List of United States Senators in the 26th Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 26th United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1839 to March 3, 1841.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the Senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1840 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Terms of Service[edit]

Class Terms of Service of Senators that will expire in years
Class 2 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1841[3]
Class 3 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1843[4]
Class 1 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1845[5]

U.S. Senate Seniority List[edit]

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Senator (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 William Rufus de Vane King (D-AL) December 14, 1819
2 Nehemiah Rice Knight (W-RI) January 9, 1821
3 Thomas Hart Benton (D-MO) August 10, 1821
4 Hugh Lawson White (W-TN)[6] October 28, 1825
5 Daniel Webster (W-MA)[7] December 17, 1827
6 Bedford Brown (D-NC)[8] December 9, 1829
7 John McCracken Robinson (D-IL) December 11, 1830
8 Samuel Prentiss (AJ-VT) March 4, 1831
9 Henry Clay (W-KY) November 10, 1831
10 John Caldwell Calhoun (D-SC) December 29, 1832
11 Silas Wright, Jr. (D-NY) January 4, 1833
12 Samuel Lewis Southard (W-NJ) March 4, 1833 Former Senator
13 Nathaniel Pitcher Tallmadge (W-NY)
14 Lewis Fields Linn (D-MO) October 25, 1833
15 William Campbell Preston (N-SC) November 26, 1833
16 James Buchanan (D-PA) December 6, 1834
17 Alfred Cuthbert (D-MD) January 12, 1835
18 John Ruggles (D-ME) January 20, 1835
19 John Jordan Crittenden (W-KY) March 4, 1835 Former Senator
20 Henry Hubbard (D-NH) Former Representative
21 John Davis (W-MA)[9] Former Governor
22 Garret Dorset Wall (D-NJ) New Jersey 14th in Population (1830)
23 Robert John Walker (D-MS) Mississippi 22nd in Population (1830)
24 Robert Carter Nicholas (D-LA) January 13, 1836
25 William C. Rives (W-VA) March 4, 1836
26 Richard Henry Bayard (AJ-DE)[10] June 17, 1836
27 Ambrose Hundley Sevier (D-AR) September 18, 1836 Former Delegate
28 William Savin Fulton (D-AR)
29 Robert Strange (D-NC)[11] December 5, 1836
30 John Selby Spence (W-MD)[12] December 31, 1836
31 Thomas Clayton (W-DE) January 9, 1837
32 Alexander Mouton (D-LA) January 12, 1837
33 John Norvell (D-MI) January 26, 1837
34 Franklin Pierce (D-NH) March 4, 1837 Former Representative (4 years)
35 William Allen (D-OH) Former Representative (2 years); Ohio 5th in Population (1830)
36 Oliver Hampton Smith (W-IN) Former Representative (2 years); Indiana 13th in Population (1830)
37 Reuel Williams (D-ME) Maine 12th in Population (1830)
38 Perry Smith (D-CT) Connecticut 16th in Population (1830)
39 Richard Montgomery Young (D-IL) Illinois 20th in Population (1830)
40 William Henry Roane (D-VA) March 14, 1837
41 Clement Comer Clay (D-AL) June 19, 1837
42 Wilson Lumpkin (D-GA) November 22, 1837
43 William Duhurst Merrick (W-MD) January 4, 1838
44 Albert Smith White (W-IN) March 4, 1839 Former Representative
45 Benjamin Tappan (D-OH) Ohio 5th in Population (1830)
46 Thaddeus Betts (W-CT) Connecticut 16th in Population (1830)
47 Samuel Shethar Phelps (W-VT) Vermont 17th in Population (1830)
48 John Henderson (W-VT) Mississippi 22nd in Population (1830)
49 Nathan Fellows Dixon (W-RI) Rhode Island 23rd in Population (1830)
50 Felix Grundy (D-TN)[13] December 14, 1839
51 Daniel Sturgeon (D-PA) January 14, 1840
52 Augustus Seymour Porter (W-MI) January 20, 1840
Alexander Outlaw Anderson (D-TN) February 26, 1840
Jabez Williams Huntington (W-CT) May 4, 1840
Willie Person Mangum (W-NC) November 25, 1840 Former Senator
William Alexander Graham (W-NC)
Alfred Osborn Pope Nicholson (D-TN) December 25, 1840
John Leeds Kerr (W-MD) January 5, 1841
Isaac Chapman Bates (W-MA) January 13, 1841
Rufus Choate (W-MA) February 23, 1841

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1841.
  4. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1843.
  5. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1845.
  6. ^ Hugh White resigned January 13, 1840
  7. ^ Daniel Webster resigned February 22, 1841
  8. ^ Bedford Brown resigned November 16, 1840
  9. ^ John Davis resigned January 5, 1841
  10. ^ Richard Bayard resigned September 19, 1839
  11. ^ Robert Strange resigned November 16, 1840
  12. ^ John Spence resigned October 24, 1840
  13. ^ Felix Grundy resigned December 19, 1840

External links[edit]