List of U.S. states and territories by population

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Resident population of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico in 2021 according to the U.S. Census Bureau
Average annual population growth rate in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico between 2020 and 2021 according to the U.S. Census Bureau

The states and territories included in the United States Census Bureau's statistics for the United States (population, ethnicity, religion, and most other categories) include the 50 states and the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.). Separate statistics are maintained for the five permanently inhabited territories of the United States (Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands).[1]

Method[edit]

The United States Census counts the persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents and non-citizen long-term visitors.[2] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[3]

Electoral apportionment[edit]

Every 10 years, the U.S. Census Bureau is charged with making an actual count of all residents by state and territory. The accuracy of this count is then tested after the fact, and sometimes statistically significant undercounts or overcounts occur. For example for the 2020 decennial census, 14 states had significant miscounts ranging from 1.5% to 6.6%. While these adjustments may be reflected in government programs over the following decade, the 10-year representative apportionments discussed below are not changed to reflect the miscount.[4]

House of Representatives[edit]

Based on this decennial census, each state is allocated a portion of the 435 fixed seats in the United States House of Representatives, with each state guaranteed at least one. The allocation is based on each state's proportion of the combined population of the fifty states (not including the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, or the United States Virgin Islands).

Electoral College[edit]

The Electoral College, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States based on the popular vote in each state and the District of Columbia. Each state's number of votes in the Electoral College is equal to its number of members in the Senate plus members in the House of Representatives.[5]

The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution additionally grants the District of Columbia (D.C.), which is not part of any state, as many Electoral College votes as it would have if it were a state, while having no more votes than the least populous state (currently, Wyoming). Since the U.S. Constitution guarantees every state at least one member of the U.S. House of Representatives and two members of the U.S. Senate, every state has at least three Electoral College votes. Thus, the Electoral College has 538 members (100 senators, plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[5] Territories of the United States such as Puerto Rico are not included in the Electoral College: people in those territories cannot vote directly for the President of the United States,[6] although they may participate in the partisan nominating primaries and caucuses.[7]

State and territory rankings[edit]

Column header abbreviations:

Abs. = Absolute, elec. = electoral, Elec. Coll. = Electoral College
Rank State or territory
Census population
[8][a]
Change,
2010–2020
[8][a]
Pop. per elec. vote, 2020[b]
from the 2022 elections
Census pop. per seat
[a]
% of the total U.S. pop.[c]
% of Elec. Coll.
2020 2010
July 1, 2021 (est.)
April 1, 2020
April 1, 2010
%
Abs. Seats % From 2022 2010
2020
2010
1 1  California 39,237,836 39,538,223 37,253,956 6.13% 2,284,267 52 11.95% 732,189 760,350 702,905 11.800% 11.908% 10.04%
2 2  Texas 29,527,941 29,145,505 25,145,561 15.91% 3,999,944 38 8.74% 728,638 766,987 698,488 8.698% 8.038% 7.43%
3 4  Florida 21,781,128 21,538,187 18,801,310 14.56% 2,736,877 28 6.44% 717,940 769,221 696,345 6.428% 6.010% 5.58%
4 3  New York 19,835,913 20,201,249 19,378,102 4.25% 823,147 26 5.98% 721,473 776,971 717,707 6.029% 6.194% 5.20%
5 6  Pennsylvania 12,964,056 13,002,700 12,702,379 2.36% 300,321 17 3.91% 684,353 764,865 705,688 3.881% 4.060% 3.53%
6 5  Illinois 12,671,469 12,812,508 12,830,632 −0.14% −18,124 17 3.91% 674,343 753,677 712,813 3.824% 4.101% 3.53%
7 7  Ohio 11,780,017 11,799,448 11,536,504 2.28% 262,944 15 3.45% 694,085 786,630 721,032 3.521% 3.688% 3.16%
8 9  Georgia 10,799,566 10,711,908 9,687,653 10.57% 1,024,255 14 3.22% 669,494 765,136 691,975 3.197% 3.097% 2.97%
9 10  North Carolina 10,551,162 10,439,388 9,535,483 9.48% 903,905 14 3.22% 652,462 745,671 733,499 3.116% 3.048% 2.97%
10 8  Michigan 10,050,811 10,077,331 9,883,640 1.96% 193,691 13 2.99% 671,822 775,179 705,974 3.008% 3.159% 2.79%
11 11  New Jersey 9,267,130 9,288,994 8,791,894 5.65% 497,100 12 2.76% 663,500 774,083 732,658 2.772% 2.810% 2.60%
12 12  Virginia 8,642,274 8,631,393 8,001,024 7.88% 630,369 11 2.53% 663,953 784,672 727,366 2.576% 2.557% 2.42%
13 13  Washington 7,738,692 7,705,281 6,724,540 14.58% 980,741 10 2.30% 642,107 770,528 672,454 2.300% 2.149% 2.23%
14 16  Arizona 7,276,316 7,151,502 6,392,017 11.88% 759,485 9 2.07% 650,137 794,611 710,224 2.134% 2.043% 2.04%
15 14  Massachusetts 6,984,723 7,029,917 6,547,629 7.37% 482,288 9 2.07% 639,083 781,102 727,514 2.098% 2.093% 2.04%
16 17  Tennessee 6,975,218 6,910,840 6,346,105 8.90% 564,735 9 2.07% 628,258 767,871 705,123 2.062% 2.029% 2.04%
17 15  Indiana 6,805,985 6,785,528 6,483,802 4.65% 301,726 9 2.07% 616,866 753,948 720,422 2.025% 2.073% 2.04%
18 19  Missouri 6,168,187 6,154,913 5,988,927 2.77% 165,986 8 1.84% 615,491 769,364 721,694 1.837% 1.914% 1.86%
19 18  Maryland 6,165,129 6,177,224 5,773,552 6.99% 403,672 8 1.84% 617,722 772,153 748,616 1.844% 1.845% 1.86%
20 20  Wisconsin 5,895,908 5,893,718 5,686,986 3.64% 206,732 8 1.84% 589,372 736,715 710,873 1.759% 1.818% 1.86%
21 22  Colorado 5,812,069 5,773,714 5,029,196 14.8% 744,518 8 1.84% 577,371 721,714 718,457 1.723% 1.608% 1.86%
22 21  Minnesota 5,707,390 5,706,494 5,303,925 7.59% 402,569 8 1.84% 570,649 713,312 662,991 1.703% 1.695% 1.86%
23 24  South Carolina 5,190,705 5,118,425 4,625,364 10.66% 493,061 7 1.61% 568,714 731,204 660,766 1.528% 1.478% 1.67%
24 23  Alabama 5,039,877 5,024,279 4,779,736 5.12% 244,543 7 1.61% 558,253 717,754 682,819 1.499% 1.528% 1.67%
25 25  Louisiana 4,624,047 4,657,757 4,533,372 2.74% 124,385 6 1.38% 582,220 776,293 755,562 1.390% 1.449% 1.49%
26 26  Kentucky 4,509,394 4,505,836 4,339,367 3.84% 166,469 6 1.38% 563,230 750,973 723,228 1.345% 1.387% 1.49%
27 27  Oregon 4,246,155 4,237,256 3,831,074 10.60% 406,182 6 1.38% 529,657 706,209 766,215 1.265% 1.225% 1.49%
28 28  Oklahoma 3,986,639 3,959,353 3,751,351 5.54% 208,002 5 1.15% 565,622 791,871 750,270 1.182% 1.199% 1.30%
29 30  Connecticut 3,605,597 3,605,944 3,574,097 0.89% 31,847 5 1.15% 515,135 721,189 714,819 1.076% 1.142% 1.30%
30 36  Utah 3,322,389 3,271,616 2,763,885 18.37% 507,731 4 0.92% 545,269 817,904 690,971 0.976% 0.883% 1.12%
31 29  Puerto Rico 3,263,584 3,285,874 3,725,789 −11.81% −439,915 1* 0.981% 1.191%
32 31  Iowa 3,193,079 3,190,369 3,046,355 4.73% 144,014 4 0.92% 531,728 797,592 761,589 0.952% 0.974% 1.12%
33 35  Nevada 3,143,991 3,104,614 2,700,551 14.96% 404,063 4 0.92% 517,436 776,154 675,138 0.927% 0.863% 1.12%
34 33  Arkansas 3,025,891 3,011,524 2,915,918 3.28% 95,606 4 0.92% 501,921 752,881 728,980 0.899% 0.932% 1.12%
35 32  Mississippi 2,949,965 2,961,279 2,967,297 −0.20% −6,018 4 0.92% 493,547 740,320 741,824 0.884% 0.948% 1.12%
36 34  Kansas 2,934,582 2,937,880 2,853,118 2.97% 84,762 4 0.92% 489,647 734,470 713,280 0.877% 0.912% 1.12%
37 37  New Mexico 2,115,877 2,117,522 2,059,179 2.83% 58,343 3 0.69% 423,504 705,841 686,393 0.632% 0.658% 0.93%
38 39  Nebraska 1,963,692 1,961,504 1,826,341 7.40% 135,163 3 0.69% 392,301 653,835 608,780 0.585% 0.584% 0.93%
39 40  Idaho 1,900,923 1,839,106 1,567,582 17.32% 271,524 2 0.46% 459,777 919,553 783,791 0.549% 0.501% 0.74%
40 38  West Virginia 1,782,959 1,793,716 1,852,994 −3.20% −59,278 2 0.46% 448,429 896,858 617,665 0.535% 0.592% 0.74%
41 41  Hawaii 1,441,553 1,455,271 1,360,301 6.98% 94,970 2 0.46% 363,818 727,636 680,151 0.434% 0.435% 0.74%
42 43  New Hampshire 1,388,992 1,377,529 1,316,470 4.66% 61,378 2 0.46% 344,382 688,765 658,235 0.411% 0.421% 0.74%
43 42  Maine 1,372,247 1,362,359 1,328,361 2.56% 33,998 2 0.46% 340,590 681,180 664,181 0.407% 0.425% 0.74%
44 44  Rhode Island 1,095,610 1,097,379 1,052,567 4.26% 44,812 2 0.46% 274,345 548,690 526,284 0.328% 0.336% 0.74%
45 45  Montana 1,104,271 1,084,225 989,415 9.58% 94,810 2 0.46% 271,056 542,113 989,415 0.324% 0.316% 0.74%
46 46  Delaware 1,003,384 989,948 897,934 10.25% 92,014 1 0.23% 329,983 989,948 897,934 0.295% 0.287% 0.56%
47 47  South Dakota 895,376 886,667 814,180 8.90% 72,487 1 0.23% 295,556 886,667 814,180 0.265% 0.260% 0.56%
48 49  North Dakota 774,948 779,094 672,591 15.83% 106,503 1 0.23% 259,698 779,094 672,591 0.233% 0.215% 0.56%
49 48  Alaska 732,673 733,391 710,231 3.26% 23,160 1 0.23% 244,464 733,391 710,231 0.219% 0.227% 0.56%
50 51  District of Columbia 670,050 689,545 601,723 14.60% 87,822 1* 229,848 0.206% 0.192% 0.56%
51 50  Vermont 645,570 643,077 625,741 2.77% 17,336 1 0.23% 214,359 643,077 625,741 0.192% 0.200% 0.56%
52 52  Wyoming 578,803 576,851 563,626 2.35% 13,225 1 0.23% 192,284 576,851 563,626 0.172% 0.180% 0.56%
53 53  Guam[10] N/A 153,836 159,358 −3.47% −5,522 1* 0.046% 0.051%
54 54  U.S. Virgin Islands[11] N/A 87,146 106,405 −18.10% −19,259 1* 0.026% 0.034%
55 55  American Samoa[12] N/A 49,710 55,519 −10.46% −5,809 1* 0.015% 0.018%
56 56  Northern Mariana Islands[13] N/A 47,329 53,883 −12.16% −6,554 1* 0.014% 0.017%
Contiguous United States 329,719,519 329,260,619 306,675,006 7.36% 22,585,613 432
(+1*)
99.31% 627,163 757,745 709,896 98.265% 98.027% 98.70%
The 50 states 331,223,695 330,759,736 308,143,815 7.34% 22,615,921 435 100% 621,729 755,796 708,377 98.713% 98.497% 99.44%
The 50 states and D.C. 331,893,745 331,449,281 308,745,538 7.35% 22,703,743 435
(+1*)
100% 619,531 98.918% 98.689% 100%
Total United States N/A 335,073,176 312,846,492 7.10% 22,226,684 435
(+6*)
100% 100% 100%

* — non-voting member of the House of Representatives.

  1. ^ a b c Resident population only; does not include overseas population. In 2022, the Census Bureau announced the following undercounts (missed residents) in the 2020 census: Arkansas (−5.04%), Florida (−3.48%), Illinois (−1.97%), Mississippi (−4.11%), Tennessee (−4.78%) and Texas (−1.92%). These were the overcounts: Delaware (+5.45%), Hawaii (+6.79%), Massachusetts (+2.24%), Minnesota (+3.84%), New York (+3.44%), Ohio (+1.49%), Rhode Island (+5.05%) and Utah (+2.59%).[9]
  2. ^ Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to its number of senators (two) and representatives in the Congress, while D.C. is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  3. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.

Summary of population by region[edit]

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and District of Columbia
Region totals – 4 regions (2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. territories
50 states + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1

Column header abbreviations: # = Rank, Geo. = Geographic

Population of states, territories, divisions and region[14]
State/federal district/territory/
division/region
# 2020 pop. # 2010 pop. # 2000 pop. # 2010–
2020
change
Geo.
sort
 Massachusetts 15 7,029,917 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 21 7.4% NEng
 Connecticut 29 3,605,944 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 47 0.9% NEng
 New Hampshire 41 1,377,529 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 30 4.6% NEng
 Maine 42 1,362,359 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 42 2.6% NEng
 Rhode Island 43 1,097,379 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 31 4.3% NEng
 Vermont 49 643,077 49 625,741 49 608,827 40 2.8% NEng
       New England 9 15,116,205 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 4.6% NEast
 New York 4 20,201,249 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 32 4.2% MAtl
 Pennsylvania 5 13,002,700 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 43 2.4% MAtl
 New Jersey 11 9,288,994 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 25 5.7% MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic 4 42,492,943 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 4.0% NEast
       Northeast 4 57,609,148 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 3 4.1% USA
 Florida 3 21,538,187 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 14.6% SAtl
 Georgia 8 10,711,908 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 12 10.6% SAtl
 North Carolina 9 10,439,388 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 15 9.5% SAtl
 Virginia 12 8,631,393 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 18 7.9% SAtl
 Maryland 18 6,177,224 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 22 7.0% SAtl
 South Carolina 23 5,118,425 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 10.7% SAtl
 West Virginia 39 1,793,716 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 50 −3.2% SAtl
 Delaware 45 989,948 45 897,934 45 783,600 13 10.2% SAtl
 District of Columbia 689,545 601,723 572,059 14.6% SAtl
       South Atlantic 1 66,089,734 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 10.6% South
 Tennessee 16 6,910,840 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 17 8.9% ESC
 Alabama 24 5,024,279 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 5.1% ESC
 Kentucky 26 4,505,836 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 33 3.8% ESC
 Mississippi 34 2,961,279 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 49 −0.2% ESC
       East South Central 8 19,402,234 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 6 5.3% South
 Texas 2 29,145,505 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 3 15.9% WSC
 Louisiana 25 4,657,757 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 41 2.7% WSC
 Oklahoma 28 3,959,353 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 26 5.5% WSC
 Arkansas 33 3,011,524 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 35 3.3% WSC
       West South Central 5 40,774,139 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 12.2% South
       South 1 126,266,107 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 10.2% USA
 Illinois 6 12,812,508 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 48 −0.1% ENC
 Ohio 7 11,799,448 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 45 2.3% ENC
 Michigan 10 10,077,331 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 46 2.0% ENC
 Indiana 17 6,785,528 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 29 4.7% ENC
 Wisconsin 20 5,893,718 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 3.6% ENC
       East North Central 3 47,368,533 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.0% MWest
 Missouri 19 6,154,913 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 39 2.8% WNC
 Minnesota 22 5,706,494 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 19 7.6% WNC
 Iowa 31 3,190,369 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 28 4.7% WNC
 Kansas 35 2,937,880 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 37 3.0% WNC
 Nebraska 37 1,961,504 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 20 7.4% WNC
 South Dakota 46 886,667 46 814,180 46 754,844 16 8.9% WNC
 North Dakota 47 779,094 48 672,591 47 642,200 4 15.8% WNC
       West North Central 7 21,616,921 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 5 5.4% MWest
       Midwest 3 68,985,454 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 4 3.1% USA
 Arizona 14 7,151,502 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 9 11.9% Mtn
 Colorado 21 5,773,714 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 6 14.8% Mtn
 Utah 30 3,271,616 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 1 18.4% Mtn
 Nevada 32 3,104,614 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 5 15.0% Mtn
 New Mexico 36 2,117,522 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 38 2.8% Mtn
 Idaho 38 1,839,106 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 2 17.3% Mtn
 Montana 44 1,084,225 44 989,415 44 902,195 14 9.6% Mtn
 Wyoming 50 576,851 50 563,626 50 493,782 44 2.3% Mtn
       Mountain 6 24,919,150 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 12.9% West
 California 1 39,538,223 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 24 6.1% Pac
 Washington 13 7,705,281 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 7 14.6% Pac
 Oregon 27 4,237,256 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 11 10.6% Pac
 Hawaii 40 1,455,271 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 23 7.0% Pac
 Alaska 48 733,391 47 710,231 48 626,932 36 3.3% Pac
       Pacific 2 53,669,422 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 7.6% West
       West 2 78,588,572 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 9.2% USA
 50 states and District of Columbia 331,449,281 308,745,538 281,421,906 7.4% NAmer
 Puerto Rico 1 3,285,874 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 −11.8% I.A.
 Guam 2 153,836 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 −3.5% I.A.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 3 87,146 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 −18.1% I.A.
 American Samoa 4 49,710 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 −7.7% I.A.
 Northern Mariana Islands 5 47,329 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 −14.8% I.A.
United States Minor Outlying Islands U.S. Minor Outlying Islands 6 [note 1] 6 [note 2] 6 316 6 I.A.
       Island Areas (Territories) 3,623,895 4,100,954 4,198,855 −11.6% USA
State/federal district/territory/
division/region
# 2020 pop. # 2010 pop. # 2000 pop. # 2010–
2020
change
Geo.
sort

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Not enumerated in 2020.
  2. ^ Not enumerated in 2010.

References[edit]

General
  • "National Totals: Vintage 2015". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  • "2010 Census Tables". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  • "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Brief". U. S. Census Bureau. November 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  • "2009 Census estimates". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1995, U.S. Census Bureau, Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific
  1. ^ Geographic Terms and Concepts - Island Areas of the United States, U.S. Census Bureau, archived from the original on December 10, 2016, retrieved March 19, 2019
  2. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Wang, Hansi Lo (May 19, 2022). "These 14 states had significant miscounts in the 2020 census". NPR. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  6. ^ Shah, Dayna K.; Reich, Mary W. (November 1997). U.S. Insular Areas: Application of the U.S. Constitution (PDF) (Report). Washington, D.C.: U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO/OGC-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 29, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. ^ Curry, Tom (May 28, 2008). "Nominating, but not voting for president". NBC News. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  8. ^ a b "US Census Quickfacts, Population Estimates, July 1 2021". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 17, 2022.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Releases 2020 Undercount and Overcount Rates by State and the District of Columbia". Census.gov. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  10. ^ "2020 Island Areas Censuses: Guam, Population and Housing Unit Counts, Table 1. Population of Guam: 2010 and 2020". October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  11. ^ "2020 Island Areas Censuses: U.S. Virgin Islands, Population and Housing Unit Counts, Table 1. Population of the United States Virgin Islands: 2010 and 2020". October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  12. ^ "2020 Island Areas Censuses: American Samoa, Population and Housing Unit Counts, Table 1. Population of American Samoa: 2010 and 2020". October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  13. ^ "2020 Island Areas Censuses: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Population and Housing Unit Counts, Table 1. Population of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: 2010 and 2020". October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.

External links[edit]