List of United States major third party presidential tickets (1789–1860)

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This is a list of major third party tickets for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States.

Criteria[edit]

The candidates are listed here based on three criteria:

1789–1800[edit]

Note: In elections held before 1804 and the passage of the Twelfth Amendment, the President was the person who won the most electoral votes, while the Vice President was the second-place finisher. This list lists any candidate who received electoral votes but was not in first or second place.

1789[edit]

There were, as yet, no third party tickets, as the party system had yet to emerge at this early date. The original system in which each elector voted for two people for the presidency was unanimous for George Washington and a scattering for people whom the electors wished to elect Vice President.

1792[edit]

As the beginnings of partisanship began in the United States in the second election, there was unanimous agreement among Anti-Federalists (Republicans, as those who would eventually become Democrats were then called) that President Washington should receive a second term, but that Vice President John Adams was obnoxious and disliked and should be opposed. Thus, many supported New York Governor George Clinton as an opposition Vice Presidential Candidate.

As there were as yet no "faithless" electors, several voted for others to oppose a second term for the VP.

1796[edit]

The first contested election for the presidency had several electors scattered their second votes in order to prevent a tie in the electoral college and throw the election into the House of Representatives.

This was the first and only time that the Vice President would fulfill the original constitution's original mandate as leader of the opposition.

1800[edit]

In order to prevent a tie and send the election into the House of Representatives, both parties agreed that one of their electors would vote for a third candidate. However, the elector what was supposed to do this on the Demoratic-Republican side had forgotten to do so, forcing a contingent election.

1804–20[edit]

1808[edit]

All candidates were Democratic-Republican.

Presidential
Nominee
1808 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Vote totals (EV)
James Madison.jpg James Madison[1]
State: Virginia
Born: March 16, 1751, Port Conway, Virginia
Died: June 28, 1836, Orange, Virginia
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: United States Secretary of State (1801–09); Constitutional Convention (1787); Continental Congress (1781–83); United States House of Representatives (1789–97)
John Langdon
State: New Hampshire
Born: June 26, 1741, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Died: September 18, 1819, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Alma mater: None
Career: United States Senate (1789–1801) (President pro tempore 1789, 1792–93); Governor of New Hampshire (1785–86, 1788–89, 1805–09)
John langdon.jpg 9
George Clinton by Ezra Ames.jpg George Clinton[2]
State: New York
Born: July 26, 1739, Little Britain, New York
Died: April 20, 1812, Washington, DC
Alma mater: None
Career: Vice President of the United States (1805–12); Governor of New York (1777–95, 1801–04)
James Madison[1]
State: Virginia
Born: March 16, 1751, Port Conway, Virginia
Died: June 28, 1836, Orange, Virginia
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: United States Secretary of State (1801–09); Constitutional Convention (1787); Continental Congress (1781–83); United States House of Representatives (1789–97)
James Madison.jpg 3
James Monroe
State: Virginia
Born: April 28, 1758, Monroe Hall, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1831, New York, New York
Alma mater: College of William and Mary
Career: United States Minister to France (1794–96); United States Minister to the United Kingdom (1803–08); Continental Congress (1783–86); United States Senate (1790–94); Governor of Virginia (1799–1802)
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif 3

1816[edit]

No formal Federalist nomination for vice president had been made, and it is not clear whether any of the several Federalists who received electoral votes for Vice President, ran as a candidate for the office.

1820[edit]

All candidates were Democratic-Republican. President Monroe was reelected unopposed. While urban legend states that a faithless elector voted to deny him the honor of a unanimous election, previously given only to George Washington, several electors who objected to Vice President Daniel Tompkins voted for others instead.

Vice Presidential
Nominee
Vote totals (EV)
Richard Stockton
State: New Jersey
Born: April 17, 1764, Princeton, New Jersey
Died: March 7, 1828, Princeton, New Jersey
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: United States Senate (1796–99)
Senator stockton.jpg 8
Daniel Rodney
State: Delaware
Born: September 10, 1764, Lewes, Delaware
Died: September 2, 1846, Lewes, Delaware
Alma mater: None
Career: Governor of Delaware (1814–17)
Daniel Rodney.jpg 1
Robert Goodloe Harper
State: Maryland
Born: January 1765, Fredericksburg, Virginia
Died: January 14, 1825, Baltimore, Maryland
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: United States Senate (1816); United States House of Representatives (1795–1801); South Carolina House of Representatives (1790–95)
Robert Goodloe Harper - Project Gutenberg etext 20873 (cropped).jpg 1
Richard Rush
State: Pennsylvania
Born: August 29, 1780, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: July 30, 1859, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: United States Minister to the United Kingdom (1817–25); United States Attorney General (1814–17)
Portrait of Richard Rush.jpg 1

1824–52[edit]

1824[edit]

This election took place while the Democratic-Republican party was in the active process of splitting up, leaving three candidates as the unofficial nominees, while a fourth, William Crawford, who was nominated by the official congressional caucus, was felled by a stroke and received few votes.

Thus there were no third party candidates.

1832[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1832 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
Johnfloydvirginia.jpg John Floyd
State: Virginia
Born: April 24, 1783, Floyd's Station, Virginia
Died: August 17, 1837, Sweet Springs, Virginia
Alma mater: None
Career: United States House of Representatives (1817–29), Governor of Virginia (1830–34), Virginia House of Delegates (1814–15)
Henry Lee
State: Massachusetts
Born: February 4, 1782
Died: February 6, 1867
Alma mater: None
Career: None
Blank - Spacer.png 0 11 (3.8%)[3] Nullifier Party
WilliamWirt.png William Wirt
State: Virginia
Born: November 8, 1772, Bladensburg, Maryland
Died: February 18, 1834, Washington, D.C.
Alma mater: None
Career: United States Attorney General (1817–29)
Amos Ellmaker
State: Pennsylvania
Born: February 2, 1787, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Died: November 28, 1851, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: Pennsylvania General Assembly (1813–14)
Amos Ellmaker.jpg 99,817 (7.78%) 7 (2.4%) Anti-Masonic Party

1836[edit]

Note: All candidates were Whigs.

Presidential
Nominee
1836 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total
HLWhite.jpg Hugh Lawson White
State: Tennessee
Born: October 30, 1773, Iredell County, North Carolina
Died: April 10, 1840, Knoxville, Tennessee
Alma mater: None
Career: United States Senate (1825–40)
John Tyler
State: Virginia
Born: March 29, 1790, Charles City County, Virginia
Died: January 18, 1862, Richmond, Virginia
Alma mater: College of William and Mary
Career: United States Senate (1827–36), United States House of Representatives (1816–21), Governor of Virginia (1825–27)
John Tyler by James Reid Lambdin, 1841.png 146,107 (9.72%) 26 (8.8%)
Willie p magnum.jpg Willie Person Mangum
State: North Carolina
Born: May 10, 1792, Durham County, North Carolina
Died: September 7, 1861, Durham County, North Carolina
Alma mater: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Career: United States Senate (1831–36), United States House of Representatives (1823–26)
0 11 (3.7%)[3]
DanielWebster.png Daniel Webster
State: Massachusetts
Born: January 18, 1782, Salisbury, New Hampshire
Died: October 24, 1852, Marshfield, Massachusetts
Alma mater: Dartmouth College
Career: United States Senate (1827–41), United States House of Representatives (1813–17, 1823–27)
Francis Granger
State: New York
Born: December 1, 1792, Suffield, Connecticut
Died: August 31, 1868, Canandaigua, New York
Alma mater: Yale College
Career: United States House of Representatives (1835–37)
Francis Granger.jpg 41,201 (2.74%) 14 (4.8%)

1844[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1844 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
James Birney by Asa Park.jpg James G. Birney
State: Michigan
Born: February 4, 1792, Danville, Kentucky
Died: November 24, 1857, Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Alma mater: Princeton University
Career: Kentucky House of Representatives (1816–18)
Thomas Morris
State: Ohio
Born: January 3, 1776, Berks County, Pennsylvania
Died: December 7, 1844, Bethel, Ohio
Alma mater: None
Career: United States Senate (1833–39)
TMorris.jpg 62,054 (2.3%) 0 Liberty Party

1848[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1848 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
Martin Van Buren daguerreotype-restored.jpg Martin Van Buren
Born: December 5, 1782, Kinderhook, New York
Died: July 24, 1862, Kinderhook, New York
State: New York
Alma mater: None
Career: President of the United States (1837–41), Vice President of the United States (1833–37), United States Minister to the United Kingdom (1831–32), United States Secretary of State (1829–31), United States Senate (1821–28), Governor of New York (1829), Attorney General of New York (1815–19)
Charles Francis Adams, Sr.
Born: August 18, 1807, Boston, Massachusetts
Died: November 21, 1886, Boston, Massachusetts
State: Massachusetts
Alma mater: Harvard University
Career: Massachusetts State Senate (1844–45), Massachusetts House of Representatives (1841)
Charles Francis Adams Sr by William Morris Hunt 1867.jpeg 291,475 (10.13%) 0 Free Soil Party

1852[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1852 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
John Parker Hale.jpg John P. Hale
Born: March 31, 1806, Rochester, New Hampshire
Died: November 19, 1873, Dover, New Hampshire
State: New Hampshire
Alma mater: Bowdoin College
Career: United States Senate (1847–53)
George Washington Julian
Born: May 5, 1817, Centerville, Indiana
Died: July 7, 1899, Irvington, Indiana
State: Indiana
Alma mater: None
Career: United States House of Representatives (1849–51)
George Washington Julian - Brady-Handy.jpg 155,799 (4.93%) 0 Free Soil Party

1856–1860[edit]

Note: 1856 was the first year that the Republican party nominated a candidate for President of the United States, beginning the current two-party structure of Republicans and Democrats that has been dominant in presidential politics since.

1856[edit]

Fillmore was the second of three former presidents to run as a third party candidate for re-election.

Presidential
Nominee
1856 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
Millard Fillmore. Waist length, seated - NARA - 530497.jpg Millard Fillmore
Born: January 7, 1800, Summerhill, New York
Died: March 8, 1874, Buffalo, New York
State: New York
Alma mater: None
Career: President of the United States (1850–53), Vice President of the United States (1849–53), United States House of Representatives (1833–35, 1837–43), Comptroller of New York (1848–49)
Andrew Jackson Donelson
Born: August 25, 1799, Nashville, Tennessee
Died: June 26, 1871, Memphis, Tennessee
State: Tennessee
Alma mater: United States Military Academy
Career: United States Ambassador to Texas (1844–45)
Andrew J. Donelson portrait.jpg 872,703 (21.54%) 8 (2.7%) American Party

1860[edit]

Presidential
Nominee
1860 Vice Presidential
Nominee
Popular vote total Electoral vote total Party
Bell-john-by-vannerson.jpg John Bell
Born: February 18, 1796, Nashville, Tennessee
Died: September 10, 1869, Dickson County, Tennessee
State: Tennessee
Alma mater: Cumberland College
Career: United States Senate (1847–59), United States Secretary of War (1841), United States House of Representatives (1827–41)
Edward Everett
Born: April 11, 1794, Dorchester, Massachusetts
Died: January 15, 1865, Boston, Massachusetts
State: Massachusetts
Alma mater: Harvard College
Career: United States Senate (1853–54), United States Secretary of State (1852–53), United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (1841–45), Governor of Massachusetts (1836–40), United States House of Representatives (1825–35)
Edward Everett daguerreotype.png 589,581 (13%) 39 (11.8%) Constitutional Union

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Madison was the party's official Presidential candidate.
  2. ^ Clinton was the party's official Vice Presidential candidate.
  3. ^ a b The electors from South Carolina were not elected by popular vote.

References[edit]