List of United States Senators from Alabama

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Alabama was admitted to the Union on December 14, 1819, and elects senators to Class 2 and Class 3. Its Senate seats were declared vacant from March 1861 to July 1868 due to its secession from the Union during the American Civil War. Alabama's current senators are Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby.

List of Senators[edit]

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were first elected for two United States Congresses in the election of 1819, and then the seat was contested again for the 18th, 21st, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. Those seats in recent years have been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and the next election will be in 2020.

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were first elected for three U.S. Congresses in the election of 1819, and then the seat was contested again for the 19th, 22nd, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. Those seats in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, and 2010, and the next election will be in 2016.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 William Rufus DeVane King 1839 portrait.jpg
William R. King
Democratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
April 15, 1844
Elected in 1819 1 16th Congress 1 Elected in 1819.

Resigned.
December 14, 1819 –
December 12, 1822
Democratic-
Republican
John Williams Walker.jpg
John Williams Walker
1
17th Congress
Elected to finish Walker's term.

Retired.
December 12, 1822 –
March 4, 1825
Democratic-
Republican
William Kelly 2
Jackson
Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1822. 2 18th Congress Jackson
Democratic-
Republican
Jacksonian 19th Congress 2 Elected in 1825.

Died.
March 4, 1825 –
January 24, 1826
Democratic-
Republican
Henry H. Chambers.jpg
Henry H. Chambers
3
  January 24, 1826 –
February 17, 1826
Vacant
Appointed to continue Chambers's term.

Successor elected.
February 17, 1826 –
November 27, 1826
Jacksonian Pickensisrael.jpg
Israel Pickens
4
Elected to finish Chambers's term.

Lost re-election.
November 27, 1826 –
March 4, 1831
Jacksonian John McKinley.jpg
John McKinley
5
20th Congress
Re-elected in 1828. 3 21st Congress
22nd Congress 3 Elected in 1831.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1831 –
March 4, 1837
Democratic-
Republican
Gabrielmoore.jpg
Gabriel Moore
6
23rd Congress
Re-elected in 1834. 4 24th Congress
Democratic 25th Congress 4 Elected in 1837.

Resigned to become U.S. Supreme Court justice.
March 4, 1837 –
April 22, 1837
Democratic John McKinley.jpg
John McKinley
7
  April 22, 1837 –
June 19, 1837
Vacant
Appointed to finish McKinley's term.

Resigned.
June 19, 1837 –
November 15, 1841
Democratic Clement C Clay.png
Clement Comer Clay
8
26th Congress
Re-elected in 1840.

Resigned.
5 27th Congress
Elected to finish Clay's term. November 24, 1841 –
June 16, 1848
Democratic Arthur bagby.jpg
Arthur P. Bagby
9
28th Congress 5  ?Re-elected in 1843
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!].

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Russia.
Vacant April 15, 1844 –
April 22, 1844
 
2 DixonHallLewis.jpg
Dixon Hall Lewis
Democratic April 22, 1844 –
October 24, 1848
Appointed to finish King's term.
29th Congress
Re-elected in 1846.

Died.
6 30th Congress
  June 16, 1848 –
July 1, 1848
Vacant
Appointed to continue Bagby's term.

Elected to finish Bagby's term.
July 1, 1848 –
December 20, 1852
Democratic William Rufus DeVane King 1839 portrait.jpg
William R. King
10
Vacant October 24, 1848 –
November 25, 1848
 
3 BenFitz.jpg
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Democratic November 25, 1848 –
November 30, 1849
Appointed to continue Lewis's term.

Successor elected.
31st Congress 6  ?Re-elected in 1849
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!].

Resigned due to poor health.
4 Jeremiah Clemens.jpg
Jeremiah Clemens
Democratic November 30, 1849 –
March 4, 1853
Elected to finish Lewis's term.

Retired.
32nd Congress
  December 20, 1852 –
January 14, 1853
Vacant
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] January 14, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Democratic BenFitz.jpg
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
11
Vacant March 4, 1853 –
November 29, 1853
Legislature failed to elect. 7 33rd Congress
5 Clement C Clay.png
Clement Claiborne Clay
Democratic November 29, 1853 –
January 21, 1861
Elected late in 1853.
34th Congress 7 Legislature failed to elect. March 4, 1855 –
November 26, 1855
Vacant
Elected late.

Withdrew.[1]
November 26, 1855 –
January 21, 1861
Democratic BenFitz.jpg
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
35th Congress
Re-elected in 1858.

Withdrew.[1]
8 36th Congress
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
July 13, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction Civil War and Reconstruction January 21, 1861 –
July 13, 1868
Vacant
37th Congress 8
38th Congress
9 39th Congress
40th Congress 9
6 Willard Warner.jpeg
Willard Warner
Republican July 13, 1868 –
March 4, 1871
Elected to finish vacant term.

Lost re-election.
Elected in 1868. July 13, 1868 –
March 4, 1879
Republican George E. Spencer - Brady-Handy.jpg
George E. Spencer
12
41st Congress
7 George Goldthwaite.jpg
George Goldthwaite
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
Elected in 1870.

Retired.
10 42nd Congress
43rd Congress 10 Re-elected in 1872.

Retired.
44th Congress
8 John t morgan.jpg
John Tyler Morgan
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
June 11, 1907
Elected in 1876. 11 45th Congress
46th Congress 11 Elected in 1878.

Died.
March 4, 1879 –
December 31, 1879
Democratic George S. Houston - Brady-Handy.jpg
George S. Houston
13
  December 31, 1879 –
January 7, 1880
Vacant
Appointed to continue Houston's term.

Successor qualified.
January 7, 1880 –
November 23, 1880
Democratic Luke Pryor.jpeg
Luke Pryor
14
Elected to finish Houston's term. November 24, 1880 –
March 4, 1897
Democratic James Lawrence Pugh.jpg
James L. Pugh
15
47th Congress
Re-elected in 1882. 12 48th Congress
49th Congress 12 Re-elected in 1884.
50th Congress
Re-elected in 1888. 13 51st Congress
52nd Congress 13 Re-elected in 1892.

Retired.
53rd Congress
Re-elected in 1894. 14 54th Congress
55th Congress 14 Elected in 1896. March 4, 1897 –
July 27, 1907
Democratic Edmund Pettus-photo portrait.jpeg
Edmund Pettus
16
56th Congress
Re-elected in 1900. 15 57th Congress
58th Congress 15 Re-elected in 1902.

Died.
59th Congress
Re-elected in 1906.

Died.
16 60th Congress
Vacant June 11, 1907 –
June 18, 1907
 
9 JohnHBankhead.jpg
John H. Bankhead
Democratic June 18, 1907 –
March 1, 1920
Appointed to continue Morgan's term.

Elected November 3, 1907 to finish Morgan's term.
  July 27, 1907 –
August 6, 1907
Vacant
Elected to finish Pettus's term. August 6, 1907 –
August 8, 1913
Democratic Joseph F Johnston-photo portrait.jpg
Joseph F. Johnston
17
61st Congress 16 Re-elected in 1908.

Died.
62nd Congress
Re-elected in 1912. 17 63rd Congress
  August 8, 1913 –
May 11, 1914
Vacant
Elected to finish Johnston's term.

Retired.
May 11, 1914 –
March 4, 1915
Democratic Francis S. White.jpeg
Francis S. White
18
64th Congress 17 Elected in 1914. March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1927
Democratic OWUnderwood.jpg
Oscar Underwood
19
65th Congress
Re-elected in 1918.

Died.
18 66th Congress
Vacant March 1, 1920 –
March 5, 1920
 
10 Braxton Bragg Comer.jpg
B. B. Comer
Democratic March 5, 1920 –
November 2, 1920
Appointed to continue Bankhead's term.

Successor elected.
11 Cottontom.jpg
James Thomas Heflin
Democratic November 3, 1920 –
March 4, 1931
First elected to finish Bankhead's term.
67th Congress 18 Re-elected in 1920.

Retired.
68th Congress
Re-elected in 1924.

Disqualified.
19 69th Congress
70th Congress 19 Elected in 1926. March 4, 1927 –
August 19, 1937
Democratic HugoLaFayetteBlack.jpg
Hugo Black
20
71st Congress
12 John H Bankhead II.jpg
John H. Bankhead II
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
June 12, 1946
Elected in 1930. 20 72nd Congress
73rd Congress 20 Re-elected in 1932.

Resigned to become U.S. Supreme Court justice.
74th Congress
Re-elected in 1936. 21 75th Congress
Appointed (by her husband, the Governor) to finish Black's term.

Resigned.
August 20, 1937 –
January 10, 1938
Democratic SenatorDixieBibbGraves.jpg
Dixie Bibb Graves
21
Appointed to continue Graves's term.

Elected April 26, 1938 to finish Graves's term.
January 11, 1938 –
January 3, 1969
Democratic Listerhill.jpg
J. Lister Hill
22
76th Congress 21 Re-elected in 1938.
77th Congress
Re-elected in 1942.

Died.
22 78th Congress
Vacant June 12, 1946 –
June 15, 1946
 
13 George Robinson Swift.jpg
George R. Swift
Democratic June 15, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Bankhead's term.

Successor elected.
14 John J. Sparkman, c 1950.jpg
John Sparkman
Democratic November 6, 1946 –
January 3, 1979
Elected to finish Bankhead's term. 78th Congress
79th Congress 22 Re-elected in 1944.
80th Congress
Re-elected in 1948. 23 81st Congress
82nd Congress 23 Re-elected in 1950.
83rd Congress
Re-elected in 1954. 24 84th Congress
85th Congress 24 Re-elected in 1956.
86th Congress
Re-elected in 1960. 25 87th Congress
88th Congress 25 Re-elected in 1962.

Retired.
89th Congress
Re-elected in 1966. 26 90th Congress
91st Congress 26 Elected in 1968. January 3, 1969 –
June 1, 1978
Democratic JamesAllenVA.jpg
James Allen
23
92nd Congress
Re-elected in 1972.

Retired.
27 93rd Congress
94th Congress 27 Re-elected in 1974.

Died.
95th Congress
Appointed to continue her husband's seat.

Lost nomination for special election to finish the term.
June 8, 1978 –
November 7, 1978
Democratic Maryon pittman allen.jpg
Maryon Pittman Allen
24
Elected to finish James Allen's term.

Lost renomination; resigned one day early to give successor advantageous seniority.
November 7, 1978 –
January 2, 1981
Democratic S000907.jpg
Donald W. Stewart
25
15 Howell Heflin.jpg
Howell Heflin
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1978. 28 96th Congress
Appointed to finish Stewart's term, having already been elected to the next term. January 2, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
Republican JeremiahDentonSenate.jpg
Jeremiah Denton
26
97th Congress 28 Elected in 1980.

Lost re-election.
98th Congress
Re-elected in 1984. 29 99th Congress
100th Congress 29 Elected in 1986. January 3, 1987 –
November 9, 1994
Democratic Richard Shelby, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Richard Shelby
27
101st Congress
Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
30 102nd Congress
103rd Congress 30 Re-elected in 1992.
November 9, 1994 –
Present
Republican
104th Congress
16 Jeff Sessions official portrait.jpg
Jeff Sessions
Republican January 3, 1997 –
Present
Elected in 1996. 31 105th Congress
106th Congress 31 Re-elected in 1998.
107th Congress
Re-elected in 2002. 32 108th Congress
109th Congress 32 Re-elected in 2004.
110th Congress
Re-elected in 2008. 33 111th Congress
112th Congress 33 Re-elected in 2010.
113th Congress
Re-elected in 2014. 34 114th Congress
115th Congress 34 To be determined in the 2016 election.  
116th Congress
  To be determined in the 2020 election. 35 117th Congress
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 2 Class 3

Living former U.S. Senators from Alabama[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former U.S. Senators from the U.S. State of Alabama who are currently living at this time, two from Class 3.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Maryon P. Allen 1978 3 (1925-11-30) November 30, 1925 (age 89)
Donald W. Stewart 1978–1981 3 (1940-02-04) February 4, 1940 (age 75)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clay and Fitzpatrick along with several other senators announced they were withdrawing from the Senate on January 21, 1861, due to their states' decisions to secede from the Union. Clay's seat was declared vacant by the Senate on March 14, 1861, but Fitzpatrick's was vacant because his term ended on March 4, 1861.

See also[edit]