0 Increase 28,217.3 Increase 8.4% Increase 3.8% $62,065 $57,314 1.60% 1.63%
 Missouri * 359,952.0 329,367.2 Increase 30,584.8 Increase 9.3% Increase 4.6% $58,356 $53,517 1.58% 1.59%
 Connecticut * 296,497.6 276,422.9 Increase 20,074.7 Increase 7.3% Increase 4.2% $82,233 $76,779 1.30% 1.33%
 South Carolina * 270,079.0 244,881.7 Increase 25,197.3 Increase 10.3% Increase 5.9% $52,031 $47,728 1.18% 1.18%
 Oregon * 266,943.1 243,776.8 Increase 23,166.3 Increase 9.5% Increase 5.4% $62,867 $57,474 1.17% 1.17%
 Louisiana * 255,306.6 235,437.4 Increase 19,869.2 Increase 8.4% Increase 2.4% $55,213 $50,619 1.12% 1.13%
 Alabama * 247,092.5 226,896.5 Increase 20,196.0 Increase 8.9% Increase 4.1% $49,027 $45,155 1.08% 1.09%
 Kentucky * 234,498.2 212,539.6 Increase 21,958.6 Increase 10.3% Increase 4.7% $52,002 $47,190 1.03% 1.02%
 Utah * 220,342.0 197,561.9 Increase 22,780.1 Increase 11.5% Increase 6.7% $66,011 $60,201 0.96% 0.95%
 Iowa * 219,841.7 194,267.6 Increase 25,574.1 Increase 13.2% Increase 6.4% $68,849 $60,924 0.96% 0.94%
 Oklahoma * 206,750.5 188,056.6 Increase 18,693.9 Increase 9.9% Increase 2.2% $51,861 $47,465 0.90% 0.91%
 Nevada * 192,963.8 170,943.8 Increase 22,020.0 Increase 12.9% Increase 7.1% $61,375 $54,894 0.84% 0.82%
 Kansas * 192,303.6 175,141.8 Increase 17,161.8 Increase 9.8% Increase 3.8% $65,530 $59,656 0.84% 0.84%
 Washington * 152,007.9 144,554.8 Increase 7,453.1 Increase 5.2% Increase 2.8% $226,861 $209,471 0.67% 0.70%
 Nebraska * 150,387.7 133,439.0 Increase 16,948.7 Increase 12.7% Increase 5.3% $76,584 $68,031 0.66% 0.64%
 Arkansas * 144,545.4 130,750.7 Increase 13,794.7 Increase 10.6% Increase 5.0% $47,770 $43,407 0.63% 0.63%
 Mississippi * 125,110.0 113,845.7 Increase 11,264.3 Increase 9.9% Increase 4.4% $42,411 $38,502 0.55% 0.55%
 New Mexico * 108,928.0 98,472.1 Increase 10,455.9 Increase 10.6% Increase 2.5% $51,481 $46,502 0.48% 0.47%
 New Hampshire * 98,241.8 87,621.0 Increase 10,620.8 Increase 12.1% Increase 8.5% $70,729 $63,593 0.43% 0.42%
 Idaho * 94,316.8 83,821.6 Increase 10,495.2 Increase 12.5% Increase 5.8% $49,616 $45,364 0.41% 0.40%
 Hawaii * 90,059.4 82,884.6 Increase 7,174.8 Increase 8.7% Increase 4.6% $62,474 $57,087 0.39% 0.40%
 West Virginia * 87,394.5 75,855.0 Increase 11,539.5 Increase 15.2% Increase 4.0% $49,017 $42,382 0.38% 0.37%
 Delaware * 80,718.2 75,786.5 Increase 4,931.7 Increase 6.5% Increase 3.7% $80,446 $76,406 0.35% 0.37%
 Maine * 76,057.2 69,271.8 Increase 6,785.4 Increase 9.8% Increase 5.2% $55,425 $50,850 0.33% 0.33%
 Rhode Island * 65,939.2 60,556.3 Increase 5,382.9 Increase 8.9% Increase 5.5% $60,185 $55,241 0.29% 0.29%
 North Dakota * 63,386.8 54,854.2 Increase 8,532.6 Increase 15.6% Increase 2.1% $81,795 $70,420 0.28% 0.26%
 South Dakota * 61,205.5 54,789.4 Increase 6,416.1 Increase 11.7% Increase 4.9% $68,357 $61,762 0.27% 0.26%
 Montana * 59,302.8 51,508.8 Increase 7,794.0 Increase 15.1% Increase 6.7% $53,703 $47,421 0.26% 0.25%
 Alaska * 54,970.1 49,820.0 Increase 5,150.1 Increase 10.3% Increase 0.3% $75,027 $68,019 0.24% 0.24%
 Wyoming * 41,622.4 36,323.5 Increase 5,298.9 Increase 14.6% Increase 1.1% $71,911 $62,923 0.18% 0.17%
 Vermont * 36,170.1 33,435.0 Increase 2,735.1 Increase 8.2% Increase 3.5% $56,028 $52,039 0.16% 0.16%
 United States * 22,852,007.4 20,760,045.0 Increase 2,091,962.4 Increase 10.1% Increase 5.7% $68,853 $62,624 100% 100%

U.S. territories[edit]

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) collects GDP data for four U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) separately from the states and the District of Columbia. Data for the U.S. territories is from the World Bank for GDP and GDP per capita, and from the Bureau of Economic Analysis for GDP growth (except Puerto Rico). All Puerto Rico data is from the World Bank.[4][5][6][7] GDP data for the Northern Mariana Islands is from 2019, so it is listed separately.

Territory Nominal GDP
at Current Prices
(millions of
U.S. dollars) (2020)
Real GDP growth rate (2020) GDP per capita (2020)
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico $103,140 Decrease 3.9% $31,429
Guam Guam $5,840 Decrease 11.9% $34,624
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands $4,200 Decrease 2.2% $39,552
American Samoa American Samoa $709 Increase 4.0% $12,845

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

The Northern Mariana Islands GDP was $1.18 billion ($1,180 million) in 2019; GDP for the Northern Mariana Islands decreased by 11.2% in 2019; and GDP per capita in the Northern Mariana Islands was $20,659 in 2019.[5][4][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "GDP by State". GDP by State | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved 10 April 2022.
  2. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory". About.com. IAC/InterActiveCorp. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b "New Vintage 2021 Population Estimates Available for the Nation, States and Puerto Rico". New Vintage 2021 Population Estimates Available for the Nation, States and Puerto Rico. United States Census Bureau. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=AS
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=GU
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=MP
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=PR
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=VI
    World Bank - GDP Per Capita. American Samoa / Guam / Northern Mariana Islands / Puerto Rico / Virgin Islands (U.S.) Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  5. ^ a b https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-american-samoa
    https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-guam
    https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-commonwealth-northern-mariana-islands-cnmi
    https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-us-virgin-islands-usvi
    Bureau of Economic Analysis. GDP for American Samoa / Guam / Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands / U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) [GDP growth rate]. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  6. ^ a b https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=AS
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=GU
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=MP
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=PR
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=VI
    World Bank - GDP (current U.S. dollars) - American Samoa / Guam / Northern Mariana Islands / Puerto Rico / Virgin Islands (U.S.) Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  7. ^ https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=PR&mod=article_inline
    World Bank. GDP growth rate (Puerto Rico). Retrieved July 3, 2022.