List of United States Senators in the 21st Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 21st United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1831.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1830 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Terms of Service[edit]

This article is about the terms of service of Senators that will expire in years. For A list of special elections to the United States Senate, see List of special elections to the United States Senate.
Class Terms of Service of Senators that will expire in years
Class 3 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1831[3]
Class 1 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1833[4]
Class 2 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1835[5]

U.S. Senate Seniority List[edit]

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Senator (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 Benjamin Ruggles (AJ-OH) March 4, 1815
2 James Noble (AJ-IN)[6] December 11, 1816
3 Mahlon Dickerson (J-NJ) March 4, 1817
4 William Rufus de Vane King (J-AL) December 14, 1819
5 Nehemiah Rice Knight (AJ-RI) January 9, 1821
6 Horatio Seymour (AJ-VT) March 4, 1821 Vermont 15th in Population (1810)
7 David Barton (AJ-MO) August 10, 1821 Alphabetical (Ba)
8 Thomas Hart Benton (J-MO) Alphabetical (Be)
9 John Henry Eaton (J-TN)[7] September 27, 1821
10 Samuel Smith (J-MD) December 17, 1822
11 Samuel Bell (AJ-NH) March 4, 1823 Former Governor; New Hampshire 15th in Population (1820)
12 Robert Young Hayne (J-NH)
13 Josiah Stoddard Johnston (AJ-LA) January 15, 1824
14 Littleton Waller Tazewell (J-VA) December 7, 1824
15 Dudley Chase (AJ-VT) March 4, 1825 Former Senator
16 William Hendricks (A-IN) Former Representative (5 years)
17 John Rowan (J-KY) Former Representative (2 years)
18 William Marks (A-PA) Pennsylvania 2nd in Population (1820)
19 John Macpherson Berrien (J-GA)[8] Georgia 11th in Population (1820)
20 Elias Kent Kane (J-IL) Illinois 24th in Population (1820)
21 Levi Woodbury (J-NH) March 16, 1825
22 Calvin Willey (A-CT) May 4, 1825
23 Hugh Lawson White (J-TN) October 28, 1825
24 Ashur Robbins (AJ-RI) October 31, 1825
25 Nathan Sanford (AJ-NY) January 14, 1826
26 Ezekiel Forman Chambers (A-VA) January 24, 1826
27 Nathaniel Silsbee (AJ-MA) May 31, 1826
28 John McKinley (J-AL) November 27, 1826
29 William Smith (DR-SC) November 29, 1826
30 Powhatan Ellis (J-MS) March 4, 1827 Former Senator
31 Louis McLane (J-DE)[9] Former Representative (10 years)
32 John Tyler (J-VA) Former Representative (4 years, 2 months)
33 Samuel Augustus Foot (AJ-CT) Former Representative (4 years, 0 months)
34 Isaac Dutton Barnard (J-PA)
35 Daniel Webster (AJ-MA) December 17, 1827
36 Jacob Burnet (A-OH) December 10, 1828
37 James Iredell (J-NC) December 15, 1828
38 John Holmes (A-ME) January 15, 1829 Former Representative
39 Charles Edward Dudley (J-NY)
40 George Mortimer Bibb (J-KY) March 4, 1829 Former Senator (3 years)
41 George Troup (J-GA) Former Senator (1 year, 10 months)
42 Thomas Buck Reed (J-MS)[10] Former Senator (1 year, 2 months)
43 John McLean (J-IL)[11] Former Senator (3 months)
44 Edward Livingston (J-LA) Former Representative (12 years)
45 Peleg Sprague (AJ-ME) Former Representative (4 years)
46 Theodore Frelinghuysen (AJ-NJ) New Jersey 13th in Population (1820)
47 John Middleton Clayton (AJ-DE) Delaware 22nd in Population (1820)
Felix Grundy (J-TN) October 19, 1829
John Forsyth (J-GA) November 9, 1829
Bedford Brown (J-NC) December 9, 1829
Robert Huntington Adams (J-MS)[12] January 6, 1830
Arnold Naudain (AJ-DE) January 13, 1830
George Poindexter (J-MS) October 15, 1830
David Jewett Baker (D-IL)[13] November 12, 1830
John McCracken Robinson (J-IL) December 11, 1830

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1831.
  4. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1833.
  5. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1835.
  6. ^ James Noble resigned February 26, 1831
  7. ^ John Eaton resigned March 9, 1829
  8. ^ John Berrien resigned March 9, 1829
  9. ^ Louis McLane resigned April 16, 1829
  10. ^ Thomas Reed resigned November 26, 1829
  11. ^ John McLean resigned October 14, 1830
  12. ^ Robert Adams resigned July 2, 1830
  13. ^ David Baker resigned December 11, 1830

External links[edit]