List of United States Senators in the 30th Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 30th United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1847 to March 3, 1849.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1848 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Terms of Service[edit]

This article is about the terms of service of Senators that will expire in years. For A list of special elections to the United States Senate, see List of special elections to the United States Senate.
Class Terms of Service of Senators that will expire in years
Class 3 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1849[3]
Class 1 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1851[4]
Class 2 Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1853[5]

U.S. Senate Seniority List[edit]

U.S. Senate Seniority
Rank Senator (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 Thomas Hart Benton (D-MO) August 10, 1821
2 James Buchanan (D-PA)[6] December 6, 1834
3 Robert John Walker (D-MS)[7] March 4, 1835
4 Ambrose Hundley Sevier (D-AR) September 18, 1836
5 Thomas Clayton (W-DE) January 9, 1837
6 William Allen (D-OH) March 4, 1837
7 Samuel Shethar Phelps (W-VT) March 4, 1839
8 Daniel Sturgeon (D-PA) January 14, 1840
9 Jabez Williams Huntington (W-CT) May 4, 1840
10 Willie Person Mangum (W-NC) November 25, 1840
11 Isaac Chapman Bates (W-MA)[8] January 13, 1841
12 Levi Woodbury (D-NH)[9] March 4, 1841 Former Senator (5 years)
13 John Macpherson Berrien (W-GA) Former Senator (4 years)
14 William Segar Archer (W-VA) Former Representative (15 years)
15 George Evans (W-ME) Former Representative (11 years)
16 William Woodbridge (W-MI) Former Delegate (1 year)
17 James Turner Morehead (W-KY) Former Governor
18 Jacob Welsh Miller (W-NJ) New Jersey 14th in Population (1830)
19 Alexander Barrow (W-LA)[10] Louisiana 19th in Population (1830)
20 James Fowler Simmons (W-RI) Rhode Island 23rd in Population (1830)
21 Arthur Pendleton Bagby (D-AL) November 24, 1841
22 John Jordan Crittenden (W-KY) March 31, 1842
23 William Lewis Dayton (W-NJ) July 2, 1842
24 George McDuffie (D-SC)[11] December 23, 1842
25 James Alfred Pearce (W-MD) March 4, 1843 Former Representative (6 years); Maryland 15th in Population (1840)
26 Charles Gordon Atherton (D-NH) Former Representative (6 years); New Hampshire 22nd in Population (1840)
27 Edward Allen Hannegan (D-IN) Former Representative (4 years)
28 Walter Terry Colquitt (D-GA) Former Representative (1 year)
29 William Henry Haywood, Jr. (D-NC)[12] North Carolina 7th in Population (1840)
30 Sidney Breese (D-IL) Illinois 14th in Population (1840)
31 William Upham (W-VT) Vermont 21st in Population (1840)
32 David Rice Atchison (D-MO) October 14, 1843
33 Spencer Jarnagin (W-TN) October 17, 1843
34 John Fairfield (W-ME) December 4, 1843 Maine 13th in Population (1840)
35 James Semple (D-IL) Illinois 14th in Population (1840)
36 Henry Johnson (W-LA) February 12, 1844
37 Dixon Hall Lewis (D-AL) April 22, 1844
38 John Milton Niles (D-CT) May 16, 1844
39 Chester Ashley (D-AR) November 8, 1844
40 Daniel Stevens Dickinson (D-AL) November 30, 1844
41 John Adams Dix (D-NY) January 27, 1845
42 Daniel Webster (W-MA) March 4, 1845 Former Senator (13 years)
43 John Middleton Clayton (W-DE) Former Senator (7 years)
44 Thomas Corwin (W-OH) Former Representative (9 years)
45 Jesse Speight (D-MS) Former Representative (8 years)
46 Hopkins Lacy Turney (D-TN) Former Representative (6 years)
47 Lewis Cass (D-MI) Former Cabinet Member
48 Jesse David Bright (D-IN) Indiana 10th in Population (1840)
49 Reverdy Johnson (W-MD) Maryland 15th in Population (1840)
50 Albert Collins Greene (W-RI) Rhode Island 24th in Population (1840)
Simon Cameron (D-PA) March 13, 1845
John Davis (W-MA) March 24, 1845
51 David Levy Yulee (D-FL) July 1, 1845 Former Delegate
52 James Diament Westcott, Jr. (D-FL)
Joseph Williams Chalmers (D-MS) November 3, 1845
53 John Caldwell Calhoun (D-SC) November 26, 1845
Benning Wentworth Jenness (D-NH)[13] December 1, 1845
54 Isaac Samuels Pennybacker (D-VA)[14] December 3, 1845
55 Thomas Jefferson Rusk (D-TX) February 21, 1846
56 Samuel Houston (D-TX) February 26, 1846 Former Representative
Joseph Cilley (L-NH) June 13, 1846
George Edmund Badger (W-NC) November 25, 1846
Andrew Pickens Butler (D-SC) December 4, 1846
James Murray Mason (D-VA) January 21, 1847 Former Representative
Pierre Soulé (D-LA)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1849.
  4. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1851.
  5. ^ Terms of service of Senators that will expire in 1853.
  6. ^ James Buchanan resigned March 5, 1845 to become Secretary of State.
  7. ^ Robert John Walker resigned March 5, 1845 to become Secretary of the Treasury.
  8. ^ Isaac Bates died March 16, 1845
  9. ^ Levi Woodbury resigned November 20, 1845 to become an Associate Justice to the United States Supreme Court.
  10. ^ Alexander Barrow died December 29, 1846
  11. ^ George McDuffie resigned August 17, 1846
  12. ^ William Haywood resigned July 25, 1846
  13. ^ Benning Jenness resigned June 13, 1846
  14. ^ Isaac Pennybacker died January 12, 1847

External links[edit]