List of death row inmates in the United States

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As of April 1, 2020, there were 2,603 death row inmates in the United States.[1] The number of death row inmates changes daily with new convictions, appellate decisions overturning conviction or sentence alone, commutations, or deaths (through execution or otherwise).[2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may be out of date.


Ethnicity of defendants on death row[edit]

  • White: 1,099 (42.22%)
  • African-American: 1,077 (41.38%)
  • Hispanic: 352 (13.52%)
  • Asian: 47 (1.81%)
  • Native American: 27 (1.04%)
  • Unknown: 1 (0.04%)[1]

Comparatively, the U.S. population is 61% non-Hispanic white, 18.1% Hispanic or Latino, 13.4% African-American, 5.8% Asian, 1.3% Native American, and 2.7% mixed (per U.S. Census Bureau 2018).

Gender of defendants on death row[edit]

  • Male: 2,550 (97.96%)
  • Female: 53 (2.04%)[1]

Comparatively, 50.8% of the U.S. population is female, and 49.2% is male (USCB 2018).


  • 69.75% have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Comparatively, 12.19% of U.S. adults have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Mental illness[edit]

  • It has been estimated that over 10% of death row inmates have a mental illness.[4]

Comparatively, it is estimated that 4.2% of American adults have a serious mental illness.[5]

Time on death row[edit]

  • Median time, in years, a death row prisoner has been awaiting execution: 7[3]
  • Average time, in years, between imposition of a death sentence and execution: 12[3]
    • For 2016: 20 years on average between offense and execution.


  • 1.6% of death row prisoners since 1972 have been formally exonerated and released.[6]

List of death row inmates by jurisdiction[edit]


  • Currently on death row: 59 (as of July 17, 2020)[7]
  • Total number executed: 40 (1927–2020)[8]

Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed on this page. A full list is externally linked:

Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Jorge Avila-Torrez Murdered a Navy Petty Officer in Virginia. 6 years, 76 days Avila-Torrez was later linked to the murders of two girls in his hometown of Zion, Illinois.
Len Davis Conspiracy to violate civil rights through murder. 24 years, 110 days (Since initial death sentence)
14 years, 292 days (since re-sentencing after his initial sentence was overturned)
Davis was an officer in the New Orleans Police Department. He ordered a drug dealer to kill a 32-year old woman, Kim Groves, who had witnessed Davis abuse a suspect and filed a brutality complaint. He was also convicted of witness tampering (which was later thrown out) and, subsequent to his first death penalty sentence, of two drug trafficking charges.
Joseph E. Duncan III Murders of most of the Groene family in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 11 years, 353 days Duncan was convicted of the 2005 kidnappings and murders of members of the Groene family and sentenced to three death sentences and three life sentences. He is also serving 11 life sentences in conjunction with the same crimes as well as the 1997 murder of Anthony Martinez of Beaumont, California.[9] Duncan has confessed to, but not been charged with, the 1996 murder of two girls in Seattle, Washington.[10]
Marvin Gabrion Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman of Cedar Springs, Michigan. 18 years, 151 days The murder took place in Michigan, which does not have the death penalty, but the body was found in Manistee National Forest, which is federal land. On appeal, his defense team argued that they should consider any reasonable doubt they have that the murder took place outside of the forest before being moved into the forest after death, which would make him ineligible for the death penalty.
Jurijus Kadamovas Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 13 years, 155 days Kadamovas and co-defendant Iouri Mikhel were sentenced to death for the ransom related kidnappings and murders of five people. The men allegedly demanded a total of more than $5.5 million from relatives and associates, and received more than $1 million from victims' relatives. Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. The bodies were tied with weights and dumped in a reservoir near Yosemite National Park.
Iouri Mikhel Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 13 years, 155 days See above entry for Jurijus Kadamovas, Mikhel's accomplice.
Lisa M. Montgomery 2004 murder of Bobbie Jo Stinnett, who was pregnant, and stealing her unborn child. 12 years, 132 days As of February 9, 2018 Montgomery is the only woman on federal death row.
Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. Rape and murder of Dru Sjodin in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 13 years, 327 days Crossed state lines into Minnesota, making this a federal case.
Dylann Roof Hate crimes (Obstruction of exercise of religion resulting in death). 3 years, 217 days American mass murderer and white supremacist convicted of perpetrating the June 17, 2015 Charleston church shooting. During a prayer service at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Roof killed nine people, all African Americans. Roof is the first person on death row for federal hate crimes.
Gary Lee Sampson 3 counts of murder during the course of a carjacking or kidnapping in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. 16 years, 235 days (Since initial death sentence)
3 years, 218 days (since re-sentencing after appeal)
Prosecuted under federal law that allows for the death penalty in the course of a carjacking or kidnapping. Sampson plead guilty and during the trial for sentencing, received a death sentence for the two murders in Massachusetts and life for New Hampshire killing. The initial sentence was thrown out due to jury misconduct.
Kaboni Savage 12 counts of murder in aid of racketeering and one count of retaliating against a witness by murder. 7 years, 72 days Philadelphia drug kingpin, sentenced to death for the Firebombing of a house where a federal witness lived, killing six people.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Terrorism. 5 years, 51 days Boston Marathon bombing
Alejandro Umaña Murdered two brothers at a family restaurant in Greensboro, North Carolina. 10 years, 18 days High ranked member of the MS-13 gang and the first MS-13 member sentenced to the federal death penalty.


  • Currently on death row: 4[11]
  • Total number executed: 135 (1916 to present)[11]
Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Nidal Malik Hasan[12] Perpetrator of the Fort Hood shooting on November 5, 2009. Convicted on 13 counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder. 6 years, 352 days
Hasan Karim Akbar[13] (born Mark Fidel Kools) Hand grenade and shooting attack killing two commissioned officers and injuring 11 other servicemen in Kuwait on March 23, 2003 15 years, 105 days
Ronald Adrin Gray Multiple rape and murders of women at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from December 15, 1986, to January 6, 1987 32 years, 46 days Longest time on the military's death row
Timothy B. Hennis[14] Triple murder by stabbing of a North Carolina woman and two of her children in 1985 10 years, 121 days Previously convicted in 1986 by the State of North Carolina, retried and acquitted in 1989, and widely reported as exonerated; recalled to active duty for military court martial (as he had been in the U.S. Army at the time of the murders) under separate sovereignty (see Double jeopardy)


  • Currently on death row: 172 (as of June 10, 2020)
  • Total number executed: 67 (1976–present)

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Alabama, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Shonelle Jackson Murder during the commission of a robbery. 19 years, 88 days
Courtney Lockhart Kidnapped and murdered 18-year-old Auburn University freshman Lauren Burk. 9 years, 165 days
Devin Moore Murdered three people including two police officers and a dispatcher. 14 years, 313 days
Cuhuatemoc Hinricky Peraita Killed a fellow inmate in 1999. 18 years, 287 days Peraita was originally serving life without parole for his involvement in the murders of three Popeyes restaurant workers in 1994. He was the accomplice of Robert Melson, who was executed for these murders in 2017.
Kerry Spencer Killed three Birmingham police officers in 2004. 14 years, 326 days Spencer shot all three officers to death and testified that he acted alone. However, his alleged accomplice, Nathaniel Woods, was sentenced to death also. Woods was executed in 2020 in a highly publicized and controversial execution.

American Samoa[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 0
  • Total number executed: 0 (1949–Present)

Capital punishment exists as a punishment in American Samoa, an unincorporated territory of the United States, but does not have a prescribed method of execution. No executions have been imposed or performed since the territory gained self-governance in 1949; the last executions occurred in the late 1930's, when the island was under the control of the United States Navy.[15]


  • Currently on death row: 116 (as of May 4, 2020)
  • Total number executed: 140 (1800–2014)[16]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Arizona, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Sammantha Allen Murder of her cousin, Ame Deal 3 years and 7 days On July 12, 2011, police officers were called to 10-year-old Ame Deal's home, where she was found dead in a small foot locker, having suffocated. Ame lived with a number of relatives, including her aunt and legal guardian, Cynthia Stoltzmann. Allen was Stoltzmann's daughter. The family first told the police officers that Ame was playing hide-n-seek and locked herself in the trunk the night before, after the adults went to sleep. During interrogation, Sammantha and her husband John confessed to locking Ame in the trunk as a form of punishment, because she took a popsicle without permission.[citation needed]

John Allen was also sentenced to death.

Wendi Andriano Murder of her husband Joe 15 years, 236 days During the early morning hours of October 8, 2000, Wendi Andriano bludgeoned her 33-year-old husband Joe to death with a bar stool and stabbed him in the neck with a 13-inch knife in the couple's Ahwatukee, Arizona apartment. His autopsy revealed that he had sustained 23 blows to the skull, and traces of sodium azide were also found in his system.[17]

Approximately one hour before Joe's murder, his wife Wendi had called 911 at the behest of a co-worker, claiming that her terminally ill husband was dying. When paramedics arrived however, Wendi turned them away, stating that Joe had a do-not-resuscitate order, and that his wish was to die. Paramedics left the scene. One hour later, Wendi called 911 again, reporting that she had stabbed and beaten her husband to death in self-defense. She also made claims that her husband was physically and psychologically abusive toward her. However, being that Joe was weak from chemotherapy and the sodium azide poisoning, he was unable to defend himself. Wendi was charged with murder.[17]

Richard Djerf Murder of the Luna family 24 years, 83 days Djerf and Albert Luna, Jr. met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. In January 1993, Luna burgled Djerf's apartment. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. In September of that year, Djerf entered the Luna home and killed Luna's father, mother, and two siblings over the course of several hours.[18]
Shawna Forde On May 30, 2009, 29-year-old Raul Flores and his daughter, Brisenia, 9, of Arivaca, Arizona, were killed during a home invasion by Forde, Jason Eugene Bush and Albert Gaxiola.[19] 9 years, 5 months and 23 days Forde was active in the Minuteman movement, a grassroots anti-illegal immigration group that would station themselves along the U.S. southern border and keep watch for Mexicans crossing the border illegally and alert the Border Patrol. Forde allegedly boasted of robbing drug dealers to finance the movement. Prosecutors alleged Forde and her associates entered the trailer disguised as government officials looking for fugitives. No drugs were found in the trailer.[20]
Mark Goudeau Series of rapes and murders 8 years, 258 days Goudeau is a serial killer and rapist, referred to as the Baseline Killer by law enforcement and media prior to his identification. Goudeau is believed to have committed nine counts of first degree murder (8 women, 1 man), in addition to 15 sexual assaults on women and young girls, 11 counts of kidnapping, and a number of armed robberies.[21][22]
Preston Strong Murdered a family of six in 2005 3 years, 100 days Strong was already serving a life sentence for murdering a physician when he was sentenced to death.


  • Currently on death row: 29 (as of April 18, 2019)[23]
  • Total number executed: 200 (1913–2017)[24]

Due to the high number of Arkansas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:


  • Currently on death row: 737 (as of December 13, 2019)[25]
  • Total number executed: 722 (1700–2006)[16][26]

Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of Crime Time on Death Row Notes
Isauro Aguirre Murder of Gabriel Fernandez 2 years, 255 days
Rodney Alcala Five murders committed between 1977 and 1979. 10 years, 137 days Alcala's victim count is unknown. He has been convicted of 7 homicides. Some sources estimate the number to be as high as 130.[27]
Rosie Alfaro Murder of nine-year-old Autumn Wallace 28 years, 31 days Alfaro was the first woman sentenced to death by gas chamber and the first woman in Orange County, California to get the death penalty.
Alejandro Avila Murder of Samantha Runnion 15 years, 90 days
Richard Delmer Boyer Murdered an elderly couple in 1982. 35 years, 244 days
Luis Bracamontes Shot and killed Sacramento County sheriff’s deputy Danny Oliver and Placer County detective Michael Davis Jr. in October 2014. 2 years, 111 days
Vincent Brothers Murdered his wife, mother-in-law and three children. 12 years, 322 days In 2003, Vincent Brothers drove from Columbus, Ohio to Bakersfield, California nonstop to murder his family. He then drove back to Columbus and then flew back to California to find his family murdered. He was on trial 2 years later and convicted on all counts.
Albert Greenwood Brown Brown was convicted for the abduction, rape, and murder of 15-year-old Susan Louise Jordan on her way to school. Brown posed as a jogger and dragged her into the woods, and then strangled her with her shoelace. Brown then made numerous calls to the Riverside Police Department and the Jordan residence. One of Brown's subsequent calls was recorded by a police officer. "Hello, Mrs. Jordan, Susie isn't home from school yet, is she? You will never see your daughter again. You can find her body on the corner of Victoria and Gibson." Brown was arrested after witnesses identified his license plate number. In his residence, police found Susan's books, a newspaper article about the case, and a Riverside telephone book bookmarked to the page of the Jordan home. Brown was late to work on the day she disappeared, a bloody jogging suit was found in his locker and Brown's shoes were matched to footprints from the crime scene. 38 years, 165 days Prior to his arrest for Jordan's murder, he was previously convicted of molesting an 11-year-old and a 14-year-old girl. The latter of which he was on parole for at the time of Jordan's murder.
David Carpenter Carpenter was convicted of the murders of four women and one man in 1979-1980 on hiking trails near San Francisco, California. He is known as the Trailside Killer. 36 years, 39 days Carpenter is suspected in the murders of at least two other women. In 2009, DNA evidence from another murder victim, Mary Frances Bennett, was identified as matching Carpenter's DNA.
Dean Carter Carter was convicted of raping and strangling five women in April 1984. 30 years, 189 days
Steven David Catlin Catlin was convicted of poisoning two of his wives and his adoptive mother. 30 years, 35 days
Doug Clark Rape, murder, necrophilia, seven female victims, six convictions. 37 years, 143 days Along with accomplice Carol M. Bundy known as the Sunset Strip Killers.
Cynthia Coffman Convicted along with her boyfriend James Marlow of the murders of four women from October to November 1986. 30 years, 349 days Coffman admits to committing the murders, but insists she suffered from battered-woman syndrome.
Kevin Cooper Cooper was convicted of axing and stabbing Douglas and Peggy Ryen, their daughter Jessica, and their son Joshua's friend Christopher Hughes. 8-year-old Joshua survived the attack. 35 years, 85 days
Tiequon Cox Cox was convicted of shooting four relatives of former NFL player Kermit Alexander. 34 years, 99 days
Kerry Lyn Dalton Tortured and killed Irene ("Melanie") Louise in 1988. 25 years, 83 days
Skylar Deleon Murder of Thomas and Jackie Hawks 11 years, 126 days
Richard Allen Davis Murder of Polly Klaas 24 years, 9 days
Sonny Enraca Gang member who shot and killed actor Dedrick D. Gobert and another man during a fight in 1994. 21 years, 94 days He also shot and paralyzed Gobert's girlfriend during the altercation.
Pedro Espinoza Murder of Jamiel Shaw II 8 years, 94 days
Richard Farley Shot and killed 7 people and wounded 4 others, including Laura Black, a former coworker Farley had been stalking for 4 years prior to his rampage. 28 years, 210 days
Wayne Adam Ford Confessed to killing four women in 1997 and 1998 but is thought to have killed others. 14 years, 13 days Ford was arrested after he walked into the Humboldt County Sheriff Department in Eureka, California in November 1998 with a woman's severed breast in his pocket.
Rickie Lee Fowler Perpetrator of the Old Fire which killed six people. 8 years, 199 days
Emrys John Murder of Jan Pawel and Quiana Jenkins Pietrzak 6 years, 364 days
Glenn Helzer Cult leader who murdered five people in 2000. 15 years, 154 days His brother, Justin, was also sentenced to death. Justin committed suicide in 2013.
Ivan Hill Nine murders committed between 1979 and 1994. 13 years, 146 days
Eric Houston Perpetrator of the Lindhurst school shooting which killed four people. 26 years, 328 days
Ryan Hoyt Murder of Nicholas Markowitz in 2000. 18 years, 258 days
Michael Hughes Raped and strangled at least four women between 1986 and 1993. 8 years, 43 days In 1998, Hughes was originally sentenced to life without parole.
Randy Steven Kraft Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of 16 young men in a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of which had been committed in California. 30 years, 259 days
Gunner Lindberg Stabbed a Vietnamese immigrant 22 times. 22 years, 236 days
Timothy Joseph McGhee Serial killer from 1997 to 2003, killed 12 people 11 years, 218 days McGhee was a Toonerville Rifa 13 gang member of Scottish and Mexican descent from the Atwater Village neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. He is alleged to have been responsible for at least 12 homicides between 1997 and 2001, three of which led to convictions. McGhee is also suspected of at least 10 attempted murders, four of which led to convictions.
Charles "Chase" Merritt Perpertrator of the McStay family murders. 206 days
Andrew Mickel Shot a police officer. 15 years, 108 days
Michael Morales Morales' cousin, Richard Ortega, hired him to murder Ortega's lover's girlfriend, Terri Winchell. She was raped, hammered and stabbed. 37 years, 45 days Richard Ortega was sentenced to life without parole.
Joseph Naso Drugged, raped and strangled four women between 1977 and 1994. 6 years, 262 days
Charles Ng Serial killer in 1985 21 years, 45 days Ng is believed to have raped, tortured and murdered between 11 and 25 victims with his accomplice, Leonard Lake, at the latter's cabin in Calaveras County, California, in the Sierra Nevada foothills 150 miles east of San Francisco.
Raymond Lee Oyler Perpetrator of the Esperanza Fire which killed five firefighters. 11 years, 70 days
Gerald Parker Parker raped and murdered five women in their homes, as well as killing an unborn child of another woman. 21 years, 199 days
Scott Peterson Murder of his pregnant wife Laci Peterson and unborn child, Conner. 15 years, 151 days
Cleophus Prince Jr. Burglarized several homes and murdered six women, one of whom he raped. 26 years, 283 days
David Allen Raley Convicted of murder and attempted murder of 2 young women. 32 years, 82 days
Angelina Rodriguez Convicted of murdering her fourth husband by antifreeze poisoning. In jail she attempted to hire a fellow inmate to murder a witness who tried to testify against her. She is also suspected of suffocating her infant daughter with a pacifier. 16 years, 205 days
Ramon Salcido Murdered his wife, two of his three daughters, his mother in-law, the mother-in-law's other two daughters, and his work supervisor. 29 years, 241 days
Wesley Shermantine At least four murders committed from 1984 to 1999. 19 years, 85 days One half of the Speed Freak Killers along with Loren Herzog. Herzog committed suicide in 2012.
Morris Solomon, Jr. Raped and murdered 6 or 7 sex workers between 1986 and 1987. 27 years, 326 days
Cary Stayner In 1999, Stayner strangled a woman and her daughter's friend from Argentina, and slit the daughter's throat. Five months later, he beheaded another woman. 17 years, 246 days
William Suff Raped, stabbed, strangled and/or mutilated at least 12 sex workers between 1986 and 1991. 24 years, 287 days Suff and his ex-wife were previously convicted of beating their infant daughter to death.
Regis Deon Thomas 3 murders between 1992 and 1993. 24 years, 365 days
Chester Turner 15 murders between 1987 and 1998. 13 years, 35 days
Billy Ray Waldon In December 1985, Waldon shot a woman during a robbery and set her home on fire, killing her daughter inside. Two weeks later, he shot a man who was working on a car. 28 years, 160 days
Marcus Wesson Convicted of incest and the mass shooting of nine of his children. 15 years, 12 days Wesson's victims were his own children, fathered by incestuous relationships with his daughters and nieces, as well as the children by his wife.
David Westerfield Murder of Danielle van Dam 17 years, 211 days
Daniel Wozniak Convicted on two counts of first-degree murder. 3 years, 316 days Killed two people in an attempt to fund his 2010 wedding and honeymoon. A jury deliberated for 1 hour 14 minutes before recommending the death penalty, one of the shortest death penalty deliberations in Orange County history.[28]


  • Currently on death row: 339 (as of May 19, 2020)[29]
  • Total number executed: 371 (1800–2019)[16][26]

Due to the high number of Florida death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lucious Boyd Kidnapped, raped and stabbed a 21-year-old woman with a screwdriver. 18 years, 54 days
Tiffany Cole Kidnapped and buried an elderly couple alive. 12 years, 161 days Two of Cole's companions, Michael Jackson and Alan Wade, were also sentenced to death. Another companion, Bruce Nixon, was sentenced to 45 years after testifying against Cole and leading police to the couple's bodies.
Daniel Conahan Kidnapped, tortured, raped and strangled a 21-year-old man, tied him to a tree, then removed his genitals. 21 years, 186 days Conahan is also a suspect in the deaths of twelve other men.
Rory Enrique Conde Strangled six sex workers (including a male crossdresser), then had anal sex with their corpses. 20 years, 160 days
Donald Dillbeck In 1990, Dillbeck attempted to steal a car and stabbed the driver repeatedly. 29 years, 152 days Dillbeck was sentenced to life in prison in 1979 for shooting a deputy. He escaped from prison in June 1990.
Noel Doorbal Murdered and dismembered a Hungarian couple during an extortion kidnapping. 22 years, 29 days
Wayne C. Doty In 2013, Doty was convicted of the murder of fellow inmate, Xavier Rodriguez. 7 years, 70 days
Paul Durousseau Raped and strangled seven women, two of whom were pregnant. 12 years, 245 days
Franklin Delano Floyd Murder of Cheryl Ann Commesso. 17 years, 266 days Commesso was working as an exotic dancer in Florida when she disappeared in 1989. Floyd, whose wife worked with Commesso, was a prime suspect in her disappearance. Floyd's wife, Sharon Marshall (aka Suzanne Sevakis), died soon after in a mysterious hit-and-run incident and their son, Michael, was put into foster care. In September 1994, Floyd kidnapped and murdered Michael; his body has never been found and was presumably eaten by wild hogs on Interstate 35. Floyd is also the prime suspect in the death of Sharon. It was discovered that his wife Sharon was raised as his daughter and is herself a kidnap victim of Floyd's. Floyd was convicted of Commesso's murder after photos of her beaten body were found in Floyd's vehicle.
Kevin Foster Shot a high school music teacher, with three members of his gang in attendance. 22 years, 89 days Two of Foster's accomplices were sentenced to life without parole. Another was sentenced to 32 years.
Gary Michael Hilton Serial killer who murdered four people in Florida, North Carolina, and Georgia. 9 years, 115 days Hilton was sentenced to death in Florida for the murder of Cheryl Dunlap. He was also sentenced to life in prison in Georgia for the murder of Meredith Emerson, and was sentenced in North Carolina to four life sentences for the murders of John and Irene Bryant.
Eddie James Strangled a girl and raped her corpse, and repeatedly stabbed her grandmother. 24 years, 362 days James was living with the family of the victims at the time.
Daniel Lugo Murdered and dismembered a Hungarian couple during an extortion kidnapping. 22 years, 29 days
Renaldo McGirth Murder of Diana Miller and attempted murder of James Miller. 12 years, 101 days Crime occurred in 2006 with McGirth being sentenced to death in 2008. He became the youngest person on death row in Florida at the time of his sentence.
Dontae Morris Killed five people (including two police officers) in Tampa between May and June 2010. 6 years, 76 days
Phillup Partin Strangled a hitchhiker. 11 years, 257 days
Glen Edward Rogers Serial killer convicted of two murders. 23 years, 34 days
Randy Schoenwetter Murders of Ronald and Virginia Friskey. 16 years, 253 days At the time of his sentencing, he became the youngest person on death row.
Nelson Serrano Murder in the first degree (four counts). 13 years, 49 days
Troy Victorino Bludgeoned six people to death. 13 years, 328 days Victorino and accomplice Jerone Hunter were both sentenced to death for the crime. The crime was the bloodiest mass murder in Volusia County history.
Tommy Zeigler Quadruple murder of Eunice Zeigler, Perry and Virginia Edwards, and Charlie Mays. 30 years, 363 days Zeigler was first sentenced to death in 1976. In 1989, Zeigler received the death penalty for a second time in a re-sentencing.


  • Currently on death row: 41 (as of April 15, 2020)[30]
  • Total number executed: 1021 (1700–2020)[16][26]

Due to the high number of Georgia death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
David Homer Edenfield Raped and murdered 6-year-old Christopher Barrios Jr. 10 years, 313 days
Lyndon Fitzgerald Pace Robbed and killed at least four elderly women between 1988 and 1989. 24 years, 160 days
Reinaldo Rivera Abducted, raped and killed four women between 1999 and 2000. 16 years, 176 days


  • Currently on death row: 8[31]
  • Total number executed: 29 (since 1864)[31][32]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Azad Haji Abdullah[31][33] Murder by arson of his wife and attempted murder of their four children in Boise on October 5, 2002. 15 years, 265 days
Thomas Eugene Creech[31][34] Murder by beating of a fellow inmate on May 13, 1981 37 years, 226 days Previously on Idaho's death row; in 1977 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Idaho's previous death penalty on his appeal.
Timothy Alan Dunlap[31][35] Murder by shooting of a Soda Springs bank teller during a robbery on October 16, 1991 28 years, 116 days Also sentenced by Ohio for murdering his girlfriend.[36]
James Harvey Hairston[31][37] Murder by shooting and robbery of an elderly Downey couple on January 6, 1996 23 years, 287 days Denied retrial in 2010.[38][39]
Erick Virgil Hall[31][40] Murder and rape of two women on September 24, 2000 and one in 2003 16 years, 13 days
Gerald Ross Pizzuto, Jr.[31][41] Murder by beating of a Marsing woman and her nephew in July 1985 34 years, 105 days Denied retrial in 2010.[38][39]
Jonathan Daniel Renfro[31][42][43] Murder by shooting of Coeur dAlene Police Sgt. Greg Moore on May 5, 2015 352 days
Robin Lee Row[31][44] Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992 26 years, 257 days Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center.


  • Currently on death row: 8 (November 21, 2019)[45]
  • Total number executed: 151 (1800–2009)[16]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Joseph Edward Corcoran Corcoran was living with his brother, sister, and his sister's fiancé. He became enraged when he heard his brother, future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends talking about him. After putting his 7-year-old niece in an upstairs bedroom to protect her, he loaded his semiautomatic rifle and fatally shot the four men. He then went to a neighbor's house and asked them to call police.[46] 20 years, 354 days Corcoran suffers from paranoid schizophrenia and has had ongoing issues with delusions and auditory hallucination. When asked why he was not pursuing post conviction relief, he stated: "I want to waive my appeals because I am guilty of murder. I think that I should be executed for what I have done...I am guilty of murder. I should be executed. That is all there is to it. That is what I believe. I believe the death penalty is a just punishment for four counts of murder, and I believe that I should be executed since I am guilty of four counts of murder."[47]
William Clyde Gibson Gibson pleaded guilty in 2013 for the sexual assault and bludgeoning death of Christine Whitis, a family friend who had come to his New Albany home to console Gibson after his mother's death.[46] 6 years, 277 days Gibson has pleaded guilty to three murders. After he was arrested for Whitis' murder, police excavated Gibson's yard to recover the body of Stephanie Kirk, a 35-year-old Charlestown woman who disappeared in 2012. He also admitted to fatally stabbing Karen Hodella of Port Orange, Florida, in October 2002. At sentencing, in response to being sentenced to death, he replied "I deserve what I'm getting. It ain't no big deal." He is known for his signature handlebar mustache.[48][49]
Eric D. Holmes Holmes was fired from his job at a restaurant after an argument with co-worker Amy Foshee. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and 2 managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. The restaurant managers (Theresa Blosl and Charles Ervin) died; Foshee survived. Vance was tried separately and sentenced to 190 years.[46] 27 years, 141 days
Kevin Isom In response to learning his wife was planning to leave him, Isom shot his wife and his two stepchildren. He then barricaded himself in the family's apartment and shot at police officers attempting to take him into custody.[46] 7 years, 159 days Isom's defense attorney argued that a death sentence was inappropriate given the emotional state of his client, who suffered an extreme emotional disturbance from losing his job and then being left by his wife. However, the prosecution pointed out that he was extremely abusive and unfaithful to his wife and drove her away.[50]
Michael Dean Overstreet Kelly Eckart, an 18-year-old freshman at Franklin College, was last seen on September 27, 1997 after leaving work. The next morning, her car was found abandoned in a rural area, with its lights on and keys in the ignition. She was found in a ravine in Brown County four days later. She had been shot and strangled. Semen found on the body was matched to Overstreet. 20 years, 14 days Overstreet suffers from schizoaffective disorder and suffered from hallucination as a child including "demons". He was discharged from the marines on the basis of mental illness.[46] A judge determined Overstreet was not competent to be executed in November 2014. The Indiana Attorney General chose not to appeal the decision. He remains on death row indefinitely.[51]
Benjamin Ritchie Ritchie was involved in a police chase after he was spotted driving a stolen vehicle. The chase ended when he wrecked the vehicle and proceeded on foot before shooting officer William Toney in the chest.[46] 17 years, 304 days Ritchie suffers from a number of cognitive and emotional disorders. He has bipolar disorder and a non-specified cognitive disorder. The cause of the physiological defect was not identified, but experts speculated that several past serious head injuries, his mother's heavy use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, his own history of drug use, and a history of abuse throughout his childhood were to blame.[52]
Roy Lee Ward Ward was convicted of the rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in her home. Her 14-year-old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. She called 911. Police found Ward still in the home when they arrived. 17 years, 240 days Ward's first conviction was overturned in 2004 on the basis that pretrial publicity tainted the jury pool. He was again convicted and sentenced to death. Ward has been diagnosed with a number of psychiatric disorders including exhibitionism, antisocial personality disorder, and ADHD.[53]
Jeffrey A. Weisheit Weisheit was convicted for setting a fire that killed the two children of his girlfriend, 8-year-old Alyssa and 5-year-old Caleb Lynch. After his arrest, Weisheit admitted stuffing a dish towel in Caleb's mouth and using duct tape to bind his arms behind his back. Two flares were found near the boy's body. Autopsies revealed the children were alive when the fire was set. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire.[54] 7 years, 34 days Weisheit suffers from bipolar disorder.[46]


Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Reginald Carr The murders of Ann Walenta, Jason Befort, Brad Heyka, Heather Muller, and Aaron Sander in December 2000. 17 years, 273 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Jonathan Carr Convicted of the same five murders as his brother Reginald 17 years, 273 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
John E. Robinson, Sr. Capital murder convictions for the deaths of Izabel Lewicka and Suzette Trouten and first degree murder in the case of Lisa Stasi, who disappeared in 1985. 17 years, 206 days
Sidney Gleason Deaths of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004 13 years, 352 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Scott Cheever Murder of Sheriff Matt Samuels in January 2005 12 years, 204 days
Gary Kleypas 1996 rape-murder of Carrie Williams in Pittsburg, Kansas 11 years, 255 days The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious errors with the state's death penalty statute and ordered that the penalty phase of his trial be redone. The sentence was overturned in 2001. In 2008, he was sentenced to death again.
Justin Thurber Sentenced to death for kidnapping, torture, rape and murder of 19-year-old college student Jodi Sanderholm in 2007.[56] 11 years, 147 days In October 2017 Thurber appealed death sentence with arguments whether he is developmentally disabled. The judge rejected the defense's request for a hearing on whether Thurber is developmentally disabled, ruling that the defense hadn't presented enough evidence to warrant a hearing.[57]
James Kraig Kahler Murders of his wife, Karen Kahler, his two daughters, Lauren and Emily Kahler, and his wife's grandmother, Dorothy Wight 8 years, 308 days
Frazier Glenn Miller Jr. Convicted of killing three people at a Jewish Community Center in Overland Park, Kansas. 4 years, 309 days
Kyle Trevor Flack Shot two men, and a mother and daughter on May 1, 2013. 4 years, 88 days


  • Currently on death row: 27[58]
  • Total number executed: 427 (as of 2008)[16]

Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Ralph Baze Convicted of shooting two police officers at his home. 26 years, 192 days He sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the cocktail prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. The United States Supreme Court heard the case but rejected his challenge by a vote of 7–2. See Baze v. Rees
Shawn Windsor Convicted in the stabbing deaths of his estranged wife and their son. 13 years, 271 days


  • Currently on death row: 70 (as of December 5, 2018)
  • Total number executed: 659 (1700–2010)[16]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Louisiana, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list of Louisiana death row inmates is not available.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Henri Broadway Involved in the murder of a police officer. 24 years, 286 days The murdered police officer was the mother of Warrick Dunn, a former American football running back. Broadway's accomplice, Kevan Brumfield, was initially sentenced to death also, but was resentenced to life on July 20, 2016, as he was ruled too intellectually disabled and therefore ineligible for execution.
Antoinette Frank Murdered three people at a restaurant where she worked as a security guard. 24 years, 299 days Was a New Orleans police officer


  • Currently on death row: 41[59]
  • Total number executed: 357 (1800–2002)[16]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Mississippi, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Willie Jerome Manning 25 years, 280 days Was sentenced to death for two separate double murders. One of these convictions was overturned but he remains on death row for the other one.


  • Currently on death row: 29 (2019)[60]
  • Total number executed: 340 (1800–2002)[16]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Missouri, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:


  • Currently on death row: 2[61]
  • Total number executed: 74 (1800–2006)[16]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Jay Gollehon[61] Murder by bludgeoning of an inmate during a riot in 1991. 28 years, 151 days
Ronald Allen Smith[61] Kidnap and murder by shooting of two Native American men in the fall of 1982. 37 years, 145 days Only Canadian on death row in the United States[62]


  • Currently on death row: 12[63]
  • Total number executed: 41 (1862–2018)[16]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
John Lotter Murdered three people including Brandon Teena, who days prior had reported to police that Lotter and his accomplice Tom Nissen had beat and raped him upon discovering he was transgender. 24 years, 175 days
Raymond Mata Murdered and dismembered his ex-girlfriend's son. 20 years, 74 days
Arthur Gales Beat a woman (who survived), strangled and drowned her son, and raped and strangled her daughter. 18 years, 282 days
Jeffrey Hessler Kidnapped, raped and murdered a teenage girl. 15 years, 88 days
Jose Sandoval For his involvement in the shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 15 years, 196 days Convicted alongside Erick Vela and Jorge Galindo.
Erick Fernando Vela For his involvement in the shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 13 years, 215 days Convicted alongside Jose Sandoval and Jorge Galindo.
Jorge Galindo For his involvement in the shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 15 years, 278 days Convicted alongside Vela and Sandoval.
Marco Torres Shot two men, with one of the victims also being strangled and bound. 10 years, 198 days
Roy Ellis Abducted 12 year old Amber Harris, beat her to death, and threw her body into a ravine. 11 years, 190 days
Nikko Jenkins Shot four people in August 2013. 3 years, 76 days
Patrick Schroeder Strangled his cellmate to death in April 2017. Schroeder was already serving a life sentence for murder at the time. 2 years, 74 days
Anthony Garcia March 2008 murders of Thomas Hunter (11) and Shirlee Sherman (57), and the May 2013 murders of Mary (65) and Roger (65) Brumback. 1 year, 335 days


  • Currently on death row: 76[64]
  • Total number executed: 71 (1863-2006)+[65]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Zane Floyd Shot four employees during a mass shooting in a supermarket. 20 years, 33 days

New Hampshire[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 24 (1700–1939)[16]

Note: On May 30, 2019, the state Senate voted to override Governor Chris Sununu's veto on a bill that abolished the state's death penalty 16-8. Since the veto had previously been overridden by the state House of Representatives, the bill immediately became law and repealed capital punishment, replacing it with life in prison without the possibility of parole. The law was not applied retroactively and the one person on death row at the time of abolition remains there.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael "Stix" Kiser Addison[66] Murder by shooting of an on-duty police officer on October 16, 2006 11 years, 240 days Only death row inmate in New Hampshire due to the subsequent abolition of capital punishment in the state.

North Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 141[67]
  • Total number executed: 822 (1608–2006)[16]

Due to the high number of North Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Blanche Taylor Moore Poisoned her boyfriend with arsenic. 29 years, 209 days Moore has also been linked to the deaths of her father, mother in law, and first husband.
Marcus Robinson 26 years, 9 days
Henry Louis Wallace[68] Raped and killed nine women between 1990 - 1994. 21 years, 64 days Known also as "The Taco Bell Strangler". Wallace confessed to the murders of 11 women.


  • Currently on death row: 138 (March 10, 2020)[69]
  • Total number executed: 483 (1700–2018)[16][26]

Due to the high number of Ohio death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Brinkman In June of 2017 he took a female friend and her two college-aged daughters captive in their home and killed them. The next day he killed an elderly couple who he was friends with. 298 days[70]
Romell Broom Kidnapped, raped and strangled a teenage girl, and attempted to kidnap two of her friends. 34 years, 295 days[71] Broom was originally scheduled to be executed on September 15, 2009, but he survived the lethal injection after the executioners failed to find a suitable vein. He is currently expected to be executed on March 16, 2022.
Shawn Grate Serial killer with 5 known victims. 2 years, 74 days[72]
Anthony Kirkland Between 2006 and 2009, Kirkland strangled, raped, and burned the bodies of four females. 10 years, 135 days[73] Kirkland previously served 16 years for the beating, choking and burning murder of his girlfriend. For the 2006-2009 murders, Kirkland was handed two death sentences, plus two sentences of 70 years to life.
Michael Madison Madison kidnapped, raped and strangled three women in 2012-2013. 4 years, 62 days[74]
Austin Myers Orchestrated the murder of 18-year-old Justin Back. 5 years, 302 days[75] Myers became the youngest inmate on death row in Ohio at the time of his sentence.
Donna Roberts Shot her ex-husband in order to collect his life insurance. 17 years, 49 days[76] She is currently the only woman on Ohio´s death row.
Anthony Sowell Committed 11 murders between 2007 and 2009. 8 years, 335 days[77]
Christopher Whitaker Murdered 14-year-old Alianna DeFreeze. 2 years, 141 days
James D. Worley Murdered 20-year-old Sierah Joughin. 2 years, 117 days[78]


  • Currently on death row: 46 (As of December 1, 2019)[79]
  • Total number executed: 230 (1800–2015)[16]

Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Richard Glossip Convicted of commissioning the murder of Barry Van Treese. 15 years, 353 days Glossip was initially sentenced to death on June 1, 1998, but it was overturned in 2001. He was sentenced to death again in 2004.
Kevin Ray Underwood Murder of 10-year-old Jamie Rose Bolin. 12 years, 133 days


  • Currently on death row: 35 (April 17, 2019)[80]
  • Total number executed: 124 (1800–1997)[16]

Due to the high number of Oregon death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Haugen Murder of fellow prison inmate, David Polin, while serving a previous life sentence for murder of Mary Archer, his former girlfriend's mother 8 years, 270 days[81] Confined at the Oregon State Penitentiary in Salem

Then-Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber placed a moratorium on all executions for the duration of his term as 37th governor,[82] which has upset the victims of Haugen[83] and Gary Haugen himself[84][85] It is estimated that the case of Gary Haugen cost Oregon tax payers over $1.2 million, according to the Statesman Journal.[86]

Christian Longo Murder of his wife and three children. 17 years, 120 days
Bruce Turnidge (Father) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 9 years, 236 days[87]
Joshua Turnidge (Son) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 9 years, 236 days[87]
Dayton Leroy Rogers Rogers was convicted in May 1989 for the murders of 23-year-old Lisa Marie Mock, 26-year-old Maureen Ann Hodges, 35-old Christine Lotus Adams, 20- year-old Cynthia Devore, 26-year-old Nondace "Noni" Cervantes, and 16-year-old Riatha Gyles. 31 years, 66 days[87]


  • Currently on death row: 128 (July 5, 2020)[88]
  • Total number executed: 1043 (1608–1999)[16]

Owing to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Banks Killed 13 and wounded 1 in 1982. 37 years, 53 days On May 12, 2010, Banks was declared incompetent to be executed.
Richard Baumhammers Former attorney who began a racially motivated crime spree on April 28, 2000 in Pittsburgh, killing five and paralyzing one. 19 years, 95 days Baumhammers was given five death sentences plus 112 years.
Eric Frein State police attack and manhunt —September 2014. 3 years, 101 days
Melvin Knight Along with Ricky Smyrnes and four other accomplices, also called "The Greensburg Six", tortured and murdered mentally disabled Jennifer Daugherty 7 years, 350 days Knight appealed his sentence, but on November 15, 2018 his appeal was denied. Ricky Smyrnes is also awaiting execution, while the other four members of The Greensburg Six received prison sentences.
Richard Andrew Poplawski Shot and killed three Pittsburgh Police officers on April 4, 2009. 9 years, 47 days
Harvey Miguel Robinson Serial killer who killed three women. 25 years, 259 days Initially sentenced to death for all three murders. The death sentences for the first two murders were later changed to life sentences.
Christopher Roney First-degree murder for the shooting death of police officer Lauretha Vaird. 23 years, 245 days
Ricky Smyrnes Along with Melvin Knight and four other accomplices tortured and murdered mentally disabled Jennifer Daugherty 7 years, 168 days Smyrnes appealed the death sentence. His execution was delayed in July 2017.

South Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 37[89]
  • Total number executed: 683 (1700–2011)[16]

Due to the high number of South Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Stephen Stanko Murdered his girlfriend Laura Ling, and library patron Henry Lee Turner. He also raped and violently assaulted Ling's daughter, who survived the attack. 13 years, 362 days
Quincy Allen Killed four people between July and August 2002. 15 years, 146 days

South Dakota[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 [90]
  • Total number executed: 20 (1877-2019) [90]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Briley Piper Torture and murder of Chester Allan Poage[91] 9 years, 15 days, in addition to time served before an initial conviction was overturned[92]


  • Currently on death row: 51[93]
  • Total number executed: 134

Due to the high number of Tennessee death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lemaricus Davidson Raped, tortured, and murdered Channon Christian and Christopher Newsom. 10 years, 289 days His four accomplices were also sentenced but only Davidson received a death sentence.
Jessie Dotson Murdered six people including his brother, brother's girlfriend, two other adults, and fatally stabbed his two nephews, aged 2 and 4. 9 years, 165 days Dotson received six death sentences for the crime.
Pervis Tyrone Payne Murdered an acquaintance and her two-year-old daughter. 32 years, 180 days Payne is currently scheduled to be executed on December 3, 2020.
Christa Pike Murdered Job Corps student Colleen Slemmer by crushing her skull with asphalt. 24 years, 137 days Two of Pike's accomplices were also sentenced. Tadaryl Shipp was sentenced to life without parole, while Shadolla Peterson was sentenced to probation after testifying against Pike. In 2001, Pike and another inmate attempted to strangle fellow inmate Patricia Jones with a shoestring; Jones survived.


  • Currently on death row: 224 [94]
  • Total number executed: 1,198 (1800-2009)[16]

Due to the high number of Texas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages or part of a criminal enterprise with a separate Wikipedia page are listed in this article. The full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Linda Carty Carty was convicted for the abduction and murder of 25-year-old Joana Rodriguez to steal her newborn son. Prosecutors alleged that Carty orchestrated the crime, which was committed by three masked men who abducted Rodriguez and her son. Rodriguez was later found dead in the trunk of a car. Her 3-day-old son was rescued from a car parked nearby. The other three men were arrested, but only Carty was prosecuted for capital murder. 18 years, 160 days Carty claims she was framed by drug dealers in response to her work as an informant and has appealed her conviction. Her appeals have been unsuccessful and the appeal procedure has been exhausted. Barring the granting of clemency, she stands to become the first female British national to be executed since Ruth Ellis in 1955, and the first British black woman executed in more than a century.
Gabriel Hall Shot an elderly man and stabbed his wife in the throat (who survived). 4 years, 310 days
Randy Halprin One of the Texas Seven, convicted in the murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 17 years, 63 days
Brittany Holberg Holberg robbed and murdered an 80-year-old white male in his home. The victim was struck with a hammer and stabbed nearly 60 times. The weapons used were a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. A lamp pole had been shoved more than 5 inches down the victim's throat. 22 years, 104 days
Ali Irsan 2012 killings of his son-in-law, Coty Beavers, and Gelareh Bagherzadeh, a friend of his daughter. 1 year, 360 days
Patrick Murphy One of the Texas Seven, convicted in the murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 16 years, 268 days Murphy was the last member of the Texas Seven to be brought to trial, convicted, and sentenced to death.
Rodney Reed Convicted for the murder of a 19-year-old woman. 22 years, 77 days
Raymond Riles Murder and robbery of a Houston used-car salesman in 1974 44 years, 192 days Riles has been on death row longer than anyone in Texas. Because of mental illness, he is considered ineligible to be executed. In 1985, Riles attempted suicide by setting his prison cell on fire.
Darlie Routier Murder of her two sons in 1996 23 years, 191 days Routier's case has attracted the attention of wrongful conviction advocacy groups in recent years. She is currently in the process of raising funds to test evidence found at the scene for DNA.[95][96]
Víctor Saldaño Kidnapped and shot dead Paul Ray King. 23 years, 337 days He is the sole Argentine on US death row.
Juan Segundo Rapist and serial killer with 4 known victims. 13 years, 181 days
Hank Skinner Beat his girlfriend with an ax handle, then stabbed her two sons. 25 years, 136 days
Andre Thomas Murdered his estranged wife, four-year-old son, and 13-month-old daughter on March 27, 2004. 15 years, 105 days He removed his right eye on April 1, 2004. He removed and consumed his left eye on December 9, 2008. Currently residing in a psychiatric unit; no execution date has been set.
Charles Victor Thompson Murdered his girlfriend Dennise Hayslip and her lover, Darren Cain. Thompson made headlines in 2005 by escaping from Harris County Jail in Houston after a parole meeting using a forged ID badge. He was captured three days later. 21 years, 101 days Thompson alleges that his death penalty conviction is unjust, stating he acted in self-defense as he had been shot by Cain. The killings could be viewed as a crime of passion which would exclude the Capital Murder sentence. Thompson alleges that Dennise Hayslip died a week later due to medical malpractice, not the actual shooting.
Faryion Wardrip Raped and murdered five women in the 1980s. 20 years, 279 days Sentenced to 35 years in prison in 1986. Released on December 11, 1997. Sentenced to death on November 9, 1999; which was overturned in 2010. Resentenced to life in prison without parole.
Jeffery Lee Wood On January 2, 1996, Wood and Daniel Earl Reneau attempted to rob a Kerrville gas station. While Wood waited outside, Reneau shot clerk Kris Keeran between the eyes. Wood was not present when Reneau shot Keeran. 22 years, 164 days Reneau was executed on June 13, 2002. Jeff Wood's death row conviction has been regarded as controversial, as he did not murder Keeran.


  • Currently on death row: 7[97]
  • Total number executed: 50 (1800–2010)[16][98]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Anthony Archuleta[99] Torture, rape, and murder of a Cedar City man on November 21, 1988. Assigned Lethal Injection.[99] 30 years, 237 days
Douglas Stewart Carter[99] Murder by stabbing and shooting of an elderly woman during a burglary of her Provo home on February 27, 1985, Assigned Lethal Injection. 34 years, 231 days
Taberone Dave Honie[99] Murder and sexual assault of his ex-girlfriend's mother on July 9, 1998. 21 years, 86 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[100]
Troy Kell[99] Murder by stabbing of an inmate on July 6, 1994. At the time, Kell was serving a life sentence for the 1986 murder of 21-year-old James “Cotton” Kelly, who had been stalking 15-year-old Sandy Shaw, a friend of Kell’s. 24 years, 6 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[100]
Ralph Leroy Menzies[99] Kidnapping and murder by strangulation of a female gas station attendant in Kearns on February 23, 1986. 32 years, 144 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[100]
Von Lester Taylor[99] Murder of a woman and her mother near Beaver Springs, attempted murder by shooting and arson of the young woman's husband, and kidnapping of the two daughters of the man and younger woman on December 22, 1990, chose Lethal Injection as his method of execution. 29 years, 82 days
Douglas Anderson Lovell Aggravated kidnapping and murder of a woman in order to prevent her from testifying against him in a rape case. 5 years, 135 days Lovell was originally sentenced to death for this murder in 1993, but on appeal was allowed to withdraw his guilty plea and was granted a new trial. He was again convicted of the murder and sentenced to death in 2015.[101]


  • Currently on death row: 2 [102]
  • Total number executed: 1363 (1608–2017)[16]
Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Anthony Juniper Murdered his ex-girlfriend, her brother and her two daughters 15 years, 135 days
Thomas A. Porter Capital murder (two counts) 13 years, 29 days


  • Currently on death row: 0[103]
  • Total number executed: 23 (1866–1992)

Jurisdictions without the death penalty[edit]

Twenty-two states have abolished capital punishment. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are convicted in federal court for violation of certain federal crimes. Capital punishment has been abolished in both New Hampshire and New Mexico but only for new sentences. Prisoners who are already sentenced to death in those states remain on death row.

States and the date of abolition of capital punishment:

  1. Michigan (1846)
  2. Wisconsin (1853)
  3. Maine (1887)
  4. Minnesota (1911)
  5. Hawaii (1948; prior to statehood)
  6. Alaska (1957; prior to statehood)
  7. Vermont (1964; abolished for murder, retained for treason)
  8. Iowa (1965)
  9. West Virginia (1965)
  10. North Dakota (1973)
  11. Massachusetts (1984)
  12. Rhode Island (1984)
  13. New Jersey (2007)
  14. New York (2007)
  15. New Mexico (2009)
  16. Illinois (2011)
  17. Connecticut (2012)
  18. Maryland (2013)
  19. Delaware (2016)
  20. Washington (2018)
  21. New Hampshire (2019)
  22. Colorado (2020)


  1. Puerto Rico (1929)[104]
  2. Northern Mariana Islands (before 1970; prior to Commonwealth status) [105]
  3. Guam (1978) [106]
  4. Washington, D.C. (1981)
  5. United States Virgin Islands (1991)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Death Row U.S.A. Spring 2020" (PDF). NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. April 1, 2020. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of prisons and Correctional facilities" (PDF). Sage Reference. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d "Prison Policy Initiative". Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Position Statement 54: Death Penalty and People with Mental Illnesses". Mental Health America.
  5. ^ "Serious Mental Illness Among U.S. Adults".
  6. ^ "Facts about the Death Penalty" (PDF). Death Penalty Information Center. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  7. ^ "List of Federal Death-Row Prisoners". Death Penalty information center. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  8. ^ "BOP: Federal Executions". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  9. ^ Boone, Rebecca (28 August 2008). "Duncan sentenced to death". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Idaho killer Duncan pleads guilty to 1997 Calif. murder". Seattle: KOMO-TV. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  11. ^ a b "The U.S. Military death penalty". Death Penalty information center. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  12. ^ Tan, Michelle (August 29, 2013). "Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan gets death sentence in Ft. Hood shootings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  13. ^ Tan, Michelle (November 24, 2008). "Soldier to be executed for multiple murders". Army Times. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  14. ^ "Master sergeant on death row files new petition". Army Times. October 29, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  15. ^ "Witnesses all agree repealing death penalty is a must". Samoa News. September 27, 2012. Archived from the original on 2016-08-09. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "US Executions by State 1608-2002". Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Wendi Andriano". death row. 2006-03-02. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
  18. ^ "STATE of Arizona, Appellee, v. Richard Kenneth DJERF, Appellant". Supreme Court of Arizona. May 21, 1998.
  19. ^ "Arizona: Border Activist Sentenced to Death". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  20. ^ Medrano, Lourdes (February 23, 2011). "Arizona justice: Shawna Forde death sentence a rebuke to border vigilantes". Christian Science Monitor.
  21. ^ Montaldo, Charles. "The Phoenix Baseline Killer Case". Crime/Punishment.
  22. ^ "Take a Chilling Look Inside the Baseline Killer Case". Phoenix New Times. November 10, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  23. ^ "Arkansas Department of Corrections". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Arkansas Department of Corrections". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d "Death Row inmates by state". Death penalty information center. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  27. ^ "'100 victims' of serial killer Rodney Alcala". 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  28. ^
  29. ^ "Death Row Roster". Florida Department of Corrections.
  30. ^ "Death Row Roster" (PDF). Georgia department of corrections. January 21, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Death Row". Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  32. ^ "US Executions from 1608-2002". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Abdullah, Azad IDOC #76321". Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  34. ^ "Creech, Thomas IDOC #14984". Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  35. ^ "Dunlap, Timothy A. IDOC #35385". Idaho Department of Correction. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
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