List of United States Senators from Tennessee

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Tennessee was admitted to the United States on June 1, 1796. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1862 owing to its secession from the Union. They were again filled from July 1866. The current Senators are Republicans Lamar Alexander and Bob Corker.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Vacant June 1, 1796 –
August 2, 1796
Tennessee did not elect its Senators until two months after statehood. 1 4th Congress 1 Tennessee did not elect its Senators until two months after statehood. June 1, 1796 –
August 2, 1796
Vacant
1 Senatorcocke.jpg
William Cocke
Democratic-Republican August 2, 1796 –
September 26, 1797
Elected in 1796. Elected in 1796.

Expelled.
August 2, 1796 –
July 8, 1797
Democratic-Republican William Blount.jpg
William Blount
1
Appointed to begin the term due to failure of legislature to elect.

Resigned when successor elected.
2 5th Congress
Elected to finish Blount's term.

Resigned when elected to Class 1 seat.
July 8, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Democratic-Republican JosephAnderson.jpg
Joseph Anderson
2
2 Andrew Jackson.jpg
Andrew Jackson
Democratic-Republican September 26, 1797 –
April 1, 1798
Elected to finish Cocke's term.

Resigned.
Vacant April 1, 1798 –
October 6, 1798
 
3 Daniel Smith Democratic-Republican October 6, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to finish Jackson's term.

Retired.
4 JosephAnderson.jpg
Joseph Anderson
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1815
Elected to finish Jackson's term. 6th Congress 2 Elected in 1799.

Retired or lost re-election.
March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1805
Democratic-Republican Senatorcocke.jpg
William Cocke
3
7th Congress
Re-elected in 1803. 3 8th Congress
9th Congress 3 Elected in 1804 or 1805.

Resigned.
March 4, 1805 –
March 31, 1809
Democratic-Republican Daniel Smith 4
10th Congress
Re-elected in 1809.

Retired.
4 11th Congress
  April 1, 1809 –
April 10, 1809
Vacant
Elected to finish Smith's term. April 11, 1809 –
October 8, 1811
Democratic-Republican Jenkin Whiteside 5
12th Congress 4 Re-elected in 1810 or 1811.

Resigned.
Elected to finish Whiteside's term.

Resigned.
October 8, 1811 –
February 11, 1814
Democratic-Republican GeorgeWCampbell.jpg
George W. Campbell
6
13th Congress
  February 12, 1814 –
March 16, 1814
Vacant
Appointed to continue Campbell's term.

Retired when successor elected.
March 17, 1814 –
October 10, 1815
Democratic-Republican Jesse Wharton 7
Vacant March 4, 1815 –
October 10, 1815
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] 5 14th Congress
5 GeorgeWCampbell.jpg
George W. Campbell
Democratic-Republican October 10, 1815 –
April 20, 1818
Elected late in 1815.

Resigned.
Elected to finish Campbell's term. October 10, 1815 –
March 3, 1823
Democratic-Republican Sen John Williams TN.jpg
John Williams
8
15th Congress 5 Appointed to begin the term due to legislature's failure to elect.

Elected October 2, 1817 to finish the term.[1]

Lost re-election.
Vacant April 20, 1818 –
September 27, 1818
 
6 John Eaton.jpg
John H. Eaton
Democratic-Republican September 5, 1818 –
March 4, 1821
Appointed to continue Cambell's term.

Elected October 9, 1819 to finish Cambell's term.[2]

Legislature failed to elect.
16th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
September 27, 1821
  6 17th Congress
John Eaton.jpg
John H. Eaton
Democratic-Republican September 27, 1821 –
March 9, 1829
Re-elected late in 1821.
Jackson Democratic-Republican 18th Congress 6 Elected in 1823.

Resigned.
March 4, 1823 –
October 14, 1825
Jackson Democratic-Republican Andrew Jackson.jpg
Andrew Jackson
9
Jacksonian 19th Congress Jacksonian
  October 15, 1825 –
October 27, 1825
Vacant
Elected to finish Jackson's term. October 28, 1825 –
January 13, 1840
Jacksonian HLWhite.jpg
Hugh Lawson White
10
Re-elected in 1827.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War.
7 20th Congress
21st Congress 7 Re-elected in 1829.
Vacant March 9, 1829 –
October 19, 1829
 
7 Felix Grundy.jpg
Felix Grundy
Jacksonian October 19, 1829 –
July 4, 1838
Elected to finish Eaton's term.
22nd Congress
Re-elected in 1833.

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General.
8 23rd Congress
24th Congress 8 Re-elected in 1835.

Resigned because he could not conscientiously obey the instructions of his constituents.[3]
Anti-Jacksonian
Democratic 25th Congress Whig
Vacant July 5, 1838 –
September 16, 1838
 
8 EHFoster.jpg
Ephraim H. Foster
Whig September 17, 1838 –
March 3, 1839
Elected to finish Grundy's term.

Re-elected but resigned to avoid disobeying instructions given him by the state legislature.
Vacant March 3, 1839 –
November 19, 1839
  9 26th Congress
9 Felix Grundy.jpg
Felix Grundy
Democratic November 19, 1839 –
December 19, 1840
Elected late in 1839.

Died.
  January 13, 1840 –
February 25, 1840
Vacant
Elected to finish White's term.

Retired.
February 25, 1840 –
March 3, 1841
Democratic Alexander O. Anderson (1794 – 1869).jpg
Alexander O. Anderson
11
Vacant December 19, 1840 –
December 25, 1840
 
10 Alfred Osborn Pope Nicholson.jpg
Alfred O. P. Nicholson
Democratic December 25, 1840 –
February 7, 1842
Appointed to continue Grundy's term.

Retired or lost re-election.
27th Congress 9 Legislature failed to elect. March 4, 1841 –
October 17, 1843
Vacant
Vacant February 7, 1842 –
October 17, 1843
 
28th Congress
11 EHFoster.jpg
Ephraim H. Foster
Whig October 17, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Grundy's term.

Retired or lost re-election.
Elected to finish the vacant term.

Lost re-election.
October 17, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
Whig JSpencer.jpg
Spencer Jarnagin
12
12 HLTurney.jpg
Hopkins L. Turney
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1844.

Retired or lost re-election.
10 29th Congress
30th Congress 10 Legislature failed to elect. March 4, 1847 –
November 21, 1847
Vacant
Elected late in 1847 November 22, 1847 –
March 3, 1859
Whig JBell.jpg
John Bell
13
31st Congress
13 James C Jones.jpg
James C. Jones
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
Elected in 1851.

Retired.
11 32nd Congress
33rd Congress 11 Re-elected in 1853.

Retired or lost re-election.
34th Congress
Vacant March 4, 1857 –
October 8, 1857
Legislature failed to elect. 12 35th Congress Know-Nothing
14 Younger Andrew Johnson.jpg
Andrew Johnson
Democratic October 8, 1857 –
March 4, 1862
Elected in 1857 to finish the term.

Resigned to become Military Governor of Tennessee.
36th Congress 12 Elected in 1858.

Withdrew in anticipation of secession.
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Democratic Alfred Osborn Pope Nicholson.jpg
Alfred O. P. Nicholson
14
37th Congress U.S. Civil War March 4, 1861 –
July 24, 1866
Vacant
Vacant March 4, 1862 –
July 24, 1866
U.S. Civil War
13 38th Congress
39th Congress 13
15 Senator David T. Patterson.jpg
David T. Patterson
Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
Elected to finish the vacant term.

Retired.
Elected to finish the vacant term.

Retired.
July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
Unionist JSFowler.jpg
Joseph S. Fowler
15
Democratic 40th Congress Republican
16 William Gannaway Brownlow 2.jpg
William G. Brownlow
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1867 for the term beginning in 1869.

Retired.
14 41st Congress
42nd Congress 14 Elected in 1870 or 1871.

Retired.
March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
Democratic Henry Cooper U.S. Senator - Brady-Handy.jpg
Henry Cooper
16
43rd Congress
17 Andrew Johnson - 3a53290u.png
Andrew Johnson
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
July 31, 1875
Elected in 1875.

Died.
15 44th Congress
18 DMKey-PostmasGener.jpg
David M. Key
Democratic August 18, 1875 –
January 19, 1877
Appointed to continue Johnson's term.

Lost election to finish Johnson's term.
19 James E. Bailey - Brady-Handy.jpg
James E. Bailey
Democratic January 19, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Elected to finish Johnson's term.

Lost re-election.
45th Congress 15 Elected in 1877. March 4, 1877 –
July 8, 1897
Democratic Isham Harris.jpg
Isham G. Harris
17
46th Congress
20 Justice Howell Jackson2.jpg
Howell Jackson
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
April 14, 1886
Election year unknown.

Resigned to become U.S. Circuit Judge.
16 47th Congress
48th Congress 16 Re-elected in 1883.
49th Congress
Vacant April 14, 1886 –
April 16, 1886
 
21 Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg
Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic April 16, 1886 –
March 3, 1887
Appointed to finish Jackson's term.

Retired or lost re-election.
22 William Bate.jpg
William B. Bate
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 9, 1905
Elected in 1887. 17 50th Congress
51st Congress 17 Re-elected in 1889.
52nd Congress
Re-elected in 1893. 18 53rd Congress
54th Congress 18 Re-elected in 1895.

Died.
55th Congress
  July 9, 1897 –
July 19, 1897
Vacant
Appointed to continue Harris's term.

Elected February 2, 1898 to finish Harris's term.[4]

Retired.
July 20, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic Thomas B. Turley.jpg
Thomas B. Turley
18
Re-elected in 1899 19 56th Congress
57th Congress 19 Elected in 1900.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1907
Democratic Edward Ward Carmack.jpg
Edward W. Carmack
19
58th Congress
Re-elected in 1905.

Died.
20 59th Congress
Vacant March 10, 1905 –
March 20, 1905
 
23 Frazier-james-beriah-bioguide.jpg
James B. Frazier
Democratic March 21, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
Elected to finish Bate's term.

Lost re-election.
60th Congress 20 Elected in 1906.

Died.
March 4, 1907 –
March 31, 1912
Democratic Robert Love Taylor - Brady-Handy.jpg
Robert Love Taylor
20
61st Congress
24 Luke Lea TN Senator.jpg
Luke Lea
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1910.

Lost renomination.
21 62nd Congress
  April 1, 1912 –
April 10, 1912
Vacant
Appointed to continue Taylor's term.

Retired when successor elected.
April 11, 1912 –
January 24, 1913
Republican Newell Sanders.jpg
Newell Sanders
21
Elected to finish Taylor's term.

Retired.
January 24, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic William R. Webb.jpg
William R. Webb
22
63rd Congress 21 Elected in 1912. March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
Democratic John Knight Shields.jpg
John K. Shields
23
64th Congress
25 McKellarKenneth.jpg
Kenneth McKellar
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1916. 22 65th Congress
66th Congress 22 Re-elected in 1918.

Lost renomination.
67th Congress
Re-elected in 1922. 23 68th Congress
69th Congress 23 Elected in 1924.

Died.
March 4, 1925 –
August 24, 1929
Democratic Lawrence-tyson-1911.jpg
Lawrence D. Tyson
24
70th Congress
Re-elected in 1928. 24 71st Congress
  August 25, 1929 –
September 1, 1929
Vacant
Appointed to continue Tyson's term.

Elected November 4, 1930 to finish Tyson's term.[4]

Retired.
September 2, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
Democratic William E. Brock I.jpg
William E. Brock
25
72nd Congress 24 Elected in 1930.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
Democratic Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg
Cordell Hull
26
73rd Congress Appointed to continue Hull's term.

Elected November 7, 1934 to finish Hull's term.[4]
March 4, 1933 –
April 23, 1937
Democratic Nathan L. Bachman.jpg
Nathan L. Bachman
27
Re-elected in 1934. 25 74th Congress
75th Congress 25 Re-elected in 1936.

Died.
  April 24, 1937 –
May 5, 1937
Vacant
Appointed to continue Bachman's term.

Retired when successor elected.
May 6, 1937 –
November 8, 1938
Democratic BerrySenatorD-TN.jpg
George L. Berry
28
Elected to finish Bachman's term.

Although eligible and elected, did not "take his seat" as he preferred to remain as district attorney general. Nevertheless, service begins when eligible and elected, not upon the taking of an oath.
November 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1949
Democratic S000901.jpg
Tom Stewart
29
76th Congress
Re-elected in 1940. 26 77th Congress
78th Congress 26 Re-elected in 1942.

Lost renomination.
79th Congress
Re-elected in 1946.

Lost renomination.
27 80th Congress
81st Congress 27 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
August 10, 1963
Democratic SenatorKefauver(D-TN).jpg
Estes Kefauver
30
82nd Congress
26 Albert Gore Sr..jpg
Albert Gore, Sr.
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1971
Elected in 1952. 28 83rd Congress
84th Congress 28 Re-elected in 1954.
85th Congress
Re-elected in 1958. 29 86th Congress
87th Congress 29 Re-elected in 1960.

Died.
88th Congress
  August 10, 1963 –
August 20, 1963
Vacant
Appointed to continue Kefauver's term
Retired
August 20, 1963 –
November 3, 1964
Democratic Herbert S. Walters.jpg
Herbert S. Walters
31
Elected to finish Kefauver's term.

Lost renomination.
November 4, 1964 –
January 2, 1967
Democratic Ross Bass (1918-1993).jpg
Ross Bass
32
Re-elected in 1964.

Lost re-election.
30 89th Congress
90th Congress 30 Elected in 1966. January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
Republican Howard Baker photo.jpg
Howard Baker
33
91st Congress
27 Bill brock.jpg
Bill Brock
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
Elected in 1970.

Lost re-election.
31 92nd Congress
93rd Congress 31 Re-elected in 1972.
94th Congress
28 Jim sasser.jpg
Jim Sasser
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1995
Elected in 1976. 32 95th Congress
96th Congress 32 Re-elected in 1978.

Retired.
97th Congress
Re-elected in 1982. 33 98th Congress
99th Congress 33 Elected in 1984. January 3, 1985 –
January 2, 1993
Democratic Sengore.jpg
Al Gore, Jr.
34
100th Congress
Re-elected in 1988.

Lost re-election.
34 101st Congress
102nd Congress 34 Re-elected in 1990.

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
  January 2, 1993 –
January 5, 1993
Vacant
103rd Congress
Appointed to continue Gore's term.

Retired when successor elected.
January 5, 1993 –
December 2, 1994
Democratic Senator Harlan Mathews (D-TN).jpg
Harlan Mathews
35
Elected to finish Gore's term. December 2, 1994 –
January 3, 2003
Republican Fred Thompson.jpg
Fred Thompson
36
29 Bill Frist official photo.jpg
Bill Frist
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2007
Elected in 1994. 35 104th Congress
105th Congress 35 Re-elected in 1996.

Retired.
106th Congress
Re-elected in 2000.

Retired.
36 107th Congress
108th Congress 36 Elected in 2002. January 3, 2003 –
Incumbent
Republican Lamar Alexander official portrait.jpg
Lamar Alexander
37
109th Congress
30 Bob Corker, official Senate photo, 09-21-07.jpg
Bob Corker
Republican January 3, 2007 –
Present
Elected in 2006. 37 110th Congress
111th Congress 37 Re-elected in 2008.
112th Congress
Re-elected in 2012. 38 113th Congress
114th Congress 38 Re-elected in 2014.
115th Congress
To be determined in the 2018 election. 39 116th Congress
117th Congress 39 To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former U.S. Senators from Tennessee[edit]

As of November 2015, there are four living former Senators; three from Class 1 and one from Class 2. The most recent senator to die was Fred Thompson of Class 2 (1994-2003) on November 1, 2015. The most recent Class 1 senator to die was Albert Gore Sr. (1953-1971) on December 5, 1998.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Bill Brock 1971–1977 1 (1930-11-23) November 23, 1930 (age 85)
Jim Sasser 1977–1995 1 (1936-09-30) September 30, 1936 (age 79)
Al Gore 1985–1993 2 (1948-03-31) March 31, 1948 (age 68)
Bill Frist 1995–2007 1 (1952-02-22) February 22, 1952 (age 64)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Byrd, page 170
  2. ^ Byrd, page 169
  3. ^ "WHITE, Hugh Lawson, (1773–1840)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. Congress. Retrieved June 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Byrd, page 171

See also[edit]