List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets

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This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party, either duly preselected and nominated, or the presumptive nominees of a future preselection and election. Opponents who received over one percent of the popular vote or ran an official campaign that received Electoral College votes are listed. Offices held prior to Election Day are included, and those held on Election Day have an italicized end date.

19th century[edit]

1856[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1856 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
John C. Frémont of CA
(1813–1890)
John Charles Fremont crop.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
William L. Dayton of NJ
(1807–1864)
WLDayton-1856.png
Opponent(s)
James Buchanan (Democratic)
Millard Fillmore (Know Nothing)
Electoral vote
  • Buchanan/Breckinridge: 174 (58.8%)
  • Frémont/Dayton: 114 (38.5%)
  • Fillmore/Donelson: 8 (2.7%)
Popular vote
  • Buchanan/Breckinridge: 1,836,072 (45.3%)
  • Frémont/Dayton: 1,342,345 (33.1%)
  • Fillmore/Donelson: 873,053 (21.5%)
Opponent(s)
John Breckinridge (Democratic)
Andrew Jackson Donelson (Know Nothing)

1860, 1864[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1860 (won), 1864 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Abraham Lincoln of IL
(1809–1865)
Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Hannibal Hamlin of ME
(1809–1891)
Hannibal Hamlin, photo portrait seated, c1860-65-retouched-crop.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Andrew Johnson of TN
(1808–1875)
President Andrew Johnson.jpg
Opponent(s)
Stephen Douglas (Democratic)
John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrats)
John Bell (Constitutional Union)
Electoral vote
  • Lincoln/Hamlin: 180 (59.4%)
  • Breckinridge/Lane: 72 (23.8%)
  • Bell/Everett: 39 (12.9%)
  • Douglas/Johnson: 12 (4.0%)
Popular vote
  • Lincoln/Hamlin: 1,865,908 (39.7%)
  • Douglas/Johnson: 1,380,202 (29.5%)
  • Breckinridge/Lane: 848,019 (18.2%)
  • Bell/Everett: 590,901 (12.7%)
Opponent(s)
Herschel Johnson (Democratic)
Joe Lane (Southern Democrats)
Edward Everett (Constitutional Union)
Opponent(s)
George McClellan (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Lincoln/Johnson: 212 (91.0%)[1]
  • McClellan/Pendleton: 21 (9.0%)[2]
Popular vote
  • Lincoln/Johnson: 2,218,388 (55.0%)
  • McClellan/Pendleton: 1,812,807 (45.0%)
Opponent(s)
George Pendleton (Democratic)

1868, 1872[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1868 (won), 1872 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Ulysses Grant of OH
(1822–1885)
UlyssesGrant.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Schuyler Colfax of IN
(1823–1885)
Schuyler Colfax portrait.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Henry Wilson of MA
(1812–1875)
Henry Wilson, VP of the United States.jpg
Opponent(s)
Horatio Seymour (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Grant/Colfax: 214 (72.8%)
  • Seymour/Blair: 80 (27.2%)
Popular vote
  • Grant/Colfax: 3,013,421 (52.7%)
  • Seymour/Blair: 2,706,829 (47.3%)
Opponent(s)
Francis Blair (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Horace Greeley (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Grant/Wilson: 286 (81.3%)[3]
  • Greeley/Brown: 66 (18.8%)*[4][5]
Popular vote
  • Grant/Wilson: 3,598,235 (55.6%)
  • Greely/Brown: 2,834,761 (43.8%)
Opponent(s)
Gratz Brown (Democratic)

1876[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1876 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Rutherford Hayes of OH
(1822–1893)
President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
William Wheeler of NY
(1819–1887)
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg
Opponent(s)
Samuel Tilden (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Hayes/Wheeler: 185 (50.1%)
  • Tilden/Hendricks: 184 (49.9%)
Popular vote
  • Tilden/Hendricks: 4,288,546 (50.9%)
  • Hayes/Wheeler: 4,034,311 (47.9%)
Opponent(s)
Thomas Hendricks (Democratic)

1880[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1880 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
James Garfield of OH
(1831–1881)
James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Chester Arthur of NY
(1829–1886)
20 Chester Arthur 3x4.jpg
Opponent(s)
Winfield Hancock (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Garfield/Arthur: 214 (58.0%)
  • Hancock/English: 155 (42.0%)
Popular vote
  • Garfield/Arthur: 4,446,158 (48.3%)
  • Hancock/English: 4,444,260 (48.2%)
Opponent(s)
William English (Democratic)

1884[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1884 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
James Blaine of ME
(1830–1893)
James G. Blaine - Brady-Handy.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
John Logan of IL
(1826–1886)
John Alexander Logan crop.jpg
Opponent(s)
Grover Cleveland (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Cleveland/Hendricks: 219 (54.6%)
  • Blaine/Logan: 182 (45.4%)
Popular vote
  • Cleveland/Hendricks: 4,914,482 (48.9%)
  • Blaine/Logan: 4,856,905 (48.3%)
Opponent(s)
Thomas Hendricks (Democratic)

1888, 1892[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1888 (won), 1892 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Benjamin Harrison of IN
(1833–1901)
Pach Brothers - Benjamin Harrison.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Levi Morton of NY
(1824–1920)
Levi Morton - Brady-Handy portrait - standard crop.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Whitelaw Reid of NY
(1837–1912)
Whitelaw Reid.jpg
Opponent(s)
Grover Cleveland (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Harrison/Morton: 233 (58.1%)
  • Cleveland/Thurman: 168 (41.9%)
Popular vote
  • Cleveland/Thurman: 5,534,488 (48.6%)
  • Harrison/Morton: 5,443,892 (47.8%)
Opponent(s)
Allen Thurman (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Grover Cleveland (Democratic)
James Weaver (Populist)
Electoral vote
  • Cleveland/Stevenson: 277 (62.4%)
  • Harrison/Reid: 145 (32.7%)
  • Weaver/Field: 22 (5.0%)
Popular vote
  • Cleveland/Stevenson: 5,556,918 (46.0%)
  • Harrison/Reid: 5,176,108 (43.0%)
  • Weaver/Field: 1,041,028 (8.5%)
Opponent(s)
Adlai Stevenson (Democratic)
James Field (Populist)

1896, 1900[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1896 (won), 1900 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
William McKinley of OH
(1843–1901)
William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Garret Hobart of NJ
(1844–1899)
Garret Augustus Hobart.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Theodore Roosevelt of NY
(1858–1919)
T Roosevelt.jpg
Opponent(s)
William Jennings Bryan (Democratic, Populist)
Electoral vote (President)
  • McKinley: 271 (60.6%)
  • Bryan: 176 (39.4%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Hobart: 271 (60.6%)
  • Sewall: 149 (33.3%)
  • Watson: 27 (6.0%)
Popular vote
  • McKinley/Hobart: 7,102,246 (51.0%)
  • Bryan/Sewall-Watson: 6,492,559 (46.7%)
Opponent(s)
Arthur Sewall (Democratic)
Tom Watson (Populist)
Electoral vote
  • McKinley/Roosevelt: 292 (65.3%)
  • Bryan/Stevenson: 155 (34.7%)
Popular vote
  • McKinley/Roosevelt: 7,228,864 (51.6%)
  • Bryan/Stevenson: 6,370,932 (45.5%)
Opponent(s)
Adlai Stevenson (Democratic)

20th century[edit]

1904[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1904 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Theodore Roosevelt of NY
(1858–1919)
T Roosevelt.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Charles Fairbanks of IN
(1852–1918)
Charles W Fairbanks by Harris & Ewing.jpg
Opponent(s)
Alton Parker (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Roosevelt/Fairbanks: 336 (70.6%)
  • Parker/Davis: 140 (29.4%)
Popular vote
  • Roosevelt/Fairbanks: 7,630,457 (56.4%)
  • Parker/Davis: 5,083,880 (37.6%)
Opponent(s)
Henry Davis (Democratic)

1908, 1912[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1908 (won), 1912 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
William Taft of OH
(1857–1930)
William Howard Taft 1909.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Jim Sherman of NY[6]
(1855–1912)
James Sherman, Bain bw photo portrait facing left.jpg
Prior public experience
  • None
Higher education
Nicholas Butler of NY[6]
(1862–1947)
Portrait of Nicholas Murray Butler.jpg
Opponent(s)
William Jennings Bryan (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Taft/Sherman: 321 (66.5%)
  • Bryan/Kern: 162 (33.5%)
Popular vote
  • Taft/Sherman: 7,678,395 (51.5%)
  • Bryan/Kern: 6,408,984 (43.0%)
Opponent(s)
John Kern (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive)
Eugene Debs (Socialist)
Electoral vote
  • Wilson/Marshall: 435 (81.9%)
  • Roosevelt/Johnson: 88 (16.6%)
  • Taft/Butler: 8 (1.5%)
Popular vote
  • Wilson/Marshall: 6,296,284 (41.8%)
  • Roosevelt/Johnson: 4,122,721 (24.7%)
  • Taft/Butler: 3,486,242 (23.2%)
  • Debs/Seidel: 901,551 (6.0%)
Opponent(s)
Thomas Marshall (Democratic)
Hiram Johnson (Progressive)
Emil Seidel (Socialist)

1916[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1916 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Charles Hughes of NY
(1862–1948)
Governor Charles Evans Hughes.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Charles Fairbanks of IN
(1852–1918)
Charles W Fairbanks by Harris & Ewing.jpg
Opponent(s)
Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Wilson/Marshall: 277 (52.2%)
  • Hughes/Fairbanks: 254 (47.8%)
Popular vote
  • Wilson/Marshall: (49.2%)
  • Hughes/Fairbanks: 8,548,728 (46.1%)
Opponent(s)
Thomas Marshall (Democratic)

1920[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1920 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Warren G. Harding of OH
(1865–1923)
Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Calvin Coolidge of MA
(1872–1933)
John Calvin Coolidge, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
Opponent(s)
James Cox (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Harding/Coolidge: 404 (76.1%)
  • Cox/Roosevelt: 127 (23.9%)
Popular vote
  • Harding/Coolidge: 16,144,093 (60.3%)
  • Cox/Roosevelt: 9,139,661 (34.2%)
Opponent(s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)

1924[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1924 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Calvin Coolidge of MA
(1872–1933)
John Calvin Coolidge, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Charles Dawes of IL
(1865–1951)
Chas G Dawes-H&E.jpg
Opponent(s)
John Davis (Democratic)
Bob La Follette (Progressive)
Electoral vote
  • Coolidge/Dawes: 382 (71.9%)
  • Davis/Bryan: 136 (25.6%)
  • La Follette/Wheeler: 13 (2.4%)
Popular vote
  • Coolidge/Dawes: 15,723,789 (54.0%)
  • Davis/Bryan: 8,386,242 (28.8%)
  • La Follette/Wheeler: 4,831,706 (16.6%)
Opponent(s)
Charles Bryan (Democratic)
Burton Wheeler (Progressive)

1928, 1932[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1928 (won), 1932 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Herbert Hoover of CA
(1874–1964)
President Hoover portrait.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
  • None
Charles Curtis of KS
(1860–1936)
Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg
Opponent(s)
Al Smith (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Hoover/Curtis: 444 (83.6%)
  • Smith/Robinson: 87 (16.4%)
Popular vote
  • Hoover/Curtis: 21,427,123: (58.2%)
  • Smith/Robinson: 15,015,464 (40.8%)
Opponent(s)
Joe Robinson (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Roosevelt/Garner: 472 (88.9%)
  • Hoover/Curtis: 59 (11.1%)
Popular vote
  • Roosevelt/Garner: 22,821,277 (57.4%)
  • Hoover/Curtis: 15,761,254 (39.7%)
Opponent(s)
Jack Garner (Democratic)

1936[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1936 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Alf Landon of KS
(1887–1987)
LandonPortr.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
  • None
Higher education
Frank Knox of IL
(1874–1944)
FrankKnox c1943 g399009.jpg
Opponent(s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Roosevelt/Garner: 523 (98.5%)
  • Landon/Knox: 8 (1.5%)
Popular vote
  • Roosevelt/Garner: 27,752,648 (60.8%)
  • Landon/Knox: 16,681,862 (36.5%)
Opponent(s)
Jack Garner (Democratic)

1940[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1940 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Wendell Willkie of NY
(1892–1944)
WendellWillkie.png
Prior public experience
  • None
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Charles McNary of OR
(1874–1944)
Charles Linza McNary cph.3b18950.jpg
Opponent(s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Roosevelt/Wallace: 449 (84.6%)
  • Willkie/McNary: 82 (15.4%)
Popular vote
  • Roosevelt/Wallace 27,313,945: (54.7%)
  • Willkie/McNary: (44.8%)
Opponent(s)
Henry Wallace (Democratic)

1944, 1948[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1944 (lost), 1948 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Thomas Dewey of NY
(1902–1971)
ThomasDewey.png
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
John Bricker of OH
(1893–1986)
John W. Bricker cph.3b31299.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Earl Warren of CA
(1891–1974)
Earl Warren Portrait, half figure, seated, facing front, as Governor.jpg
Opponent(s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Roosevelt/Truman: 432 (81.4%)
  • Dewey/Bicker: 99 (18.6%)
Popular vote
  • Roosevelt/Truman: 25,612,916 (53.4%)
  • Dewey/Bicker: 22,017,929 (45.3%)
Opponent(s)
Harry S. Truman (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Harry S. Truman (Democratic)
Strom Thurmond (Dixiecrat)
Henry Wallace (Progressive)
Electoral vote
  • Truman/Barkley: 303 (57.1%)
  • Dewey/Warren: 189 (35.6%)
  • Thurmond/Wright: 39 (7.3%)
Popular vote
  • Truman/Barkley: 24,179,347 (49.6%)
  • Dewey/Warren: 21,991,292 (45.1%)
  • Thurmond/Wright: 1,175,930 (2.4%)
  • Wallace/Taylor: 1,157,328 (2.3%)
Opponent(s)
Alben Barkley (Democratic)
Fielding Wright (Dixiecrat)
Glen Taylor (Progressive)

1952, 1956[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1952 (won), 1956 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Dwight D. Eisenhower of NY
(1952), PA (1956)
(1890–1969)
Dwight David Eisenhower, photo portrait by Bachrach, 1952.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Richard Nixon of CA
(1913–1994)
Richard Nixon official portrait as Vice President.tiff
Opponent(s)
Adlai Stevenson (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Eisenhower/Nixon: 442 (83.2%)
  • Stevenson/Sparkman: 89 (16.8%)
Popular vote
  • Eisenhower/Nixon: 34,075,529 (55.2%)
  • Stevenson/Sparkman: 27,375,090 (44.2%)
Opponent(s)
John Sparkman (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Eisenhower/Nixon: 457 (86.1%)[7]
  • Stevenson/Kefauver: 73 (13.7%)
  • Jones/Talmadge: 1 (0.2%)
Popular vote
  • Eisenhower/Nixon: 35,579,180 (57.4%)
  • Stevenson/Kefauver: 26,028,028 (42.0%)
Opponent(s)
Estes Kefauver (Democratic)

1960[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1960 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Richard Nixon of CA
(1913–1994)
VP-Nixon.png
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Henry Cabot Lodge of MA
(1902–1985)
Cabot Lodge (1964) (cropped 3x4).jpg
Opponent(s)
John F. Kennedy (Democratic)
Harry Byrd (Southern
Democrats
)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Kennedy: 303 (56.4%)
  • Nixon: 219 (40.8%)
  • Byrd: 15 (2.8%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Johnson: 303 (56.4%)
  • Lodge: 219 (40.8%)
  • Thurmond: 14 (2.6%)
  • Goldwater: 1 (0.2%)
Popular vote
  • Kennedy/Johnson: 34,220,984 (49.7%)
  • Nixon/Lodge: 34,108,157 (49.6%)
  • Byrd/Thurmond: 116,248 (0.17%)
Opponent(s)
Lyndon Johnson (Democratic)
Strom Thurmond (Southern
Democrats
)

1964[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1964 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Barry Goldwater of AZ
(1909–1998)
Senator Goldwater 1960.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
William Miller of NY
(1914–1983)
Representative William E. Miller.png
Opponent(s)
Lyndon Johnson (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Johnson/Humphrey: 486 (90.3%)
  • Goldwater/Miller: 52 (9.7%)
Popular vote
  • Johnson/Humphrey: 43,127,041 (61.1%)
  • Goldwater/Miller: 27,175,754 (38.5%)
Opponent(s)
Hubert Humphrey (Democratic)

1968, 1972[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1968 (won), 1972 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Richard Nixon of NY (1968),
CA (1972)
(1913–1994)
Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Spiro Agnew of MD
(1918–1996)
Spiro Agnew.jpg
Opponent(s)
Hubert Humphrey (Democratic)
George Wallace (American
Independent
)
Electoral vote
  • Nixon/Agnew: 301 (55.9%)
  • Humphrey/Muskie: 191 (35.5%)
  • Wallace/LeMay: 46 (8.6%)
Popular vote
  • Nixon/Agnew: 31,783,783 (43.4%)
  • Humphrey/Muskie: 31,271,839 (42.7%)
  • Wallace/LeMay: 9,901,118 (14.5%)
Opponent(s)
Ed Muskie (Democratic)
Curtis LeMay (American
Independent
)
Opponent(s)
George McGovern (Democratic)
Electoral vote
Popular vote
  • Nixon/Agnew: 47,168,710 (60.6%)
  • McGovern/Shriver 29,173,222 (37.5%)
Opponent(s)
Sargent Shriver (Democratic)

1976[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1976 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Gerald Ford of MI
(1913–2006)
Gerald Ford (1974) (cropped).jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Bob Dole of KS
(1923–present)
Robert J. Dole (cropped2).jpg
Opponent(s)
Jimmy Carter (Democratic)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Carter: 297 (55.2%)
  • Ford: 240 (44.6%)[9]
  • Reagan: 1 (0.2%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Mondale: 297 (55.2%)
  • Dole: 241 (44.8%)
Popular vote
  • Carter/Mondale: 40,831,881 (50.1%)
  • Ford/Dole: 39,148,634 (48.0%)
Opponent(s)
Walter Mondale (Democratic)

1980, 1984[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1980 (won), 1984 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Ronald Reagan of CA
(1911–2004)
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981-cropped.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
George H. W. Bush of TX
(1924–2018)
George H. W. Bush vice presidential portrait.jpg
Opponent(s)
Jimmy Carter (Democratic)
John Anderson (Independent)
Ed Clark (Libertarian)
Electoral vote
  • Reagan/Bush: 489 (90.9%)
  • Carter/Mondale: 49 (9.1%)
Popular vote
  • Reagan/Bush: 43,903,230 (50.8%)
  • Carter/Mondale: 35,480,115 (41.0%)
  • Anderson/Lucey: 5,719,850 (6.6%)
  • Clark/Koch: 921,128 (1.06%)
Opponent(s)
Walter Mondale (Democratic)
Patrick Lucey (Independent)
David Koch (Libertarian)
Opponent(s)
Walter Mondale (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Reagan/Bush: 525 (97.6%)
  • Mondale/Ferraro: 13 (2.4%)
Popular vote
  • Reagan/Bush: 54,455,472 (58.8%)
  • Mondale/Ferraro: 37,577,352 (40.6%)
Opponent(s)
Geraldine Ferraro (Democratic)

1988, 1992[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1988 (won), 1992 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
George H. W. Bush of TX
(1924–2018)
George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait (cropped).jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Dan Quayle of IN
(1947–present)
Dan Quayle crop.jpg
Opponent(s)
Michael Dukakis (Democratic)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Bush: 426 (79.2%)
  • Dukakis: 111 (20.6%)[10]
  • Bentsen: 1 (0.2%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Quayle: 426 (79.2%)
  • Bentsen: 111 (20.6%)[10]
  • Dukakis: 1 (0.2%)
Popular vote
  • Bush/Quayle: 48,886,097 (53.4%)
  • Dukakis/Bentsen: 41,809,074 (45.7%)
Opponent(s)
Lloyd Bentsen (Democratic)
Opponent(s)
Bill Clinton (Democratic)
Ross Perot (Independent)
Electoral vote
  • Clinton/Gore: 370 (68.8%)
  • Bush/Quayle: 168 (31.2%)
Popular vote
  • Clinton/Gore: 44,909,806 (43.0%)
  • Bush/Quayle: 39,104,550 (37.5%)
  • Perot/Stockdale: 19,743,821 (18.9%)
Opponent(s)
Al Gore (Democratic)
James Stockdale (Independent)

1996[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1996 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Bob Dole of KS
(1923–present)
Bob Dole, PCCWW photo portrait.JPG
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Jack Kemp of NY
(1935–2009)
Jack Kemp official portrait.jpg
Opponent(s)
Bill Clinton (Democratic)
Ross Perot (Reform)
Electoral vote
  • Clinton/Gore: 379 (70.4%)
  • Dole/Kemp: 159 (29.6%)
Popular vote
  • Clinton/Gore: 47,401,185 (49.2%)
  • Dole/Kemp: 39,197,469 (40.7%)
  • Perot/Choate: 8,085,294 (8.4%)
Opponent(s)
Al Gore (Democratic)
Pat Choate (Reform)

21st century[edit]

2000, 2004[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
2000 (won), 2004 (won) Vice Presidential
Nominee
George W. Bush of TX
(1946–present)
George-W-Bush.jpeg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Dick Cheney of WY
(1941–present)
46 Dick Cheney 3x4.jpg
Opponent(s)
Al Gore (Democratic)
Ralph Nader (Green)
Electoral vote
  • Bush/Cheney: 271 (50.4%)
  • Gore/Lieberman: 266 (49.4%)
Popular vote
  • Gore/Lieberman: 50,999,897 (48.4%)
  • Bush/Cheney: 50,456,002 (47.9%)
  • Nader/LaDuke: 2,882,955 (2.74%)
Opponent(s)
Joe Lieberman (Democratic)
Winona LaDuke (Green)
Opponent(s)
John Kerry (Democratic)
Electoral vote (President)
  • Bush: 286 (53.2%)
  • Kerry: 251 (46.7%)[11]
  • Edwards: 1 (0.2%)
Electoral vote (Vice President)
  • Cheney: 286 (53.2%)
  • Edwards: 252 (46.8%)
Popular vote
  • Bush/Cheney: 62,040,610 (50.7%)
  • Kerry/Edwards: 59,028,444 (48.3%)
Opponent(s)
John Edwards (Democratic)

2008[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
2008 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
John McCain of AZ
(1936–2018)
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Sarah Palin of AK
(1964–present)
Sarah Palin by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Opponent(s)
Barack Obama (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Obama/Biden: 365 (67.8%)
  • McCain/Palin: 173 (32.2%)
Popular vote
  • Obama/Biden: 69,498,516 (52.9%)
  • McCain/Palin: 59,948,323 (45.7%)
Opponent(s)
Joe Biden (Democratic)

2012[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
2012 (lost) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Mitt Romney of MA
(1947–present)
Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 8.jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Paul Ryan of WI
(1970–present)
Paul Ryan official portrait (cropped 3x4).jpg
Opponent(s)
Barack Obama (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Obama/Biden: 332 (61.7%)
  • Romney/Ryan: 206 (38.3%)
Popular vote
  • Obama/Biden: 65,915,796 (51.1%)
  • Romney/Ryan: 60,933,500 (47.2%)
Opponent(s)
Joe Biden (Democratic)

2016, 2020[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
2016 (won), 2020 (pending) Vice Presidential
Nominee
Donald Trump of NY (2016),
FL (2020)
(1946–present)
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Prior public experience
Higher education
Prior public experience
Higher education
Mike Pence of IN
(1959–present)
Mike Pence official Vice Presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Opponent(s)
Hillary Clinton (Democratic)
Gary Johnson (Libertarian)
Jill Stein (Green)
Electoral vote (President)[12]
Electoral vote (Vice President)
Popular vote
  • Clinton/Kaine: 65,853,516 (48.2%)
  • Trump/Pence: 62,984,825 (46.1%)
  • Johnson/Weld: 4,489,341 (3.28%)
  • Stein/Baraka: 1,457,216 (1.07%)
Opponent(s)
Tim Kaine (Democratic)
Bill Weld (Libertarian)
Ajamu Baraka (Green)
Opponent(s)
Joe Biden (Democratic)
Electoral vote
  • Pending
Popular vote
  • Pending
Opponent(s)
Kamala Harris (Democratic)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ If not for am unpledged elector and 17 invalidated electors from Union-occupied Louisiana and Texas, Lincoln and Johnson would have won 213 (91.0%) or 230 (91.6%) votes.
  2. ^ If not for the 17 invalidated electors from Union-occupied Louisiana and Texas, McClellan and Pendleton would have won 8.4% of votes.
  3. ^ If not for the 14 invalidated electors from voting irregularities in Arkansas and Louisiana, Grant and Wilson would have won 300 (82.0%) votes.
  4. ^ Greeley died after the election but before the Electoral College convened, and was not replaced for the vote. The ticket's intended delegates were scattered.
  5. ^ If not for the 14 invalidated electors for Grant and Wilson from voting irregularities in Arkansas and Louisiana, Greeley and Brown's 66 votes would have been 18.0%.
  6. ^ a b Sherman died before the 1912 election and Butler was declared the running mate after the election to receive his Electoral College votes.
  7. ^ If not for a faithless elector, Eisenhower and Nixon would have won 458 (86.3%) in 1956.
  8. ^ a b If not for a faithless elector, Nixon and Agnew would have won 521 (96.8%) Electoral College votes.
  9. ^ If not for a faithless elector, Ford would have won 241 (44.8%) votes.
  10. ^ a b A faithless elector swapped their votes for President and Vice President in the Electoral College, otherwise the Dukakis/Bentsen ticket would have won 112 (20.8%) votes.
  11. ^ A faithless elector voted Edwards for President and Vice President in the Electoral College, otherwise Kerry would have won 252 (46.8%) votes.
  12. ^ If not for faithless electors, Trump and Pence would have won 306 (56.9%) Electoral College votes each, while Clinton and Kaine would have won 232 (43.1%) votes.