United States Ambassador to Mexico

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Ambassador of the United States to Mexico
Embajador de Estados Unidos en México
Seal of the United States Department of State.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Roberta S Jacobson.jpg
Incumbent
Roberta S. Jacobson

since June 20, 2016
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Joel Roberts Poinsett
as Minister
Formation June 1, 1825
Website U.S. Embassy - Mexico City

The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with Mexico since 1823, when Andrew Jackson was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to that country. Jackson declined the appointment, however, and Joel R. Poinsett became the first U.S. envoy to Mexico in 1825. The rank of the U.S. chief of mission to Mexico was raised from Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in 1898.

Normal diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico have been interrupted on four occasions:

In addition, the U.S. legation in Mexico was headed by an interim Chargé d'Affaires from April 1864 to August 1867, during the final years of the French Intervention.

List of ambassadors[edit]

The following is a list of Ambassadors the United States has sent to Mexico, and other representatives that have served a similar function. The exact title given by the United States State Department to this position currently is "Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary."

Note that Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1821; so the first three men on this list were sent by President Madison during the Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821). William Shaler participated in the 1812-13 Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition, which was a private military campaign to overthrow the Royalists and resulted in the roadside murder of two provincial governors and about a dozen other officials.

Representative Title From To Appointed by
William Shaler Special Diplomatic Agent 1810 1812 James Madison
John H. Robinson Special Diplomatic Agent 1812 1814 James Madison
James Wilkinson U.S. Envoy 1816 1825 James Madison
Joel Roberts Poinsett Minister 1825 1829 John Quincy Adams
Anthony Butler Special Diplomatic Agent 1829
Anthony Butler Chargé d'Affaires 1829 1835 Andrew Jackson
William A. Slacum Special Diplomatic Agent 1835 1836 Andrew Jackson
Powhatan Ellis Chargé d'Affaires 1836 Andrew Jackson
Robert Greenhow Special Diplomatic Agent 1837
Powhatan Ellis Minister 1839 1842 Martin Van Buren
Henry E. Lawrence Special Diplomatic Agent 1842 John Tyler
Waddy Thompson, Jr. Minister 1842 1844 John Tyler
Moses Yale Beach Special Diplomatic Agent 1843 John Tyler
Gilbert L. Thompson Special Diplomatic Agent 1844 John Tyler
Wilson Shannon Minister 1844 1845 John Tyler
John Slidell Minister 1845 James K. Polk
David Conner Special Diplomatic Agent 1846 James K. Polk
Nathan Clifford Minister 1848 1849 James K. Polk
Robert P. Letcher Minister 1849 1852
Robert Greenhow Special Diplomatic Agent 1850
George G. Goss Special Diplomatic Agent 1850 1852
George W. Slacum Special Diplomatic Agent 1851 Millard Fillmore
Edward Smith Special Diplomatic Agent 1852 Millard Fillmore
Alfred Conkling Minister 1852 1853 Millard Fillmore
George E. Cooper Special Diplomatic Agent 1853
Christopher L. Ward Special Diplomatic Agent 1853
James Gadsden Minister 1853 1856
Richard S. Spofford Special Diplomatic Agent 1854 Franklin Pierce
John Forsyth Jr. Minister 1856 1858 Franklin Pierce
William M. Churchwell Special Diplomatic Agent 1858 James Buchanan
Alfred Mordecai Special Diplomatic Agent 1858 James Buchanan
Duff Green Special Diplomatic Agent 1859 James Buchanan
David R. Porter Special Diplomatic Agent 1859 James Buchanan
Robert Milligan McLane Minister 1859 1860 James Buchanan
Henry Roy de la Reintrie Special Diplomatic Agent 1860 James Buchanan
John B. Weller Minister 1860 1861 James Buchanan
Thomas Corwin Minister 1861 1864
Robert W. Shufelt Special Diplomatic Agent 1862 Abraham Lincoln
Lewis D. Campbell Minister 1866 1867 Andrew Johnson
Marcus Otterbourg Minister 1867 Andrew Johnson
William S. Rosecrans Minister 1868 1869 Andrew Johnson
Thomas H. Nelson Minister 1869 1873
John W. Foster Minister 1873 1880 Ulysses S. Grant
Philip Hicky Morgan Minister 1880 1885 Rutherford B. Hayes
Henry R. Jackson Minister 1885 1886
Thomas Courtland Manning Minister 1886 1887 Grover Cleveland
Edward S. Bragg Minister 1888 1889 Grover Cleveland
Thomas Ryan Minister 1889 1893
Isaac P. Gray Minister 1893 1895
Matt Whitaker Ransom Minister 1895 1897 Grover Cleveland
Powell Clayton Minister 1897 1898
Ambassador Presentation Termination Appointed by
Clayton, PowellPowell Clayton January 3, 1899 May 26, 1905 McKinley, WilliamWilliam McKinley
Conger, Edwin H.Edwin H. Conger June 15, 1905 August 3, 1905 Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt
Thompson, David EugeneDavid Eugene Thompson March 8, 1906 December 1, 1909
Wilson, Henry LaneHenry Lane Wilson March 5, 1910 February 18, 1913 Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft
Fletcher, Henry P.Henry P. Fletcher March 3, 1917 January 25, 1919 Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson
Warren, Charles B.Charles B. Warren March 31, 1924 July 22, 1924 Coolidge, CalvinCalvin Coolidge
Sheffield, James R.James R. Sheffield October 15, 1924 June 5, 1927
Morrow, DwightDwight Morrow October 29, 1927 September 17, 1930
Clark, J. ReubenJ. Reuben Clark November 28, 1930 February 14, 1933 Hoover, HerbertHerbert Hoover
Daniels, JosephusJosephus Daniels April 24, 1933 November 9, 1941 Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt
Messersmith, George S.George S. Messersmith February 24, 1942 May 15, 1946
Thurston, Walter C.Walter C. Thurston June 17, 1946 November 4, 1950 Truman, Harry S.Harry S. Truman
O'Dwyer, WilliamWilliam O'Dwyer November 23, 1950 December 6, 1952
White, FrancisFrancis White April 28, 1953 June 30, 1957 Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower
Hill, Robert C.Robert C. Hill July 25, 1957 December 1, 1960
Mann, Thomas C.Thomas C. Mann May 8, 1961 December 22, 1963 Kennedy, John F.John F. Kennedy
Freeman, FultonFulton Freeman April 6, 1964 January 6, 1969 Johnson, Lyndon B.Lyndon B. Johnson
McBride, Robert H.Robert H. McBride July 22, 1969 January 25, 1974 Nixon, RichardRichard Nixon
Jova, Joseph J.Joseph J. Jova January 30, 1974 February 21, 1977
Lucey, Patrick JosephPatrick Joseph Lucey July 19, 1977 October 31, 1979 Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter
Nava, JulianJulian Nava May 7, 1980 April 3, 1981
Gavin, JohnJohn Gavin June 5, 1981 June 10, 1986 Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
Pilliod, Jr., Charles J.Charles J. Pilliod, Jr. November 4, 1986 April 7, 1989
Negroponte, JohnJohn Negroponte July 3, 1989 September 5, 1993 Bush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
Jones, James RobertJames Robert Jones September 10, 1993 June 25, 1997 Clinton, BillBill Clinton
Davidow, JeffreyJeffrey Davidow August 5, 1998 September 14, 2002
Garza, TonyTony Garza November 22, 2002 January 20, 2009 Bush, George W.George W. Bush
Pascual, CarlosCarlos Pascual August 9, 2009 March 19, 2011 Obama, BarackBarack Obama
Wayne, Earl AnthonyEarl Anthony Wayne August 2, 2011 July 31, 2015
Jacobson, Roberta S.Roberta S. Jacobson June 20, 2016 Incumbent

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References[edit]

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