List of U.S. states by Hispanic and Latino population

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Proportion of Americans who are Hispanic or Latino in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census
Hispanic and Latino population by counties in the U.S. (2010 US Census)
Population change in Hispanic and Latino population from 2000 to 2010. As of 2010, Hispanic and Latinos were the fastest growing population demographic in the United States

As of 2020, Hispanics and Latinos make up 18.7% of the total U.S. population. The state with the largest percentage of Hispanics and Latinos is New Mexico at 47.7%. The state with the largest Hispanic and Latino population overall is California with 15.6 million Hispanics and Latinos. Hispanics are the largest racial or ethnic group in both states and will become to largest in Texas in the early 2020s.[1]

The following are lists of the Hispanic and Latino population per each state in the United States.

2000–20 US Census results[edit]

Hispanic and Latino Population by state or territory (2000–2020)[2][3][4][5]
State/Territory Pop 2000 Pop 2010 Pop 2020 2000 % 2010 % 2020 % % growth
2000-2010
% growth
2010-2020
Alabama Alabama 75,830 185,602 264,067 1.7% 3.9% 5.3% +144.8% +42.3%
Alaska Alaska 25,852 39,250 49,824 4.1% 5.5% 6.8% +51.8% +26.9%
Arizona Arizona 1,295,617 1,895,149 2,192,253 25.3% 29.6% 30.7% +46.3% +15.7%
Arkansas Arkansas 86,866 186,050 256,847 3.2% 6.4% 8.5% +114.2% +38.1%
California California 10,966,556 14,013,719 15,579,652 32.4% 37.6% 39.4% +27.8% +11.2%
Colorado Colorado 735,801 1,038,687 1,263,390 17.1% 20.7% 21.9% +41.2% +21.6%
Connecticut Connecticut 320,323 479,087 623,293 9.4% 13.4% 17.3% +49.6% +30.1%
Delaware Delaware 37,277 73,221 104,290 4.8% 8.2% 10.5% +96.4% +42.4%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 44,953 54,749 77,652 7.9% 9.1% 11.3% +21.8% +41.8%
Florida Florida 2,682,715 4,223,806 5,697,240 16.8% 22.5% 26.5% +57.4% +34.9%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 435,227 853,689 1,123,457 5.3% 8.8% 10.5% +96.1% +31.6%
Hawaii Hawaii 87,699 120,842 138,293 7.2% 8.9% 9.5% +37.8% +14.4%
Idaho Idaho 101,690 175,901 239,407 7.9% 11.2% 13.0% +73.0% +36.1%
Illinois Illinois 1,530,262 2,027,578 2,337,410 12.3% 15.8% 18.2% +32.5% +15.3%
Indiana Indiana 214,536 389,707 554,191 3.5% 6.0% 8.2% +81.7% +42.2%
Iowa Iowa 82,473 151,544 215,986 2.8% 5.0% 6.8% +83.7% +42.5%
Kansas Kansas 188,252 300,042 382,603 7.0% 10.5% 13.0% +59.4% +27.5%
Kentucky Kentucky 59,939 132,836 207,854 1.5% 3.1% 4.6% +121.6% +56.5%
Louisiana Louisiana 107,738 192,560 322,549 2.4% 4.2% 6.2% +78.7% +67.5%
Maine Maine 9,360 16,935 26,609 0.7% 1.3% 2.0% +80.9% +57.1%
Maryland Maryland 227,916 470,632 729,745 4.3% 8.2% 11.8% +106.5% +55.1%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 428,729 627,654 887,685 6.8% 9.6% 12.6% +46.4% +41.4%
Michigan Michigan 323,877 436,358 564,422 3.3% 4.4% 5.6% +34.7% +29.3%
Minnesota Minnesota 143,382 250,258 345,640 2.9% 4.7% 6.1% +74.5% +38.1%
Mississippi Mississippi 39,569 81,481 105,220 1.4% 2.7% 3.6% +105.9% +29.1%
Missouri Missouri 118,592 212,470 303,068 2.1% 3.5% 4.9% +79.2% +42.6%
Montana Montana 18,081 28,565 45,199 2.0% 2.9% 4.2% +58.0% +58.2%
Nebraska Nebraska 94,425 167,405 234,715 5.5% 9.2% 12.0% +77.3% +40.2%
Nevada Nevada 393,970 716,501 890,257 19.7% 26.5% 28.7% +81.9% +24.3%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 20,489 36,704 59,454 1.7% 2.8% 4.3% +79.1% +62.0%
New Jersey New Jersey 1,117,191 1,555,144 2,002,575 13.3% 17.7% 21.6% +39.2% +28.8%
New Mexico New Mexico 765,386 953,403 1,010,811 42.1% 46.3% 47.7% +24.6% +6.0%
New York (state) New York 2,867,583 3,402,997 3,948,032 15.1% 17.6% 19.5% +19.2% +16.0%
North Carolina North Carolina 378,963 800,120 1,118,596 4.7% 8.4% 10.7% +111.1% +39.8%
North Dakota North Dakota 7,786 13,467 33,412 1.2% 2.0% 4.3% +73.0% +148.1%
Ohio Ohio 217,123 354,674 521,308 1.9% 3.1% 4.4% +63.4% +47.0%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 179,304 332,007 471,931 5.2% 8.9% 11.9% +85.2% +42.1%
Oregon Oregon 275,314 450,062 588,757 8.0% 11.7% 13.9% +63.5% +30.8%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 394,088 719,660 1,049,615 3.2% 5.7% 8.1% +82.6% +45.8%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 90,820 130,655 182,101 8.7% 12.4% 16.6% +43.9% +39.4%
South Carolina South Carolina 95,076 235,682 352,838 2.4% 5.1% 6.9% +147.9% +49.7%
South Dakota South Dakota 10,903 22,119 38,741 1.4% 2.7% 4.4% +102.9% +75.1%
Tennessee Tennessee 123,838 290,059 479,187 2.2% 4.6% 6.9% +134.2% +65.2%
Texas Texas 6,669,666 9,460,921 11,441,717 32.0% 37.6% 39.3% +41.8% +20.9%
Utah Utah 201,559 358,340 492,912 9.0% 13.0% 15.1% +77.8% +37.6%
Vermont Vermont 5,504 9,208 15,504 0.9% 1.5% 2.4% +67.3% +68.4%
Virginia Virginia 329,540 631,825 908,749 4.7% 7.9% 10.5% +91.7% +43.8%
Washington (state) Washington 441,509 755,790 1,059,213 7.5% 11.2% 13.7% +71.2% +40.1%
West Virginia West Virginia 12,279 22,268 34,827 0.7% 1.2% 1.9% +81.4% +56.4%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 192,921 336,056 447,290 3.6% 5.9% 7.6% +74.2% +33.1%
Wyoming Wyoming 31,669 50,231 59,046 6.4% 8.9% 10.2% +58.6% +17.5%
American Samoa American Samoa 109[6] 0.2%
Guam Guam 2,124 [7] 1.4% 2,000
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 117[8] 0.2%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 3,762,746 3,688,455 3,249,043 98.8% 99.0% 98.9% -2.0% -11.9%
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 15,196 18,514 14.0% 17.4% [9]
United States United States of America 35,305,818 50,477,594 62,080,044 12.5% 16.3% 18.7% +43.0% +23.0%

In the 2010s, Hispanic population growth slowed down due to a massive decline in immigration from Latin America as well as a large decline in birth rates; Asians became the fastest growing demographic group. A much higher proportion of Hispanics choose mixed race rather than white in the 2020 census as compared to previous censuses.[10] Hispanics accounted for 51.1% of population growth between 2010-2020 and 56% between 2000-2010.[11]

The proportion of the population which is Hispanic increased at least slightly in every state. Growth was slowest in the states with large historical Mexican American and Hispano populations including New Mexico, California, Arizona, Texas and Colorado where relative growth in population proportion was 5% or less compared to 15% nationally. Growth was highest in states which historically lacked a Hispanic population continuing the trend of intrastate migration for mostly lower wage jobs in the 21st century by Hispanics. These states include North Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont and Maine where relative growth in population proportion was over 50%. Pennsylvania, with a Hispanic population of 0.1% in 1940, saw a greater numeric increase in the Hispanic population than Arizona; with a Hispanic population of 20.4% in 1940.


U.S. states by Mexican American population[edit]

State/Territory Mexican
American
Population
(2020)[12][13]
Percentage
 Alabama 124,210 2.6
 Alaska 28,049 3.8
 Arizona 1,926,274 27.8
 Arkansas 159,273 5.4
 California 12,621,844 32.3
 Colorado 869,149 15.8
 Connecticut 57,383 1.6
 Delaware 34,244 3.7
 District of Columbia 14,146 1.6
 Florida 713,518 9.8
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 561,710 5.5
 Hawaii 45,832 3.3
 Idaho 181,185 10.8
 Illinois 1,715,831 13.4
 Indiana 333,219 5.1
 Iowa 143,368 4.6
 Kansas 278,213 9.6
 Kentucky 89,217 2.1
 Louisiana 93,750 2.1
 Maine 6,251 0.5
 Maryland 97,231 1.7
 Massachusetts 47,911 0.7
 Michigan 363,421 4.9
 Minnesota 201,580 3.7
 Mississippi 56,282 1.9
 Missouri 172,055 2.9
 Montana 27,510 2.7
 Nebraska 150,424 7.9
 Nevada 629,469 21.6
 New Hampshire 8,686 0.7
 New Jersey 230,875 2.6
 New Mexico 658,516 31.5
 New York 477,194 2.5
 North Carolina 538,505 5.3
 North Dakota 17,915 2.3
 Ohio 200,060 1.8
 Oklahoma 333,166 8.5
 Oregon 431,169 10.6
 Pennsylvania 152,537 1.2
 Puerto Rico 10,834 0.4
 Rhode Island 11,123 1.1
 South Carolina 150,582 3.1
 South Dakota 21,229 2.5
 Tennessee 217,557 3.3
 Texas 9,394,506 33.7
 Utah 306,375 10.7
 Vermont 3,335 0.6
 Virginia 173,046 2.1
 Washington 728,208 10.0
 West Virginia 10,982 0.6
 Wisconsin 278,789 4.9
 Wyoming 44,704 7.7
Total US 36,600,000 12.2

U.S. states by Puerto Rican population[edit]

State/Territory Puerto Rican-American
Population (2010 Census)[14][15]
Percentage[note 1][16]
 Alabama 12,225 0.3
 Alaska 4,502 0.6
 Arizona 34,787 0.5
 Arkansas 4,789 0.2
 California 189,945 0.5
 Colorado 22,995 0.5
 Connecticut 252,972 7.1
 Delaware 22,533 2.5
 District of Columbia 3,129 0.5
 Florida 847,550 4.5
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 71,987 0.7
 Hawaii 44,116 3.2
 Idaho 2,910 0.2
 Illinois 182,989 1.4
 Indiana 30,304 0.5
 Iowa 4,885 0.2
 Kansas 9,247 0.3
 Kentucky 11,454 0.3
 Louisiana 11,603 0.3
 Maine 4,377 0.3
 Maryland 42,572 0.7
 Massachusetts 266,125 4.1
 Michigan 37,267 0.4
 Minnesota 10,807 0.2
 Mississippi 5,888 0.2
 Missouri 12,236 0.2
 Montana 1,491 0.2
 Nebraska 3,242 0.2
 Nevada 20,664 0.8
 New Hampshire 11,729 0.9
 New Jersey 434,092 4.9
 New Mexico 7,964 0.4
 New York 1,070,558 5.5
 North Carolina 71,800 0.8
 North Dakota 987 0.1
 Ohio 94,965 0.8
 Oklahoma 12,223 0.3
 Oregon 8,845 0.2
 Pennsylvania 366,082 2.9
 Rhode Island 34,979 3.3
 South Carolina 26,493 0.6
 South Dakota 1,483 0.2
 Tennessee 21,060 0.3
 Texas 130,576 0.5
 Utah 7,182 0.3
 Vermont 2,261 0.4
 Virginia 73,958 0.9
 Washington 25,838 0.4
 West Virginia 3,701 0.2
 Wisconsin 46,323 0.8
 Wyoming 1,026 0.2
United States 4,623,716 1.5

Historic Hispanic/Latino population (1910-2020)[edit]

% of Population of Mexican Origin (1910-1930) and of Hispanic/Latino Origin (1940-2020) by U.S. State[17][18][19][20][a]
State/Territory 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
United States United States 0.4% 0.7% 1.2% 1.5% 2.1% 3.2% 4.4% 6.4% 9.0% 12.5% 16.3% 18.7%
Alabama Alabama 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.9% 0.6% 1.7% 3.9% 5.3%
Alaska Alaska 2.1% 2.4% 3.2% 4.1% 5.5% 6.8%
Arizona Arizona 28.6% 30.4% 30.2% 20.4% 17.2% 14.9% 17.3% 16.2% 18.8% 25.3% 29.6% 30.7%
Arkansas Arkansas 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.8% 0.8% 3.2% 6.4% 8.5%
California California 2.1% 3.7% 6.8% 6.0% 7.2% 9.1% 13.7% 19.2% 25.8% 32.4% 37.6% 39.4%
Colorado Colorado 0.4% 1.6% 5.7% 8.2% 9.0% 9.0% 11.6% 11.8% 12.9% 17.1% 20.7% 21.9%
Connecticut Connecticut 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.4% 4.0% 6.5% 9.4% 13.4% 17.3%
Delaware Delaware 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1% 1.6% 2.4% 4.8% 8.2% 10.5%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.1% 2.8% 5.4% 7.9% 9.1% 11.3%
Florida Florida 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.3% 6.6% 8.8% 12.2% 16.8% 22.5% 26.5%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 1.1% 1.7% 5.3% 8.8% 10.5%
Hawaii Hawaii 3.0% 7.4% 7.3% 7.2% 8.9% 9.5%
Idaho Idaho 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 2.6% 3.9% 5.3% 7.9% 11.2% 13.0%
Illinois Illinois 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.3% 3.3% 5.6% 7.9% 12.3% 15.8% 18.2%
Indiana Indiana 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2% 1.3% 1.6% 1.8% 3.5% 6.0% 8.2%
Iowa Iowa 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.6% 0.9% 1.2% 2.8% 5.0% 6.8%
Kansas Kansas 0.5% 0.9% 1.1% 0.7% 2.1% 2.7% 3.8% 7.0% 10.5% 13.0%
Kentucky Kentucky 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.7% 0.6% 1.5% 3.1% 4.6%
Louisiana Louisiana 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 1.9% 2.4% 2.2% 2.4% 4.2% 6.2%
Maine Maine 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6% 0.7% 1.3% 2.0%
Maryland Maryland 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.4% 1.5% 2.6% 4.3% 8.2% 11.8%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1% 2.5% 4.8% 6.8% 9.6% 12.6%
Michigan Michigan 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2% 1.4% 1.8% 2.2% 3.3% 4.4% 5.6%
Minnesota Minnesota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.6% 0.8% 1.2% 2.9% 4.7% 6.1%
Mississippi Mississippi 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0% 0.6% 1.4% 2.7% 3.6%
Missouri Missouri 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.1% 1.2% 2.1% 3.5% 4.9%
Montana Montana 0.0% 0.1% 0.5% 0.4% 1.1% 1.3% 1.5% 2.0% 2.9% 4.2%
Nebraska Nebraska 0.0% 0.2% 0.5% 0.4% 1.4% 1.8% 2.3% 5.5% 9.2% 12.0%
Nevada Nevada 1.1% 1.8% 3.7% 2.8% 5.6% 6.7% 10.4% 19.7% 26.5% 28.7%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6% 1.0% 1.7% 2.8% 4.3%
New Jersey New Jersey 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 4.3% 6.7% 9.6% 13.3% 17.7% 21.6%
New Mexico New Mexico 6.9% 9.8% 15.2% 41.7% 36.5% 28.3% 37.4% 36.6% 38.2% 42.1% 46.3% 47.7%
New York (state) New York 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 8.0% 9.5% 12.3% 15.1% 17.6% 19.5%
North Carolina North Carolina 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0% 1.2% 4.7% 8.4% 10.7%
North Dakota North Dakota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.7% 1.2% 2.0% 4.3%
Ohio Ohio 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.1% 1.3% 1.9% 3.1% 4.4%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 0.3% 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 1.4% 1.9% 2.7% 5.2% 8.9% 11.9%
Oregon Oregon 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 1.7% 2.5% 4.0% 8.0% 11.7% 13.9%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.9% 1.3% 2.0% 3.2% 5.7% 8.1%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 98.8% 99.0% 98.9%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.7% 2.1% 4.6% 8.7% 12.4% 16.6%
South Carolina South Carolina 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 1.1% 0.9% 2.4% 5.1% 6.9%
South Dakota South Dakota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.4% 2.7% 4.4%
Tennessee Tennessee 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.7% 0.7% 2.2% 4.6% 6.9%
Texas Texas 7.1% 9.9% 13.8% 11.5% 13.3% 14.8% 17.7% 21.0% 25.5% 32.0% 37.6% 39.3%
Utah Utah 0.0% 0.3% 0.8% 0.5% 4.1% 4.1% 4.9% 9.0% 13.0% 15.1%
Vermont Vermont 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.9% 1.5% 2.4%
Virginia Virginia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 1.5% 2.6% 4.7% 7.9% 10.5%
Washington (state) Washington 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.1% 2.9% 4.4% 7.5% 11.2% 13.7%
West Virginia West Virginia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.7% 0.5% 0.7% 1.2% 1.9%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.3% 1.9% 3.6% 5.9% 7.6%
Wyoming Wyoming 0.2% 1.1% 3.2% 2.4% 5.6% 5.2% 5.7% 6.4% 8.9% 10.2%

See also[edit]

Cities and neighborhoods:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Percentage of the state population that identifies itself as Puerto Rican relative to the state/territory" population as a whole.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the United States: 2010 Census and 2020 Census". Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Census 2010 News - U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Population by Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin for the United States: 1990 and 2000 (PHC-T-1)". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  4. ^ "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE – United States – 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Race and Ethnicity in the United States". United States Census Bureau. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. "American FactFinder - Results". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. "American FactFinder - Results". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. "American FactFinder - Results". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Census 2010 News | U.S. Census Bureau Releases 2010 Census Ethnic Counts for the U.S. Virgin Islands" Archived 2013-02-10 at the Wayback Machine. 2010.census.gov. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  10. ^ "Asians in the U.S. are the fastest growing racial group. What's behind the rise". Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Hispanics Account for More than Half of Nation's Growth in Past Decade". Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Mexican-American Population in the United States". Socialexplorer.com. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  13. ^ "Hispanic Population and Origin in Select U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 2014". Pewresearch.org. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  14. ^ US Census Bureau: Table QT-P10 Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010[dead link] retrieved January 22, 2012 - select state from drop-down menu
  15. ^ "2010 Census". Medgar Evers College. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-18. Retrieved 2014-10-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census of Population: 1960" (PDF). Www2.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  19. ^ "The Hispanic Population: 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  20. ^ "The Hispanic Population: 2010" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-30.