List of Underground Railroad sites

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The list of Underground Railroad sites includes abolitionist locations of sanctuary, support, and transport for former slaves in 19th century North America before and during the American Civil War. It also includes sites closely associated with people who worked to achieve personal freedom for all Americans in the movement to end slavery in the United States.

The site http://waymarking.com maintains a list of 201 marked (with plaques, statues, or monuments) stops on the Underground Railroad.[1]

Colorado[edit]

  1. Barney L. Ford Building — Denver (Location 39°44′59″N 104°59′59″W / 39.749682°N 104.999836°W / 39.749682; -104.999836)

Connecticut[edit]

  1. William Wakeman/Ovals House - Wilton [2] (Location 41°13′35″N 73°25′18″W / 41.226402°N 73.421737°W / 41.226402; -73.421737)
  1. Joshua Bird/Bird Tavern - Bethlehem [3][4]

Delaware[edit]

List of Underground Railroad sites is located in Delaware
Appoquinimink
Appoquinimink
Camden
Camden
Corbit-Sharp
Corbit-Sharp
Wilmington
Wilmington
New Castle
New Castle
UGRR Sites in Delaware
  1. Appoquinimink Friends Meetinghouse — Odessa 39°27′26″N 75°39′50″W / 39.457350°N 75.663787°W / 39.457350; -75.663787
  2. Camden Friends Meetinghouse - Camden 39°44′31″N 75°33′15″W / 39.742060°N 75.554090°W / 39.742060; -75.554090
  3. Corbit-Sharp House - Odessa 39°27′14″N 75°39′24″W / 39.453905°N 75.656727°W / 39.453905; -75.656727
  4. Friends Meeting House — Wilmington 39°44′32″N 75°33′16″W / 39.742157°N 75.554342°W / 39.742157; -75.554342
  5. New Castle Court House - New Castle 39°44′26″N 75°32′58″W / 39.740561°N 75.549415°W / 39.740561; -75.549415

District of Columbia[edit]

  1. Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
  2. Mary Ann Shadd Cary House

Florida[edit]

  1. Angola - Manatee County
  2. Negro Fort - Franklin County
  3. Fort Mosé — St. John's County

Indiana[edit]

Eleutherian College built in 1856, the building was used as a public school and community center after the college's closure in the 1880s
  1. Bethel AME ChurchIndianapolis
  2. Levi Coffin HouseFountain City
  3. Eleutherian College Classroom and Chapel Building — Lancaster
  4. Second Baptist Church (formerly Town Clock Church) - New Albany
  5. Phanuel Lutheran Church - Southeastern Fountain County, IN https://www.commercial-news.com/news/local_news/church-continues--year-tradition/article_e3066f24-d198-5261-816e-5f0ea080ec03.html?fbclid=IwAR3OyJ-r7Z-2ZfB2PqGS2fv4Yh_z8kW5AUOCeekJXfgzUTvkU1eBnYF6I1I

Illinois[edit]

List of Underground Railroad sites is located in Illinois
Graue Mill & Museum
Graue Mill & Museum
The John Hossack house
The John Hossack house
Lovejoy Homestead
Lovejoy Homestead
Beecher Hall
Beecher Hall
Dr. Richard Eell's House
Dr. Richard Eell's House
Dr. Hiram Rutherford House
Dr. Hiram Rutherford House
The Old Rock House
The Old Rock House
James T. Wheeler House
James T. Wheeler House
UGRR Sites in Illinois
  1. Owen Lovejoy House — Princeton
  2. John Hossack House — Ottawa
  3. Dr. Richard Eels House — Quincy[5]
  4. Graue Mill — Oak Brook
  5. The Old Rock House - Alton[6]
  6. James T. Wheeler House — St. Charles[7][8]
  7. Beecher Hall - Jacksonville
  8. Dr. Hiram Rutherford House and Office - Oakland

Iowa[edit]

  1. First Congregational Church — Burlington
  2. Horace Anthony House — Camanche
  3. Reverend George B. Hitchcock House — Lewis vicinity
  4. Henderson Lewelling House — Salem
  5. Todd House — Tabor
  6. Jordan House — West Des Moines

Kansas[edit]

  1. John Brown Cabin — Osawatomie

Maine[edit]

  1. Harriet Beecher Stowe House — Brunswick
  2. Abyssinian Meeting House — Portland

Massachusetts[edit]

  1. African American National Historic Site — Boston
  2. Lewis and Harriet Hayden House - Boston
  3. The Wayside — Concord
  4. Liberty Farm — Worcester
  5. Nathan and Mary Johnson House — New Bedford
  6. Jackson Homestead — Newton
  7. George Luther Stearns Estate — Medford
  8. The "Greep" House, built 1745 - Foxborough

Maryland[edit]

  1. Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument - Cambridge
  2. John Brown's Headquarters — Sample's Manor
  3. Riley-Bolten House — North Bethesda

Michigan[edit]

  1. Dr. Nathan Thomas House — Schoolcraft
  2. Second Baptist Church — Detroit

Ellis House, Cassopolis Michigan, burned down in the 1970s while being renovated.

Nebraska[edit]

  1. Mayhew Cabin (now known as Mayhew Cabin with John Brown's Cave Museum) located in Nebraska City, Nebraska www.mayhewcabin.org

New Jersey[edit]

Grimes Homestead
  1. Grimes Homestead, Mountain Lakes[9]
  2. Mott House Lawnside Borough[9]
  3. Bethel AME Church, located in Springtown, New Jersey (a noted Underground Railway site)[9]
  4. Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church, Woolwich Township[9]
  5. Holden Hilton House, Jersey City[10]
  6. Thomas Vreeland Jackson and John Vreeland Jackson house, Jersey City[10]
  7. Rhoads Chapel, Saddlertown[11] Haddon Township
  8. Hardyston, NJ- Alfred Churchville
  9. Red Maple Farm, Monmouth Junction[12]

New York[edit]

  1. Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, Residence and Thompson AME Zion Church — Auburn
  2. Frederick Douglass Home (Rochester
  3. John Brown Farm and Gravesite — Lake Placid
  4. St. James AME Zion Church — Ithaca
  5. Gerrit Smith Estate and Land Office — Peterboro
  6. Foster Memorial AME Zion Church — Tarrytown
  7. John Sands House -Peekskill - Westchester County
  8. David H. Richardson Farm — Henrietta
  9. Home of Beriah Green, and student residences of the Oneida Institute, Whitesboro, Oneida County
  10. Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence - Albany
  11. Cyrus Gates Farmstead - Maine, New York
  12. John W. Jones Home - Elmira-Chemung County
  13. Marcus Lucas Home - Corning-Steuben County
  14. McBurney House - Canisteo, Steuben County (now in town of Hornellsville), marked by the NY Education Department[13]
  15. Thatcher Brothers -Hornell-Steuben County
  16. Henry Crandall Home - Almond-Allegany County
  17. William Sortore Farm - Belmont-Allegany County
  18. CJ Martino Bed and Breakfast - Cuba-Allegany County
  19. Dr. Lambert Whitney - Olean-Cattaraugus County
  20. Sarah Johnson Home/Oakhill Cemetery - Olean-Cattaraugus County
  21. Isaac Searle Home - Cadiz-Cattaraugus County
  22. Eber Pettit Home - Versailles-Cattaraugus County
  23. Hiram Thayer -Frewsburg-Chautaqua County
  24. Dr. James Pettit - Fredonia-Chautaqua County
  25. Catherine Harris Home -Jamestown-Chautaqua County
  26. Oliver Lee Home - Silver Creek-Chautaqua County
  27. McClew Farm -Burt - Niagara County
  28. First Presbyterian Church - Lewiston - Niagara County
  29. David Ruggle's Home - TriBeCa - Manhattan
  30. Rossville AME Zion Church - Staten Island
  31. Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims — Brooklyn
  32. Lafayette Street Baptist Church - Brooklyn
  33. Samuel Keese Smith House Peru - Clinton County
  34. Old Stone Library -Fort Ann - Washington County
  35. Bristol Congregational Church -Volney - Oswego County
  36. Wesleyan Methodist Church -Syracuse
  37. Howland Slocum Store-Sherwood - Cayuga County
  38. Captain Horatio Throop House -Pultneyville - Wayne County

North Carolina[edit]

  1. Guilford College Woods, Guilford College — Greensboro
  2. Freedmen's Colony of Roanoke Island - Manteo, Outer Banks

Ohio[edit]

Harriet Beecher Stowe House in Cincinnati, OH.
  1. Harriet Beecher Stowe House — Cincinnati
  2. John P. Parker House — Ripley
  3. John Rankin House — Ripley
  4. Jonathan Stone House — Belpre
  5. Sawyer-Curtis House — Little Hocking
  6. Constitution Station — Constitution (Washington County)
  7. Smith Station — Cutler
  8. Mount Pleasant Historic District — Mt. Pleasant
  9. Wilson Bruce Evans House — Oberlin
  10. Omar Chapel — Reed Township, Seneca County
  11. Rush R. Sloane House — Sandusky
  12. Daniel Howell Hise House — Salem
  13. Col. William Hubbard House — Ashtabula
  14. Judge Thomas J. Anderson, Marion
  15. Joseph Morris House - Richland Township, Marion
  16. Reuben Benedict House — Marengo, Morrow County
  17. Newell House — Painesville
  18. Samuel and Sally Wilson House — Cincinnati
  19. James and Sophia Clemens Farmstead — German Township, Darke County
  20. Spring Hill — Massillon
  21. Putnam Historic District — Zanesville
  22. Iberia — Washington Township, Morrow County
  23. Gammon House — Springfield
  24. George W. Adams House / Prospect Place - Trinway, Muskingham County
  25. Springboro Historic District
  26. John Brown house and tannery — Hudson
  27. House of Elizur Wright, father of the abolitionist Elizur Wright – Tallmadge
  28. House of Peter and Sarah M. Fossett - Cincinnati / Cumminsville[14][15]

Ontario[edit]

  1. Fort Malden — Amherstburg

Pennsylvania[edit]

John Brown House in Chembersburg
People's Hall in Ercildoun
  1. Bethel AME Zion Church — Reading
  2. John Brown House — Chambersburg
  3. James Beach Clow House — Ellwood
  4. Moses Coates Jr. Farm — Schuylkill Township
  5. Unitarian Universalist Church - Girard
  6. William Goodrich House — York
  7. Hovenden House, Barn and Abolition Hall — Plymouth Meeting
  8. John Brown Tannery SiteGuys Mills
  9. Johnson HousePhiladelphia
  10. Daniel Kaufman House — Boiling Springs
  11. F. Julius LeMoyne House — Washington
  12. Mount Gilead A.M.E. ChurchBuckingham
  13. Oakdale — Chadds Ford
  14. People's Hall — Ercildoun
  15. Sellers HallUpper Darby
  16. Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith House, Lancaster, Pennsylvania[16][full citation needed]
  17. Thornfield — Drexel Hill
  18. White Horse Farm — Elijah Funk / Hannah Adamson Pennypacker House, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania

Tennessee[edit]

Burkle Estate (Slavehaven) in Memphis, Tennessee.
  1. Burkle EstateMemphis
  2. Hunt-Phelann House — Memphis

Vermont[edit]

  1. Rokeby — Ferrisburgh

Virginia[edit]

  1. Bruin's Slave JailAlexandria
  2. Fort Monroe — Hampton

West Virginia[edit]

  1. The Ramsdell House - Ceredo, Wayne County, West Virginia
  2. Jefferson County CourthouseCharles Town
  3. Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkHarpers Ferry

Wisconsin[edit]

  1. Milton House — Milton
  2. Samuel Brown Homestead — Milwaukee (Caroline Quarrels rescue, 1842)
  3. Cathedral Square, Milwaukee — (Joshua Glover rescue, 1854)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.waymarking.com/cat/details.aspx?f=1&guid=850c37e8-f369-4d0c-a1e7-cc6dbf7c8ac7, retrieved August 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "List of Sites - Underground Railroad - Connecticut Freedom Trail". ctfreedomtrail.org.
  3. ^ http://www.ci.bethlehem.ct.us/History-Genealogy/Early_Bethlehem/underground.htm
  4. ^ https://historicbuildingsct.com/woodward-house-1740/
  5. ^ "Aboard the Underground Railroad--Dr. Richard Ells House". www.nps.gov.
  6. ^ "The Old Rock House – Alton, IL - Underground Railroad Sites on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com.
  7. ^ http://www.idaillinois.org/cdm/ref/collection/stc/id/31. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ https://www.daily-chronicle.com/articles/2008/03/16/news/local/news15.txt. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ a b c d "The Official Web Site for The State of New Jersey". www.state.nj.us.
  10. ^ a b Karnoutsos, Carmela. "Underground Railroad". Jersey City Past and Present. New Jersey City University. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  11. ^ History, Saddler's Woods Conservation Association
  12. ^ Switala, William J., Underground railroad in New Jersey and New York, ISBN 978-0-8117-3258-1
  13. ^ Oldest house in Steuben County, NY - Underground Railroad Sites on Waymarking.com, http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMEW9J_Oldest_house_in_Steuben_County_NY, retrieved August 11, 2017.
  14. ^ "Peter Fossett". www.monticello.org. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  15. ^ "Last of Jefferson's Slaves". The Boston Globe. January 8, 1901. Retrieved January 20, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ Delle, James A.; Levine, Mary Ann. "Excavations at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

External links[edit]