List of U.S. states and territories by intentional homicide rate

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Intentional Homicide Rate by U.S. state in 2020 (per 100,000 residents) according to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports

This is a list of U.S. states and territories by intentional homicide rate as of 2020. It is typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; a homicide rate of 4 in a population of 100,000 would mean 4 murders a year, or 0.004% out of the total. The data has been taken from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.[1][2]

Definition[edit]

In the United States, the law for murder varies by jurisdiction. In most US jurisdictions there is a hierarchy of acts, known collectively as homicide, of which first-degree murder and felony murder are the most serious, followed by second-degree murder and, in a few states, third-degree murder, followed by voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter which are not as serious, and ending finally in justifiable homicide, which is not a crime. However, because there are at least 52 relevant jurisdictions, each with its own criminal code, this is a considerable simplification.[3]

Sentencing also varies widely depending upon the specific murder charge. "Life imprisonment" is a common penalty for first-degree murder, but its meaning varies widely.[4]

Capital punishment is a legal sentence in 27 states,[5][6] and in the federal civilian and military legal systems, though 7 of these states and the federal government have indefinitely suspended the practice. The United States is unusual in actually performing executions,[7] with 34 states having performed executions since capital punishment was reinstated in 1976. The methods of execution have varied, but the most common method since 1976 has been lethal injection.[8] In 2019 a total of 22 people were executed,[9] and 2,652 people were on death row.[10]

The federal Unborn Victims of Violence Act, enacted in 2004 and codified at 18 U.S. Code § 1841,[11] allows for a fetus to be treated as a victim in crimes. Subsection (c) of that statute specifically prohibits prosecutions related to consented abortions and medical treatments.[11]

List[edit]

Intentional Homicide Rates (2011 - 2020)[1][2]
State or Territory Murder
Victims
Murder Rates
(per 100,000 people)
2020 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
 
 District of Columbia 201 28.2 23.4 22.8 16.7 19.9 24.1 15.9 15.9 13.9 17.5
 Puerto Rico 529 16.7 19.0 20.0 20.3 19.9 16.8 19.3 24.4 26.8 30.6
 Louisiana 734 15.8 11.7 11.4 12.3 11.8 10.3 10.2 10.8 10.6 11.2
 Missouri 723 11.8 9.4 9.8 9.8 8.8 8.3 6.7 6.1 6.5 6.1
 Mississippi 315 10.6 10.0 7.2 6.4 7.9 8.7 8.7 6.5 7.1 8.0
 Arkansas 321 10.6 7.8 7.4 8.3 7.3 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.9 5.5
 South Carolina 549 10.5 8.8 8.1 7.6 7.2 8.1 6.7 6.2 7.0 6.8
 Alabama 471 9.6 7.9 7.8 8.6 8.4 7.2 5.7 7.2 7.1 6.3
 Tennessee 663 9.6 7.5 7.5 8.0 7.4 6.2 5.6 5.0 6.2 5.8
 Illinois 1,151 9.1 6.7 7.1 7.7 8.3 5.8 5.4 5.5 6.0 5.6
 Maryland 553 9.1 9.0 8.1 9.3 8.9 8.6 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.8
 Georgia 943 8.8 5.7 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6
 North Carolina 852 8.0 6.2 5.5 6.1 6.7 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.3
 Pennsylvania 1,009 7.9 5.3 6.1 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.5 5.0
 New Mexico 164 7.8 8.8 7.3 6.9 6.7 5.6 4.8 6.0 5.6 7.5
 Michigan 754 7.6 5.8 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.5 6.4 7.1 6.2
 Indiana 505 7.5 5.5 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.0 5.4 4.7 4.8
 Delaware 73 7.4 4.8 4.8 5.3 6.1 6.7 5.3 4.2 6.1 4.7
 Oklahoma 296 7.4 6.9 5.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 4.6 5.1 5.8 5.5
 Kentucky 323 7.2 5.1 5.6 5.9 6.0 4.7 3.7 3.8 4.6 3.5
 Ohio 820 7.0 5.0 5.1 6.4 5.9 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.4
 Arizona 513 6.9 5.4 5.4 6.0 5.6 4.5 4.6 5.4 5.5 6.2
 Alaska 49 6.7 9.4 6.4 8.4 7.0 8.0 5.6 4.6 4.1 4.0
 West Virginia 117 6.6 5.6 4.2 5.4 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.3 3.8 4.3
 Texas 1,931 6.6 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4
 Virginia 524 6.1 5.2 4.9 5.6 5.7 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.7
 Florida 1,290 5.9 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.2
 Nevada 180 5.7 4.7 6.7 8.9 7.8 6.2 6.0 5.8 4.5 5.2
 California 2,203 5.6 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.8
 Wisconsin 308 5.3 3.2 3.0 3.3 4.0 4.2 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.4
 Colorado 294 5.1 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.2 2.8 3.4 2.9 2.9
 Montana 54 5.0 3.0 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.7 2.2 2.9 2.8
 South Dakota 40 4.5 1.8 1.4 3.1 3.2 3.7 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.5
 New York 808 4.2 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.0
 North Dakota 32 4.2 3.3 2.4 1.3 2.1 2.8 3.1 2.2 3.6 3.5
 Connecticut 140 3.9 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.2 3.3 2.5 2.4 3.3 3.6
 Washington 301 3.9 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.4 2.3
 New Jersey 329 3.7 3.0 3.2 3.6 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.3
 Nebraska 69 3.6 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.6 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.8 3.6
 Iowa 111 3.5 2.2 2.2 3.1 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.6 1.5
 Kansas 100 3.4 3.3 4.2 4.6 4.5 4.4 3.2 3.9 2.9 3.8
 Minnesota 190 3.4 2.3 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.4 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.4
 Utah 102 3.1 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.4 1.8 2.2 1.7 1.8 1.9
 Wyoming 18 3.1 2.2 2.4 2.4 3.4 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.2
 Rhode Island 32 3.0 2.5 1.5 2.0 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.4 1.3
 Hawaii 41 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2
 Oregon 125 2.9 2.8 2.1 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.1
 Massachusetts 160 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.8
 Vermont 14 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.7 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.3
 Idaho 41 2.2 1.6 1.9 2.4 2.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.3
 Maine 22 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.0
 New Hampshire 12 0.9 2.4 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.3
 United States 22,099 6.6 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b FBI — Crime in the U.S.
  2. ^ a b FBI — Crime Data Explorer
  3. ^ "Statistical Abstract of the United States". U.S. Census Bureau. Government Printing Office. p. 187. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. ^ Cohen, Thomas H.; Reaves, Bryan A. (1 February 2006). "Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2002". Bureau of Justice Statistics. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  5. ^ Bosman, Julie (27 May 2015). "Nebraska Bans Death Penalty, Defying a Veto". The New York Times.
  6. ^ "State by State".
  7. ^ "Death Sentences and Executions 2013" (PDF). Amnesty International. 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Executions by year since 1976". Death Penalty Information Center. June 4, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  9. ^ "2019".
  10. ^ https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/facts-and-research/dpic-reports/dpic-year-end-reports/the-death-penalty-in-2019-year-end-report
  11. ^ a b "18 U.S. Code § 1841 – Protection of unborn children". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 10 September 2017.