List of Ultras of Central America

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following sortable table comprises the 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America. Each of these peaks has at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.[1] This article defines Central America as the seven nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panamá.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[2]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[3][2]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[4]
Volcán Tajumulco is the highest summit of the Republic of Guatemala and all of Central America.

Ultra-prominent summits[edit]

Of these 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America, seven are located in Honduras, six in Guatemala, four in El Salvador, three in Costa Rica, two in Nicaragua, and one in Panamá. Cerro El Pital straddles the border between El Salvador and Honduras.

The 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Nation Mountain Range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Volcán Tajumulco[5][6][7]  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)
2 Chirripó Grande[8][9][10]
(Cerro Chirripó)
 Costa Rica Cordillera de Talamanca 3819 m
12,530 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
878 km
546 mi
9°29′03″N 83°29′20″W / 9.4843°N 83.4889°W / 9.4843; -83.4889 (Chirripó Grande)
3 Montaña de Santa Bárbara[11]  Honduras Santa Bárbara 2744 m
9,003 ft
2084 m
6,837 ft
74.0 km
46.0 mi
14°54′49″N 88°06′52″W / 14.9137°N 88.1145°W / 14.9137; -88.1145 (Montaña de Santa Bárbara)
4 Cerro Las Minas[12][13]  Honduras Sierra de las Nubes 2849 m
9,347 ft
2069 m
6,788 ft
132.0 km
82.0 mi
14°32′02″N 88°40′49″W / 14.5340°N 88.6804°W / 14.5340; -88.6804 (Cerro Las Minas)
5 Volcán de Agua[14]  Guatemala Escuintla 3761 m
12,339 ft
1981 m
6,499 ft
14.86 km
9.23 mi
14°27′55″N 90°44′34″W / 14.4654°N 90.7428°W / 14.4654; -90.7428 (Volcán de Agua)
6 Volcán Irazú[15]  Costa Rica Cordillera Central, Costa Rica 3432 m
11,260 ft
1897 m
6,224 ft
47.8 km
29.7 mi
9°58′35″N 83°51′12″W / 9.9764°N 83.8534°W / 9.9764; -83.8534 (Volcán Irazú)
7 Alto Cuchumatanes[16][17]  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3837 m
12,589 ft
1877 m
6,158 ft
65.2 km
40.5 mi
15°31′06″N 91°32′40″W / 15.5182°N 91.5445°W / 15.5182; -91.5445 (Alto Cuchumatanes)
8 Montañas Peña Blanca[18]  Guatemala Sierra Madre de Chiapas 3518 m
11,542 ft
1858 m
6,096 ft
39.8 km
24.7 mi
15°29′59″N 91°54′54″W / 15.4996°N 91.9151°W / 15.4996; -91.9151 (Montañas Peña Blanca)
9 Volcán Acatenango[19][20]  Guatemala Chimaltenango 3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
125.9 km
78.2 mi
14°30′06″N 90°52′32″W / 14.5016°N 90.8755°W / 14.5016; -90.8755 (Volcán Acatenango)
10 Volcán San Miguel[21]  El Salvador Sierra Madre de Chiapas 2131 m
6,991 ft
1831 m
6,007 ft
64.1 km
39.8 mi
13°26′05″N 88°16′09″W / 13.4348°N 88.2691°W / 13.4348; -88.2691 (Volcán San Miguel)
11 Cerro Tacarcuna[22][23]  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
174.4 km
108.3 mi
8°09′57″N 77°17′45″W / 8.1659°N 77.2959°W / 8.1659; -77.2959 (Cerro Tacarcuna)
12 Volcán Atitlán[24]  Guatemala Sierra Madre de Chiapas 3537 m
11,604 ft
1754 m
5,755 ft
33.2 km
20.6 mi
14°35′00″N 91°11′11″W / 14.5834°N 91.1864°W / 14.5834; -91.1864 (Volcán Atitlán)
13 Pico Bonito[25][26]  Honduras Cordillera Nombre de Dios 2450 m
8,038 ft
1710 m
5,610 ft
151.0 km
93.8 mi
15°33′27″N 86°52′32″W / 15.5575°N 86.8756°W / 15.5575; -86.8756 (Pico Bonito)
14 Montaña San Ildefonso[27]  Honduras Cortés 2242 m
7,356 ft
1702 m
5,584 ft
68.6 km
42.7 mi
15°31′00″N 88°14′00″W / 15.5167°N 88.2333°W / 15.5167; -88.2333 (Montaña San Ildefonso)
15 Volcán San Cristóbal[28]  Nicaragua Cordillera Los Maribios 1745 m
5,725 ft
1665 m
5,463 ft
134.5 km
83.6 mi
12°42′09″N 87°00′21″W / 12.7026°N 87.0057°W / 12.7026; -87.0057 (Volcán San Cristóbal)
16 Volcán de Santa Ana[29]  El Salvador Sierra Madre de Chiapas 2362 m
7,749 ft
1602 m
5,256 ft
69.1 km
42.9 mi
13°51′21″N 89°37′44″W / 13.8557°N 89.6288°W / 13.8557; -89.6288 (Volcán de Santa Ana)
17 Volcán Concepción[30]  Nicaragua Rivas 1610 m
5,282 ft
1579 m
5,180 ft
69.6 km
43.3 mi
11°32′17″N 85°37′21″W / 11.5380°N 85.6226°W / 11.5380; -85.6226 (Volcán Concepción)
18 Pico Pijol[31]  Honduras Yoro 2320 m
7,612 ft
1578 m
5,177 ft
65.1 km
40.4 mi
15°11′00″N 87°34′00″W / 15.1833°N 87.5667°W / 15.1833; -87.5667 (Pico Pijol)
19 Volcán de San Vicente[32]  El Salvador Sierra Madre de Chiapas 2182 m
7,159 ft
1562 m
5,125 ft
90.3 km
56.1 mi
13°35′47″N 88°50′15″W / 13.5965°N 88.8376°W / 13.5965; -88.8376 (Volcán de San Vicente)
20 Cerro El Pital[33][34]  El Salvador
 Honduras
Sierra de las Nubes 2730 m
8,957 ft
1530 m
5,020 ft
51.1 km
31.8 mi
14°23′04″N 89°07′45″W / 14.3844°N 89.1292°W / 14.3844; -89.1292 (Cerro El Pital)
21 Volcán Miravalles[35]  Costa Rica Cordillera de Guanacaste 2028 m
6,654 ft
1528 m
5,013 ft
99.4 km
61.8 mi
10°44′49″N 85°09′02″W / 10.7469°N 85.1505°W / 10.7469; -85.1505 (Volcán Miravalles)
22 Montaña los Comayagua[36]  Honduras Comayagua 2407 m
7,897 ft
1507 m
4,944 ft
80.1 km
49.7 mi
14°30′00″N 87°30′00″W / 14.5000°N 87.5000°W / 14.5000; -87.5000 (Montaña los Comayagua)
23 Sierra de Agalta high point[37]  Honduras Sierra de Agalta 2335 m
7,661 ft
1505 m
4,938 ft
122.6 km
76.1 mi
14°57′27″N 85°54′59″W / 14.9576°N 85.9165°W / 14.9576; -85.9165 (Sierra de Agalta high point)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  3. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  4. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. ^ The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Sierra de las Nubes, the Republic of Guatemala, and all of Central America.
  6. ^ Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of greater North America.
  7. ^ "Volcán Tajumulco". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  8. ^ The summit of Chirripó Grande is the highest point of the Republic of Costa Rica.
  9. ^ Chirripó Grande is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  10. ^ "Chirripó Grande". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "Montaña de Santa Bárbara". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  12. ^ The summit of Cerro Las Minas is the highest point of the Republic of Honduras.
  13. ^ "Cerro Las Minas". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Volcán de Agua". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Volcán Irazú". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  16. ^ Alto Cuchumatanes is the northernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America.
  17. ^ "Alto Cuchumatanes". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Montañas Peña Blanca". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  19. ^ Volcán Acatenango is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  20. ^ "Volcán Acatenango". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  21. ^ "Volcán San Miguel". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  22. ^ Cerro Tacarcuna is the southernmost ultra-prominent summit of Central America and greater North America.
  23. ^ "Cerro Tacarcuna". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  24. ^ "Volcán Atitlán". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  25. ^ Pico Bonito is the northernmost 2000-meter (6562-foot) summit of Central America.
  26. ^ "Pico Bonito". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Montaña San Ildefonso". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  28. ^ "Volcán San Cristóbal". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Volcán de Santa Ana". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Volcán Concepción". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "Pico Pijol". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  32. ^ "Volcán de San Vicente". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  33. ^ Cerro El Pital on the international border with Honduras is the highest point of the Republic of El Salvador.
  34. ^ "Cerro El Pital". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "Volcán Miravalles". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  36. ^ "Montaña los Comayagua". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  37. ^ "Sierra de Agalta high point". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)