List of United States Senators from Rhode Island

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This a list of United States Senators from Rhode Island. Rhode Island ratified the Constitution on May 29, 1790, and its senators belong to Class 1 and Class 2. Rhode Island's current senators are Jack Reed and Sheldon Whitehouse.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 Senator Theodore Foster.jpg
Theodore Foster
Pro-
Administration
June 7, 1790 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1790. 1 1st Congress 1 Elected in 1790.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
June 7, 1790 –
March 3, 1793
Anti-Administration Joseph Stanton, Jr. 1
Re-elected in 1791. 2 2nd Congress
3rd Congress 2 Elected in 1793.

Resigned.
March 4, 1793 –
October 1797
Pro-Administration William Bradford (1729-1808).jpg
William Bradford
2
Federalist 4th Congress Federalist
  October 1797 –
November 13, 1797
Vacant
Elected to finish Bradford's term. November 13, 1797 –
March 5, 1801
Federalist Ray Greene.jpg
Ray Greene
3
Re-elected in 1797.

Retired.
3 5th Congress
6th Congress 3 Re-elected in 1799.

Resigned.
  March 5, 1801 –
May 6, 1801
Vacant
Elected to finish Greene's term.

Lost re-election.
May 6, 1801 –
March 3, 1805
Democratic-
Republican
Senator Christopher Ellery of Rhode Island.jpg
Christopher Ellery
4
7th Congress
2 Samuel J. Potter Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
October 14, 1804
Elected in 1803.

Died.
4 8th Congress
Vacant October 14, 1804 –
October 29, 1804
 
3 Benjamin Howland Democratic-
Republican
October 29, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
Elected to finish Potter's term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9th Congress 4 Elected in 1805.

Resigned.
March 4, 1805 –
September 1807
Democratic-
Republican
GovJamesFenner.jpg
James Fenner
5
10th Congress
  September 1807 –
October 26, 1807
Vacant
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] October 26, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
Democratic-
Republican
Elisha Mathewson.jpg
Elisha Mathewson
6
4 Francis Malbone Federalist March 4, 1809 –
June 4, 1809
Elected in 1809.

Died.
5 11th Congress
Vacant June 4, 1809 –
June 26, 1809
 
5 Christopher Grant Champlin.jpg
Christopher G. Champlin
Federalist June 26, 1809 –
October 12, 1811
Elected to finish Malbone's term.

Resigned.
12th Congress 5 Elected in 1811.

Retired.
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
Jeremiah Howell.jpg
Jeremiah B. Howell
7
Vacant October 12, 1811 –
October 28, 1811
 
6 Senator William Hunter.jpg
William Hunter
Federalist October 28, 1811 –
March 3, 1821
Elected to finish Champlin's term.
13th Congress
Re-elected in 1815. 6 14th Congress
15th Congress 6 Elected in 1817.

Died.
March 4, 1817 –
December 25, 1820
Federalist James Burrill, Jr..jpg
James Burrill, Jr.
8
16th Congress
  December 25, 1820 –
January 9, 1821
Vacant
Elected to finish Burrill's term. January 9, 1821 –
March 3, 1841
Democratic-
Republican
NRKnight.jpg
Nehemiah R. Knight
9
7 JDe Wolf.jpg
James DeWolf
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1821 –
October 31, 1825
Elected in 1820 or 1821.

Resigned.
7 17th Congress
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
18th Congress 7 Re-elected in 1823. Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
Anti-Jacksonian 19th Congress Anti-Jacksonian
8 Asher Robbins.jpg
Asher Robbins
Anti-Jacksonian October 31, 1825 –
March 3, 1839
Elected to finish DeWolf's term.
Adams Re-elected in 1827. 8 20th Congress Adams
Anti-Jacksonian 21st Congress 8 Re-elected in 1829. Anti-Jacksonian
22nd Congress
Re-elected in 1833.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9 23rd Congress
24th Congress 9 Re-elected in 1835.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
25th Congress Whig
9 Nathan F. Dixon I Whig March 4, 1839 –
January 29, 1842
Elected in 1838 or 1839.

Died.
10 26th Congress
27th Congress 10 Elected in 1841.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1847
Whig James F. Simmons - Brady-Handy.jpg
James F. Simmons
10
Vacant January 29, 1842 –
February 18, 1842
 
10 William Sprague Whig February 18, 1842 –
January 17, 1844
Elected to finish Dixon's term.

Resigned.
28th Congress
Vacant January 17, 1844 –
January 25, 1844
 
11 RI Governor John Brown Francis.jpg
John B. Francis
Law and Order January 25, 1844 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Sprague's term.

Retired.
12 ACGreene.jpg
Albert C. Greene
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1845.

Retired.
11 29th Congress
30th Congress 11 Elected in 1846.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
Whig JHClarke.jpg
John Hopkins Clarke
11
31st Congress
13 CTJames.jpg
Charles T. James
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
Elected in 1851.

Retired.
12 32nd Congress
33rd Congress 12   March 4, 1853 –
July 20, 1853
Vacant
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Retired.
July 20, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Democratic Philip Allen (politician).jpg
Philip Allen
12
34th Congress
14 James F. Simmons - Brady-Handy.jpg
James F. Simmons
Republican March 4, 1857 –
August 15, 1862
Elected in 1857.

Resigned.
13 35th Congress
36th Congress 13 Elected in 1859. March 4, 1859 –
September 2, 1884
Republican Henry B. Anthony - Brady-Handy.jpg
Henry B. Anthony
13
37th Congress
Vacant August 15, 1862 –
December 1, 1862
 
15 SGArnold.jpg
Samuel G. Arnold
Republican December 1, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Simmons's term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 William Sprague 1830-1915 - Brady-Handy.jpg
William Sprague IV
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1863. 14 38th Congress
39th Congress 14 Re-elected in 1865.
40th Congress
Re-elected in 1869.

Retired.
15 41st Congress
42nd Congress 15 Re-elected in 1871.
43rd Congress
17 Ambrose Burnside2.jpg
Ambrose Burnside
Republican March 4, 1875 –
September 13, 1881
Elected in 1875. 16 44th Congress
45th Congress 16 Re-elected in 1877.
46th Congress
Re-elected in 1881.

Died.
17 47th Congress
Vacant September 13, 1881 –
October 5, 1881
 
18 Nelson W. Aldrich.jpg
Nelson W. Aldrich
Republican October 5, 1881 –
March 3, 1911
Elected to finish Burnside's term.
48th Congress 17 Re-elected in 1883.

Died.
  September 2, 1884 –
November 19, 1884
Vacant
Appointed to continue Anthony's term. November 19, 1884 –
January 20, 1885
Republican Senator William Paine Sheffield.jpg
William P. Sheffield
14
Elected to finish Anthony's term. January 20, 1885 –
April 9, 1889
Republican Jonathan Chace.jpg
Jonathan Chace
15
49th Congress
Re-elected in 1887. 18 50th Congress
51st Congress 18 Re-elected in 1889.

Resigned.
Elected to fill vacancy.

Retired.
April 10, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
Republican Nathan Fellows Dixon III.jpg
Nathan F. Dixon, III
16
52nd Congress
Re-elected in 1893. 19 53rd Congress
54th Congress 19 Elected in 1895. March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1907
Republican George Wetmore.jpg
George P. Wetmore
17
55th Congress
Re-elected in 1899. 20 56th Congress
57th Congress 20 Re-elected in 1901
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
58th Congress
Re-elected in 1905.

Retired.
21 59th Congress
60th Congress 21 Legislature failed to elect March 4, 1907 –
January 22, 1908
Vacant
Elected to fill vacancy January 22, 1908–
March 3, 1913
Republican George Wetmore.jpg
George P. Wetmore
61st Congress
19 Henry F. Lippitt RI Senator.jpg
Henry F. Lippitt
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1910.

Lost re-election.
22 62nd Congress
63rd Congress 22 Elected in 1912. March 4, 1913 –
August 18, 1924
Republican LeBaron B Colt.jpg
LeBaron B. Colt
18
64th Congress
20 US Senator Peter G. Gerry (1920).jpg
Peter G. Gerry
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1929
Elected in 1916. 23 65th Congress
66th Congress 23 Re-elected in 1918.

Died.
67th Congress
Re-elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
24 68th Congress
  August 18, 1924 –
November 5, 1924
Vacant
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] November 5, 1924 –
January 3, 1937
Republican JesseHMetcalf.jpg
Jesse H. Metcalf
19
69th Congress 24 Elected in 1924.
70th Congress
21 Felix Hebert.jpg
Felix Hebert
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
25 71st Congress
72nd Congress 25 Re-elected in 1930
Lost re-election in 1936
73rd Congress
22 US Senator Peter G. Gerry (1920).jpg
Peter G. Gerry
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1947
Elected in 1934. 26 74th Congress
75th Congress 26 Elected in 1936. January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1961
Democratic Theodore Francis GREEN.jpg
Theodore F. Green
20
76th Congress
Re-elected in 1940.

Retired.
27 77th Congress
78th Congress 27 Re-elected in 1942.
79th Congress
23 Truman with Senators McGrath and Green.jpg
J. Howard McGrath
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
August 23, 1949
Elected in 1946.

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General.
28 80th Congress
81st Congress 28 Re-elected in 1948.
24 Edward Leahy.jpg
Edward L. Leahy
Democratic August 24, 1949 –
December 10, 1950
Appointed to continue McGrath's term.

Retired.
Vacant December 10, 1950 –
December 19, 1950
 
25 John O. Pastore.jpeg
John O. Pastore
Democratic December 19, 1950 –
December 28, 1976
Elected to finish McGrath's term.
82nd Congress
Re-elected in 1952. 29 83rd Congress
84th Congress 29 Re-elected in 1954.

Retired.
85th Congress
Re-elected in 1958. 30 86th Congress
87th Congress 30 Elected in 1960. January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1997
Democratic Claiborne Pell.jpg
Claiborne Pell
21
88th Congress
Re-elected in 1964. 31 89th Congress
90th Congress 31 Re-elected in 1966.
91st Congress
Re-elected in 1970.

Retired and resigned early
to give successor preferential seniority.
32 92nd Congress
93rd Congress 32 Re-elected in 1972.
94th Congress
26 John Chafee.jpg
John Chafee
Republican December 29, 1976 –
October 24, 1999
Appointed to finish Pastore's term,
having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1976. 33 95th Congress
96th Congress 33 Re-elected in 1978.
97th Congress
Re-elected in 1982. 34 98th Congress
99th Congress 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100th Congress
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st Congress
102nd Congress 35 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
103rd Congress
Re-elected in 1994.

Died.
36 104th Congress
105th Congress 36 Elected in 1996. January 3, 1997 –
Present
Democratic Jack Reed, official photo portrait, 2008.jpg
Jack Reed
22
106th Congress
Vacant October 24, 1999 –
November 2, 1999
 
27 Lincoln Chafee official portrait.jpg
Lincoln Chafee
Republican November 2, 1999 –
January 3, 2007
Appointed to finish his father's term.
Elected in 2000.

Lost re-election.
37 107th Congress
108th Congress 37 Re-elected in 2002.
109th Congress
28 Senwhitehouse.jpg
Sheldon Whitehouse
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
Present
Elected in 2006. 38 110th Congress
111th Congress 38 Re-elected in 2008.
112th Congress
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th Congress
114th Congress 39 Re-elected in 2014.
115th Congress
To be determined in the 2018 election.  ? 116th Congress
117th Congress  ? To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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  T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former United States Senators from Rhode Island[edit]

As of April 2015, there is one Senator who is living, from Class 1.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Lincoln Chafee 1999–2007 1 (1953-03-26) March 26, 1953 (age 62)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]