List of United States Senators from Illinois

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Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators. Senators from Illinois are elected to Class 2 and Class 3.

The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith, in December 1926 for an appointed term and in March 1927 for an elected one, due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years.

Of the seven African Americans ever to sit in the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction, three have held Illinois's Class 3 seat.

List of Senators[edit]

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Class 2

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three U.S. Congresses in the first elections of 1818, and then the seat was contested every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one United States Congress in the first elections of 1818, and then the seat was contested every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, and 2010. The next election will be in 2016.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 JBThomas.jpg
Jesse B. Thomas
Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 4, 1829
Elected in 1818. 1 15th Congress 1 Elected in 1818. December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1824
Democratic-
Republican
Ninian.Edwards.png
Ninian Edwards
1
16th Congress 2 Re-elected in 1819.

Resigned.
17th Congress
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1823.

Retired.
2 18th Congress Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
  March 3, 1824 –
November 24, 1824
Vacant
Elected to finish Edwards's term.

Retired.
November 24, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
JMcLean-Senator.jpg
John McLean
2
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th Congress 3 Elected in 1825. March 4, 1825 –
December 12, 1835
Jacksonian EliasKane.jpg
Elias Kane
3
Adams 20th Congress
2 JMcLean-Senator.jpg
John McLean
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
October 14, 1830
Elected in 1829.

Died.
3 21st Congress
Vacant October 14, 1830 –
November 12, 1830
 
3 DJ Baker-Senator.jpg
David J. Baker
Jacksonian November 12, 1830 –
December 11, 1830
Appointed to continue McLean's term.

Retired.
4 JMRobinson-Senator.jpg
John M. Robinson
Jacksonian December 11, 1830 –
March 4, 1841
Elected to finish McLean's term
22nd Congress 4 Re-elected in 1831.

Died.
23rd Congress
Re-elected in 1835.

Retired.
4 24th Congress
  December 12, 1835 –
December 30, 1835
Vacant
Appointed to finish Kane's term.

Lost election.
December 30, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Jacksonian William Lee Davidson Ewing bioguide.jpg
William Lee D. Ewing
4
Democratic 25th Congress 5 Elected in 1837.

Retired.
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Democratic RYoung.jpg
Richard M. Young
5
26th Congress
5 SMcRoberts-Senator.jpg
Samuel McRoberts
Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 27, 1843
Elected in 1841.

Died.
5 27th Congress
28th Congress 6 Elected in 1843.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic SBreese.jpg
Sidney Breese
6
Vacant March 27, 1843 –
December 4, 1843
 
6 Semple.jpg
James Semple
Democratic December 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1847
Appointed to finish McRoberts's term.

Retired.
29th Congress
7 SADouglas.jpg
Stephen A. Douglas
Democratic March 4, 1847 –
June 3, 1861
Elected in 1847. 6 30th Congress
31st Congress 7   March 3, 1849 –
October 27, 1849
Vacant
Elected in 1849
Not seated[1]

Elected to finish his own term.

Lost re-election.
October 27, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
Democratic James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg
James Shields
7
32nd Congress
Re-elected in 1853. 7 33rd Congress
34th Congress 8
Elected in 1855.

.
March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
Democratic Lyman Trumbull - Brady-Handy.jpg
Lyman Trumbull
8
35th Congress Republican
Re-elected in 1858.

Died.
8 36th Congress
37th Congress 9 Re-elected in 1861.
Vacant June 3, 1861 –
June 26, 1861
 
8 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg
Orville Browning
Republican June 26, 1861 –
January 12, 1863
Appointed to continue Douglas's term.

Lost election to finish Douglas's term.
9 William Alexander Richardson - Brady-Handy.jpg
William A. Richardson
Democratic January 12, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Elected to finish Douglas's term.

Retired.
38th Congress
10 Richard.Yates.1.jpg
Richard Yates
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1871
Elected in 1864.

Retired.
9 39th Congress
40th Congress 10 Re-elected in 1867.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
41st Congress
11 John Alexander Logan.jpg
John A. Logan
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
Elected in 1870.

Lost re-election.
10 42nd Congress Liberal
Republican
43rd Congress 11 Elected in 1873.

Retired.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican Richard James Oglesby.jpg
Richard J. Oglesby
9
44th Congress
12 DDavis.jpg
David Davis
Independent March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
Elected in 1876.

Retired.
11 45th Congress
46th Congress 12 Elected in 1879. March 4, 1879 –
December 26, 1886
Republican John Alexander Logan.jpg
John A. Logan
10
47th Congress
13 Shelby Moore Cullom - Brady-Handy.jpg
Shelby Moore Cullom
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1913
Elected in 1882. 12 48th Congress
49th Congress 13 Re-elected in 1885.

Died.
  December 26, 1886 –
January 19, 1887
Vacant
Elected to finish Logan's term.

Retired.
January 19, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Republican C.B.Farwell.jpg
Charles B. Farwell
11
50th Congress
Re-elected in 1888. 13 51st Congress
52nd Congress 14 Elected in 1890.

Retired.
March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
Democratic John.M.Palmer.jpg
John M. Palmer
12
53rd Congress
Re-elected in 1894. 14 54th Congress
55th Congress 15 Elected in 1896.

Retired.
March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
Republican WEMason.jpg
William E. Mason
13
56th Congress
Re-elected in 1900. 15 57th Congress
58th Congress 16 Elected in 1902.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
Republican AHopkins.jpg
Albert J. Hopkins
14
59th Congress
Re-elected in 1906.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 60th Congress
61st Congress 17   March 3, 1909 –
June 18, 1909
Vacant
Elected late in 1909.

Election voided.
June 18, 1909 –
July 13, 1912
Republican William Lorimer, Illinois Senator, GGB photo.jpg
William Lorimer
15
62nd Congress
  July 13, 1912 –
March 26, 1913
Vacant
Elected to finish Lorimer's term. March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Republican Lawrence Yates Sherman.jpg
Lawrence Y. Sherman
16
Vacant March 4, 1913 –
March 26, 1913
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] 17 63rd Congress
14 Hamilton lewis.jpg
J. Hamilton Lewis
Democratic March 26, 1913 –
March 4, 1919
Elected in 1912.

Lost re-election.
64th Congress 18 Re-elected in 1914.

Retired.
65th Congress
15 Joseph Medill McCormick.jpg
Joseph M. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1919 –
February 25, 1925
Elected in 1918.

Lost renomination and died just before the end of the term.
18 66th Congress
67th Congress 19 Elected in 1920.

Lost renomination and died just before the end of the term.
March 4, 1921 –
December 7, 1926
Republican William Brown McKinley.jpg
William B. McKinley
17
68th Congress
16 Charles.S.Deneen.jpg
Charles S. Deneen
Republican February 26, 1925 –
March 4, 1931
Appointed to finish McCormick's term, having already been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1924.

Lost renomination.
19 69th Congress
Appointed to continue McKinley's term.

Not seated/resigned.[2]
December 7, 1926 Republican Frank L. Smith.jpg
Frank L. Smith
18
  December 7, 1926 –
December 3, 1928
Vacant
70th Congress 20
Elected to finish the term.

Lost re-election.
December 3, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Republican Otis Ferguson Glenn.jpg
Otis F. Glenn
19
71st Congress
17 Hamilton lewis.jpg
J. Hamilton Lewis
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
April 9, 1939
Elected in 1930. 20 72nd Congress
73rd Congress 21 Elected in 1932.

Retired.
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic WilliamDieterich.jpg
William H. Dieterich
20
74th Congress
Re-elected in 1936.

Died.
21 75th Congress
76th Congress 22 Elected in 1938. January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
Democratic ScottWikeLucas.jpg
Scott W. Lucas
21
Vacant April 9, 1939 –
April 14, 1939
 
18 James Slattery.jpg
James M. Slattery
Democratic April 14, 1939 –
November 21, 1940
Appointed to continue Lewis's term.

Lost election to finish Lewis's term.
19 CWBrooks-Senator.jpg
Charles W. Brooks
Republican November 22, 1940 –
January 3, 1949
Elected to finish Lewis's term
77th Congress
Re-elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
22 78th Congress
79th Congress 23 Re-elected in 1944.

Lost re-election.
80th Congress
20 Paul Douglas.JPG
Paul Douglas
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
Elected in 1948. 23 81st Congress
82nd Congress 24 Elected in 1950. January 3, 1951 –
September 7, 1969
Republican EverettDirksen.jpg
Everett Dirksen
22
83rd Congress
Re-elected in 1954. 24 84th Congress
85th Congress 25 Re-elected in 1956.
86th Congress
Re-elected in 1960.

Lost re-election.
25 87th Congress
88th Congress 26 Re-elected in 1962.
89th Congress
21 Charles Percy.jpg
Charles H. Percy
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
Elected in 1966. 26 90th Congress
91st Congress 27 Re-elected in 1968.

Died.
  September 7, 1969 –
September 17, 1969
Vacant
Appointed to continue Dirksen's term.

Lost special election.
September 17, 1969 –
November 3, 1970
Republican Ralph T. Smith.jpg
Ralph Tyler Smith
23
  November 3, 1970 –
November 17, 1970
Vacant
Elected to finish Dirksen's term. November 17, 1970 –
January 3, 1981
Democratic AdlaistevensonIII.jpg
Adlai Stevenson III
24
92nd Congress
Re-elected in 1972. 27 93rd Congress
94th Congress 28 Re-elected in 1974.

Retired.
95th Congress
Re-elected in 1978.

Lost re-election.
28 96th Congress
97th Congress 29 Elected in 1980. January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic Alan John Dixon.jpg
Alan J. Dixon
25
98th Congress
22 PaulMartinSimon.jpg
Paul Simon
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1984. 29 99th Congress
100th Congress 30 Re-elected in 1986.

Lost renomination.
101st Congress
Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
30 102nd Congress
103rd Congress 31 Elected in 1992.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
Democratic Sen. Carol Moseley Braun.jpg
Carol Moseley Braun
26
104th Congress
23 Richard Durbin official photo.jpg
Dick Durbin
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
Elected in 1996. 31 105th Congress
106th Congress 32 Elected in 1998.

Retired.
January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
Republican Peter Fitzgerald.jpg
Peter Fitzgerald
27
107th Congress
Re-elected in 2002. 32 108th Congress
109th Congress 33 Elected in 2004.

Resigned to become U.S. President.
January 3, 2005 –
November 16, 2008
Democratic BarackObamaportrait.jpg
Barack Obama
28
110th Congress
  November 16, 2008 –
January 12, 2009
Vacant
Appointed December 30, 2008 to continue Obama's term, but certified late because appointment was disputed.

Retired.
January 12, 2009 –
November 29, 2010
Democratic Sen Roland Burris.jpg
Roland Burris
29
Elected to finish Obama's term.[3] November 29, 2010 –
Present
Republican Senator Mark Kirk official portrait crop.jpg
Mark Kirk
30
Re-elected in 2008. 33 111th Congress
112th Congress 34 Elected in 2010.[3]
113th Congress
Re-elected in 2014. 34 114th Congress
115th Congress 35 To be determined in the 2016 election.
116th Congress
To be determined in the 2020 election. 35 117th Congress
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 2 Class 3

Living former Senators[edit]

As of July 2014, there are five former U.S. Senators from Illinois who are living, all from Class 3.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Adlai Stevenson III 1970–1981 3 (1930-10-10) October 10, 1930 (age 84)
Carol Moseley Braun 1993–1999 3 (1947-08-16) August 16, 1947 (age 67)
Peter Fitzgerald 1999–2005 3 (1960-10-20) October 20, 1960 (age 54)
Barack Obama 2005–2008 3 (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 53)
Roland Burris 2008–2010 3 (1937-08-03) August 3, 1937 (age 77)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Shields was not seated because he had not been a citizen for the required nine years. He reached that mark on October 21, 1949, so his subsequent election was accepted by the Senate.
  2. ^ When Smith presented his credentials to serve the remainder of McKinely's term, the Senate refused to seat him based on what it saw as an election rife with fraud and corruption When Smith returned with his credentials for the term he was elected to, the Senate again refused to seat him for the same reasons. Smith and the Governor considered him to be the rightful senator, but he resigned in February 1928. The Senate does not consider him to have been a senator.
  3. ^ a b Kirk was elected to fill the remainder of Barack Obama's term in a special election held the same day as the general election for the next term, which he also won.

See also[edit]