List of U.S. states by non-Hispanic white population

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White Non-Hispanic population percentage by state in 2012

This is a list of U.S. states by non-Hispanic white population. The United States Census Bureau defines non-Hispanic white as white Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino ancestry (i.e., having ancestry from Spain or Latin America).[1] At 197.2 million in 2012, non-Hispanic whites comprise 62.8% of the total U.S. population.[2][3]

Population by state or territory[edit]

White Non-Hispanic population by state or territory (1990–2012)[3][4]
State/Territory Pop 1990 % pop
1990
Pop 2000 % pop
2000
Pop 2010 % pop
2010
Pop 2012 % pop
2012
% growth
2000-2012
% pop
1990-2012
Alabama Alabama 2,960,167 73.3% 3,125,819 70.3% 3,204,402 67.0% 3,212,468 66.6% +2.8% -6.7 pp
Alaska Alaska 406,722 73.9% 423,788 67.6% 455,320 64.1% 460,453 63.0% +8.7% -10.9 pp
Arizona Arizona 2,626,185 71.7% 3,274,258 63.8% 3,695,647 57.8% 3,730,370 56.9% +13.9% -14.8 pp
Arkansas Arkansas 1,933,082 82.2% 2,100,135 78.6% 2,173,469 74.5% 2,179,168 73.9% +3.8% -8.3 pp
California California 17,029,126 57.2% 15,816,790 46.7% 14,956,253 40.1% 14,904,055 39.2% -5.8% -18.0 pp
Colorado Colorado 2,658,945 80.7% 3,202,880 74.5% 3,520,793 70.0% 3,599,838 69.4% +12.4% -11.3 pp
Connecticut Connecticut 2,754,184 83.8% 2,638,845 77.5% 2,546,262 71.2% 2,512,773 70.0% -4.8% -13.8 pp
Delaware Delaware 528,092 79.3% 567,973 72.5% 586,752 65.3% 589,642 64.3% +3.8% -15.0 pp
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 166,131 27.4% 159,178 27.8% 209,464 34.8% 222,975 35.3% +40.1% +7.9 pp
Florida Florida 9,475,326 73.2% 10,458,509 65.4% 10,884,722 57.9% 10,966,711 56.8% +4.9% -16.4 pp
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 4,543,425 70.1% 5,128,661 62.6% 5,413,920 55.9% 5,460,416 55.0% +6.5% -15.1 pp
Hawaii Hawaii 347,644 31.4% 277,091 22.9% 309,343 22.7% 317,032 22.8% +14.4% -8.6 pp
Idaho Idaho 928,661 92.2% 1,139,291 88.0% 1,316,243 84.0% 1,330,942 83.4% +16.8% -8.8 pp
Illinois Illinois 8,550,208 74.8% 8,424,140 67.8% 8,167,753 63.7% 8,093,687 62.9% -3.9% -11.9 pp
Indiana Indiana 4,965,242 89.6% 5,219,373 85.8% 5,286,453 81.5% 5,289,249 80.9% +1.3% -8.7 pp
Iowa Iowa 2,663,840 95.9% 2,710,344 92.6% 2,701,123 88.7% 2,705,704 88.0% -0.2% -7.9 pp
Kansas Kansas 2,190,524 88.4% 2,233,997 83.1% 2,230,539 78.2% 2,234,826 77.4% 0.0% -11.0 pp
Kentucky Kentucky 3,378,022 91.7% 3,608,013 89.3% 3,745,655 86.3% 3,760,302 85.8% +4.2% -5.9 pp
Louisiana Louisiana 2,776,022 65.8% 2,794,391 62.5% 2,734,884 60.3% 2,748,748 59.7% -1.6% -6.1 pp
Maine Maine 1,203,357 98.0% 1,230,297 96.5% 1,254,297 94.4% 1,250,688 94.1% +1.7% -3.9 pp
Maryland Maryland 3,326,109 69.6% 3,286,547 62.1% 3,157,958 54.7% 3,166,263 53.8% -3.7% -15.8 pp
Massachusetts Massachusetts 5,280,292 87.8% 5,198,359 81.9% 4,984,800 76.1% 5,003,798 75.3% -3.7% -12.6 pp
Michigan Michigan 7,649,951 82.3% 7,806,691 78.6% 7,569,939 78.9% 7,523,647 79.3% -3.6% -3.0 pp
Minnesota Minnesota 4,101,266 93.7% 4,337,143 88.2% 4,405,142 83.1% 4,424,944 82.3% +2.0% -11.4 pp
Mississippi Mississippi 1,624,198 63.1% 1,727,908 60.7% 1,722,287 58.0% 1,717,214 57.5% -0.6% -5.6 pp
Missouri Missouri 4,448,465 86.9% 4,686,474 83.8% 4,850,748 81.0% 4,848,758 80.5% +3.5% -6.4 pp
Montana Montana 733,878 91.8% 807,823 89.5% 868,628 87.8% 876,782 87.2% +8.5% -4.6 pp
Nebraska Nebraska 1,460,095 92.5% 1,494,494 87.3% 1,499,753 82.1% 1,509,066 81.3% +1.0% -11.2 pp
Nevada Nevada 946,357 78.7% 1,303,001 65.2% 1,462,081 54.1% 1,455,200 52.7% +11.7% -26.0 pp
New Hampshire New Hampshire 1,079,484 97.3% 1,175,252 95.1% 1,215,050 92.3% 1,212,389 91.8% +3.2% -5.5 pp
New Jersey New Jersey 5,718,966 74.0% 5,557,209 66.0% 5,214,878 59.3% 5,134,994 57.9% -7.6% -16.1 pp
New Mexico New Mexico 764,164 50.4% 813,495 44.7% 833,810 40.5% 827,066 39.7% +1.7% -10.7 pp
New York (state) New York 12,460,189 69.3% 11,760,981 62.0% 11,304,247 58.3% 11,227,534 57.4% -4.5% -11.9 pp
North Carolina North Carolina 4,971,127 75.0% 5,647,155 70.2% 6,223,995 65.3% 6,292,533 64.5% +11.4% -10.5 pp
North Dakota North Dakota 601,592 94.2% 589,149 91.7% 598,007 88.9% 616,194 88.1% +4.6% -6.1 pp
Ohio Ohio 9,444,622 87.1% 9,538,111 84.0% 9,359,263 81.1% 9,309,291 80.6% -2.4% -6.5 pp
Oklahoma Oklahoma 2,547,588 81.0% 2,556,368 74.1% 2,575,381 68.7% 2,585,779 67.8% +1.2% -13.2 pp
Oregon Oregon 2,579,732 90.8% 2,857,616 83.5% 3,005,848 78.5% 3,026,649 77.6% +5.9% -13.2 pp
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 10,422,058 87.7% 10,322,455 84.1% 10,094,652 79.5% 10,035,953 78.6% -2.8% -9.1 pp
Rhode Island Rhode Island 896,109 89.3% 858,433 81.9% 803,685 76.4% 791,560 75.4% -7.8% -13.9 pp
South Carolina South Carolina 2,390,056 68.5% 2,652,291 66.1% 2,962,740 64.1% 3,016,843 63.9% +13.7% -4.6 pp
South Dakota South Dakota 634,788 91.2% 664,585 88.0% 689,502 84.7% 698,504 83.8% +5.1% -7.4 pp
Tennessee Tennessee 4,027,631 82.6% 4,505,930 79.2% 4,800,782 75.6% 4,840,886 75.0% +7.4% -7.6 pp
Texas Texas 10,291,680 60.6% 10,933,313 52.4% 11,397,345 45.3% 11,554,528 44.3% +5.7% -16.3 pp
Utah Utah 1,571,254 91.2% 1,904,265 85.3% 2,221,719 80.4% 2,278,904 79.8% +19.7% -11.4 pp
Vermont Vermont 552,184 98.1% 585,431 96.2% 590,223 94.3% 588,138 94.0% +0.5% -4.3 pp
Virginia Virginia 4,701,650 76.0% 4,965,637 70.2% 5,186,450 64.8% 5,234,502 63.9% +5.4% -12.1 pp
Washington (state) Washington 4,221,622 86.7% 4,652,490 78.9% 4,876,804 72.5% 4,927,042 71.4% +5.9% -15.3 pp
West Virginia West Virginia 1,718,896 95.8% 1,709,966 94.6% 1,726,256 93.2% 1,721,901 92.8% +0.7% -3.0 pp
Wisconsin Wisconsin 4,464,677 91.3% 4,681,630 87.3% 4,738,411 83.3% 4,738,842 82.8% +1.2% -8.5 pp
Wyoming Wyoming 412,711 91.0% 438,799 88.9% 483,874 85.9% 487,672 84.6% +11.1% -6.4 pp
American Samoa American Samoa 682 1.2% 611 1.1% -10.4%
Guam Guam 10,666 6.9% 11,001 6.9% +3.1%
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 1,274 1.8% 916 1.7% -28.1%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 33,966 0.9% 26,946 0.7% 23,542 0.6% -30.7%
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 8,580 7.9% 3,830 3.6% -55.3%
United States United States of America 188,128,296 75.6% 194,552,774 69.1% 196,817,552 63.7% 197,243,423 62.8% +1.4% –11.9 pp

In 2012, in 37 out of the 50 U.S. states non-Hispanic whites made up a greater percentage of the state's population than the U.S. overall share of 62.8%; however, the 13 states with greater shares of non-whites include the four most populous states (California, Texas, New York, and Florida). Also, note that while the total non-Hispanic white population has grown since 2000 in 36 out of the 50 states, the relative share of non-Hispanic whites in the overall state population has declined in all 50 states during that same time period.

As of 2012, four states are majority-minority: Hawaii, California, New Mexico, and Texas, in addition to the District of Columbia and all 5 inhabited territories.

Historical population by state or territory[edit]

  Currently are majority minority states
  Non-Hispanic whites are less than 60% of the population
  Were formerly majority minority states
Green states were formerly majority minority, however by the 1930s, largely due to the Great Migration of African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, had gained a white majority.
Non-Mexican white (1910-1930) and Non-Hispanic white % of population (1940-2010) by U.S. State[5][6][7]
State/Territory 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Alabama Alabama 65.3% 73.3% 73.3% 73.3% 70.3% 67.0%
Alaska Alaska 48.3% 77.2% 75.8% 73.9% 67.6% 64.1%
Arizona Arizona 65.1% 74.3% 74.5% 71.7% 63.8% 57.8%
Arkansas Arkansas 75.2% 81.0% 82.2% 82.2% 78.6% 74.5%
California California 89.5% 76.3% 66.6% 57.2% 46.7% 40.1%
Colorado Colorado 90.3% 84.6% 82.7% 80.7% 74.5% 70.0%
Connecticut Connecticut 97.9% 91.4% 88.0% 83.8% 77.5% 71.2%
Delaware Delaware 86.4% 84.1% 81.3% 79.3% 72.5% 65.3%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 71.4% 26.5% 25.7% 27.4% 27.8% 34.8%
Florida Florida 71.5% 77.9% 76.7% 73.2% 65.4% 57.9%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 65.2% 73.4% 71.6% 70.1% 62.6% 55.9%
Hawaii Hawaii 31.5% 38.0% 31.1% 31.4% 22.9% 22.7%
Idaho Idaho 98.4% 95.9% 93.9% 92.2% 88.0% 84.0%
Illinois Illinois 94.7% 83.5% 78.0% 74.8% 67.8% 63.7%
Indiana Indiana 96.3% 91.7% 90.2% 89.6% 85.8% 81.5%
Iowa Iowa 99.2% 98.0% 96.9% 95.9% 92.6% 88.7%
Kansas Kansas 95.6% 92.7% 90.5% 88.4% 83.1% 78.2%
Kentucky Kentucky 92.5% 92.4% 91.7% 91.7% 89.3% 86.3%
Louisiana Louisiana 63.7% 68.2% 67.6% 65.8% 62.5% 60.3%
Maine Maine 99.7% 99.1% 98.3% 98.0% 96.5% 94.4%
Maryland Maryland 83.3% 80.4% 73.9% 69.6% 62.1% 54.7%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 98.6% 95.4% 92.3% 87.8% 81.9% 76.1%
Michigan Michigan 95.7% 87.1% 84.1% 82.3% 78.6% 76.6%
Minnesota Minnesota 99.0% 97.7% 96.1% 93.7% 88.2% 83.1%
Mississippi Mississippi 50.6% 62.6% 63.6% 63.1% 60.7% 58.0%
Missouri Missouri 93.4% 88.6% 87.7% 86.9% 83.8% 81.0%
Montana Montana 96.2% 94.7% 93.4% 91.8% 89.5% 87.8%
Nebraska Nebraska 98.2% 95.2% 94.0% 92.5% 87.3% 82.1%
Nevada Nevada 91.6% 86.7% 83.2% 78.7% 65.2% 54.1%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 99.9% 99.1% 98.4% 97.3% 95.1% 92.3%
New Jersey New Jersey 94.3% 84.7% 79.1% 74.0% 66.0% 59.3%
New Mexico New Mexico 50.9% 53.8% 52.6% 50.4% 44.7% 40.5%
New York (state) New York 94.6% 80.1% 75.0% 69.3% 62.0% 58.3%
North Carolina North Carolina 71.9% 76.5% 75.3% 75.0% 70.2% 65.3%
North Dakota North Dakota 98.3% 96.9% 95.5% 94.2% 91.7% 88.9%
Ohio Ohio 95.0% 89.8% 88.2% 87.1% 84.0% 81.1%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 89.9% 88.1% 85.0% 81.0% 74.1% 68.7%
Oregon Oregon 98.6% 95.8% 93.3% 90.8% 83.5% 78.5%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 95.1% 90.3% 89.1% 87.7% 84.1% 79.5%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 98.3% 96.1% 93.4% 89.3% 81.9% 76.4%
South Carolina South Carolina 57.1% 69.0% 68.3% 68.5% 66.1% 64.1%
South Dakota South Dakota 96.2% 94.6% 92.3% 91.2% 88.0% 84.7%
Tennessee Tennessee 82.5% 83.7% 83.1% 82.6% 79.2% 75.6%
Texas Texas 74.1% 69.6% 65.7% 60.6% 52.4% 45.3%
Utah Utah 98.2% 93.6% 92.4% 91.2% 85.3% 80.4%
Vermont Vermont 99.7% 99.2% 98.5% 98.1% 96.2% 94.3%
Virginia Virginia 75.3% 80.1% 78.2% 76.0% 70.2% 64.8%
Washington (state) Washington 97.7% 93.6% 90.2% 86.7% 78.9% 72.5%
West Virginia West Virginia 93.7% 95.7% 95.6% 95.8% 94.6% 93.2%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 99.2% 95.6% 93.6% 91.3% 87.3% 83.3%
Wyoming Wyoming 95.9% 92.1% 92.0% 91.0% 88.9% 85.9%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 0.9% 0.7%

See also[edit]

References[edit]