List of U.S. states by non-Hispanic white population

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Proportion of Americans who are Non-Hispanic White Alone in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census

This is a list of U.S. states by Non-Hispanic whites population. The United States Census Bureau defines non-Hispanic white as white Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino ancestry (i.e., having ancestry from Spain or Latin America).[1] At 191.6 million in 2020, non-Hispanic whites comprise 57.8% of the total U.S. population.[2][3]

Population by state or territory[edit]

White alone non-Latino population by state or territory (1970–2020)[4][5][3][6][7][8][9]
State/Territory 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Growth
Pop % Pop % Pop % Pop % % growth
2010-2020
% pop
1980-2020
Alabama Alabama 2,855,558 2,960,167 73.3% 3,125,819 70.3% 3,204,402 67.0% 3,171,351 65.3% -1.0% -11.0%
Alaska Alaska 406,722 73.9% 423,788 67.6% 455,320 64.1% 421,758 57.5% -7.4% -22.2%
Arizona Arizona 2,626,185 71.7% 3,274,258 63.8% 3,695,647 57.8% 3,816,547 53.4% +3.3% -25.5%
Arkansas Arkansas 1,933,082 82.2% 2,100,135 78.6% 2,173,469 74.5% 2,063,550 68.5% -5.0% -16.7%
California California 17,029,126 57.2% 15,816,790 46.7% 14,956,253 40.1% 13,714,587 34.7% -8.3% -39.3%
Colorado Colorado 2,658,945 80.7% 3,202,880 74.5% 3,520,793 70.0% 3,760,663 65.1% +6.8% -19.3%
Connecticut Connecticut 2,754,184 83.8% 2,638,845 77.5% 2,546,262 71.2% 2,279,232 63.2% -10.5% -24.6%
Delaware Delaware 528,092 79.3% 567,973 72.5% 586,752 65.3% 579,851 58.6% -1.2% -26.1%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 166,131 27.4% 159,178 27.8% 209,464 34.8% 261,771 38.0% +25.0% +38.7%
Florida Florida 9,475,326 73.2% 10,458,509 65.4% 10,884,722 57.9% 11,100,503 51.5% +1.2% -29.6%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 4,543,425 70.1% 5,128,661 62.6% 5,413,920 55.9% 5,362,156 50.1% -1.0% -28.5%
Hawaii Hawaii 347,644 31.4% 277,091 22.9% 309,343 22.7% 314,365 21.6% +1.6% -31.2%
Idaho Idaho 928,661 92.2% 1,139,291 88.0% 1,316,243 84.0% 1,450,523 81.7% +10.2% -11.4%
Illinois Illinois 8,550,208 74.8% 8,424,140 67.8% 8,167,753 63.7% 7,472,751 58.3% -8.5% -22.1%
Indiana Indiana 4,965,242 89.6% 5,219,373 85.8% 5,286,453 81.5% 5,121,004 75.5% -0.4% -15.7%
Iowa Iowa 2,663,840 95.9% 2,710,344 92.6% 2,701,123 88.7% 2,638,201 82.7% -6.8% -10.9%
Kansas Kansas 2,190,524 88.4% 2,233,997 83.1% 2,230,539 78.2% 2,122,575 72.2% -4.9% -18.3%
Kentucky Kentucky 3,378,022 91.7% 3,608,013 89.3% 3,745,655 86.3% 3,664,764 81.3% -2.2% -11.3%
Louisiana Louisiana 2,776,022 65.8% 2,794,391 62.5% 2,734,884 60.3% 2,596,702 55.8% -5.1% -15.2%
Maine Maine 1,203,357 98.0% 1,230,297 96.5% 1,254,297 94.4% 1,228,264 90.2% -2.1% -8.0%
Maryland Maryland 3,326,109 69.6% 3,286,547 62.1% 3,157,958 54.7% 2,913,782 47.2% -7.7% -32.2%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 5,280,292 87.8% 5,198,359 81.9% 4,984,800 76.1% 4,748,897 67.6% -4.7% -23.0%
Michigan Michigan 7,649,951 82.3% 7,806,691 78.6% 7,569,939 76.6% 7,295,651 72.4% -3.6% -12%
Minnesota Minnesota 4,101,266 93.7% 4,337,143 88.2% 4,405,142 83.1% 4,353,880 79.4% -1.2% -15.3%
Mississippi Mississippi 1,624,198 63.1% 1,727,908 60.7% 1,722,287 58.0% 1,639,077 55.4% -4.8% -12.2%
Missouri Missouri 4,448,465 86.9% 4,686,474 83.8% 4,850,748 81.0% 4,663,907 75.8% -3.9% -12.8%
Montana Montana 733,878 91.8% 807,823 89.5% 868,628 87.8% 901,318 83.1% +3.8% -9.5%
Nebraska Nebraska 1,460,095 92.5% 1,494,494 87.3% 1,499,753 82.1% 1,484,687 75.7% -1.0% -28.2%
Nevada Nevada 946,357 78.7% 1,303,001 65.2% 1,462,081 54.1% 1,425,952 45.9% -3.5% -41.7%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 1,079,484 97.3% 1,175,252 95.1% 1,215,050 92.3% 1,200,649 87.2% -1.2% -10.4%
New Jersey New Jersey 5,718,966 74.0% 5,557,209 66.0% 5,214,878 59.3% 4,816,381 51.8% -7.6% -30%
New Mexico New Mexico 764,164 50.4% 813,495 44.7% 833,810 40.5% 772,952 36.5% -7.3% -26.6%
New York (state) New York 12,460,189 69.3% 11,760,981 62.0% 11,304,247 58.3% 10,598,907 52.5% -6.4% -24.2%
North Carolina North Carolina 4,971,127 75.0% 5,647,155 70.2% 6,223,995 65.3% 6,312,148 60.5% +1.4% -19.3 pp
North Dakota North Dakota 601,592 94.2% 589,149 91.7% 598,007 88.9% 636,160 81.7% +6.4% -13.1%
Ohio Ohio 9,444,622 87.1% 9,538,111 84.0% 9,359,263 81.1% 8,954,135 75.9% -4.3% -12.9%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 2,547,588 81.0% 2,556,368 74.1% 2,575,381 68.7% 2,407,188 60.8% -6.5% -25%
Oregon Oregon 2,579,732 90.8% 2,857,616 83.5% 3,005,848 78.5% 3,036,158 71.7% +1.0% -21.0%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 10,422,058 87.7% 10,322,455 84.1% 10,094,652 79.5% 9,553,417 73.5% -5.4% -16.2%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 896,109 89.3% 858,433 81.9% 803,685 76.4% 754,050 68.7% -6.2% -23.1%
South Carolina South Carolina 2,390,056 68.5% 2,652,291 66.1% 2,962,740 64.1% 3,178,552 62.1% +7.3% -9.3%
South Dakota South Dakota 634,788 91.2% 664,585 88.0% 689,502 84.7% 705,583 79.6% +2.3% -12.7%
Tennessee Tennessee 4,027,631 82.6% 4,505,930 79.2% 4,800,782 75.6% 4,900,246 70.9% +2.1% -14.2%
Texas Texas 10,291,680 60.6% 10,933,313 52.4% 11,397,345 45.3% 11,584,597 39.7% +1.6% -34.5%
Utah Utah 1,571,254 91.2% 1,904,265 85.3% 2,221,719 80.4% 2,465,355 75.4% +11.0% -17.3%
Vermont Vermont 552,184 98.1% 585,431 96.2% 590,223 94.3% 573,201 89.1% -2.9% -9.2%
Virginia Virginia 4,701,650 76.0% 4,965,637 70.2% 5,186,450 64.8% 5,058,363 58.6% -2.5% -29.9%
Washington (state) Washington 4,221,622 86.7% 4,652,490 78.9% 4,876,804 72.5% 4,918,820 63.8% +0.9% -26.4%
West Virginia West Virginia 1,718,896 95.8% 1,709,966 94.6% 1,726,256 93.2% 1,598,834 89.1% -7.4% -7.0%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 4,464,677 91.3% 4,681,630 87.3% 4,738,411 83.3% 4,634,018 78.6% -2.2% -13.9%
Wyoming Wyoming 412,711 91.0% 438,799 88.9% 483,874 85.9% 469,664 81.4% -2.9% -10.5%
American Samoa American Samoa 682 1.2% 611 1.1%
Guam Guam 10,666 6.9% 11,001 6.9%
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 1,274 1.8% 916 1.7%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 33,966 0.9% 26,946 0.7% 24,548 0.8% -8.9%
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 8,580 7.9% 3,830 3.6%
United States United States of America 180,256,366 79.6% 188,128,296 75.6% 194,552,774 69.1% 196,817,552 63.7% 191,697,647 57.8% -2.6% –23.5%

In 2020, in 36 out of the 50 US states, non-Latino whites made up a greater percentage of the state's population than the US overall share of 57.8%; however, the 14 states with greater shares of non-whites include the four most populous states (California, Texas, New York, and Florida). The total non-Latino white population shrunk between 2010 and 2020 in 34 out of the 50 states, and the relative share of non-Latino whites in the overall state population has declined in all 50 states during that same time period.

As of 2020, six states are majority-minority: Hawaii, California, New Mexico, Texas, Nevada, and Maryland. All of these states saw larger declines in the relative share of their non-Latino white populations between 1990-2020 than the national average of -23.5% with Nevada dropping by -41.7%, California by -39.3% and Texas by -34.5%.

Historical population by state or territory[edit]

  Currently are majority minority states
  Non-Hispanic whites are less than 60% of the population
  Were formerly majority minority states
Green states were formerly majority minority, however by the 1930s, largely due to the Great Migration of African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, had gained a white majority.
Non-Mexican white (1910-1930) and non-Hispanic white % of population (1940-2010) by U.S. State[10][11][12][13]
State/Territory 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Alabama Alabama 65.3% 73.3% 73.3% 73.3% 70.3% 67.0% 65.1%
Alaska Alaska 48.3% 77.2% 75.8% 73.9% 67.6% 64.1% 59.6%
Arizona Arizona 65.1% 74.3% 74.5% 71.7% 63.8% 57.8% 53.8%
Arkansas Arkansas 75.2% 81.0% 82.2% 82.2% 78.6% 74.5% 71.7%
California California 89.5% 76.3% 66.6% 57.2% 46.7% 40.1% 35.9%
Colorado Colorado 90.3% 84.6% 82.7% 80.7% 74.5% 70.0% 67.4%
Connecticut Connecticut 97.9% 91.4% 88.0% 83.8% 77.5% 71.2% 65.3%
Delaware Delaware 86.4% 84.1% 81.3% 79.3% 72.5% 65.3% 61.1%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 71.4% 26.5% 25.7% 27.4% 27.8% 34.8% 37.7%
Florida Florida 71.5% 77.9% 76.7% 73.2% 65.4% 57.9% 53.1%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 65.2% 73.4% 71.6% 70.1% 62.6% 55.9% 51.6%
Hawaii Hawaii 31.5% 38.0% 31.1% 31.4% 22.9% 22.7% 21.4%
Idaho Idaho 98.4% 95.9% 93.9% 92.2% 88.0% 84.0% 81.4%
Illinois Illinois 94.7% 83.5% 78.0% 74.8% 67.8% 63.7% 60.4%
Indiana Indiana 96.3% 91.7% 90.2% 89.6% 85.8% 81.5% 78.0%
Iowa Iowa 99.2% 98.0% 96.9% 95.9% 92.6% 88.7% 84.5%
Kansas Kansas 95.6% 92.7% 90.5% 88.4% 83.1% 78.2% 75.1%
Kentucky Kentucky 92.5% 92.4% 91.7% 91.7% 89.3% 86.3% 83.9%
Louisiana Louisiana 63.7% 68.2% 67.6% 65.8% 62.5% 60.3% 58.1%
Maine Maine 99.7% 99.1% 98.3% 98.0% 96.5% 94.4% 92.7%
Maryland Maryland 83.3% 80.4% 73.9% 69.6% 62.1% 54.7% 49.5%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 98.6% 95.4% 92.3% 87.8% 81.9% 76.1% 70.5%
Michigan Michigan 95.7% 87.1% 84.1% 82.3% 78.6% 76.6% 74.5%
Minnesota Minnesota 99.0% 97.7% 96.1% 93.7% 88.2% 83.1% 78.6%
Mississippi Mississippi 50.6% 62.6% 63.6% 63.1% 60.7% 58.0% 56.3%
Missouri Missouri 93.4% 88.6% 87.7% 86.9% 83.8% 81.0% 79.0%
Montana Montana 96.2% 94.7% 93.4% 91.8% 89.5% 87.8% 85.7%
Nebraska Nebraska 98.2% 95.2% 94.0% 92.5% 87.3% 82.1% 77.8%
Nevada Nevada 91.6% 86.7% 83.2% 78.7% 65.2% 54.1% 47.4%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 99.9% 99.1% 98.4% 97.3% 95.1% 92.3% 89.4%
New Jersey New Jersey 94.3% 84.7% 79.1% 74.0% 66.0% 59.3% 54.1%
New Mexico New Mexico 50.9% 53.8% 52.6% 50.4% 44.7% 40.5% 36.4%
New York (state) New York 94.6% 80.1% 75.0% 69.3% 62.0% 58.3% 55.0%
North Carolina North Carolina 71.9% 76.5% 75.3% 75.0% 70.2% 65.3% 62.3%
North Dakota North Dakota 98.3% 96.9% 95.5% 94.2% 91.7% 88.9% 83.3%
Ohio Ohio 95.0% 89.8% 88.2% 87.1% 84.0% 81.1% 78.0%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 89.9% 88.1% 85.0% 81.0% 74.1% 68.7% 64.4%
Oregon Oregon 98.6% 95.8% 93.3% 90.8% 83.5% 78.5%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 95.1% 90.3% 89.1% 87.7% 84.1% 79.5%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 98.3% 96.1% 93.4% 89.3% 81.9% 76.4%
South Carolina South Carolina 57.1% 69.0% 68.3% 68.5% 66.1% 64.1%
South Dakota South Dakota 96.2% 94.6% 92.3% 91.2% 88.0% 84.7%
Tennessee Tennessee 82.5% 83.7% 83.1% 82.6% 79.2% 75.6%
Texas Texas 74.1% 69.6% 65.7% 60.6% 52.4% 45.3%
Utah Utah 98.2% 93.6% 92.4% 91.2% 85.3% 80.4%
Vermont Vermont 99.7% 99.2% 98.5% 98.1% 96.2% 94.3%
Virginia Virginia 75.3% 80.1% 78.2% 76.0% 70.2% 64.8%
Washington (state) Washington 97.7% 93.6% 90.2% 86.7% 78.9% 72.5%
West Virginia West Virginia 93.7% 95.7% 95.6% 95.8% 94.6% 93.2%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 99.2% 95.6% 93.6% 91.3% 87.3% 83.3%
Wyoming Wyoming 95.9% 92.1% 92.0% 91.0% 88.9% 85.9%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 0.9% 0.7%
United States United States of America 88.4% 83.5% 79.6% 75.6% 69.1% 63.7%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau definition of race Archived January 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Whites Account for Under Half of Births in U.S."
  3. ^ a b "2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  4. ^ 1980: Census of Population (PDF). Bureau of the Census. August 1982.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". 2008-07-25. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  6. ^ "2010 Census". Census.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  7. ^ "Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  8. ^ "2020 Census Demographic Data Map Viewer". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Race and Ethnicity in the United States: 2010 Census and 2020 Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Census.gov. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  11. ^ https://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/mso01-wp.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-05.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  13. ^ https://usafacts.org/data/topics/people-society/population-and-demographics/our-changing-population/state/alabama