List of United States cities by population

Page semi-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an incorporated place includes cities, towns, villages, boroughs, and municipalities.[a] A few exceptional census-designated places (CDPs) are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places.[b] Consolidated city-counties represent a distinct type of government that includes the entire population of a county, or county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include multiple incorporated places. This list presents only the portion of such consolidated city-counties that are not a part of another incorporated place.

This list refers only to the population of individual municipalities within their defined limits; the populations of other municipalities considered suburbs of a central city are listed separately, and unincorporated areas within urban agglomerations are not included. Therefore, a different ranking is evident when considering U.S. urban areas or metropolitan areas.

50 states and Washington, D.C.

This table lists the 333 incorporated places in the United States, excluding the U.S. territories, with a population of at least 100,000 as of July 1, 2022, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau. Five states have no cities with populations exceeding 100,000. They are: Delaware, Maine, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

The table displays:

  1. The city rank by population as of July 1, 2022, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[1]
  2. The city name[1]
  3. The name of the state in which the city lies[1]
  4. The city population as of July 1, 2022, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[1]
  5. The city population as of April 1, 2020, as enumerated by the 2020 United States census[1]
  6. The city percent population change from April 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022
  7. The city land area as of January 1, 2020[2]
  8. The city population density as of April 1, 2020 (residents per unit of land area)[2]
  9. The city latitude and longitude coordinates[2]


State capital
State largest city
State capital and largest city
Federal capital

Distribution

The total 2020 enumerated population of all cities over 100,000 is 96,598,047, representing 29.14% of the United States population (excluding territories) and covering a total land area of 29,588 square miles (76,630 km2). The mean city population is 301,765, and the mean density is 4,151 inhabitants per square mile (1,603/km2).

Population Number of municipal governments
1,000,000+ 9
700,000–999,999 10
500,000–699,999 18
400,000–499,999 11
300,000–399,999 21
200,000–299,999 56
100,000–199,999 208
Total 333
State Number of listed cities
CA 75
TX 42
FL 22
AZ, CO 12
NC 10
MA, WA 9
GA, IL 8
MI, NJ, VA 7
MO, IN, NY, OH, OR, TN 6
AL, CT, KS, NV, UT 5
LA, OK 4
IA, ID, MN, NM, PA, SC, WI 3
KY, NE 2
AK, AR, DC, HI, MD, MS, MT, ND, NH, RI, SD 1
DE, ME, VT, WV, WY 0

Gallery

Puerto Rico

1. San Juan, Puerto Rico

The following table lists the five municipalities (municipios) of Puerto Rico with a population greater than 100,000 on July 1, 2022, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau.

If Puerto Rico were included with the broader U.S. list, San Juan would be the 57th largest city in the country.

The table below contains the following information:

  1. The municipio rank by population as of July 1, 2022, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau
  2. The municipio[3]
  3. The municipio population as of July 1, 2022, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[3]
  4. The municipio population as of April 1, 2020, as enumerated by the 2020 United States census[3]
  5. The municipio percent population change from April 1, 2020, to July 1, 2022
  6. The municipio land area as of January 1, 2020[2]
  7. The municipio population density as of April 1, 2020 (residents per land area)[2]
  8. The municipio latitude and longitude coordinates
Municipio 2022 estimate 2020 census Change 2020 land area 2020 density Location
San Juan 334,776 342,259 −2.19% 39.8 sq mi 103.1 km2 8,599/sq mi 3,320/km2 18°24′N 66°04′W / 18.40°N 66.06°W / 18.40; -66.06 (San Juan)
Bayamón 181,577 185,187 −1.95% 27.0 sq mi 69.9 km2 6,859/sq mi 2,648/km2 18°23′N 66°10′W / 18.38°N 66.16°W / 18.38; -66.16 (Bayamón)
Carolina 151,571 154,815 −2.10% 20.7 sq mi 53.6 km2 7,479/sq mi 2,888/km2 18°25′N 65°59′W / 18.41°N 65.98°W / 18.41; -65.98 (Carolina)
Ponce 132,138 137,491 −3.89% 28.4 sq mi 73.6 km2 4,841/sq mi 1,869/km2 18°00′N 66°37′W / 18.00°N 66.62°W / 18.00; -66.62 (Ponce)
Caguas 125,136 127,244 −1.66% 10.9 sq mi 28.2 km2 11,674/sq mi 4,507/km2 18°14′N 66°02′W / 18.23°N 66.04°W / 18.23; -66.04 (Caguas)

Other U.S. territories

As of 2023, four U.S. territories — American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands — have no cities with at least 100,000 people.[4]

Census-designated places

The following table lists U.S. census-designated places (CDPs) with populations of at least 100,000 according to the 2020 census. A CDP is a concentration of population identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes. CDPs are delineated for each decennial census as the statistical counterparts of incorporated places such as cities, towns and villages. CDPs are populated areas that lack separate municipal government, but which otherwise physically resemble incorporated places. Unlike the incorporated cities in the main list, the US Census Bureau does not release annual population estimates for CDPs.

The table below contains the following information:

  1. The census-designated place
  2. The state
  3. The census-designated place population as of April 1, 2020, as enumerated by the 2020 United States census[5]
  4. The census-designated place population as of April 1, 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States census
  5. The census-designated place percent population change from April 1, 2010, to April 1, 2020
  6. The census-designated place land area as of January 1, 2020[2]
  7. The census-designated place population density as of April 1, 2020 (residents per land area)[2]
  8. The census-designated place latitude and longitude coordinates
Census-
designated place
ST 2020 census 2010 census Change 2020 land area 2020 density Location
Arlington VA 238,643 207,627 +14.94% 26.0 sq mi 67.340 km2 9,179/sq mi 3,544/km2 38°53′N 77°06′W / 38.88°N 77.10°W / 38.88; -77.10 (Arlington)
Enterprise NV 221,831 108,481 +104.49% 66.0 sq mi 170.939 km2 3,361/sq mi 1,298/km2 36°01′N 115°14′W / 36.01°N 115.23°W / 36.01; -115.23 (Enterprise)
Spring Valley NV 215,597 178,395 +20.85% 35.5 sq mi 91.945 km2 6,073/sq mi 2,345/km2 36°06′N 115°16′W / 36.10°N 115.26°W / 36.10; -115.26 (Spring Valley)
Sunrise Manor NV 205,618 189,372 +8.58% 33.7 sq mi 87.283 km2 6,101/sq mi 2,356/km2 36°11′N 115°03′W / 36.18°N 115.05°W / 36.18; -115.05 (Sunrise Manor)
Paradise NV 191,238 223,167 −14.31% 42.4 sq mi 109.815 km2 4,510/sq mi 1,740/km2 36°05′N 115°08′W / 36.09°N 115.14°W / 36.09; -115.14 (Paradise)
Metairie LA 143,507 138,481 +3.63% 23.3 sq mi 60.347 km2 6,159/sq mi 2,378/km2 30°00′N 90°11′W / 30.00°N 90.18°W / 30.00; -90.18 (Metairie)
East Los Angeles CA 118,786 126,496 −6.10% 7.5 sq mi 19.425 km2 15,838/sq mi 6,115/km2 34°02′N 118°10′W / 34.03°N 118.17°W / 34.03; -118.17 (East Los Angeles)
Brandon FL 114,626 103,483 +10.77% 33.1 sq mi 85.729 km2 3,463/sq mi 1,337/km2 27°56′N 82°18′W / 27.94°N 82.30°W / 27.94; -82.30 (Brandon)
The Woodlands TX 114,436 93,847 +21.94% 43.3 sq mi 112.146 km2 2,643/sq mi 1,020/km2 30°10′N 95°31′W / 30.17°N 95.51°W / 30.17; -95.51 (The Woodlands)
Lehigh Acres FL 114,287 86,784 +31.69% 92.7 sq mi 240.092 km2 1,233/sq mi 476/km2 26°37′N 81°38′W / 26.61°N 81.64°W / 26.61; -81.64 (Lehigh Acres)
Spring Hill FL 113,568 98,621 +15.16% 59.9 sq mi 155.140 km2 1,896/sq mi 732/km2 28°29′N 82°32′W / 28.48°N 82.53°W / 28.48; -82.53 (Spring Hill)
Riverview FL 107,396 71,050 +51.16% 46.2 sq mi 119.657 km2 2,325/sq mi 898/km2 27°49′N 82°18′W / 27.82°N 82.30°W / 27.82; -82.30 (Riverview)
Columbia MD 104,681 99,615 +5.09% 31.9 sq mi 82.621 km2 3,282/sq mi 1,267/km2 39°12′N 76°52′W / 39.20°N 76.86°W / 39.20; -76.86 (Columbia)
Highlands Ranch CO 103,444 96,713 +6.96% 24.3 sq mi 62.937 km2 4,257/sq mi 1,644/km2 39°32′N 104°58′W / 39.54°N 104.97°W / 39.54; -104.97 (Highlands Ranch)

Cities formerly over 100,000 people

The following table lists U.S. cities that, in past censuses, have had populations of at least 100,000 but have since decreased beneath this threshold or have been consolidated with or annexed into a neighboring city.[1]

City ST 2022
estimate
Peak
population
%
decline
from peak
Peak
year
Allegheny PA NA 129,896 NA 1907 [aa]
Brooklyn NY NA 806,343 NA 1898 [ab]
Camden NJ 70,996 124,555 −43.00% 1950
Canton OH 69,671 116,912 −40.41% 1950
Citrus Heights CA 86,433 107,439 −19.55% 1990
Clinton Township MI 99,448 100,513 −1.06% 2020
Duluth MN 86,619 107,312 −19.28% 1960
Erie PA 93,511 138,440 −32.45% 1960
Fall River MA 93,682 120,485 −22.25% 1920
Federal Way WA 97,863 101,030 −3.13% 2020
Flint MI 79,854 196,940 −59.45% 1960
Gary IN 67,972 178,320 −61.88% 1960
Hammond IN 76,575 111,698 −31.44% 1960
Livonia MI 93,779 110,109 −14.83% 1970
Longmont CO 98,687 100,758 −2.06% 2021 [ac]
Niagara Falls NY 47,993 102,394 −53.13% 1960
Norwalk CA 98,537 105,549 −6.64% 2010
Parma OH 79,358 100,216 −20.81% 1970
Portsmouth VA 97,029 114,773 −15.46% 1960
Reading PA 94,858 111,171 −14.67% 1930
Roanoke VA 97,847 100,220 −2.37% 1980
Scranton PA 75,848 143,333 −47.08% 1930
Somerville MA 79,762 103,908 −23.24% 1930
St. Joseph MO 70,656 102,979 −31.39% 1900 [ad]
Trenton NJ 89,661 128,009 −29.96% 1950
Utica NY 64,081 101,740 −37.01% 1930
Wilmington DE 71,569 112,504 −36.39% 1940
Youngstown OH 59,144 170,002 −65.21% 1930

Locations of 50 most populous cities

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Towns in New England, while incorporated on a level similar to cities in other states, are considered minor civil divisions by the Census Bureau and are not included in its list of incorporated places. A detailed discussion on this subject can be found at New England town#Census treatment of the New England town system.
  2. ^ The State of Hawaiʻi has no incorporated municipalities other than the City and County of Honolulu, which comprises the entire Island of Oʻahu. In accordance with Hawaiian law, the United States Census Bureau defines the state's cities"and towns as Census Designated Places (CDPs). The Census Bureau defines the Urban Honolulu CDP as the portion of the City and County of Honolulu that is coextensive with the Judicial District of Honolulu. The Urban Honolulu CDP is what is generally thought of as the "city" of Honolulu, and its population is used here and in other population comparisons. The Urban Honolulu CDP is currently the most populous Census Designated Place in the United States. The Honolulu, HI Metropolitan Statistical Area comprises the entire City and County of Honolulu.
  3. ^ Since 1898, the City of New York, New York, has comprised five boroughs with consolidated borough–county governments (2022 population estimates):
    (pop. 2,590,516)
    (pop. 2,278,029)
    (pop. 1,596,273)
    (pop. 1,379,946)
    (pop. 491,133)
  4. ^ The City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, are separate but coterminous entities with a single consolidated city–county government.
  5. ^ The City of Jacksonville, Florida, and Duval County, Florida, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Jacksonville comprises all of Duval County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county.
  6. ^ The City of Indianapolis, Indiana, and Marion County, Indiana, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Indianapolis comprises all of Marion County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county. See Indianapolis (balance).
  7. ^ The City and County of San Francisco, California, has a consolidated city and county government.
  8. ^ The City and County of Denver, Colorado, has a consolidated city and county government.
  9. ^ The City of Nashville, Tennessee, and Davidson County, Tennessee, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Nashville comprises all of Davidson County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county. See Nashville-Davidson (balance).
  10. ^ The City of Washington was consolidated with the District of Columbia in 1871.
  11. ^ The City of Louisville, Kentucky, and Jefferson County, Kentucky, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Louisville comprises all of Jefferson County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county. See Louisville/Jefferson County metro government (balance).
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i This is an independent city that is not part of any county.
  13. ^ The City of New Orleans, Louisiana, and Orleans Parish, Louisiana, are separate but coterminous entities with a single consolidated city–parish government.
  14. ^ The City of Honolulu, Hawaii, and Honolulu County, Hawaii, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government.The City of Honolulu comprises all of Honolulu County except the other unincorporated census-designated places within the county.
  15. ^ The City of Lexington, Kentucky, and Fayette County, Kentucky, are separate but coterminous entities with a single consolidated city–county government
  16. ^ The Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska, is a unified home rule municipality that functions as both a city and a borough.
  17. ^ The Town of Gilbert, Arizona, is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States.
  18. ^ Officially listed in US Census Bureau records as Boise City
  19. ^ The City of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–parish government. The City of Baton Rouge has retained its own city limits within East Baton Rouge Parish.
  20. ^ The City of Columbus, Georgia, and Muscogee County, Georgia, are separate but coterminous entities with a single consolidated city–county government.
  21. ^ The City of Augusta, Georgia, and Richmond County, Georgia, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Augusta comprises all of Richmond County except the two other incorporated municipalities within the county.
  22. ^ After approval by local voters in a 2012 referendum, the City of Macon, Georgia merged with most of unincorporated Bibb County, Georgia on January 1, 2014. The new consolidated government is officially "Macon-Bibb County."
  23. ^ Kansas City, Kansas, and Wyandotte County, Kansas, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. Kansas City comprises all of Wyandotte County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county.
  24. ^ The City of Athens, Georgia, and Clarke County, Georgia, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Athens comprises all of Clarke County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county.
  25. ^ The City of Lafayette, Louisiana, and Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–parish government. The City of Lafayette comprises all of Lafayette Parish except the other incorporated municipalities within the parish.
  26. ^ Official name is San Buenaventura
  27. ^ Peak as an independent city, annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907. In the 2010 census, the population of all neighborhoods of Pittsburgh that were formerly part of Allegheny City totalled 43,421. All North Side neighborhoods of Pittsburgh (41,120), plus an additional 2,301 in Census Tract 4270 Blocks 2 & 3, which are the sections of Millvale, Pennsylvania that were formally part of Allegheny City.
  28. ^ Peak as an independent city, consolidated with New York City in 1898. The estimated 2020 population for Brooklyn was 2,538,934.
  29. ^ Peak in 2021 (estimate only), −0.20% since 2020.
  30. ^ Official peak in 1900, but there is evidence the count was padded by about 25,000;[6] −2.51% since 2020.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2022". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Archived from the original on July 11, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Puerto Rico Municipios Population Totals: 2020-2022". 2022 Census Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2023. Retrieved May 18, 2023.
  4. ^ CIA World Factbook - American Samoa Archived January 29, 2021, at the Wayback Machine / Guam Archived June 18, 2021, at the Wayback Machine / Northern Mariana Islands Archived January 24, 2021, at the Wayback Machine / U.S. Virgin Islands Archived March 23, 2022, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
  5. ^ "QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  6. ^ Bob Slater. "Civic Pride Ran Amok With 1900 Census". St. Joseph News-Press. Retrieved February 13, 2021.

External links