List of U.S. states and territories by life expectancy

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Map of U.S. states and U.S. territories by life expectancy at birth (years) — 2017 for U.S. states and D.C., and 2018 for the U.S. territories

This article presents a list of United States states and territories sorted by their life expectancy at birth and by race/ethnicity in every state where the population of that racial or ethnic group is sufficiently large for robust estimates. The data in the 2017 column is taken from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation for the states (2017 data),[1][2] and from the CIA World Factbook for the territories (2018 data).[3][4][5][6][7] Data in the 2010 columns comes from Measure of America's third national human development report, The Measure of America 2013–2014.[8][9] Overall, life expectancy at birth in Hawaii, Puerto Rico and California are among the longest in the nation, while life expectancy at birth in Mississippi and American Samoa are among the shortest in the nation.

The life expectancy in most states has fallen in recent years; for example, Minnesota's life expectancy in 2010 was 81.1 years, and in 2017 it was 80.7 years. The Washington Post noted in November 2018 that overall life expectancy in the United States is declining.[10]

Rankings[edit]

Rank State/federal district/
territory
Life Expectancy, All
(in years)
(2017)[note 1]
Life Expectancy, All
(in years)
(2010)[note 2]
Life expectancy
change
between
2010 and 2017
(all people)
(years) [note 3]
Life Expectancy, White
(in years)
(2010)
Life Expectancy, African American
(in years)
(2010)
Life Expectancy, Asian American
(in years)
(2010)
Life Expectancy, Latino
(in years)
(2010)
Life Expectancy, Native American
(in years)
(2010)
01  Hawaii 81.5 81.3 Increase 0.2 81.2 79.7 83.5 87.3 70.2
02  Puerto Rico 81.0 78.7 Increase 2.3
03  California 80.9 80.8 Increase 0.1 79.8 75.1 86.3 83.2 80.2
04  Minnesota 80.7 81.1 Decrease 0.4 80.4 82.5 82.0 76.8
04  New Jersey 80.7 80.3 Increase 0.4 80.5 77.4 88.6 83.5
06  New York 80.6 80.5 Increase 0.1 81.0 77.8 89.1 83.1
07  Connecticut 80.4 80.8 Decrease 0.4 80.3 75.5 89.4 84.7
08  Massachusetts 79.9 80.5 Decrease 0.6 80.4 78.8 89.1 87.1
08  Vermont 79.9 80.5 Decrease 0.6 80.4 84.4
08  Colorado 79.9 80.0 Decrease 0.1 80.2 76.7 87.4 79.4
08  Washington 79.9 79.9 Steady 79.7 77.5 85.4 85.4 73.8
12  U.S. Virgin Islands 79.5 79.2 Increase 0.3
12  Wisconsin 79.5 80.0 Decrease 0.5 80.3 74.0 86.4 86.0 72.5
13  Iowa 79.4 79.7 Decrease 0.3 79.8 75.3
14  Utah 79.3 80.2 Decrease 0.9 80.1 74.3 84.6 82.1
15  Rhode Island 79.3 79.9 Decrease 0.6 79.7 71.6
17  Oregon 79.2 79.5 Decrease 0.3 79.2 77.2 86.2 85.4
17  Arizona 79.2 79.6 Decrease 0.4 79.8 76.5 86.7 80.8 72.7
19  New Hampshire 79.1 80.3 Decrease 1.2 80.1 86.8
19  Nebraska 79.1 79.8 Decrease 0.7 80.0 73.9 85.5
19  Florida 79.1 79.4 Decrease 0.3 79.1 75.8 88.9 83.1
19  Virginia 79.1 79.0 Increase 0.1 79.4 75.3 87.2 88.3
23  Idaho 79.0 79.5 Decrease 0.5 79.4 83.3 83.4
23  Illinois 79.0 79.0 Steady 79.3 73.7 87.9 85.3
25  Maryland 78.8 78.8 Steady 79.4 75.5 88.2
26  North Dakota 78.6 79.5 Decrease 0.9 80.2 84.2
United States average 78.6[2] 78.9 Decrease 0.3
27  Texas 78.5 78.5 Steady 78.0 74.4 88.1 80.7
28  Delaware 78.2 78.4 Decrease 0.2 78.6 75.4
28  Kansas 78.2 78.7 Decrease 0.5 78.8 73.6 83.5
30  South Dakota 78.1 79.5 Decrease 1.4 80.4 81.7 68.2
31  Maine 78.0 79.2 Decrease 1.2 79.1 81.8
31  Pennsylvania 78.0 78.5 Decrease 0.5 78.9 73.4 89.0 85.3
31  Wyoming 78.0 78.3 Decrease 0.3 78.4 83.5
34  Nevada 77.9 78.1 Decrease 0.2 76.7 75.9 88.1 84.7
35  Alaska 77.8 78.3 Decrease 0.5 79.4 79.3 70.5
35  North Carolina 77.8 77.8 Steady 78.3 74.7 88.9 76.6
37  New Mexico 77.7 78.4 Decrease 0.7 79.0 75.2 78.8 74.8
38  Michigan 77.6 78.2 Decrease 0.6 79.0 73.4 88.7 80.0 75.3
39  District of Columbia 77.1 76.5 Increase 0.6 84.3 71.6
39  Missouri 77.1 77.5 Decrease 0.4 77.7 74.2
39 Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.1 77.2 Decrease 0.1 77.6 74.7 88.0
42  Indiana 77.0 77.6 Decrease 0.6 77.7 73.8 88.1 85.9
43  Montana 76.9 78.5 Decrease 1.6 79.1 83.4 69.2
44  Ohio 76.6 77.8 Decrease 1.2 78.1 73.9 87.0 85.3
45  Guam 76.4 78.2 Decrease 1.8
46  South Carolina 76.2 77.0 Decrease 0.8 77.8 74.0
47  Tennessee 76.0 76.3 Decrease 0.3 76.7 72.9 84.2
48  Northern Mariana Islands 75.6 76.9 Decrease 1.3
49  Arkansas 75.4 76.0 Decrease 0.6 76.3 72.2
49  Oklahoma 75.4 75.9 Decrease 0.5 76.0 72.8 85.0 73.8
49  Louisiana 75.4 75.7 Decrease 0.3 76.7 72.4 85.6
52  Kentucky 75.0 76.0 Decrease 1.0 76.0 73.5
53  Alabama 74.9 75.4 Decrease 0.5 76.0 72.9 85.3
54  West Virginia 74.8 75.4 Decrease 0.6 75.4 72.8
55  Mississippi 74.5 75.0 Decrease 0.5 76.1 72.4
56  American Samoa 73.9 74.0 Decrease 0.1

Source for the states and D.C. (all 2010 columns): Measure of America calculations using mortality data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics 2009, and population data from the CDC WONDER database. Source for 2010 data for the territories is from web.archive.org captures of the CIA World Factbook from 2010.[11][12][13][14][15]

Source for the states and D.C. (2017 column): Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.[1] Source for the territories in the 2017 column is the CIA World Factbook (2018 data).[3][4][5][6][7]

Note: Life expectancy values have been rounded to one decimal place. As a result, the values appear to be tied in several instances but the rankings reflect the original calculations, not the rounded values. In cases where there is no life expectancy estimate, the population of that group is too small to enable reliable estimates.

Discrepancies[edit]

In the U.S. territories, the life expectancy values given by the CIA World Factbook (included in the table above) and those of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) are not the same. The table below shows the 2017 / 2018 values given by both organizations for these territories.

Territory Life expectancy, All
(in years),
CIA World Factbook
(2018)
Life expectancy, All
(in years),
IHME (2017)
American Samoa 73.9 71.9
Guam 76.4 73.3
Northern Mariana Islands 75.6 76.4
Puerto Rico 81.0 78.1
U.S. Virgin Islands 79.5 70

Source: CIA World Factbook,[3][4][5][6][7] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington[16][17][18][19][20]

See also[edit]

Life expectancy in the US, 1900–2011[21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data in this column is from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation for the states and D.C. (2017 data),[1] and the CIA World Factbook for the territories (2018 data).[3][4][5][6][7]
  2. ^ Data is from 2013-2014 Measure of America Report,[8] and from CIA World Factbook archived captures from 2010[11][12][13][14][15]
  3. ^ Change between 2010 and 2018 for the territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "United States - Alabama". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. April 10, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "If you're an average American, you'll live to be 78.6 years old". Culture. December 7, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  4. ^ a b c d "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  5. ^ a b c d "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  6. ^ a b c d "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  7. ^ a b c d "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  8. ^ a b "The Measure of America 2013–2014 — Measure of America: A Program of the Social Science Research Council". www.measureofamerica.org. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  9. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.measureofamerica.org.
  10. ^ "U.S. life expectancy declines again, a dismal trend not seen since World War I - The Washington Post".
  11. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook". web.archive.org. December 5, 2010.
  12. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook". web.archive.org. December 5, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook". web.archive.org. December 5, 2010.
  14. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook". web.archive.org. December 5, 2010.
  15. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook". web.archive.org. December 5, 2010.
  16. ^ "American Samoa". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. September 29, 2016.
  17. ^ "Guam". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. September 29, 2016.
  18. ^ "Northern Mariana Islands". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. September 29, 2016.
  19. ^ "Puerto Rico". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. September 29, 2016.
  20. ^ "Virgin Islands, U.S." Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. September 29, 2016.
  21. ^ "United States Life Tables, 2011" (PDF).