List of United States Senators from Delaware

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This is a listing of the United States Senators from Delaware. They were originally elected by the Delaware General Assembly for designated six-year terms beginning March 4. Frequently portions of the term would remain only upon a senator's death or resignation. From 1914 the senators were popularly elected on the first Tuesday after November 1, and starting 1935 the beginning of their term is January 3, not March 4.

List of Senators[edit]

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Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one Congress in the first elections of 1788, and the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 2000, 2006, and 2012, with a special election in 2010. The next election will be in 2018.

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first two United States Congresses in the first elections of 1788, and the seat was next contested again for the 3rd, 6th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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1 GeorgeRead.gif
George Read
Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
September 18, 1793
Elected in 1788. 1 1st Congress 1 Elected in 1788.

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
]
.
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Anti-
Administration
Richard bassett.jpg
Richard Bassett
1
Re-elected in 1790.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware.
2 2nd Congress Pro-
Administration
3rd Congress 2 Elected in 1793.

Resigned.
March 4, 1793 –
January 19, 1798
Pro-Administration ViningJohnM 0001.jpg
John M. Vining
2
Vacant September 18, 1793 –
February 7, 1795
 
2 Henry Latimer US.gif
Henry Latimer
Pro-
Administration
February 7, 1795 –
February 28, 1801
Elected to finish Read's term.
Federalist 4th Congress
Re-elected in 1796.

Resigned.
3 5th Congress
Elected to finish Vining's term.

Died.
January 19, 1798 –
August 11, 1798
Federalist JoshuaClayton.gif
Joshua Clayton
3
  August 11, 1798 –
January 17, 1799
Vacant
Elected to finish Clayton's term. January 17, 1799 –
November 6, 1804
Federalist William H. Wells.jpg
William H. Wells
4
6th Congress 3 Elected to full term in 1799.

Resigned.
3 Samuel White US.jpg
Samuel White
Federalist February 28, 1801 –
November 4, 1809
Appointed to finish Latimer's term
7th Congress
Re-elected in 1803. 4 8th Congress
  November 6, 1804 –
November 13, 1804
Vacant
Elected to finish Wells's term. November 13, 1804 –
March 4, 1813
Federalist BayardJames ASr.jpg
James A. Bayard
5
9th Congress 4 Re-elected in 1805.
10th Congress
Re-elected in 1809.

Died.
5 11th Congress
Vacant November 4, 1809 –
January 12, 1810
 
4 No image.svg
Outerbridge Horsey
Federalist January 12, 1810 –
March 3, 1821
Elected to finish White's term.
12th Congress 5 Re-elected in 1811.

Resigned.
13th Congress   March 3, 1813 –
May 21, 1813
Vacant
Elected to finish Bayard's term.

Retired.
May 21, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Federalist William H. Wells.jpg
William H. Wells
6
Re-elected in 1814.

Retired.
6 14th Congress
15th Congress 6 Elected in 1817. March 4, 1817 –
May 21, 1826
Federalist Vandykenjr.jpg
Nicholas Van Dyke
7
16th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
January 23, 1822
  7 17th Congress
5 Rodneycaesara3.jpg
Caesar A. Rodney
Democratic-
Republican
January 24, 1822 –
January 29, 1823
Elected late to finish vacant term.

Resigned.
Vacant January 29, 1823 –
January 8, 1824
 
18th Congress 7 Re-elected in 1823.

Died.
Adams-Clay Federalist
6 Thomas Clayton US.jpg
Thomas Clayton
Adams-Clay Federalist January 8, 1824 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Rodney's term.

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
]
.
Adams 19th Congress Anti-
Jacksonian
  May 21, 1826 –
November 8, 1826
Vacant
Appointed to continue Van Dyke's term.

Retired.
November 8, 1826 –
January 12, 1827
Anti-
Jacksonian
Daniel Rodney.jpg
Daniel Rodney
8
Elected to finish Van Dyke's term.

Retired.
January 12, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Jacksonian Ridgelyhm.jpg
Henry M. Ridgely
9
7 LMcLane.jpg
Louis McLane
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
April 16, 1829
Elected in 1827.

Resigned to become Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to England.
8 20th Congress
21st Congress 8 Elected in 1829. March 4, 1829 –
December 29, 1836
Anti-Jacksonian JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
10
Vacant April 16, 1829 –
January 7, 1830
 
8 Arnold Naudain.jpg
Arnold S. Naudain
Anti-Jacksonian January 7, 1830 –
June 16, 1836
Elected to finish McLane's term.
22nd Congress
Re-elected in 1832.

Resigned.
9 23rd Congress
24th Congress 9 Re-elected in 1835.

Resigned.
9 Richard H Bayard US.jpg
Richard H. Bayard
Anti-Jacksonian
Whig
June 17, 1836 –
September 19, 1839
Elected to finish Naudain's term.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware.
  December 29, 1836 –
January 9, 1837
Vacant
Elected to finish his cousin's term. January 9, 1837 –
March 3, 1847
Anti-Jacksonian
Whig
Thomas Clayton US.jpg
Thomas Clayton
11
25th Congress
Re-elected in 1839?
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware.
10 26th Congress
Vacant September 19, 1839 –
January 11, 1841
 
10 Richard H Bayard US.jpg
Richard H. Bayard
Whig January 12, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish his own term.

Retired.
27th Congress 10 Re-elected in 1841.

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
]
.
28th Congress
11 JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
Whig March 4, 1845 –
February 23, 1849
Elected in 1845.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
11 29th Congress
30th Congress 11 Elected in 1846.

Retired.
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
Whig SpruancePresley.jpg
Presley Spruance
12
12 Senator John Wales.jpg
John Wales
Whig February 23, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected to finish Clayton's term.

Lost re-election.
31st Congress
13 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
James A. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 29, 1864
Elected in 1851. 12 32nd Congress
33rd Congress 12 Elected in 1853.

Died.
March 4, 1853 –
November 9, 1856
Whig JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
13
34th Congress
  November 9, 1856 –
November 19, 1856
Vacant
Appointed to continue Clayton's term.

Declined nomination to finish Clayton's term.
November 19, 1856 –
January 14, 1857
Whig ComegysJosephP.jpg
Joseph P. Comegys
14
Elected to finish Clayton's term.

Lost re-election.
January 14, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Democratic BatesMartinW.jpg
Martin W. Bates
15
Re-elected in 1857. 13 35th Congress
36th Congress 13 Elected in 1858. March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1871
Democratic Willard Saulsbury, Sr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Willard Saulsbury, Sr.
16
37th Congress
Re-elected in 1863.

Resigned.
14 38th Congress
14 George R. Riddle - Brady-Handy.jpg
George R. Riddle
Democratic January 29, 1864 –
March 29, 1867
Elected to finish Bayard's term.

Died.
39th Congress 14 Re-elected in 1864.

Lost re-election.
40th Congress
Vacant March 29, 1867 –
April 5, 1867
 
15 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
James A. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic April 5, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Appointed to continue Riddle's term
Elected to finish Riddle's term.

Retired.
16 Thomas F. Bayard, Brady-Handy photo portrait, circa 1870-1880.jpg
Thomas F. Bayard
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 6, 1885
Elected in 1869. 15 41st Congress
42nd Congress 15 Elected in 1871. March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1889
Democratic Eli M. Saulsbury - Brady-Handy.jpg
Eli M. Saulsbury
17
43rd Congress
Re-elected in 1875. 16 44th Congress
45th Congress 16 Re-elected in 1876.
46th Congress
Re-elected in 1881.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
17 47th Congress
48th Congress 17 Re-elected in 1883.

Lost re-election.
49th Congress
Vacant March 6, 1885 –
March 18, 1885
 
17 George Gray;G000396.jpg
George Gray
Democratic March 18, 1885 –
March 3, 1899
Elected to finish Bayard's term.
Re-elected in 1887. 18 50th Congress
51st Congress 18 Elected in 1888.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
Republican HigginsAnthony.jpg
Anthony C. Higgins
18
52nd Congress
Re-elected in 1893.

Lost re-election.
19 53rd Congress
54th Congress 19 Legislature failed to elect in 1895 March 4, 1895 –
January 19, 1897
Vacant
Elected to finish vacant term.

Lost re-election.
January 19, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic KenneyRichardR.jpg
Richard R. Kenney
19
55th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1899 –
March 1, 1903
Legislature failed to elect 20 56th Congress
57th Congress 20 Legislature failed to elect in 1901 March 4, 1901 –
March 2, 1903
Vacant
18 BallHeisler.jpg
L. Heisler Ball
Republican March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Elected to finish vacant term. Elected to finish vacant term.

Retired.
March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
Republican James Allee.jpg
J. Frank Allee
20
58th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1905 –
June 12, 1906
Legislature failed to elect 21 59th Congress
19 Henry A Dupont.jpg
Henry A. du Pont
Republican June 13, 1906 –
March 3, 1917
Elected to finish vacant term.
60th Congress 21 Elected in 1907.

Retired.
March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Republican RichardsonHarryA.jpg
Harry A. Richardson
21
61st Congress
Re-elected in 1911.

Lost re-election.
22 62nd Congress
63rd Congress 22 Elected in 1913.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Democratic SaulsburyWillardJr2.gif
Willard Saulsbury, Jr.
22
64th Congress
20 Josiah Oliver Wolcott.jpg
Josiah O. Wolcott
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
July 2, 1921
Resigned to become Chancellor of Delaware 23 65th Congress
66th Congress 23 Elected in 1919.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
Republican BallHeisler.jpg
L. Heisler Ball
23
67th Congress
21 Thomas du Pont.jpg
T. Coleman du Pont
Republican July 7, 1921 –
November 6, 1922
Appointed to finish Wolcott's term
Lost election to finish Wolcott's term
22 Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.jpg
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1929
Elected to finish Wolcott's term.
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
24 68th Congress
69th Congress 24 Elected in 1924.

Resigned.
March 4, 1925 –
December 8, 1928
Republican Thomas du Pont.jpg
T. Coleman du Pont
24
70th Congress
  December 8, 1928 –
December 10, 1928
Vacant
December 10, 1928 –
January 3, 1937
Appointed to continue du Pont's term
Elected to finish du Pont's term
Republican HastingsDanielO.jpg
Daniel O. Hastings
25
23 John G. Townsend, Jr.jpg
John G. Townsend, Jr.
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1941
Elected in 1928. 25 71st Congress
72nd Congress 25 Elected to full term in 1930.

Lost re-election.
73rd Congress
Re-elected in 1934.

Lost re-election.
26 74th Congress
75th Congress 26 Elected in 1936.

Lost renomination.
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
Democratic HughesJamesH.jpg
James H. Hughes
26
76th Congress
24 Jamestunnell.jpg
James M. Tunnell
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1947
Elected in 1940.

Lost re-election.
27 77th Congress
78th Congress 27 Elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Republican C. Douglass Buck 27
79th Congress
25 JohnJWilliams.jpg
John J. Williams
Republican January 3, 1947 –
December 31, 1970
Elected in 1946. 28 80th Congress
81st Congress 28 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1961
Democratic JAllenFrear.jpg
J. Allen Frear, Jr.
28
82nd Congress
Re-elected in 1952. 29 83rd Congress
84th Congress 29 Re-elected in 1954.

Lost re-election.
85th Congress
Re-elected in 1958. 30 86th Congress
87th Congress 30 Elected in 1960. January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1973
Republican BoggsCaleb.jpg
J. Caleb Boggs
29
88th Congress
Re-elected in 1964.

Reisgned to give successor preferential seniority.
31 89th Congress
90th Congress 31 Re-elected in 1966.

Lost re-election.
91st Congress
26 Sen. William V. Roth (R-DE).jpg
William V. Roth, Jr.
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 2001
Appointed to finish Williams's term, having been elected to the next term
Elected in 1970. 32 92nd Congress
93rd Congress 32 Elected in 1972. January 3, 1973 –
January 15, 2009
Democratic Joe Biden official portrait crop with alternative background.jpg
Joe Biden
30
94th Congress
Re-elected in 1976. 33 95th Congress
96th Congress 33 Re-elected in 1978.
97th Congress
Re-elected in 1982. 34 98th Congress
99th Congress 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100th Congress
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st Congress
102nd Congress 35 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd Congress
Re-elected in 1994.

Lost re-election.
36 104th Congress
105th Congress 36 Re-elected in 1996.
106th Congress
27 Tom Carper, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Thomas R. Carper
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
Present
Elected in 2000. 37 107th Congress
108th Congress 37 Re-elected in 2002.
109th Congress
Re-elected in 2006. 38 110th Congress
111th Congress 38 Re-elected in 2008.

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
Appointed to continue Biden's term.

Retired.
January 16, 2009 –
November 15, 2010
Democratic Ted Kaufman, official Senate photo portrait, 2009.jpg
Ted Kaufman
31
Elected to finish Biden's term. November 15, 2010 –
Present
Democratic Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Chris Coons
32
112th Congress
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th Congress
114th Congress 39 Re-elected in 2014.
115th Congress
To be determined in the 2018 election. 40 116th Congress
117th Congress 40 To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Class 1 Class 2

Living former U.S. Senators from Delaware[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former U.S. Senators from Delaware who are currently living at this time, both from Class 2.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Joe Biden 1973–2009 2 (1942-11-20) November 20, 1942 (age 72)
Ted Kaufman 2009–2010 2 (1939-03-15) March 15, 1939 (age 76)

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

See also[edit]