List of United States Senators from New Jersey

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This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from New Jersey. United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the New Jersey Legislature, and before 1935, their terms began March 4. The current Senators are Democrats Bob Menendez and Cory Booker.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 Jonathan Elmer Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1788.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
1 1st Congress 1 Elected in 1788.

Resigned to become N.J. Governor.
March 4, 1789 –
November 13, 1790
Pro-
Administration
WilliamPaterson.jpg
William Paterson
1
  November 13, 1790 –
November 23, 1790
Vacant
Elected to finish Paterson's term.

Retired.
November 23, 1790–
March 3, 1793
Pro-
Administration
Philemon Dickinson.jpg
Philemon Dickinson
2
2 Johnrutherfurd.jpg
John Rutherfurd
Federalist March 4, 1791 –
December 5, 1798
Elected in 1790. 2 2nd Congress
3rd Congress 2 Elected in 1792 or 1793.

Resigned.
March 4, 1793–
November 12, 1796
Federalist Portrait of General Frederick Frelinghuysen (1753-1804).jpg
Frederick Frelinghuysen
3
4th Congress
Elected to finish Frelinghuysen's term.

Retired.
November 12, 1796–
March 3, 1799
Federalist Richard Stockton 4
Re-elected in 1796.

Resigned.[citation needed]
3 5th Congress
3 Franklindavenport.jpg
Franklin Davenport
Federalist December 5, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to continue Rutherfurd's term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4 James schureman.jpg
James Schureman
Federalist March 4, 1799 –
February 16, 1801
Elected to finish Rutherfurd's term.

Resigned.
6th Congress 3 Elected in 1799. March 4, 1799–
March 3, 1805
Federalist JDayton.jpg
Jonathan Dayton
5
Vacant  
5 Aaron Ogden.jpg
Aaron Ogden
Federalist February 28, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected to finish Schureman's term.

Lost re-election.
7th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1803 –
September 1, 1803
Legislature failed to elect. 4 8th Congress
6 Johncondit.jpg
John Condit
Democratic-
Republican
September 1, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Appointed to begin the vacant term.

Elected November 3, 1803 to finish the vacant term.[1]

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9th Congress 4 Elected in 1804 or 1805.

Resigned.
March 4, 1805 –
March 12, 1809
Democratic-
Republican
Aaron Kitchell 6
10th Congress
7 Johnlambert.jpg
John Lambert
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1808 or 1809.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5 11th Congress
  March 12, 1809 –
March 21, 1809
Vacant
Appointed to continue Kitchells' term.[2]

Elected November 2, 1809 to finish Kitchell's term.[2]
March 21, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
Johncondit.jpg
John Condit
7
12th Congress 5 Re-elected in November 1810.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13th Congress
8 James J. Wilson Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
January 8, 1821
Elected in 1815.

Lost re-election,
and resigned early.
6 14th Congress
15th Congress 6 Elected in 1817. March 4, 1817 –
January 30, 1829
Democratic-
Republican
Mahlon Dickerson.jpg
Mahlon Dickerson
8
16th Congress
Vacant January 8, 1821 –
January 26, 1821
 
9 Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg
Samuel L. Southard
Democratic-
Republican
January 26, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Appointed to finish Wilson's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1821.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
7 17th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1823 –
November 12, 1823
  18th Congress 7 Re-elected in 1823.

Resigned and immediately re-elected for the Class 1 seat.
Crawford
Republican
10 Josephmcilvaine.jpg
Joseph McIlvaine
Adams
Republican
November 12, 1823 –
August 19, 1826
Elected to finish Southard's term.

Died.
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th Congress Jacksonian
Vacant August 19, 1826 –
November 10, 1826
 
11 Ephraimbateman.jpg
Ephraim Bateman
Anti-
Jacksonian
November 10, 1826 –
January 12, 1829
Elected to finish McIlvaine's term.
Adams Elected to full term in 1826.

Resigned because of failing health.
8 20th Congress
Vacant January 12, 1829 –
January 30, 1829
 
12 Mahlon Dickerson.jpg
Mahlon Dickerson
Jacksonian January 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Elected to finish Bateman's term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
  January 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1829
Vacant
21st Congress 8 Elected in 1828.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
Anti-
Jacksonian
Theodore Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg
Theodore Frelinghuysen
9
22nd Congress
13 Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg
Samuel L. Southard
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
June 26, 1842
Elected in 1833. 9 23rd Congress
24th Congress 9 Elected in 1835.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1841
Jacksonian GDWall.jpg
Garret D. Wall
10
Whig 25th Congress Democratic
Re-elected in 1839.

Resigned due to failing health.
10 26th Congress
27th Congress 10 Elected in 1840. March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1853
Whig JWMiller.jpg
Jacob W. Miller
11
Vacant June 26, 1842 –
July 2, 1842
 
14 William L. Dayton.jpg
William L. Dayton
Whig July 2, 1842 –
March 3, 1851
Appointed to continue Southard's term.

Elected to finish Southard's term.
28th Congress
Re-elected in 1845.

Lost re-election.
11 29th Congress
30th Congress 11 Re-elected in 1846.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
31st Congress
15 Robert F. Stockton.jpg
Robert F. Stockton
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 10, 1853
Elected in 1851.

Resigned to become president of the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company.
12 32nd Congress
Vacant January 10, 1853 –
March 4, 1853
 
16 JRThomson.jpg
John Renshaw Thomson
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
September 12, 1862
Elected to finish Stockton's term. 33rd Congress 12 Elected in 1852 or 1853.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Democratic WmWright.jpg
William Wright
12
34th Congress
Re-elected in 1857.

Died.
13 35th Congress
36th Congress 13 Elected in 1858.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1865
Republican John C. Ten Eyck - Brady-Handy.jpg
John C. Ten Eyck
13
37th Congress
Vacant September 12, 1862 –
November 21, 1862
 
17 Richardstocktonfield.jpg
Richard Stockton Field
Republican November 21, 1862 –
January 14, 1863
Appointed to continue Thomson's term.

Retired when successor elected.
18 Jameswalterwall.jpg
James Walter Wall
Democratic January 14, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Thomson's term.

Lost re-election.
19 WmWright.jpg
William Wright
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
November 1, 1866
Elected in 1862 or 1863.

Died.
14 38th Congress
39th Congress 14   March 3, 1865–
March 15, 1865
Vacant
Elected in 1864.

Election disputed and seat declared vacant.
March 15, 1865 –
March 27, 1866
Democratic John P. Stockton - Brady-Handy.jpg
John P. Stockton
14
  March 27, 1866 –
September 19, 1866
Vacant
Elected to finish Stockton's term.

Retired.
September 19, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
Republican Alexander G. Cattell - Brady-Handy.jpg
Alexander G. Cattell
15
Vacant November 1, 1866 –
November 12, 1866
 
20 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Republican November 12, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
Appointed to continue Wright's term.

Elected January 23, 1867 to finish Wright's term.[1]

Lost re-election.
40th Congress
21 John P. Stockton - Brady-Handy.jpg
John P. Stockton
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1869.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
15 41st Congress
42nd Congress 15 Elected in 1870 or 1871.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1871–
March 3, 1877
Republican Frederick T. Frelinghuysen - Brady-Handy.jpg
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
16
43rd Congress
22 Theodore Fitz Randolph - Brady-Handy.jpg
Theodore F. Randolph
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1875.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 44th Congress
45th Congress 16 Elected in 1877. March 4, 1877–
March 3, 1895
Democratic John R. McPherson - Brady-Handy.jpg
John R. McPherson
17
46th Congress
23 William Joyce Sewell Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1881.

Lost re-election.
17 47th Congress
48th Congress 17 Re-elected in 1883.
49th Congress
24 Rufusblodgett.jpg
Rufus Blodgett
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1887.

Retired.
18 50th Congress
51st Congress 18 Re-elected in 1889.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
52nd Congress
25 Jamessmithjr.jpg
James Smith, Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1893.

Retired.
19 53rd Congress
54th Congress 19 Elected in 1895. March 4, 1895–
December 27, 1901
Republican William Joyce Sewell 18
55th Congress
26 JohnkeanNJ.jpg
John Kean
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected in 1899. 20 56th Congress
57th Congress 20 Re-elected in 1901.

Died.
  December 27, 1901–
January 29, 1902
Vacant
Elected to finish Sewell's term.

Withdrew from election contest to full term.
January 29, 1902–
March 3, 1907
Republican JohnDryden.jpg
John F. Dryden
19
58th Congress
Re-elected in 1905.

Retired.
21 59th Congress
60th Congress 21 Elected in 1906.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Republican FrankOBriggs.jpg
Frank O. Briggs
20
61st Congress
27 Jamesedgarmartine.jpg
James Edgar Martine
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1910.

Retired.
22 62nd Congress
63rd Congress 22 Elected in 1912.

Died.
March 4, 1913 –
January 30, 1918
Democratic WmHughes.jpg
William Hughes
21
64th Congress
28 Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen, Sr.jpg
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
Elected in 1916.

Lost re-election.
23 65th Congress
  January 30, 1918 –
February 23, 1918
Vacant
Appointed to continue Hughes's term.

Elected to finish Hughes's term.

Retired.
February 23, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
Republican DavidBaird.jpg
David Baird
22
66th Congress 23 Elected in 1918. March 4, 1919 –
November 21, 1929
Republican Walteredge.jpg
Walter Evans Edge
23
67th Congress
29 Edwardedwards.jpg
Edward I. Edwards
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
24 68th Congress
69th Congress 24 Re-elected in 1924.

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to France.
70th Congress
30 Hamiltonkean.jpg
Hamilton Fish Kean
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
25 71st Congress
  November 21, 1929 –
November 30, 1929
Vacant
Appointed to continue Edge's term.

Retired when successor qualified.
November 30, 1929 –
December 2, 1930
Republican DavidBairdJr.jpg
David Baird, Jr.
24
Elected to finish Edge's term. December 3, 1930 –
October 5, 1931
Republican Dwight Morrow.jpg
Dwight Morrow
25
72nd Congress 25 Elected to full term in 1930.

Died.
  October 5, 1931 –
December 1, 1931
Vacant
Appointed to continue Morrow's term.

Elected to finish Morrow's term.

Lost re-election.
December 1, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
Republican William Warren Barbour.jpg
William Warren Barbour
26
73rd Congress
31 AHarryMoore.jpg
A. Harry Moore
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 17, 1938
Elected in 1934.

Resigned to become Governor.
26 74th Congress
75th Congress 26 Elected in 1936.[3]

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
Democratic William Smathers.jpg
William H. Smathers
27
32 Johngeraldmilton.jpg
John Gerald Milton
Democratic January 18, 1938 –
November 8, 1938
Appointed to continue Moore's term.

Retired when successor qualified.
33 William Warren Barbour.jpg
William Warren Barbour
Republican November 8, 1938 –
November 22, 1943
Elected to finish Moore's term
76th Congress
Re-elected in 1940.

Died.
27 77th Congress
78th Congress 27 Elected in 1942.

Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Republican Albert Wahl Hawkes.jpg
Albert W. Hawkes
28
Vacant November 22, 1943 –
November 26, 1943
 
34 Arthurwalsh.jpg
Arthur Walsh
Democratic November 26, 1943 –
December 7, 1944
Appointed to finish Barbour's term

Retired when successor was elected
35 Howardalexandersmith.jpg
Howard Alexander Smith
Republican December 7, 1944–
January 3, 1959
Elected to finish Barbour's term.
79th Congress
Re-elected in 1946. 28 80th Congress
81st Congress 28 Elected in 1948.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1949 –
January 2, 1955
Republican Robert Clymer Hendrickson.jpg
Robert C. Hendrickson
29
82nd Congress
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired.
29 83rd Congress
84th Congress 29 Elected in 1954. January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1979
Republican Clifford P Case.jpg
Clifford P. Case
30
85th Congress
36 Harrison Williams(D-NJ).jpg
Harrison A. Williams
Democratic January 3, 1959–
March 11, 1982
Elected in 1958. 30 86th Congress
87th Congress 30 Re-elected in 1960.
88th Congress
Re-elected in 1964. 31 89th Congress
90th Congress 31 Re-elected in 1966.
91st Congress
Re-elected in 1970. 32 92nd Congress
93rd Congress 32 Re-elected in 1972.

Lost primary.
94th Congress
Re-elected in 1976.

Resigned.
33 95th Congress
96th Congress 33 Elected in 1978. January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
Democratic Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ).jpg
Bill Bradley
31
97th Congress
Vacant March 11, 1982 –
April 12, 1982
 
37 Nicholas Frederick Brady.jpg
Nicholas F. Brady
Republican April 12, 1982 –
December 20, 1982
Appointed to finish Williams's term.

Retired and resigned early to give elected successor preferential seniority.
Vacant December 20, 1982 –
December 27, 1982
 
38 Frank Lautenberg 1983 congressional photo.jpg
Frank Lautenberg
Democratic December 27, 1982 –
January 3, 2001
Appointed early, having been already elected to the next term.
Elected in 1982. 34 98th Congress
99th Congress 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100th Congress
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st Congress
102nd Congress 35 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
103rd Congress
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired.
36 104th Congress
105th Congress 36 Elected in 1996.

Retired.
January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
Democratic Robert Torricelli.jpg
Robert Torricelli
32
106th Congress
39 SenatorJonCorzine.jpg
Jon S. Corzine
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 17, 2006
Elected in 2000.

Resigned to become N.J. Governor.
37 107th Congress
108th Congress 37 Elected in 2002. January 3, 2003 –
June 3, 2013
Democratic Frank Lautenberg, official portrait, 112th portrait crop.jpg
Frank Lautenberg
33
109th Congress
40 Robert Menendez, official Senate photo.jpg
Bob Menendez
Democratic January 18, 2006 –
Present
Appointed to finish Corzine's term.
Elected to full term in 2006. 38 110th Congress
111th Congress 38 Re-elected in 2008.

Died.
112th Congress
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th Congress
  June 3, 2013 –
June 6, 2013
Vacant
Appointed to continue Lautenberg's term.

Retired when successor qualified.
June 6, 2013 –
October 31, 2013
Republican Jeffrey Chiesa, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Jeffrey Chiesa
34
Elected to finish Lautenberg's term. October 31, 2013 –
Present
Democratic Cory Booker Senate.jpg
Cory A. Booker
35
114th Congress 39 Re-elected in 2014.
115th Congress
To be determined in the 2018 election. 40 116th Congress
117th Congress 40 To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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m
  T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former U.S. Senators from New Jersey[edit]

As of April 2015, there are four former U.S. Senators from New Jersey who are living, one from Class 1 and three from Class 2. The most recent senator to die was Frank Lautenberg, who served in both the Class 1 and Class 2 seats, (1982-2001, 2003-2013), who died in office on June 3, 2013.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Bill Bradley 1979–1997 2 (1943-07-28) July 28, 1943 (age 73)
Nicholas F. Brady 1982 1 (1930-04-11) April 11, 1930 (age 86)
Robert Torricelli 1997–2003 2 (1951-08-27) August 27, 1951 (age 64)
Jon Corzine 2001–2006 1 (1947-01-01) January 1, 1947 (age 69)
Jeffrey Chiesa 2013 2 (1965-06-22) June 22, 1965 (age 51)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Byrd, p. 142.
  2. ^ a b Byrd, p. 143.
  3. ^ William H. Smathers was installed late on April 15, 1937, remaining until then a member of the state Senate, but that does not affect when his service in the U.S. Senate begins, as there is no prohibition in concurrent service in both federal and state legislatures.