List of United States senators from Texas

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Current senators

Texas was admitted to the United States on December 29, 1845, and elects its U.S. senators to Class 1 and Class 2. The state's current senators are Republicans John Cornyn (serving since 2002) and Ted Cruz (serving since 2013). A total of 27 Democrats, 7 Republicans, and 1 Liberal Republican have served or are serving as U.S. senators from Texas. Morris Sheppard was Texas's longest-serving senator (1913–1941).

List of senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
Vacant Dec 29, 1845 –
Feb 21, 1846
Texas did not elect its senators until two months after statehood. 1 29th 1 Texas did not elect its senators until two months after statehood. Dec 29, 1845 –
Feb 21, 1846
Vacant
1 ThomasJeffersonRusk.jpg
Thomas Jefferson Rusk
Democratic Feb 21, 1846 –
Jul 29, 1857
Elected in 1846. Elected in 1846. Feb 21, 1846 –
Mar 3, 1859
Democratic SHouston 2.jpg
Sam Houston
1
30th 2 Re-elected in 1847.
31st
Re-elected in 1851. 2 32nd
33rd 3 Re-elected in 1853.
Retired.
34th
Re-elected in 1857.
Died.
3 35th
Vacant Jul 29, 1857 –
Nov 9, 1857
 
2 James Pinckney Henderson-p.jpg
James Pinckney Henderson
Democratic Nov 9, 1857 –
Jun 4, 1858
Appointed to finish Rusk's term.
Died.
Vacant Jun 4, 1858 –
Sep 27, 1858
 
3 MattWard.jpg
Matthias Ward
Democratic Sep 27, 1858 –
Dec 5, 1859
Appointed to continue Rusk's term.
Lost nomination to finish Rusk's term.
36th 4 Elected in 1859.
Expelled following Texas's secession from the Union.
Mar 4, 1859 –
Jul 11, 1861
Democratic John Hemphill.jpg
John Hemphill
2
4 Louis Trezevant Wigfall.jpg
Louis Wigfall
Democratic Dec 5, 1859 –
Mar 23, 1861
Elected to finish Rusk's term.
Withdrew.
37th
Vacant Mar 23, 1861 –
Mar 30, 1870
Civil War and reconstruction.
Civil War and reconstruction. Jul 11, 1861 –
Mar 31, 1870
Vacant
4 38th
39th 5
40th
5 41st
5 James W. Flanagan - Brady-Handy.jpg
James W. Flanagan
Republican Mar 30, 1870 –
Mar 3, 1875
Elected upon readmission.
Elected upon readmission. Mar 31, 1870 –
Mar 3, 1877
Republican Morgan C. Hamilton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Morgan C. Hamilton
3
42nd 6 Re-elected in 1871.
Retired.
43rd Liberal Republican
6 Samuel B. Maxey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel B. Maxey
Democratic Mar 4, 1875 –
Mar 3, 1887
Elected in 1875. 6 44th Republican
45th 7 Elected in 1876. Mar 4, 1877 –
Mar 3, 1895
Democratic Richard Coke - Brady-Handy (cropped).jpg
Richard Coke
4
46th
Re-elected in 1881.
Lost re-election.
7 47th
48th 8 Re-elected in 1882.
49th
7 JHRegan.jpg
John H. Reagan
Democratic Mar 4, 1887 –
Jun 10, 1891
Elected in 1887.
Resigned to become chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas.
8 50th
51st 9 Re-elected in 1888.
Retired.
52nd
8 Horace Chilton.jpg
Horace Chilton
Democratic Jun 10, 1891 –
Mar 22, 1892
Appointed to continue Reagan's term.
Lost election to finish Reagan's term.
9 Roger Q. Mills - Brady-Handy.jpg
Roger Q. Mills
Democratic Mar 23, 1892 –
Mar 3, 1899
Elected to finish Reagan's term.
Re-elected in 1893.
Retired.
9 53rd
54th 10 Elected in 1894.
Retired.
Mar 4, 1895 –
Mar 3, 1901
Democratic Horace Chilton.jpg
Horace Chilton
5
55th
10 Charles Allen Culberson.jpg
Charles Allen Culberson
Democratic Mar 4, 1899 –
Mar 3, 1923
Elected in 1899. 10 56th
57th 11 Elected in 1901. Mar 4, 1901 –
Jan 3, 1913
Democratic Joseph Weldon Bailey.jpg
Joseph Weldon Bailey
6
58th
Re-elected in 1905.[1] 11 59th
60th 12 Re-elected in 1907.
Resigned.
61st
Re-elected in 1911. 12 62nd
Appointed to continue Bailey's term.
Lost election to finish Bailey's term.
Retired.
Jan 4, 1913 –
Jan 29, 1913
Democratic RienziMJohnston (cropped).jpg
Rienzi Melville Johnston
7
  Jan 29, 1913 –
Feb 3, 1913
Vacant
Elected in 1913 to finish Bailey's term. Feb 3, 1913 –
Apr 9, 1941
Democratic Sheppard morris.jpg
Morris Sheppard
8
63rd 13 Elected in 1913 to the full term.
64th
Re-elected in 1916.
Lost re-election.
13 65th
66th 14 Re-elected in 1918.
67th
11 Earlebmayfield.jpg
Earle Bradford Mayfield
Democratic Mar 4, 1923 –
Mar 3, 1929
Elected in 1922.
Lost renomination.
14 68th
69th 15 Re-elected in 1924.
70th
12 TomconnallyTX.jpg
Tom Connally
Democratic Mar 4, 1929 –
Jan 3, 1953
Elected in 1928. 15 71st
72nd 16 Re-elected in 1930.
73rd
Re-elected in 1934. 16 74th
75th 17 Re-elected in 1936.
Died.
76th
Re-elected in 1940. 17 77th
  Apr 9, 1941 –
Apr 21, 1941
Vacant
Appointed to continue Sheppard's term.
Died.
Apr 21, 1941 –
Jun 26, 1941
Democratic Andrew Jackson Houston.jpg
Andrew Jackson Houston
9
  Jun 26, 1941 –
Aug 4, 1941
Vacant
Elected to finish Sheppard's term. Aug 4, 1941 –
Jan 3, 1949
Democratic Wilbert Lee O'Daniel.jpg
W. Lee O'Daniel
10
78th 18 Re-elected in 1942.
Retired.
79th
Re-elected in 1946.
Retired.
18 80th
81st 19 Elected in 1948. Jan 3, 1949 –
Jan 3, 1961
Democratic Senator Lyndon Johnson.jpg
Lyndon B. Johnson
11
82nd
13 Price Daniel.jpg
Price Daniel
Democratic Jan 3, 1953 –
Jan 14, 1957
Elected in 1952.
Resigned to become Governor of Texas.
19 83rd
84th 20 Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1960, but resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
85th
14 SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg
William A. Blakley
Democratic Jan 15, 1957 –
Apr 28, 1957
Appointed to continue Daniel's term.
Retired when his successor was elected.
15 RalphYarborough.jpg
Ralph Yarborough
Democratic Apr 29, 1957 –
Jan 3, 1971
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Re-elected in 1958. 20 86th
87th 21 Appointed to begin Johnson's term.
Lost election to finish Johnson's term.
Jan 3, 1961 –
Jun 14, 1961
Democratic SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg
William A. Blakley
12
Elected May 27, 1961 to finish Johnson's term. Jun 15, 1961 –
Jan 3, 1985
Republican John Tower.jpg
John Tower
13
88th
Re-elected in 1964.
Lost renomination.
21 89th
90th 22 Re-elected in 1966.
91st
16 Lloyd Bentsen, bw photo as senator.jpg
Lloyd Bentsen
Democratic Jan 3, 1971 –
Jan 20, 1993
Elected in 1970. 22 92nd
93rd 23 Re-elected in 1972.
94th
Re-elected in 1976. 23 95th
96th 24 Re-elected in 1978.
Retired.
97th
Re-elected in 1982. 24 98th
99th 25 Elected in 1984. Jan 3, 1985 –
Nov 30, 2002
Republican PhilGramm.jpg
Phil Gramm
14
100th
Re-elected in 1988.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
25 101st
102nd 26 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd
Vacant Jan 20, 1993 –
Jan 21, 1993
 
17 Bob Krueger.jpg
Bob Krueger
Democratic Jan 21, 1993 –
Jun 14, 1993
Appointed to continue Bentsen's term.
Lost election to finish Bentsen's term.
18 Kay Bailey Hutchison, official photo 2.jpg
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Republican Jun 14, 1993 –
Jan 3, 2013
Elected in 1993 to finish Bentsen's term.
Re-elected in 1994. 26 104th
105th 27 Re-elected in 1996.
Retired, and resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
106th
Re-elected in 2000. 27 107th
  Nov 30, 2002 –
Dec 2, 2002
Vacant
Appointed to finish Gramm's term, having been elected to the next term. Dec 2, 2002 –
present
Republican John Cornyn official senate portrait.jpg
John Cornyn
15
108th 28 Elected in 2002.
109th
Re-elected in 2006.
Retired.
28 110th
111th 29 Re-elected in 2008.
112th
19 Ted Cruz official 116th portrait (cropped).jpg
Ted Cruz
Republican Jan 3, 2013 –
present
Elected in 2012. 29 113th
114th 30 Re-elected in 2014.
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 30 116th
117th 31 Re-elected in 2020.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 31 119th
120th 32 To be determined in the 2026 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T   T Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. New York: The Press Publishing Co. New York World. 1905. p. 108.