List of death row inmates in the United States

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As of January 1, 2016, there were 2,943 death row inmates in the United States.[1] The number of death row inmates changes daily with new convictions, appellate decisions, sentence commutations, deaths (through execution or otherwise), and exonerations.[2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may be out of date.

Capital punishment since 1976
(by jurisdiction)
Jurisdiction Executions
[nb 1]
Current
death row
inmates
[nb 2]
United States Federal govt. 3 62
U.S. military 0 6
Alabama Alabama 57 196
Arizona Arizona 37 125
Arkansas Arkansas 27 36
California California 13 743
Colorado Colorado 1 3
Connecticut Connecticut 1 0
Delaware Delaware 16 18
Florida Florida 92 396
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 66 78
Idaho Idaho 3 9
Illinois Illinois 12 0[nb 3]
Indiana Indiana 20 13
Kansas Kansas 0 10
Kentucky Kentucky 3 34
Louisiana Louisiana 28 81
Maryland Maryland 5 0
Mississippi Mississippi 21 48
Missouri Missouri 87 28
Montana Montana 3 2
Nebraska Nebraska 3 10
Nevada Nevada 12 79
New Hampshire New Hampshire 0 1
New Mexico New Mexico 1 2
North Carolina North Carolina 43 155
Ohio Ohio 53 143
Oklahoma Oklahoma 112 49
Oregon Oregon 2 34
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 3 180
South Carolina South Carolina 43 43
South Dakota South Dakota 3 3
Tennessee Tennessee 6 71
Texas Texas 537 263
Utah Utah 7 9
Virginia Virginia 111 7
Washington (state) Washington 5 9
Wyoming Wyoming 1 1
Total[nb 4] 1,437 2,943
No current death penalty statute: Alaska, Connecticut[nb 5], Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico[nb 6], North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, District of Columbia, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.

Statute ruled unconstitutional: Massachusetts[nb 7] and New York[nb 8].

Notes:

  1. ^ As of July 15, 2016; source
  2. ^ As of January 1, 2016; source
  3. ^ "Quinn signs death penalty ban, commutes 15 death row sentences to life". Chicago Tribune. March 9, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ Some inmates are on death row in more than one state, so the total may be lower than sum of state numbers.
  5. ^ "Connecticut governor signs death penalty repeal". Associated Press. April 25, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ Baker, Deborah (3 March 2009). "New Mexico Bans Death Penalty". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Massachusetts' death penalty statute was ruled unconstitutional in 1984. source The most recent execution was in 1947. The state has no death row.
  8. ^ New York's death penalty statute was ruled unconstitutional on June 24, 2004. The last person who was still on death row was re-sentenced to life in prison without parole on October 24, 2007. source The most recent execution was in 1963. The state has no death row.

Demographics[edit]

Race of defendants on death row[edit]

  • White: 1,251 (42.51%)
  • Black: 1,227 (41.69%)
  • Latino/Latina: 383 (13.01%)
  • Asian: 51 (1.73%)
  • Native American: 30 (1.02%)
  • Unknown: 1 (0.03%)[1]

Comparatively the US population is 63.7% non-Hispanic white, 12.2% black, 16.3% Hispanic or Latino, 4.7% Asian and 0.9% Native American and 2.1% mixed or other.

Gender of defendants on death row[edit]

  • Male: 2,888 (98.13%)
  • Female: 55 (1.87%)[1]

Comparatively 51.32% of the US population is female, 48.68% is male (2014).

Education[edit]

  • 51.7% have less than a high school diploma or GED[3]

Comparatively, 84.1% of US adults have a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Mental illness[edit]

  • 5-10% of death row inmates have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness[4]

Comparatively, it's estimated that 4.2% of American adults have a serious mental illness.[5]

Time on death row[edit]

  • Median time, in years, a death row prisoner has been awaiting execution: 7.4[3]
  • Average time, in years, between imposition of a death sentence and execution: 11.8[3]
  • Longest time on death row: 39 years, Gary Alvord was on Florida's death row from 1973–2013[6]

Innocence[edit]

  • 1.6% of death row prisoners since 1972 have been exonerated, although it has been estimated that approximately 4% of death row inmates are factually innocent.[7]

Likelihood of being executed[edit]

  • 13% of those who have received a death sentence have been executed[citation needed]

List of death row inmates by jurisdiction[edit]

Federal[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 62 (as of 2014)
  • Total number executed: 37 (1927–2003)

Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed on this page. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Joseph E. Duncan III Murders of the Groene family in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 8 years, 32 days Duncan was convicted of the 2005 kidnappings and murders of members of the Groene family and sentenced to three death sentences and three life sentences. He is also serving 11 life sentences in conjunction with the same crimes as well as the 1997 murder of Anthony Martinez of Beaumont, California.[8] Duncan has confessed but not been charged with the 1996 murder of two girls in Seattle, Washington.[9]
Marvin Gabrion Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman, of Cedar Springs, Michigan 14 years, 196 days The murder took place in Michigan, which does not have the death penalty, but the body was found in Manistee National Forest, which is federal land. On appeal, his defense team argued that they should consider any reasonable doubt they have that the murder took place outside of the forest before being moved into the forest after death, which would make him ineligible for the death penalty
Jurijus Kadamovas Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 9 years, 200 days Jurijus Kadamovas and Iouri Mikhel are Russian and Lithuanian immigrants sentenced to death row for ransom related kidnapping and murder of five people. The men allegedly demanded a total of more than $5.5 million from relatives and associates, and received more than $1 million from victim's relatives.[10][11] Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. The bodies were tied with weights, and dumped in a reservoir near Yosemite National Park.[12]
Iouri Mikhel Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people 9 years, 200 days See above
Lisa M. Montgomery Lisa was convicted of the 2004 murder of Bobbie Jo Stinnett, who was pregnant, and stealing her unborn child. 8 years, 177 days
Alfonso Rodriguez, Jr. Rape and murder of Dru Sjodin in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 10 years, 6 days Crossed state lines into Minnesota making a federal case.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Terrorism 1 year, 96 days Boston Marathon bombing

United States military[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 6[13]
  • Total number executed: 135 (1916 to present)[13]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Nidal Malik Hasan[14] Perpetrator of the Fort Hood shooting on November 5, 2009. 13 counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder. 3 years, 31 days
Hasan Karim Akbar[15] (born Mark Fidel Kools) Multiple murder by hand grenade and shooting of two commissioned officers and 11 other servicemen in Kuwait on March 23, 2003 11 years, 150 days
Ronald Arthur Gray[citation needed] Multiple rape and murders of women at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from December 15, 1986, to January 6, 1987 28 years, 91 days Longest on the military's death row
Timothy B. Hennis[16] Triple murder by stabbing of a North Carolina woman and two of her children in 1985 6 years, 166 days Previously convicted in 1986 by the State of North Carolina, retried and acquitted in 1989, and widely reported as exonerated; recalled to active duty for military court martial (as he had been in the U.S. Army at the time of the murders) under separate sovereignty (see Double jeopardy)
Dwight J. Loving[citation needed] Multiple murder by shooting of two cab drivers on and near Fort Hood, Texas, on December 11, 1988 27 years, 180 days
Andrew Paul Witt[17] Double murder by stabbing of a couple in their Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, home on July 5, 2004 10 years, 363 days Only airman on the military's death row

Alabama[edit]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Alabama, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Arizona[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 120 (2014)[20]
  • Total number executed: 126 (1800–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Arizona, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Wendi Andriano Murder of her husband Joe 11 years, 281 days During the early morning hours of October 8, 2000, Wendi Andriano bludgeoned her 33-year-old husband Joe to death with a bar stool and stabbed him in the neck with a 13-inch knife in the couple's Ahwatukee, Arizona apartment. His autopsy revealed that he had sustained 23 blows to the skull, and traces of sodium azide were also found in his system.[22]

Approximately one hour before Joe's murder, his wife Wendi had called 911 at the behest of a co-worker, claiming that her terminally ill husband was dying. When paramedics arrived however, Wendi turned them away, stating that Joe had a do-not-resuscitate order, and that his wish was to die. Paramedics left the scene. One hour later, Wendi called 911 again, reporting that she had stabbed and beaten her husband to death in self-defense. She also made claims that her husband was physically and psychologically abusive toward her. However, being that Joe was weak from chemotherapy and the sodium azide poisoning, he was unable to defend himself. Wendi was charged with murder.[22]

Richard Djerf Murder of the Luna family 20 years, 128 days Djerf and Albert Luna met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. In January 1993, Luna burglarized Djerf's apartment. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. In September of that year, Djerf entered the Luna home and killed Luna, his wife, and their two children over the course of several hours.[23]
Mark Goudeau Series of rapes and murders 4 years, 303 days Goudeau is a serial killer and rapist, referred to as the Baseline Killer by law enforcement and media prior to his identification. Goudeau is believed to have committed nine counts of first degree murder (8 women, 1 man), in addition to 15 sexual assaults on women and young girls, 11 counts of kidnapping, and a number of armed robberies.[24][25]

Arkansas[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 34 (as of August 5, 2015)[26]
  • Total number executed: 196 (1913–2015)[27]

Due to the high number of Arkansas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

California[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 746 (as of January 8, 2016)[28]
  • Total number executed: 719 (1700–2002)[21][28]

Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lawrence Bittaker Serial killer in 1979, killed 5 teenage girls. 35 years, 224 days Lawrence Sigmund Bittaker and Roy Lewis Norris are two American serial killers and rapists known as the Tool Box Killers, who together committed the kidnap, rape, torture and murder of five teenage girls over a period of five months in southern California in 1979
Rosie Alfaro Murder of nine-year-old Autumn Wallace 24 years, 76 days First woman sentenced to death by gas chamber and first woman in Orange County, California to get the death penalty
Richard Allen Davis Murder of Polly Klaas 20 years, 54 days
Charles Ng Serial killer in 1985 18 years, 271 days He is believed to have raped, tortured and murdered between 11 and 25 victims with his accomplice Leonard Lake at Lake's cabin in Calaveras County, California, in the Sierra Nevada foothills 150 miles east of San Francisco.
Scott Peterson Murder of his pregnant wife Laci Peterson and child, Conner 11 years, 196 days
Timothy Joseph McGhee Serial killer from 1997 to 2003, killed 12 people 7 years, 263 days Toonerville Rifa 13 gang member of Scottish and Mexican descent from the Atwater Village neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. He is alleged to have been responsible for at least 12 homicides between 1997 and 2001, three of which led to convictions. McGhee is also suspected of at least 10 attempted murders, four of which led to convictions
Ryan Hoyt Murder of Nicholas Markowitz in 2000 14 years, 303 days
Randy Steven Kraft Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of 16 young men in a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of which had been committed in California. 26 years, 304 days
Richard Farley Shot and killed 7 people and wounded 4 others 24 years, 255 days
Rodney Alcala five murders committed between 1977 and 1979. 6 years, 182 days Rodney Alcala's victim count is unknown. He has been convicted of 7 homicides. Some sources estimate the number to be as high as 130.[29][30]
Vincent Brothers Quintuple murder of his family September 27, 2007 9 years, 1 day In 2005, Vincent Brothers drove from Columbus, Ohio, to Bakersville, California, nonstop to murder his wife, mother-in-law, and three children. He then drove back to Columbus and then flew back to California to find his family murdered. He was on trial 2 years later and convicted on all counts.
Albert Greenwood Brown Brown was convicted for the abduction, rape, and murder of 15-year-old Susan Louise Jordan on her way to school. Brown posed as a jogger and dragged her into the woods. He strangled her with her shoelace. Brown then made numerous calls to the Riverside Police Department and the Jordan residence. One of Brown's subsequent calls was recorded by a police officer. "Hello, Mrs. Jordan, Susie isn't home from school yet, is she? You will never see your daughter again. You can find her body on the corner of Victoria and Gibson." Brown was arrested after witnesses identified his license plate number. In his residence, police found Susan's books, a newspaper article about the case, and a Riverside telephone book bookmarked to the page of the Jordan home. Brown was late to work on the day she disappeared, a bloody jogging suit was found in his locker and Brown's shoes were matched to footprints from the crime scene. 34 years, 210 days Prior to his arrest for Jordan's murder, he was previously convicted of molesting an 11-year-old and a 14-year-old girl. The latter of which he was on parole for at the time of the Jordan murder.
David Carpenter Carpenter was convicted of the murders of four women and one man in 1979-1980 on hiking trails near San Francisco, California. He is known as the Trailside Killer. He is suspected in the murders of at least two other women. In 2009, DNA evidence on evidence from another murder victim, Mary Frances Bennett, was identified as matching Carpenter's DNA. 32 years, 84 days
Dean Carter
Cynthia Coffman Convicted along with her boyfriend James Marlow of the murders of four women from October - November 1986 27 years, 28 days Coffman admits to committing the murders, but insists she suffered from battered-woman syndrome.
Kevin Cooper (inmate)
Tiequon Cox
Kerry Lyn Dalton
Chester Turner 15 murders 9 years, 80 days
Scott Erskine
Wayne Adam Ford Confessed to killing four women in 1997 and 1998 but is thought to have killed others. 10 years, 58 days Ford was arrested after he walked into the Humboldt County Sheriff Department in Eureka, California in November 1998 with a woman's severed breast in his pocket. He confessed to having killed four women in 1997 and 1998, and is thought to have killed others
Phillip Carl Jablonski Multiple murders 1994 In January, 2006, the California Supreme Court upheld Jablonski's death sentence on appeal.
Gunner Lindberg
Andrew Mickel
Michael Morales
Joseph Naso 2 years, 311 days
Cleophus Prince Jr. 22 years, 328 days
Cary Stayner
William Suff 20 years, 338 days

Colorado[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 3 (as of 2013)[21]
  • Total number executed: 102 (1800–2002)[21][28]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Nathan Dunlap[31] Murdered 4 people during a robbery at a Chuck E. Cheese. 20 years, 134 days
Sir Mario Owens[31] Murdered a witness and his fiance who was going to testify against his friend for a murder. 8 years, 104 days
Robert Ray[31] Ordered the killing of witnesses in his pending murder trial, Co-defendant of Sir Mario Owens 6 years, 146 days

Delaware[edit]

Florida[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 390 (as of January 9, 2016)[33]
  • Total number executed: 367 (1800–2002)[21][28]

Due to the high number of Florida death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Bobby Joe Long Serial killer who murdered 10 women in Tampa, Florida area. Also linked to dozens of rapes in Florida and California that were never prosecuted. 30 years, 95 days Also received numerous life sentences for some of his murders and rapes
Emilia Carr Kidnapping and murder of a woman in February 2009 5 years, 296 days One of five women on death row in Florida
Gary Ray Bowles
Lucious Boyd
Tiffany Cole
Daniel Conahan
Rory Enrique Conde 16 years, 205 days
Donald Dillbeck
Paul Durousseau 8 years, 290 days
Kevin Foster
Eddie James
Phillup Partin
Franklin Delano Floyd Murder of Cheryl Ann Commesso Commesso was working as an exotic dancer in Florida when she disappeared in 1989. Floyd, whose wife worked with Commesso, was a prime suspect in her disappearance. Floyd's wife, Sharon Marshall, died soon after in a mysterious hit-and-run incident and their son, Michael, was put into foster care. Floyd kidnapped Michael and fled with him. Floyd was captured, but Michael was not with him and is presumed deceased. Floyd is the prime suspect in the deaths of both Michael and Sharon. It was discovered that his wife Sharon was raised as his daughter and is herself a kidnap victim herself of Floyd's. Floyd was convicted of Commesso's murder after photos of her beaten body were found in Floyd's vehicle.
Randy Schoenwetter Murders of Ronald and Virginia Friskey 12 years, 298 days At the time of his sentencing, he became the youngest person on death row.

Georgia[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 85 (as of 2014)[34]
  • Total number executed: 976 (1700–2002)[21][28]

Due to the high number of Georgia death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Carlton Gary

Idaho[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 9 (2015)[35]
  • Total number executed: 29 (since 1864)[35][36]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Azad Haji Abdullah[35][37] Murder by arson of his wife and attempted murder of their four children in Boise on October 5, 2002 11 years, 310 days
David Leslie Card[35][38] Murder by shooting of a Nampa newscarrier couple on June 5, 1988 27 years, 27 days Denied retrial in 2010.[39][40]
Thomas Eugene Creech[35][41] Murder by beating of an inmate on May 13, 1981 33 years, 271 days Previously on Idaho's death row; in 1977 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Idaho's previous death penalty on his appeal.
Timothy Alan Dunlap[35][42] Murder by shooting of a Soda Springs bank teller during a robbery on October 16, 1991 24 years, 161 days Also sentenced by Ohio for murdering his girlfriend.[43]
Zane Jack Fields[35][44] Murder by stabbing of a Boise store owner during a robbery February 11, 1988 25 years, 58 days
James Harvey Hairston[35][45] Murder by shooting and robbery of an elderly Downey couple on January 6, 1996 19 years, 332 days Denied retrial in 2010.[39][40]
Erick Virgil Hall[35][46] Murder and rape of two women on September 24, 2000 and in 2003 August 2004 12 years, 58 days
Gerald Ross Pizzuto, Jr.[35][47] Murder by beating of a Marsing woman and her nephew in July 1985 30 years, 150 days Denied retrial in 2010.[39][40]
Robin Lee Row[35][48] Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992 22 years, 302 days Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center.

Indiana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 13 (2014)[49]
  • Total number executed: 140 (1800–2002)[21]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Gibson Gibson pleaded guilty in 2013 for the sexual assault and bludgeoning death of Christine Whitis, a family friend who had come to his New Albany home to console Gibson after his mother's death.[49] 2 years, 322 days Gibson has pleaded guilty to three murders. After he was arrested for Whitis' murder, police excavated Gibson’s yard to recover the body of Stephanie Kirk, a 35-year-old Charlestown woman who disappeared in 2012. He also admitted to fatally stabbing Karen Hodella of Port Orange, Florida, in October 2002. At sentencing, in response to being sentenced to death, he replied “I deserve what I’m getting. It ain’t no big deal.” He is known for his signature handlebar mustache.[50][51]
Frederick M. Baer Convicted of the murder of 26-year-old Cory Clark, murder of her 4-year-old daughter. Baer– later admitted that he intended to rape Clark, but decided not to go through with it for fear of disease. He decided to go through with the murders to avoid being identified.[49] 11 years, 111 days Baer appealed the verdict on the basis that he suffers from multiple serious mental illnesses, cognitive impairments, substance induced psychotic disorder, and schizotypal, paranoid, and borderline personality disorders. Dr. Philip Harvey, a neuropsychologist with a specialty in psychosis, diagnosed Baer with persisting dementia, most likely the result of his substance abuse as well as substance induced psychosis. Baer contends the combination of these illnesses meant Baer was under an extreme mental or emotional disturbance at the time of the crime which affected his ability to conform his conduct. Dr. George Savarese concluded that Baer could understand his conduct, but had no ability to control his behavior.[49][52]
Debra Brown Along with Alton Coleman, Brown was convicted of several murders as part of a midwestern crime spree. Coleman was executed in 2002.[49] 30 years, 97 days Despite being on death row in Indiana, Brown is being held in Ohio on unrelated murder charges.[49]
Joseph Edward Corcoran Corcoran was living with his brother, sister, and his sister's fiance. He became enraged when he heard his brother, future brother in law, and two of his brother's friends talking about him. After putting his 7-year-old niece in an upstairs bedroom to protect her, he loaded his semiautomatic rifle and fatally shot the four men. He then went to a neighbor's house and asked them to call police.[49] 17 years, 33 days Corcoran suffers from paranoid schizophrenia and has had ongoing issues with delusions and auditory hallucination. When asked why he was not pursuing post conviction relief, he stated: "I want to waive my appeals because I am guilty of murder. I think that I should be executed for what I have done...I am guilty of murder. I should be executed. That is all there is to it. That is what I believe. I believe the death penalty is a just punishment for four counts of murder, and I believe that I should be executed since I am guilty of four counts of murder."[53]
Eric D. Holmes Holmes was fired from his job at a restaurant after an argument with co-worker Amy Foshee. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and 2 managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. Blosl and Ervin died; Foshee survived. Vance was tried separately and sentenced to 190 years.[49] 23 years, 186 days
Kevin Isom In response to learning his wife was planning to leave him, Isom shot his wife and his two stepchildren. He then barricaded himself in the family's apartment and shot at police officers attempting to take him into custody.[49] 3 years, 204 days Isom's defense attorney argued that a death sentence was inappropriate given the emotional state of his client, who suffered an extreme emotional disturbance from losing his job and then being left by his wife. He also pointed out that Isom had a stressful upbringing growing up in gang-ridden projects in Chicago. Despite this Isom had no significant criminal history and lived a productive life.[54]
Wayne D. Kubsch Kubsch's wife Elizabeth was found stabbed to death in the basement of the family home along with the bodies of her ex-husband and one of her sons. Kubsch took out a $575,000 life insurance policy on Elizabeth two months before the murders. Prosecutors found that Kubsch had more than $400,000 in debt and alleged that this was a motive for the murders.[49] 16 years, 31 days
Paul Michael McManus Divorce papers were served on him at his mother's house on the day of the murders of his wife Melissa and the couple's two daughters. After the murders, he jumped off a bridge in a suicide attempt, but survived. McManus had told acquaintances the weekend before the murders to "watch the papers" because he was going to "do something big."[49] 14 years, 115 days McManus unsuccessfully attempted to use an insanity defense at trial. Police retrieved a cassette tape recorded by McManus that said: "Well, if you're listening to this tape, I guess I've done what I had to do. I don't expect you guys to understand, but I had to do it․ I want you to make sure that I am buried with my kids and my wife. No matter what, I want you to make sure that happens."[55]
Michael Dean Overstreet Kelly Eckart, an 18-year-old freshman at Franklin College, was last seen on September 27, 1997 after leaving work. The next morning, her car was found abandoned in a rural area, with its lights on and keys in the ignition. She was found in a ravine in Brown County four days later. She also had been shot and strangled. Semen found on the body was matched to Overstreet. 16 years, 59 days Overstreet suffers from schizoaffective disorder and suffered from hallucination as a child including "demons". He was discharged from the marines on the basis of mental illness.[49]
Tommy R. Pruitt Pruitt was pulled over by Morgan County Deputy Dan Starnes, who was investigating Pruitt for involvement in a burglary a few days earlier. Pruitt exited the vehicle and pulled a .45-caliber handgun. Starnes died after being shot five times by Pruitt. Pruitt was shot seven times but recovered. 12 years, 312 days Pruitt has an IQ of 60, putting him in the range of mental retardation and suffers from paranoid schizophrenia.[56]
Benjamin Ritchie Ritchie was involved in a police chase after he was spotted driving a stolen vehicle. The chase ended when he wrecked the vehicle and proceeded on foot before shooting officer William Toney in the chest.[49] 13 years, 349 days Ritchie suffers from a number of cognitive and emotional disorders. He has bipolar disorder and a non-specified cognitive disorder. The cause of the physiological defect was not identified, but experts speculated that several past serious head injuries, his mother's heavy use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, his own history of drug use, and a history of abuse throughout his childhood.[57]
John M. Stephenson Stephenson was convicted of the murders of Jay Tyler, 29, and his wife, Kathy, 29, and another woman named Brandy Southard, 21. Prosecutors allege that the trio were chased in their car to an intersection in rural Warrick County, where they were shot and then stabbed. Stephenson also was convicted of an earlier burglary at Southard's residence. His 8-month trial was, at the time, the longest and most expensive in Indiana history. Sister Helen Prejean, who was portrayed in the movie "Dead Man Walking," testified at his sentencing hearing. 19 years, 103 days Stephenson maintains his innocence, alleging that the witnesses who testified against him are lying and that a surveillance tape proving he was at a convenience store was hidden by police. In his statement to police, Stephenson claimed that he spoke to the victims at a convenience store, went to another residence, and then went home. The investigating officer visited the Circle S to view surveillance footage to corroborate his statement. The officer testified at trial that the footage had been erased by the time he arrived. Lisa Huddleston, the clerk at Circle S, claims she indeed reviewed the footage with a police officer and saw both Stephenson and one of the victims on the tape. His appeal was denied.[58]
Roy Lee Ward Ward was convicted of the rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in her home. Her 14-year-old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. She called 911. Police found Ward still in the home when they arrived. 13 years, 285 days Ward's first conviction was overturned in 2004 on the basis that pretrial publicity tainted the jury pool. He was again convicted and sentenced to death. Ward has been diagnosed with a number of psychiatric disorders including exhibitionism, antisocial personality disorder, and ADHD.[59]
Jeffrey A. Weisheit Weisheit was convicted for setting a fire that killed the two children of his girlfriend. After his arrest, Weisheit admitted stuffing a dish towel in Caleb's mouth and using duct tape to bind his arms behind his back. Two flares were found near the boy's body. Autopsies revealed the children were alive when the fire was set. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire.[60] 3 years, 79 days Weisheit suffers from bipolar disorder.[49]

Kansas[edit]

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Kleypas 1996 rape-murder of Carrie Williams in Pittsburg, Kansas The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious errors with the state's death penalty statute and ordered that the penalty phase of his trial be redone. The sentence was overturned in 2001. In 2008, he was sentenced to death again.
Reginald Carr 2000 murders of Jason Befort, Brad Heyka, Heather Muller, and Aaron Sander as well as Ann Walenta four days earlier After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Jonathan Carr Convicted of the same five murders as his brother Reginald After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
John E. Robinson, Sr. Capital murder convictions in the deaths of Izabel Lewicka and Suzette Trouten, first degree murder in the case of Lisa Stasi, who disappeared in 1985
Douglas Belt Capital murder, attempted rape, and aggravated arson in the killing of Lucille Gallegos in west Wichita November 2004
Sidney Gleason Deaths of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004 July 2006 After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Scott Cheever Murder of Sheriff Matt Samuels in January 2005 November 2007
Justin Thurber 2007 killing of 19-year-old college student Jodi Sanderholm 2009
James Kraig Kahler Murders of his wife, Karen Kahler, his two daughters, Lauren and Emily Kahler, and his wife’s grandmother, Dorothy Wight October 2011

Kentucky[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 33 (as of 2014)[62]
  • Total number executed: 426 (as of 2002)[21]

Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Ralph Baze He sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the cocktail prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. The United States Supreme Court heard the case but rejected his challenge by a vote of 7–2. See Baze v. Rees
Thomas Clyde Bowling Jr. 1990 murders of Tina and Eddie Earley Along with Ralph Baze, Bowling sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections.

Louisiana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 85 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 658 (1700–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Louisiana, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list of Louisiana death row inmates is not available.

Name Description of crime Year put on death row Other
Antoinette Frank Murdered 3 people at a restaurant where she worked as a security guard 1995 Was a police officer
Rodricus Crawford Killed his infant son 2013 Complicated pathology findings in dispute

Mississippi[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 49 (2014)[63]
  • Total number executed: 357 (1800–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Mississippi, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Missouri[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 42 (2014)[64]
  • Total number executed: 340 (1800–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Missouri, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Montana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 2 (2014)[65]
  • Total number executed: 73 (1800–2002)[21][65]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Jay Gollehon[65] Murder by bludgeoning of an inmate during a riot in 1991 1992
Ronald Allen Smith[65] Kidnap and murder by shooting of two Native American men in the fall of 1982 March 1983 Only Canadian on death row in the United States[66]

Nebraska[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 10 (2015)
  • Total number executed: 40 (1862–2002)[21]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Carey Dean Moore Murdered two cab drivers in the course of two separate robberies June 1980
John Lotter Triple murder of a prior sexual assault victim and two innocent bystanders February 1996

[67]

Nevada[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 78-82[68]
  • Total number executed: 74+[69]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other

New Hampshire[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 24 (1700–2002)[21]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael "Stix" Kiser Addison[70] Murder by shooting of an on-duty police officer on October 16, 2006 December 2008 Only death row inmate in New Hampshire

New Mexico[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 2 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 73 (1800–2002)[21]

Note: On March 18, 2009, New Mexico became the 15th state without a death penalty when then-Governor Bill Richardson signed the law replacing New Mexico's death penalty with life without parole.[71] The law was not made retroactive; the two inmates on death row at the time remain there.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Timothy Allen[71] Kidnapping, rape, and murder by strangulation of a teenage girl in 1994 1995 Confined at the Central New Mexico Facility in Los Lunas
Robert Ray Fry[71] Murder by bludgeoning and stabbing of a Shiprock mother in 2000 2002 Confined at the Penitentiary of New Mexico in Santa Fe

North Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 148 (2016)[72]
  • Total number executed: 802 (1608–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of North Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Blanche Taylor Moore

Ohio[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 138 (June 7, 2016)[73]
  • Total number executed: 443 (1700–2002)[21][28]

Due to the high number of Ohio death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Romell Broom
Anthony Sowell Committed 11 murders between 2007 and 2009. 5 years, 47 days
Anthony Kirkland 6 years, 181 days

Oklahoma[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 49 (2015)[74]
  • Total number executed: 183 (1800–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Oregon[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 36 (2014)[75]
  • Total number executed: 124 (1800–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of Oregon death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Haugen Murder of fellow prison inmate, David Polin, while serving a previous life sentence for murder of Mary Archer, his former girlfriend's mother 4 years, 315 days[76] Confined at the Oregon State Penitentiary in Salem

Former Oregon Governor, John Kitzhaber, placed a moratorium on all executions for the duration of his term as 37th governor,[77] which has upset the victims of Haugen,[78] Gary Haugen himself,[79] as well as Oregonians who voted in favor of Ballot Measures 6 and 7 in the 1984 General Elections.[80] It is estimated that the case of Gary Haugen cost Oregon tax payers over $1.2 million, according to the Statesman Journal.[81]

Christian Michael Longo Murder of his wife and three children. 13 years, 165 days
Bruce Turnidge (Father) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 5 years, 281 days[82]
Joshua Turnidge (Son) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 5 years, 281 days[82]
Dayton Leroy Rogers Rogers was convicted in May 1989 for the murders of 23-year-old Lisa Marie Mock, 26-year-old Maureen Ann Hodges, 35-old Christine Lotus Adams, 20- year-old Cynthia Devore, 26-year-old Nondace "Noni" Cervantes, and 16-year-old Riatha Gyles. Original sentencing date: 6/09/89

Pennsylvania[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 190 (June 1, 2014)[83]
  • Total number executed: 1043 (1608–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Banks Killing spree—13 people in 1982 On May 12, 2010, Banks was declared incompetent to be executed.
Richard Baumhammers Former attorney who began a racially motivated crime spree on April 28, 2000 in Pittsburgh, killing five and paralyzing one
Harvey Miguel Robinson Serial killer who killed three women Initially sentenced to death for all three murders. The death sentences for the first two murders were later changed to life sentences.
Christopher Roney First-degree murder for the shooting death of police officer Lauretha Vaird

South Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 48 (2013)[84][85]
  • Total number executed: 668 (1700–2002)[21]

Due to the high number of South Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

South Dakota[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 3 [86]
  • Total number executed: 18 [86]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Charles Russell Rhines[86] Murder by torture of store clerk Donnivan Schaeffer during a robbery in 1992 23 years, 246 days
Briley Piper Torture and murder of Chester Allan Poage[87] 5 years, 60 days, in addition to time served before an initial conviction was overturned[88]
Rodney Berget Murder of correctional officer Ronald "RJ" Johnson during a prison escape attempt, assisted by Eric Robert[87] 4 years, 235 days[87]

Tennessee[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 74[89]
  • Total number executed: 335[21]

Due to the high number of Tennessee death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Christa Pike

Texas[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 250 (2016)[90][91][92]
  • Total number executed: 1,031 (1800-2002)[21]

Due to the high number of Texas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
John Battaglia
Duane Buck Murders of his ex-girlfriend, Debra Gardner, and her friend, Kenneth Butler 19 years, 146 days In 2011, the United States Supreme Court considered a challenge to his sentencing that was based on allegations that his right to a fair trial was violated after a psychologist testified at the trial that African-Americans have a higher risk of future dangerousness. In Texas, the prosecution must prove that the defendant poses a continuing threat to society to impose a death sentence, and the prosecutor used this testimony to argue that risk. The Supreme Court declined to hear his case. Justices Sotomayor and Kagan dissented. Sotomayor commented that Buck's sentence was "marred by racial overtones" that "our criminal justice system should not tolerate."[93]
Andre Thomas Murdered his estranged wife, four-year-old son, and 13-month-old daughter on March 27, 2004 10 years, 330 days He removed his right eye on April 1, 2004. He removed and consumed his left eye on December 9, 2008.
Darlie Routier Murder of her two sons in 1996 19 years, 236 days Routier's case has attracted the attention of wrongful conviction advocacy groups in recent years. She is currently in the process of raising funds to test evidence found at the scene for DNA.[94][95]
Brittany Holberg Holberg robbed and murdered an 80-year-old white male in his home. The victim was struck with a hammer and stabbed nearly 60 times. The weapons used were a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. A lamp pole had been shoved more than 5 inches down the victim's throat. 18 years, 149 days
Rodney Reed On April 23, 1996, during the nighttime, Reed strangled and killed a 20-year-old white female during an aggravated sexual assault. Reed was identified by DNA taken from the crime scene. 18 years, 122 days
Faryion Wardrip

Utah[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 8
  • Total number executed: 49 (1800–2002),[21] plus one in 2010[96]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Anthony Archuleta[85] Torture, rape, and murder of a Cedar City man on November 21, 1988. Assigned Lethal Injection.[97]
Douglas Stewart Carter[85] Murder by stabbing and shooting of an elderly woman during a burglary of her Provo home on February 27, 1985, Assigned Lethal Injection. 30 years, 276 days
Taberone Dave Honie[85] Murder and sexual assault of his ex-girlfriend's mother on July 9, 1998, choice of Firing Squad. 17 years, 131 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[98]
Troy Michael Kell[85] Murder by stabbing of an inmate on July 6, 1994 20 years, 51 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[98]
Ronald Watson Lafferty[85] Murder by stabbing of his sister-in-law and infant niece in American Fork on July 24, 1984. Overturned in 1996. Resentenced to Death the same year, by Firing Squad. 31 years, 144 days
Floyd Eugene Maestas[85] Sexual assault and murder by stabbing, strangulation, beating, and stomping of an elderly woman on September 28, 2004. Mandated Lethal Injection. 8 years, 235 days
Ralph Leroy Menzies[85] Kidnapping and murder by strangulation of a female gas station attendant in Kearns on February 23, 1986, choice of Firing Squad. 28 years, 189 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[98]
Von Lester Taylor[85] Murder of a woman and her mother near Beaver Springs, attempted murder by shooting and arson of the younger woman's husband, and kidnapping of the two daughters of the man and younger woman on December 22, 1990, choice of Lethal Injection. 25 years, 127 days
Douglas Anderson Lovell Aggravated kidnapping and murder of a woman, in order to prevent her from testifying against him in a rape case. 1 year, 180 days Lovell was originally sentenced to death for this murder in 1993, but on appeal was allowed to withdraw his guilty plea and was granted a new trial. He was again convicted of the murder and sentenced to death in 2015.[99]

Virginia[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 7[100]
  • Total number executed: 1361 (1608–2002)[21]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Burns Murder and rape
Anthony Juniper Capital murder
Ivan Teleguz Murder for hire
Ricky Javon Gray Capital murder (two counts) 9 years, 341 days
Thomas A. Porter Capital murder (two counts)
William Morva Capital murder (two counts)
Mark E. Lawlor Capital murder

Washington[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 9 (as of 2014)[101]
  • Total number executed: 74 (since 1904)[102]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Dayva Michael Cross[103] Triple murder by stabbing of his wife and two teen stepdaughters on March 6, 1999 5 years, 98 days
Cecil Emile Davis[103] Rape and murder by asphyxiation and suffocation of an elderly woman during a burglary of her home on January 25, 1997 18 years, 235 days
Clark Richard Elmore[103] Rape and murder of his girlfriend's teen daughter on April 17, 1995 21 years, 84 days
Jonathan Lee Gentry[103] Murder by bludgeoning of a 13-year-old female on June 13, 1988 25 years, 94 days
Conner Michael Schierman[103] Murders of a mother and her two young children, and the woman's sister on July 16, 2006 6 years, 169 days
Darold Ray Stenson[103] Murders by shooting of his wife and his business partner on March 25, 1993 22 years, 48 days
Dwayne A. Woods[103] Murders of two women on April 27, 1996 19 years, 100 days
Robert Lee Yates, Jr.[103] Murders of two women in 1997 and 1998 13 years, 361 days Concurrently serving 408 years for the murders of 13 other women[104]

Wyoming[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2015)[105]
  • Total number executed: 23 (1866–2002)

Jurisdictions without the death penalty[edit]

Eighteen states have abolished capital punishment. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are tried in federal court. Capital punishment has been abolished in New Mexico but only for new sentences. Prisoners who are already sentenced to death in that state remain on death row.

States:

  1. Michigan (May 18, 1846)
  2. Wisconsin (1853)
  3. Maine (1887)
  4. Minnesota (1911)
  5. Hawaii (1948; prior to statehood)
  6. Alaska (1957; prior to statehood)
  7. Vermont (with the exception of treason; 1964)
  8. Iowa (1965)
  9. West Virginia (1965)
  10. North Dakota (1973)
  11. Massachusetts (October 18, 1984)
  12. Rhode Island (1984)
  13. New Jersey (2007)
  14. New York (2007)
  15. New Mexico (2009)
  16. Illinois (2011)
  17. Connecticut (2012)
  18. Maryland (2013)

Territories:

  1. Washington, D.C. (1981)
  2. Puerto Rico (1929)[106]
  3. American Samoa (The death penalty is still on the books in American Samoa. However, the last execution was in the 1930s, and steps are being taken to abolish the practice.)[107]
  4. Guam (date abolished unknown)
  5. Northern Mariana Islands (date abolished unknown)
  6. United States Virgin Islands (1991)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  107. ^ Witnesses all agree repealing death penalty is a must

External links[edit]