List of United States Air Force squadrons operating the A-37 Dragonfly

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A Cessna A-37B Dragonfly of the 603d Special Operations Squadron, 1st SOW, Hurlburt Field, Florida, May 1970. It was transferred to the South Vietnamese Air Force, 1972.

This is a list of United States Air Force A-37B Dragonfly Squadrons. Cessna Aircraft built a total of 577 A-37B's. The aircraft was used for a relatively short period by the USAF; however, many aircraft had long service lives flying for the Air Force Reserves and Air National Guard. Aircraft were manufactured by from 1967-1973 for USAF use; afterwards 1974-1975 for Military Assistance Program (MAP) sales primarily to South Vietnam and Latin American Air Forces.

The OA-37B Dragonfly derivative was an armed observation aircraft developed during the Vietnam War. The OA-37 "DRAGONFLY" replaced the aging O-2 Skymaster in the early 1980s. It continued in use with Air National Guard and Reserve units as observation platforms until the 1980s

Aircraft used by USAF in South Vietnam were turned over to South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) in 1972 after the USAF withdrawal as part of "Vietnamization" program. On 28 April 1975 three VNAF A-37s captured by the North Vietnamese at Phan Rang AB attacked the VNAF-controlled Tan Son Nhut AB in the last days of the war and approximately 95 serviceable aircraft wound up in the hands of the North Vietnamese after the South Vietnamese collapse in 1975. A-37s were used by the Vietnam People's Air Force for many years. When Vietnam invaded Cambodia in 1979, former VNAF A-37s flew most of the ground support missions and were a part of the VPAF until finally being grounded in the early 1990s. Some were put on static display in Vietnam, and 10 were auctioned in 1998. Those sold are currently owned by private companies, and individuals in America, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe.

Active Duty Squadrons[edit]

Squadron Unit Emblem Base Dates Notes/Mission
6th Special Operations Training Squadron 6th Special Operations Squadron.jpg England AFB, Louisiana 1974 Assigned to 23d Tactical Fighter Wing Tail Code: IJ
8th Special Operations Squadron 8th Special Operations Squadron.svg Phan Rang AB, South Vietnam
Tan Son Nhut AB, South Vietnam
1970-1972 Assigned to: 35th Tactical Fighter Wing (1970–1971); 315th Tactical Airlift Wing (1971–1972); 377th Air Base Wing, 1972; Tail Code: CF Aircraft turned over to VNAF after inactivation
19th Tactical Air Support Squadron 19th Tactical Air Support Squadron - Emblem.png Osan AB, South Korea 1983-1985 Assigned to 5th Tactical Air Control Group; Flew OA-37B FAC variant. Tail Code: OS
24th Special Operations Squadron 24th STS badge.jpg Howard AFB, Canal Zone 1969-1972 Assigned to 24th Special Operations Wing; aircraft sold via MAP to Latin American air forces after inactivation Tail Code: HW
24th Composite Wing 24cw-prev-emblem.jpg Howard AFB, Canal Zone 1976-1992 Assigned directly to wing base flight; aircraft sold via MAP to Latin American air forces after inactivation; Last active-duty USAF squadron to fly the A-37 Tail Code: HW
90th Attack (later Special Operations) Squadron 90th Special Operations Squadron - Emblem.png Bien Hoa Air Base, South Vietnam, Nha Trang Air Base, South Vietnam, Cam Ranh Bay AB, South Vietnam 1969-1972 Assigned to 3rd Tac Fighter Wing (1969-1970); 14th Special Operations Wing (1970-1971); 483d Tactical Airlift Wing (1971-1972); Tail Code: CG Aircraft turned over to VNAF after inactivation
317th Air Commando (later: Special Operations) Squadron 317th Special Operations Squadron - Emblem.png England AFB, Louisiana 1967-1969 Assigned to 1st Special Operations Wing Tail Code: IK
427th Special Operations Training Squadron 427thsos-patch.jpg England AFB, Louisiana 1970-1972 Assigned to provisional TAC 4410th Special Operations Training Group. Flew OA-37B FAC variant. Tail Code: IJ
603d Special Operations Training Squadron 603d Special Operations Training Squadron - Emblem.png Hurlburt Field, Florida 1969-1971 Assigned to 1st Special Operations Wing; Squadron inactivated on 15 May 1971, Aircraft to AFRES units. Tail Code: AF
604th Air Commando (later: Special Operations) Squadron 604th Special Operations Squadron - Emblem.png Bien Hoa AB, South Vietnam 1967-1970 Assigned to 3rd Tactical Fighter Wing; Aircraft reassigned to 8th Special Operations Squadron at Phan Rang AB Tail Code: EK
4352d Combat Crew Training Squadron 4532d Combat Crew Training Squadron - Emblem.png England AFB, Louisiana 1969-1970 TAC provisional squadron assigned to 4510th Combat Crew Training Wing; Received aircraft from inactivating 4537th CCTS. Tail Code: II
4537th Combat Crew Training Squadron England AFB, Louisiana 1968-1969 TAC provisional squadron assigned to 1st Special Operations Wing Tail Code: II

Air Force Reserve Squadrons[edit]

Squadron Unit Emblem Base Dates Notes/Mission
45th Tactical Fighter Squadron 45th Tactical Fighter Squadron - Emblem.png Grissom AFB, Indiana 1973-1982 Assigned to 434th Tactical Fighter Wing; Received aircraft from inactivating 71st Special Operations Squadron. Tail Code: HO (73-79), IN (79-82)
46th Tactical Fighter Squadron 46th Tactical Fighter Squadron - Emblem.png Grissom AFB, Indiana 1973-1978 Assigned to 434th Tactical Fighter Wing; Received aircraft from inactivating 72d Special Operations Squadron. Tail Code: ID
47th Tactical Fighter Squadron 47th Tactical Fighter Squadron - Emblem.png Barksdale AFB, Louisiana 1973-1980 Received aircraft from 78th SOS; Assigned to 917th Tactical Fighter Group Tail Code: ES
71st Special Operations Squadron 71st Special Operations Squadron.jpg Grissom AFB, Indiana 1971-1973 Assigned to 930th Special Operations Group Tail Code: HO
72d Special Operations Squadron Grissom AFB, Indiana 1971-1973 Assigned to 930th Special Operations Group Tail Code: ID
78th Special Operations Squadron Barksdale AFB, Louisiana 1972-1973 Assigned to 917th Tactical Fighter Group Tail Code: ES
706th Tactical Fighter Squadron 706th Fighter Squadron.png New Orleans NAS, Louisiana 1978-1982 Received aircraft from 46th SOS; Assigned to 926th Tactical Fighter Group Tail Code: NO
757th Special Operations Squadron 757th Tactical Fighter Squadron - Emblem.png Youngstown Municipal Airport, Ohio 1971-1981 Received aircraft from 930th SOS; Assigned to 910th Special Operations Group Tail Code: IY
930th Special Operations Squadron Clinton County AFB, Ohio (1969-1970)
Lockbourne AFB, Ohio (1970-1971)
1969-1971 Assigned to 302d Special Operations Wing

Air National Guard Squadrons[edit]

Squadron Unit Emblem Base Dates Notes/Mission
103d Tactical Fighter Squadron (PA) 103d Fighter Squadron.PNG NAS Willow Grove, Pennsylvania 1981-1988 Assigned to 171st Tactical Fighter Wing, Pittsburgh Air Reserve Station
104th Tactical Fighter Squadron (MD) 104th Fighter Squadron.PNG Martin State Airport, Maryland 1970-1979 Assigned to 175th Tactical Fighter Wing
138th Tactical Fighter Squadron (NY) 138th Fighter Squadron emblem.jpg Hancock Field Air National Guard Base, New York 1970-1979 Assigned to 174th Tactical Fighter Wing
169th Tactical Air Support Squadron (IL) 169th Tactical Air Support Squadron - Emblem.png Peoria Air National Guard Base, Illinois 1979-1992 Assigned to 182d Tactical Air Support Group; Flew OA-37B FAC variant.
172d Tactical Air Support Squadron (MI) 172nd Fighter Squadron emblem.jpg W. K. Kellogg Airport, Battle Creek, Michigan 1981-1991 Assigned to 110th Tactical Air Support Group; Flew OA-37B FAC variant.
176th Tactical Air Support Squadron (WI) 176th Fighter Squadron emblem.png Truax Field, Madison, Wisconsin 1979-1981 Assigned to 128th Tactical Air Support Wing; Flew OA-37B FAC variant.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Darling, Ken (2005), Tweet and the Dragonfly The Story of the Cessna A-37 and T-37, Lulu.com ISBN 1-4116-4748-3
  • Martin, Patrick. Tail Code: The Complete History of USAF Tactical Aircraft Tail Code Markings. Schiffer Military Aviation History, 1994. ISBN 0-88740-513-4.
  • Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.

External links[edit]