List of United Kingdom MPs with the shortest service
List of United Kingdom MPs with the shortest service is an annotated list of the Members of the United Kingdom Parliament since 1900 having total service of less than 365 days.
Nominal service is the number of days elapsed between the Declaration (or deemed election) and the date of death, defeat, disqualification, resignation, etc.
Effective service is the number of days elapsed between taking the Oath as a Member of Parliament (if the Member did so) and the date of death, resignation, disqualification or dissolution of Parliament. In other words, this number is the maximum number of days the Member could have sat in Parliament, whether or not they actually did so.
|Member||Party||Constituency||Election date||Nominal service (days)||Took the Oath||Maiden speech||Effective service (days)||Notes|
|Higgins, ThomasThomas Higgins||Irish Parliamentary||North Galway, 1906||25 January 1906||0 ||N||N||0||Died|
|Dobbs, AlfredAlfred Dobbs||Labour||Smethwick, 1945||26 July 1945||1||N||N||0||Died|
|Annand, JamesJames Annand||Liberal||East Aberdeenshire, 1906||24 January 1906||16||N||N||0||Died|
|Sands, BobbyBobby Sands||Anti H-Block||Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election, April 1981||9 April 1981||25||N||N||0||Died|
|Wrightson, HarryHarry Wrightson||Conservative||Leyton West, 1918||28 December 1918||32||N||N||0||Died|
|Bell, Joseph NicholasJoseph Nicholas Bell||Labour||Newcastle East, 1922||15 November 1922||32||N||N||0||Died|
|Compton, Henry FrancisHenry Francis Compton||Conservative||New Forest by-election, 1905||6 December 1905||46||N||N||0||Defeated at next general election|
|Anderson, Hugh AlfredHugh Alfred Anderson||Irish Unionist||North Londonderry, 1918||28 December 1918||47||10 February 1919||N ||3||Resigned|
|Carr, MichaelMichael Carr||Labour||Bootle by-election, May 1990||24 May 1990||57||5 June 1990||14 June 1990||45||Died|
|Gordon, Alexander TheodoreAlexander Theodore Gordon||Conservative||Aberdeen and Kincardine Central, 1918||28 December 1918||68||5 February 1919||N ||29||Died|
|McCan, PiercePierce McCan||Sinn Féin||East Tipperary, 1918||28 December 1918||68||N||N||0||Died|
|Bennett, DonaldDonald Bennett||Liberal||Middlesbrough West by-election, 1945||14 May 1945||73||15 May 1945||N||31||Defeated at next general election|
|O'Brien, OswaldOswald O'Brien||Labour||Darlington by-election, 1983||24 March 1983||77||29 March 1983||14 April 1983||45||Defeated at next general election|
|Dumphreys, JohnJohn Dumphreys||Conservative||Bermondsey by-election, 1909||28 October 1909||83||1 November 1909||N ||70||Defeated at next general election|
|Mathew, Charles JamesCharles James Mathew||Labour||Whitechapel and St. George's, 1922||15 November 1922||85||21 November 1922||N ||48||Died|
|Seaborne Davies||Liberal||Caernarvon Boroughs by-election, 1945||26 April 1945||91||1 May 1945||11 June 1945||45||Defeated at next general election|
|Joseph Ormond Andrews||Liberal||Barkston Ash by-election, 1905||13 October 1905||97||N||N||0||Defeated at next general election|
|McIntyre, RobertRobert McIntyre ||SNP||Motherwell by-election, 1945||12 April 1945||104||17 April 1945||1 May 1945||59||Defeated at next general election|
|Dalton, RuthRuth Dalton||Labour||Bishop Auckland by-election, 1929||7 February 1929||112||12 February 1929||13 March 1929||87||Retired at next general election|
|MacDonald, MargoMargo MacDonald ||SNP||Glasgow Govan by-election, 1973||8 November 1973||112||22 November 1973||11 December 1973||78||Defeated at next general election|
|Anderson, George KnoxGeorge Knox Anderson||Conservative||Canterbury by-election, 1918||9 August 1918||113||15 October 1918||N ||41||Retired at next general election|
|Evans, HerbertHerbert Evans||Labour||Gateshead by-election, 1931||8 June 1931||121||11 June 1931||14 September 1931||118||Died|
|Wilson, Sir HenrySir Henry Wilson||Irish Unionist||North Down by-election, February 1922||21 February 1922||121||23 February 1922||21 March 1922||119||Assassinated|
|Sunderland, John WilliamJohn William Sunderland||Labour||Preston, 1945||26 July 1945||121||2 August 1945||11 October 1945||114||Died|
|Beattie, CharlesCharles Beattie||Ulster Unionist||Mid Ulster by-election, 1955||11 August 1955||123||25 October 1955||N||105||Disqualified|
|Williamson, George HenryGeorge Henry Williamson||Conservative||Worcester, 1906||17 January 1906||128||Y||N||100 (approximately)||Unseated|
|St. Maur, HaroldHarold St. Maur||Liberal||Exeter, Dec 1910||3 December 1910||129||Y ||22 February 1911||55 (approximately)||Unseated|
|Whittaker, John EdmondsonJohn Edmondson Whittaker||Labour||Heywood and Radcliffe, 1945||26 July 1945||136||2 August 1945||16 October 1945||129||Died (suicide)|
|Mathias, RichardRichard Mathias||Liberal||Cheltenham, Dec 1910||5 December 1910||144||1 February 1911||N||68||Unseated|
|Hillman, George BrownGeorge Brown Hillman||Conservative||Wakefield, 1931||27 October 1931||144||4 November 1931||N||136||Died|
|Cotton, EvanEvan Cotton||Liberal||Finsbury East by-election, 1918||16 July 1918||151||17 July 1918||6 August 1918||131||Defeated at next general election|
|Chichester, RobertRobert Chichester||Irish Unionist||South Londonderry by-election, 1921||29 August 1921||152||Y||Died|
|Philip Clarke||Sinn Féin||Fermanagh and South Tyrone, 1955||26 May 1955||152||N||N||0||Unseated|
|Thomas Mitchell||Sinn Féin||Mid-Ulster, 1955||26 May 1955||152||N||N||0||Disqualified|
|Stephen, NicolNicol Stephen||Lib Dem||Kincardine and Deeside by-election, 1991||7 November 1991||154||12 November 1991||26 November 1991||125||Defeated at next general election|
|Hardie, DavidDavid Hardie||Labour||Glasgow Rutherglen by-election, 1931||21 May 1931||159||2 June 1931||25 June 1931||127||Defeated at next general election|
|O'Sullivan, EugeneEugene O'Sullivan||Ind. Nationalist||East Kerry, Jan 1910||22 January 1910||170||Y ||N||140 (approximately)||Unseated|
|MacDonald, DavidDavid MacDonald||Conservative||Bothwell, 1918||28 December 1918||176||5 February 1919||27 March 1919||137||Died|
|Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrats||Richmond Park by-election, 2016||1 December 2016||188||5 December 2016||19 December 2016||134||Defeated at next general election|
|Sparkes, HerbertHerbert Sparkes||Conservative||Tiverton, 1922||15 November 1922||188||21 November 1922||14 February 1923||182||Died|
|Helen McElhone||Labour||Glasgow Queen's Park by-election, 1982||2 December 1982||189||8 December 1982||17 January 1983||156||Retired at next general election|
|Philipson, HiltonHilton Philipson||National Liberal||Berwick-on-Tweed, 1922||15 November 1922||197||21 November 1922||N||168||Unseated|
|Wodehouse, ArmineArmine Wodehouse||Liberal||Saffron Walden, 1900||15 October 1900||200||4 December 1900||27 March 1901||148||Died|
|Cawley, OswaldOswald Cawley||Liberal||Prestwich by-election, January 1918||31 January 1918||202||20 June 1918||N ||63||Killed in action World War I|
|Norie-Miller, FrancisFrancis Norie-Miller||Liberal National||Perth by-election, 1935||16 April 1935||212||2 May 1935||N||176||Retired at next general election|
|Austick, DavidDavid Austick||Liberal||Ripon by-election, 1973||26 July 1973||217||16 October 1973||6 November 1973||115||Defeated at next general election|
|Frewen, MoretonMoreton Frewen||Ind. Nationalist||Cork North-East, Dec 1910||8 December 1910||220||Y ||24 April 1911||160 (approximately)||Resigned|
|West, HarryHarry West||Ulster Unionist||Fermanagh and South Tyrone, February 1974||28 February 1974||224||13 March 1974||14 March 1974||191||Defeated at next general election|
|Willey, Arthur WellesleyArthur Wellesley Willey||Conservative||Leeds Central, 1922||15 November 1922||229||21 November 1922||N||223||Died|
|Ward, ChristopherChristopher Ward||Conservative||Swindon by-election, 1969||30 October 1969||231||4 November 1969||15 December 1969||206||Defeated at next general election|
|Somervell, William HenryWilliam Henry Somervell||Liberal||Keighley by-election, 1918||26 April 1918||232||29 April 1918||27 June 1918||210||Defeated at next general election|
|MacManaway, James GodfreyJames Godfrey MacManaway||Ulster Unionist||Belfast West, 1950||23 February 1950||238||13 June 1950||19 October 1950||128||Disqualified|
|Wallace, Thomas BrowneThomas Browne Wallace||Irish Unionist||West Down by-election, 1921||23 June 1921||239||Y||Resigned|
|Gibbins, Frederick WilliamFrederick William Gibbins||Liberal||Mid Glamorgan by-election, 1910||31 March 1910||253||4 April 1910||N||238||Retired at next general election|
|Palmer, Charles FrederickCharles Frederick Palmer||Independent||The Wrekin by-election, February 1920||7 February 1920||261||23 February 1920||27 February 1920||245||Died|
|Hayes, HughHugh Hayes||Ulster Unionist||West Down by-election, 1922||17 February 1922||271||2 March 1922||238||Retired at next general election|
|Harpham, HarryHarry Harpham||Labour||Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough, 2015||7 May 2015||273||20 May 2015||17 June 2015||260||Died|
|Cleary, Joseph JacksonJoseph Jackson Cleary||Labour||Liverpool Wavertree by-election, 1935||6 February 1935||281||11 February 1935||14 February 1935||256||Defeated at next general election|
|Beveridge, Sir WilliamSir William Beveridge||Liberal||Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election, 1944||17 October 1944||282||19 October 1944||3 November 1944||239||Defeated at next general election|
|Sidney, W. P.W. P. Sidney, VC||Conservative||Chelsea by-election, 1944||11 October 1944||288||17 October 1944||29 November 1944||241||Succeeded to the Peerage|
|Holland, AlfredAlfred Holland||Labour||Clay Cross, 1935||14 November 1935||290||27 November 1935||30 April 1936||277||Died|
|Reith, Sir JohnSir John Reith||National||Southampton by-election, February 1940||1 February 1940||293||6 February 1940||N||258||Elevated to the Peerage|
|Gill, Parmjit SinghParmjit Singh Gill||Lib Dem||Leicester South by-election, 2004||15 July 2004||294||20 July 2004||23 November 2004||261||Defeated at next general election|
|Pain, Sir William HacketSir William Hacket Pain||Ulster Unionist||South Londonderry by-election, 1922||18 January 1922||301||8 February 1922||10 May 1922||260||Retired at next general election|
|Gibbons, W. E.W. E. Gibbons||Conservative||Bilston by-election, 1944||20 September 1944||309||26 September 1944||6 December 1944||262||Defeated at next general election|
|Anderson, David ColvilleDavid Colville Anderson||Conservative||Dumfriesshire by-election, 1963||12 December 1963||309||17 December 1963||8 February 1964||283||Retired at next general election|
|22 MPs who only sat in the February-November 1910 Parliament||various||various||various between 14 January and 9 February 1910||various||various||various||286|
|Chaplin, JudithJudith Chaplin||Conservative||Newbury, 1992||9 April 1992||316||29 April 1992||10 June 1992||296||Died|
|64 MPs who only sat in the January-October 1924 Parliament||various||various||6 December 1923||328||various||various||275|
|Teevan, ThomasThomas Teevan||Ulster Unionist||Belfast West by-election, 1950||29 November 1950||330||5 December 1950||11 April 1951||304||Defeated at next general election|
|Jones, William NathanielWilliam Nathaniel Jones||Liberal||Carmarthen by-election, 1928||28 June 1928||336||3 July 1928||N?||311||Defeated at next general election|
|Henniker-Hughan, ArthurArthur Henniker-Hughan||Conservative||Galloway, 1924||29 October 1924||340||3 December 1924||19 March 1925||305||Died|
|Morris, MartinMartin Morris||Irish Unionist||Galway Borough, 1900||1 October 1900||342||4 December 1900||22 April 1901||278||Succeeded to the Peerage|
|Law, PeterPeter Law||Independent||Blaenau Gwent, 2005||5 May 2005||355||16 May 2005||16 June 2005||344||Died|
|Lawler, WallaceWallace Lawler||Liberal||Birmingham Ladywood by-election, 1969||26 June 1969||357||3 July 1969||23 July 1969||330||Defeated at next general election|
|Machin, GeorgeGeorge Machin||Labour||Dundee East by-election, 1973||1 March 1973||364||6 March 1973||8 March 1973||339||Defeated at next general election|
|51 MPs who only sat in the November 1922 – November 1923 Parliament||various||various||15 November 1922||386||various||various||361|
- Records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom
- United Kingdom general election records
- United Kingdom by-election records
- List of Stewards of the Manor of Northstead
- List of UK Parliamentary election petitions
- Higgins died hours before his declaration on 26 January 1906, and was declared elected posthumously.
- Polling took place on 5 July 1945, but results were not declared until 26 July.
- Polling took place on 14 December 1918, but results were not declared until 28 December.
- Anderson took his seat, but never spoke, asked a question, or voted.
- Gordon never spoke, asked a question, or voted. In March 1919 he was appointed to the Scottish Standing Committee, but died two days later.
- McCan was in prison at the time of his death but as an abstentionist would not have taken his seat, had he been free to do so.
- Dumphreys never spoke or asked a written question, but he voted in 19 divisions.
- Mathew never made a formal maiden speech, although he made several interventions, notably on 28 November 1922, when he challenged the Prime Minister, Bonar Law, over Unemployment. He also voted in 18 divisions.
- McIntyre holds the record for the most attempts by a former MP to return to the Commons.
- MacDonald was a member of the Scottish Parliament from 1999 until her death in 2014.
- Anderson never spoke or asked a question, but he voted in 12 divisions.
- The precise date of Williamson's taking of the Oath is not recorded; it probably occurred on 14/15 February 1906. Williamson spoke once in Parliament, to ask that "The Question be now put", but was overruled by the Speaker. He voted in several divisions.
- The precise date of St. Maur's taking of the Oath is not recorded; it occurred in late February 1911.
- The precise date of O'Sullivan's taking of the Oath is not recorded; it occurred in late February 1910.
- Cawley took his seat, but never spoke, asked a question, or voted.
- The precise date of Frewen's taking of the Oath is not recorded; it probably occurred in late February 1911.
- West was the only member of the March-October 1974 Parliament who did not serve in any other Parliament.