List of United States Senators in the 112th Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 112th United States Congress listed by seniority from January 3, 2011 to January 3, 2013. It is a historical listing and will contain people who have not served the entire two-year Congress should anyone resign, die, or be expelled.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2][3][4][5]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 2012 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

In the 112th Congress, Tom Harkin is the most senior junior senator, and Jeanne Shaheen is the most junior senior senator.

Terms of Service[edit]

Class Terms of Service of Senators that will expire in years
Class 1 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2013[6]
Class 2 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2015[7]
Class 3 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2017[8]

U.S. Senate Seniority List[edit]

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Senator (Party-State) Seniority Date Other factors
1 Daniel Inouye[9] (D-HI) January 3, 1963
2 Patrick Leahy (D-VT) January 3, 1975
3 Richard Lugar (R-IN) January 3, 1977 Indiana 11th in population (1970)
4 Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Utah 36th in population (1970)
5 Max Baucus (D-MT) December 15, 1978  
6 Thad Cochran (R-MS) December 27, 1978
7 Carl Levin (D-MI) January 3, 1979
8 Chuck Grassley (R-UT) January 3, 1981
9 Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) January 3, 1983  
10 John Kerry (D-MA) January 2, 1985
11 Tom Harkin (D-IA) January 3, 1985 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives
12 Mitch McConnell (R-KY)  
13 Jay Rockefeller (D-WV) January 15, 1985
14 Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) January 3, 1987 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years)
15 Richard Shelby (R-KY) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (8 years)
16 John McCain (R-AZ) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (4 years); Arizona 29th in population (1980)
17 Harry Reid (D-NV) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (4 years); Nevada 43rd in population (1980)
18 Kent Conrad (D-ND)  
19 Herb Kohl (D-WI) January 3, 1989 Wisconsin 16th in population (1980)
20 Joe Lieberman (ID-CT)[10] Connecticut 25th in population (1980)
21 Daniel Akaka (D-HI) May 16, 1990  
22 Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) November 10, 1992
23 Barbara Boxer (D-CA) January 3, 1993 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives
24 Patty Murray (D-WA)  
25 Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) June 14, 1993  
26 Jim Inhofe (R-OK) November 17, 1994
27 Olympia Snowe (R-ME) January 3, 1995 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (16 years)
28 Jon Kyl (R-AZ) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (8 years)
29 Ron Wyden (D-OR) February 6, 1996  
30 Pat Roberts (R-KS) January 3, 1997 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (16 years)
31 Richard Durbin (D-IL) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (14 years)
32 Tim Johnson (D-SD) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years)
33 Jack Reed (D-RI) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (6 years)
34 Mary Landrieu (D-LA) Louisiana 21st in population (1990)
35 Jeff Sessions (R-AL) Alabama 22nd in population (1990)
36 Susan Collins (R-ME) Maine 38th in population (1990)
37 Mike Enzi (R-WY) Wyoming 50th in population (1990)
38 Chuck Schumer (D-NY) January 3, 1999 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (18 years)
39 Mike Crapo (R-ID) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (6 years)
40 Bill Nelson (D-FL) January 3, 2001 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (12 years)
41 Tom Carper (D-DE) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years)
42 Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (4 years); Michigan 8th in population (1990)
43 John Ensign[11] (R-NV) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (4 years); Nevada 39th in population (1990)
44 Maria Cantwell (D-WA) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (2 years)
45 Ben Nelson (D-NE)  
46 John Cornyn[12] (R-TX) December 1, 2002
47 Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) December 20, 2002
48 Frank Lautenberg[13] (D-NJ) January 3, 2003 Former senator
49 Saxby Chambliss (R-GA) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (8 years); Georgia 10th in population (2000)
50 Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (8 years); South Carolina 26th in population (2000)
51 Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Former cabinet member
52 Mark Pryor (D-AR) Arkansas 33rd in population (2000)
53 Richard Burr (R-NC) January 3, 2005 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years)
54 Jim DeMint (R-SC) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (6 years); South Carolina 26th in population (2000)
55 Tom Coburn (R-OK) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (6 years); Oklahoma 27th in population (2000)
56 John Thune (R-SD) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (6 years); South Dakota 46th in population (2000)
57 Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (5 years, 10 months)
58 David Vitter (R-LA) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (5 years, 7 months)
59 Bob Menendez (D-NJ) January 17, 2006  
60 Ben Cardin (D-MD) January 3, 2007 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (20 years)
61 Bernie Sanders (I-VT) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (16 years)
62 Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (14 years)
63 Bob Casey, Jr. (D-PA) Pennsylvania 6th in population (2000)
64 Jim Webb[14] (D-VA) Virginia 12th in population (2000)
65 Bob Corker (R-TN) Tennessee 16th in population (2000)
66 Claire McCaskill (D-MO) Missouri 17th in population (2000)
67 Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Minnesota 21st in population (2000)
68 Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) Rhode Island 43rd in population (2000)
69 Jon Tester (D-MT) Montana 44th in population (2000)
70 John Barrasso (R-WY) June 25, 2007  
71 Roger Wicker (R-MS) December 31, 2007
72 Mark Udall (D-CO) January 3, 2009 Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years); Colorado 24th in population (2000)
73 Tom Udall (D-NM) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (10 years); New Mexico 36th in population (2000)
74 Mike Johanns (R-NE) Former cabinet member
75 Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) Former governor (6 years)
76 Mark Warner (D-VA) Former governor (4 years)
77 Jim Risch (R-ID) Former governor (7 months)
78 Kay Hagan (D-NC) North Carolina 11th in population (2000)
79 Jeff Merkley (D-OR) Oregon 28th in population (2000)
80 Mark Begich (D-AK) Alaska 48th in population (2000)
81 Michael Bennet (D-CO) January 21, 2009  
82 Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) January 26, 2009
83 Al Franken (D-MN) July 7, 2009
84 Scott Brown (R-MA) February 4, 2010
85 Joe Manchin (D-WV) November 15, 2010 Former governor
86 Chris Coons (D-DE)  
87 Mark Kirk (R-IL) November 29, 2010
88 Dan Coats (R-IN) January 3, 2011 Former U.S. Senator
89 Roy Blunt (R-MO) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (14 years); Missouri 17th in population (2000)
90 Jerry Moran (R-KS) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (14 years); Kansas 32nd in population (2000)
91 Rob Portman (R-OH) Former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (12 years)
92 John Boozman (R-AR) Former U.S. Representative (9 years)
93 Pat Toomey (R-PA) Former U.S. Representative (6 years)
94 John Hoeven (R-ND) Former governor
95 Marco Rubio (R-FL) Florida 4th in population (2000)
96 Ron Johnson (R-WI) Wisconsin 18th in population (2000)
97 Rand Paul (R-KY) Kentucky 25th in population (2000)
98 Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) Connecticut 29th in population (2000)
99 Michael S. Lee (R-UT) Utah 34th in population (2000)
100 Kelly Ayotte (R-NH) New Hampshire 41st in population (2000)
  Dean Heller (R-NV) May 9, 2011  
  Brian Schatz (D-HI) December 26, 2012  
  Tim Scott (R-SC) January 2, 2013  

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.senate.gov
  2. ^ 1971 U.S Census Report Contains 1970 Census results.
  3. ^ 1981 U.S Census Report Contains 1980 Census results.
  4. ^ 1991 U.S Census Report Contains 1990 Census results.
  5. ^ 2000 Census State Population Rankings
  6. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2013.
  7. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2015.
  8. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 2017.
  9. ^ Senator Inouye died on December 17, 2012
  10. ^ Despite Joe Lieberman's 2006 party change, he retains his seniority since there is no break in his Senate service.
  11. ^ Senator Ensign resigned on May 3, 2011
  12. ^ John Cornyn's predecessor, Phil Gramm, resigned early so Cornyn could be seated on December 2, 2002, and move into Gramm's office suite to begin organizing his staff. Cornyn did not, however, gain seniority, owing to a 1980 Rules Committee policy that no longer gave seniority to senators who entered Congress early for the purpose of gaining advantageous office space. See Note 1, above.
  13. ^ Frank Lautenberg served a previous term as U.S. Senator from New Jersey from January 1983 to January 2001, but does not retain seniority from that prior service. Lautenberg has sought restoration of his seniority based on his prior service, but has not received it. Second Time Isn't as Lovely for Lautenberg, New York Times
  14. ^ Jim Webb's service as Secretary of the Navy does not affect his Seniority because it was not been a cabinet-level position during or after his term.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]