List of United States mobile virtual network operators

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Mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) in the United States lease wireless telephone and data service from major carriers such as AT&T Mobility, Sprint Corporation, T-Mobile US, and Verizon Wireless, as well as the regional carrier the United States Cellular Corporation, for resale.[1][2]

As of 2016 MVNOs served about 36 million subscribers.[3]

Voice and data service operators[edit]

In general, the types of phones and other devices supported by the MVNOs are in line with the technologies used by the underlying major and regional cellular network provider(s):

However, many MVNOs tend to sell somewhat older phone models (e.g. ones discontinued by the host networks), which can affect whether all technologies supported by the carrier network are usable by MVNO customers. The acronym "BYOD" means "Bring Your Own Device", indicating that a customer can port a cellphone they already own to the MVNO, rather than having to buy/rent a new device from them (assuming it's compatible with the host network, has not been reported stolen, is not still locked into a contract, etc.). Again, however, MVNOs often restrict the list of BYOD devices they'll support to a smaller subset than the host networks. MVNOs will often push/favor a specific model phone because it's locked into the host carrier "preferred network" that gives that MVNO the best deal/rates.[citation needed]

Providers supporting multiple host networks use only one of them for each device, depending on the specific phone model and/or SIM card used (except for Google Fi, which switches automatically between the different listed host networks based on factors such as relative signal strength).[4]

Company Host Network(s) Market BYOD[5] Unlimited Fast Data Unlimited Slow Data International iOS Wi-Fi Calling Personal Hotspot / Tethering Notes
AF Mobile Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Formerly Armed Forces Wireless.
Affinity Cellular Verizon Personal No Yes? Yes
AirVoice Wireless AT&T Personal Yes No No
Allvoi Wireless Sprint[6][7] Personal Yes[6] No, plans capped at 15 GB max[8] Yes, on Unlimited plans[8] Yes, Calls to int'l #s on Unlimited plans[8] No[9]
Beast Mobile AT&T, Sprint[10] Personal Yes[10][11] No, plans capped at 10 GB max[11] Yes, on Unlimited Talk, Text & High Speed Data plan[11] Yes, Personal Hotspot on Sprint only, for extra fee[11] Based on FreeMo MVNE.[10]
Best Cellular AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[12] Personal Yes[12] No[12][13] No?[12][13] No?[12][13] Formerly Boss Cellular.[12]
Black Wireless AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Boom Mobile AT&T,[14] Verizon[15] Business, Personal[16][17][18] Yes, though no online compatibility-checker[16] No, plans capped at 20 GB max on Verizon, 60 GB max on AT&T[16][17][18] Yes, 2G speeds: 128 kbps[16] Yes, but "iPhone Only for Non-HD" on Verizon network[16][clarification needed] AT&T network available to business customers only.[16][17]
Boost Mobile Sprint[19] Personal Yes, but only certain models, and only non-Sprint, non–Virgin Mobile phones supported[19][20] Yes, on Unlimited Gigs plan, though with throttling of resolution / bitrates for video, music, and cloud gaming; no Unlimited for Hotspot[21] Yes, 2G speeds[21] Yes, Calls and Texts to int'l #s for additional fees[22] Yes, but no Unlimited option available Owned by Sprint Corporation.
campusSIMs AT&T, T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Service through Mint Mobile.
CellNUVO AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[23] Personal Yes[24] N/A: depends on MVNO or major network's plans[23][24][25] N/A: depends on MVNO or major network's plans[23][24][25] N/A: depends on MVNO or major network's plans[23][24][25] N/A: depends on MVNO or major network's plans[23][24][25] N/A: depends on MVNO or major network's plans[23][24][25] "Virtual MVNO" that directs customers to WhistleOut (so, arguably "virtual virtual virtual") to get price comparisons of other MVNOs and major carriers with affiliate links to sign up. In addition, users may install and use CellNUVO app to play ad-supported "simple swipe games" to earn credits to apply against cell service bills.[23][24][25]
Cellular Abroad AT&T Personal Yes No No
China Telecom Americas (CTExcel) T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Owned by China Telecom.
China Unicom Americas (CUniq) T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Chit Chat Mobile Sprint[26] Personal Yes[26] No, plans capped at 3 GB max[27] No[27] Yes, Calls but not Texts to int'l #s from U.S. included; no international roaming[27] No[27]
Community Phone AT&T, Sprint, and an unspecified third major network[28][29] Personal Yes[30] Yes, though after 22 GB, service may be deprioritized during periods of network congestion[31] Yes, after 22 GB of fast data, during some periods of network congestion[31] Yes, with Unlimited plans, unlimited Calls to Canada and Mexico, and unlimited roaming in Mexico[31] Yes Yes[31] Tablet plans available. Physical store in Cambridge, MA.[32] Promotes tech literacy, puts on seminars at senior centers, etc.[33]
Consumer Cellular AT&T, T-Mobile[34] Personal Yes No No Yes Tablet plans available.
Credo Mobile Verizon Personal No Yes? Yes Tablet plans available. Switched from Sprint to Verizon MVNO 08/16.[35] Sells itself as a strong supporter of liberal / progressive political issues such as "Saving Mother Earth" and funds Planned Parenthood, among others.[36]
Cricket Wireless AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Yes Tablet plans not offered. Owned by AT&T Mobility.
DataXoom AT&T, Sprint, Verizon[37] Business[37] Yes[37] No?[37] No?[37]
EasyGO Wireless AT&T Personal Yes No No
EcoMobile Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[38][39] Personal Yes[39][40] No, plans capped at 8 GB max[40] Yes, 2G speeds[40] No?[40][41]
enTouch Wireless Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Formerly Boomerang Wireless.
Expo Mobile Sprint, Verizon[citation needed] Personal Yes, BYOD-only[42][43] No[citation needed] No[citation needed] Essentially no information about Expo's services available on their site, just a "Contact us today!" link that's broken.[42][44]
Flash Wireless Sprint,[45] Verizon[46] Personal Yes, but "By the end of 2019, 3G and older 4G devices will no longer work properly on Flash Wireless."[45][46][47][48] No, plans capped at 22 GB max with unlimited slow data, or (on Sprint only) 50 GB max without[49][50] Yes, on Unlimited Data plan[49][50] Yes, Calls but not Texts(?) to int'l #s in 130+ destinations; unlimited Calls but not Texts(?) to Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico; and int'l roaming in 200+ destinations[49][50] Yes, but only on iPhone and select Android models, and on Sprint, only up to 10 GB[49][50]
FreedomPop AT&T, Sprint[51] Business,[52] Personal Yes[51] Yes?, "by completing partner offers"[53] Yes, "by completing partner offers"[53] Yes[51] Voice is VoIP by default; "Premium Voice" add-on enables cellular calling.[51]
FreeUP Mobile AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes Offers Free Plan based on Rewards App.
Gen Mobile Sprint[54] Personal Yes[54][55] No?[54][55] No?[54][55] Yes[55]
Global Data Telecom AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[56] Business[56]
Good2Go Mobile AT&T,[57][58] Sprint coming "soon"[59] Personal Yes[60] No[61] Yes[61] Yes, unlimited Calls & Texts to 60 countries with International Plan, per-minute rate for other countries; no int'l roaming[59] No, but "hope to launch it in 2019"[59]
Google Fi Sprint, T-Mobile, U.S. Cellular[62] Personal Yes, but only designated models, and only "Designed for Fi" models have full functionality (e.g. non-Fi phones only use the T-Mobile network)[4][63] No, plans capped at 15 GB max[64][65] Yes, with Bill Protection[64] Yes, using Three network (UMTS-based)[citation needed] Yes[64] Switches automatically between the different listed host networks and Wi-Fi hotspots based on factors such as relative signal strength.[4]
GoSmart Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless. Acquired from T-Mobile. Speeds only at 3G speeds.
GreatCall Verizon Personal No No No
H2O Wireless AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes No No H2O Wireless is owned by Locus telecommunications, a subsidiary of KDDI America.
Harbor Mobile AT&T, T-Mobile Business
Hayai Mobile AT&T, T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Jolt Mobile AT&T Personal Yes No No
Kajeet "your choice of the five largest U.S. wireless networks, as well as one in Canada"[66] Business[66][67] Yes[66] Targets the K-12 educational market.[66][67]
KDDI Mobile AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes Locus' parent company is KDDI America.
KidsConnect T-Mobile Personal No No No
Kroger Wireless Sprint[68][69] Personal Yes[68][69] No, plans capped at 20 GB max[70][71][72] Yes, on Unlimited data plan[70][71][72] Yes?[72]
Ladybug Wireless AT&T, T-Mobile Personal Yes
Liberty Wireless T-Mobile Personal Yes No No
LycaMobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Madstar Mobile Sprint[73] Personal Yes[74] No, no 4G speeds[75] Yes, 3G speeds: up to 512 kbps on Ultimate Plan No[76] Talk & Text (not Data) roams onto Verizon Network for no additional charge.[73]
Metro by T-Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Yes Owned by T-Mobile US.
MetTel Mobile AT&T, Sprint, Verizon Business[77]
Mint Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Yes
Mobal T-Mobile Business, Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Net10 Wireless AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, U.S. Cellular (only on PAY-AS-YOU-GO minute plans),[citation needed] Verizon[78] Business, Personal Yes[78][79] No, plans capped at 12 GB max[80] Yes, 2G speeds on Smartphone plans[80] Yes, but no Unlimited option available[81] Owned by TracFone Wireless.
NTT DoCoMo USA T-Mobile Personal No No No
OTG Mobile Sprint (main page claims "All 4 US Carriers in one place", but only Sprint shown as option on Coverage page)[82][83] Personal Yes, BYOD-only[84] No, plans capped at 10 GB max[85] Yes?[citation needed] As of July 2019, the website's SSL certificate expired 2019-05-21.[82] Linked-to FAQ page does not exist.[82][86]
OTR Mobile AT&T[87] Personal Yes, but apparently only dedicated mobile hotspot devices, not phones[87] Yes, but apparently only for dedicated mobile hotspot devices[87] N/A[87] No?[87] No, apparently no service for phones[87] Yes, but apparently only dedicated mobile hotspot devices, not phones[87] Apparently no voice or text service, just Internet. No Terms & Conditions page ("OTR Mobile : Updating policy. Will be posted soon.").[87]
Page Plus Cellular Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless.
Patriot Mobile Sprint[88] Personal Yes[88][89] No[90][91] Yes[90][91] Yes[92] Takes a political stance with "Mobilizing Conservatives" tagline and "fight the liberal agenda through your phone", etc.[93]
Pix Wireless AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile ("Coming Soon" as of July 2019), Verizon[94][95][96] Personal Yes[94][95] AT&T: Yes[97] / Sprint: No, plans capped at 12 GB max[98] / T-Mobile: Unannounced[99] / Verizon: No, plans capped at 12 GB max[100] AT&T: No?[97] / Sprint: Yes, 2G speeds[98] / T-Mobile: Unannounced[99] / Verizon: Yes[100] Yes, int'l SIMs available, but Calls and Texts to int'l #s with U.S. SIMs only available on Verizon network[101][102] Yes AT&T: Yes / Sprint: No / T-Mobile: No / Verizon: No / International: Yes, assuming active data plan in participating country[103] Tablet plans available.
Pond Mobile Sprint Business, Personal[104] Yes Yes[104] Yes, 2G speeds: ~128 kbps[104] Yes, Beeline Network in Russia, int'l roaming[105] Yes Yes Tablet plans available.
Proven Services Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[106][107][108] Business,[109][110] Personal[109] Yes, but on Verizon network, "CDMA (3G)-only devices, including 3G basic phones and 3G smartphones / 4G LTE smartphones that do not support HD Voice / Apple® iPhone® 5s or prior including the Apple® iPhone® 5c" can no longer be activated[111][106] Yes, but "we have the right, at our discretion, to suspend or terminate your account for any excessive or abusive use"; on T-Mobile and Verizon, "Netflix and other Movie Streaming are prohibited"[106] N/A[106] No[106] Donates a share of profits to the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network.[112][113]
Pulse Cellular AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[citation needed] Business, Personal[114] Yes[115] No, plans capped at 50 GB max[114] Yes, with deprioritization and/or throttling to 2G speeds (128 kpbs)[114] Yes, coverage in Canda and Mexico with 5 GB of LTE data, though "service may be suspended, terminated, or restricted for...significant roaming"[114] Yes, though throttled to 3G speeds[114]
Puppy Wireless Sprint, Verizon[116] Personal Yes, but on Verizon network, "CDMA (3G)-only devices, including 3G basic phones and 3G smartphones / 4G LTE smartphones that do not support HD Voice / Apple® iPhone® 5s or prior including the Apple® iPhone® 5c" can no longer be activated[116] Yes(?), on Sprint only[116][117] No[116][117] No[117]
Pure TalkUSA AT&T Personal Yes No No
Ready Mobile Verizon[118][119] Personal Yes[118][120] No, plans capped at 10 GB max[121][122] No[121][122] No?[123]
Red Pocket Mobile AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[124] Personal Yes[124] No, plans capped at 10 GB max for Sprint and Verizon, 20 GB max for AT&T and T-Mobile[125] Yes, 2G speeds[125] No AT&T: Android only / Sprint: Android & iOS / T-Mobile: Android & iOS / Verizon: iOS only[126] Tablet plans available.
Red Stick Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[127] Personal Yes, but on Verizon network, "CDMA (3G)-only devices, including 3G basic phones and 3G smartphones / 4G LTE smartphones that do not support HD Voice / Apple® iPhone® 5s or prior including the Apple® iPhone® 5c" can no longer be activated[128] Yes(?), but "we have the right, at our discretion, to suspend or terminate your account for any excessive or abusive use"[127][128] N/A?[127][128] No[128]
Republic Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile[129] Personal Yes, but only Android, and only devices Republic sells or has sold[129][130] No[131] No[131] No Yes, on certain plans[132]
Roam Mobility T-Mobile Personal Yes
ROK Mobile AT&T[133] Personal Yes Yes? Yes
RuraLTE AT&T Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Scratch Wireless Sprint[134] Personal No[135] No, plans capped at 1 GB max[136] No[136] N/A, only one device supported, the Coolpad Arise (Android 4.4)[137] ? Uses Wi-Fi instead of cellular network, whenever available, for voice, texts, and data.[137]
SeaWolf Wireless T-Mobile Personal Yes No No
Selectel Wireless Verizon Personal Yes No No
Simple Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless.
SkyView Wireless AT&T Personal Yes No No
Spectrum Mobile Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Owned by Charter Communications. Available to Spectrum Internet subscribers only.
Straight Talk AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[138][139] Personal Yes[138][139] Yes, on Ultimate Unlimited plan, but "At 60 GB, we reserve the right to review your account for usage in violation of Straight Talk’s terms and conditions."[140] Yes, 2G speeds[140] Yes No[141][142] Tablet plans available. Owned by TracFone Wireless. Rooted or jailbroken devices not allowed.[142]
Stream Wireless Sprint Personal Yes No No Tablet plans available.
Telcel América T-Mobile[143][144][145] Personal Yes[145] Yes, on Unlimited plan[146] Yes, 2G speeds[146] Yes...[146] No?[147] Owned by TracFone Wireless.[147]
Teltik T-Mobile Business
Tello Mobile Sprint[148] Personal Yes[148][149] No, plans capped at 12 GB max[150] Yes, 2G speeds, but not for Hotspot[150] Yes, but no Unlimited: disabled after 4G data allotment is depleted[151]
Tempo Telecom Sprint, T-Mobile Personal No No No
TextNow Sprint, T-Mobile[152] Personal Yes[152][153] No, plans capped at 23 GB max[154] Yes, but only on Sprint network[154] Yes?, but only on Sprint network[154]
Ting Sprint, T-Mobile[155] Personal Yes[155] No[156] No[156] Yes Yes[157] No unlimited minutes or texts, either.[156] Sprint-network Talk & Text service roams to Verizon.[158] Owned by Canada's Tucows Inc.[159]
Total Wireless Verizon Personal Yes No No Owned by TracFone Wireless.[160]
TracFone AT&T, T-Mobile, U.S. Cellular (feature phones only), Verizon Personal Yes No No Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless.
Twigby Sprint[161] Personal Yes[161][162] No, plans capped at 10 GB max[163] Yes, 2G speeds: ~64 kbps[163][164] Yes, Calls to ~20 countries and Texts to ~180 countries from U.S. for no additional charge[163] Yes[163] Talk & Text (not Data) roams onto Verizon Network for no additional charge.[165]
Ultra Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Yes
Unreal Mobile AT&T, Sprint[166] Personal Yes[166][167] No[168] Yes, 2G speeds[168] No[169] Owned by FreedomPop. Voice is VoIP for GSM calling.
US Mobile T-Mobile, Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes
Value Wireless T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint[170] Personal Yes[170] Yes, on Unlimited data plan, but not for Hotspot[171][172] Yes, 2G speeds, but not for Hotspot[171][172] Yes, but usage capped at 500 MB/day or 2 GB/month max[172][173] Owned by Sprint Corporation.
Visible Verizon Personal Yes Yes? Yes Owned by Verizon[174]. Provides service solely through Verizon's 4g lte network.
Walmart Family Mobile T-Mobile Personal Yes Yes? Yes Yes Owned by TracFone Wireless. Acquired from T-Mobile.
Wing AT&T, Sprint[175] Business, Personal[176] Yes[175] Yes, on Unlimited plan (limited-time offer)[177] Yes, 2G speeds, but on Sprint network only[178] Yes Yes[177][179] Tablet plans available.
Xfinity Mobile Verizon Personal Yes, but iPhones only No, plans capped at 20 GB max Yes, on Unlimited plan Yes Tablet plans available. Owned by Comcast Corporation. Available to Comcast subscribers only.[180]
ZillaTalk AT&T[181] Personal Yes[182] Formerly NationPCS.[181][183]
Zing Wireless AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon[184] Personal Yes[184][185] No, plans capped at 8 GB max[186] Yes[citation needed] No?[187]
ZIP SIM T-Mobile Personal Yes No No

Lifeline Assistance free government operators (California and Minnesota)[edit]

The following is a list of the mobile virtual network operators offering government subsidized Lifeline mobile services in California and Minnesota.[188][189][190][191] This list needs to be expanded for all other states. All 50 States run and operate their own Lifeline programs so company, MVNOs participation and plan offerings vary greatly from state to state.

California[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology BYOD Free Phone Unlimited Talk/Text Data Notes
Access Wireless Sprint CDMA Yes1 Yes 200MB
Assurance Wireless Sprint CDMA No Yes Yes 2GB
Entouch Wireless Verizon CDMA Yes Yes 500MB
Feel Safe Wireless AT&T GSM, UMTS Yes Yes Yes 1GB
Life Wireless AT&T GSM, UMTS Yes1 Yes 500MB dba Telrite
SafeLink Wireless AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, US Cellular, Verizon2 GSM, CDMA, UMTS, LTE Yes Yes 2GB Owned by TracFone
SafetyNet Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile GSM, CDMA Yes Yes 1GB
TAG Mobile Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon2 GSM, CDMA, UMTS, LTE Yes Yes 1GB
TruConnect (formerly Telscape) Sprint CDMA Yes Yes 1GB

Minnesota[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology BYOD Free Phone Data Notes
Assist Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile GSM, CDMA Yes Yes 1GB
Assurance Wireless Sprint CDMA No Yes 1GB
Entouch Wireless Verizon CDMA Yes Yes 500MB
Life Wireless AT&T GSM, UMTS Yes1 Yes 500MB dba Telrite
Q Link Wireless Sprint CDMA, LTE Yes Yes 100MB – Unlimited Unlimited talk and text plans available.
SafeLink Wireless AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, US Cellular, Verizon2 GSM, CDMA, UMTS, LTE Yes Yes 2GB Owned by TracFone
StandUp Wireless T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, LTE No Yes 1GB
TAG Mobile Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon2 GSM, CDMA, UMTS, LTE Yes Yes 1GB
Tempo Telecom Sprint CDMA No Yes 500MB
TerraCom Wireless Sprint, Verizon CDMA Yes Yes 1GB
TruConnect (formerly Telscape) Sprint CDMA Yes Yes 1GB

1 Does not officially support BYOD.

2 Hosted by T-Mobile in California.[192]

Discontinued Lifeline MVNOs[edit]

Company State Notes
Blue Jay Wireless CA Out of Business, few Months 2017 - 2018
Budget Mobile CA Out of Business

International SIM voice and data service operators[edit]

These providers offer services to individuals for personal use. Providers offering services to businesses are listed in a later section. All MVNO's listed below are BYOD, unless otherwise noted.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
ChatSim AT&T, Sprint, Verizon UMTS, CDMA, LTE Unlimited messaging with 10 apps in 160+ countries.[193]
KnowRoaming Telna GSM
Telna Telna GSM
TravelSim AT&T UMTS
TravelSim T-Mobile GSM & UMTS
Truphone AT&T UMTS
Truphone T-Mobile GSM & UMTS

Voice service operators[edit]

The following table lists operators focused on providing voice calls. Additional services may include SMS and basic low-speed data access.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
Earthtones AT&T UMTS
H2O Wireless CDMA Verizon CDMA
Pure Unlimited AT&T UMTS

Mobile broadband operators[edit]

These providers offer services to individuals for personal use. Providers offering services to businesses are listed in a later section. Unless specified otherwise, mobile broadband providers require the purchase of a dedicated mobile broadband modem.

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
Armed Forces Wireless (AFMobile) Verizon CDMA
BOOM Mobile Verizon CDMA & LTE
BroadBLUE Sprint CDMA
DataJack Sprint CDMA
EcoMobile Sprint CDMA
FreedomPop AT&T, Sprint CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Hayai Broadband AT&T, T-Mobile UMTS & LTE
H2O Wireless AT&T UMTS & LTE
H2O Wireless Bolt Sprint CDMA
Internet on the Go Sprint CDMA Owned by TruConnect
Karma Sprint CDMA & LTE
Madstar Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE
MetroPCS T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
NetBuddy AT&T UMTS & LTE
NetZero Sprint CDMA & LTE
OTR Mobile AT&T GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Red Pocket Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Simple Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE
Selectel Verizon CDMA & LTE
Telna Telna GSM
Ting Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE
TruConnect Sprint CDMA & LTE
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint CDMA & LTE
Ultra Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS, & LTE

IoT service providers[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology Notes
Aeris Communications Inc AT&T, Sprint, Vodafone CDMA, LTE, GSM & UMTS
KORE Wireless AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Sprint, Vodafone, Rogers, Telstra, Telefonica CDMA, LTE, GSM, UMTS
NTT DOCOMO USA, Inc. AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Vodafone, Telstra, NTT DOCOMO CDMA, LTE, GSM, UMTS
Sierra Wireless AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, T-Mobile, Vodafone, Rogers, Telefonica CDMA, LTE, GSM, UMTS
Twilio T-Mobile CDMA, LTE, GSM, UMTS

Defunct, merged and acquired operators[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology End date Notes
7-Eleven Speak Out Wireless AT&T, Sprint CDMA, GSM, & UMTS 2010
Amp'd Mobile Verizon GSM & UMTS 2014
Aio Wireless AT&T GSM & UMTS 2007 Owned by AT&T
AirLink Mobile Sprint CDMA Unknown
Brightspot T-Mobile GSM & UMTS December 2015
BYO Wireless T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, UMTS, & LTE 2015
BZRMobile Sprint CDMA & LTE
Caffee Communications Verizon CDMA & LTE March 2018
Charge Sprint CDMA & LTE June 2017 [194]
Circle-K Talk-and-Go AT&T GSM & UMTS 2011
Cloven Sprint CDMA & LTE
Comcast Clearwire, Sprint CDMA 2011
Common Cents Mobile Sprint CDMA 2011
Cox Sprint CDMA 2012
DataPass Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, LTE, UMTS March 2019[195]
Disney Mobile Sprint CDMA 2007
EarthLink Sprint WiMAX 2015
Embarq Sprint CDMA 2009
enVie Mobile Verizon CDMA & LTE March 2017
Español Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Unknown
ESPN MVP Sprint CDMA 2006
FamilyTalk Wireless AT&T, Sprint, Verizon UMTS, CDMA & LTE 2017
Firefly Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2012
FMP Wireless Verizon CDMA & LTE 2017
Fuzion Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2013
GIV Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 31 January 2016
GTC Wireless AT&T GSM & UMTS 2009
Hello US Mobile T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, & UMTS Unknown
Helio Sprint CDMA 2010
Infinium Wireless Sprint, T-Mobile, Verizon CDMA, GSM, LTE & UMTS 2017
iQ Cellular AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA 2014
Itel UTel Sprint CDMA & LTE
Jaguar Mobile T-Mobile GSM, LTE & UMTS Unknown
Jump Mobile Cricket CDMA 2010
Lucky Wireless Verizon CDMA 2011
Mi Gente Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE 2013
Mingo Wireless Sprint CDMA 2012
MOSH Mobile Centennial Wireless GSM & UMTS 2012
Movida Sprint CDMA 2012
Omni Prepaid 2012
Millenicom Verizon CDMA & LTE 2014 As of 2019, offers service on T-Mobile
Next G Mobile Verizon CDMA 2013
The People's Operator USA Sprint, T-Mobile CDMA, LTE February 2019[196] Ceased operations in the wake of financial problems and legal scandals.
Phonata AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA, GSM, & UMTS 2013
PrepaYd Wireless Sprint CDMA 2014
PTel Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 31 January 2016 c
Pure Mobile Verizon GSM & UMTS 2012
Qwest Wireless Sprint CDMA 2010
Ring Plus, Inc Sprint CDMA & LTE 21 February 2017 Customers absorbed by Ting Mobile in February, 2017[197]
Shaka Mobile Sprint CDMA
Simple Freedom Alltel CDMA 2007 Customers in Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, New Mexico, Georgia, & Florida moved over to Verizon prepaid. All other markets flipped to AT&T Mobility.
Solavei T-Mobile GSM & UMTS December 2015
Spot Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS September 7, 2014
STi Mobile Sprint CDMA Unknown
SWT Mobile AT&T GSM & UMTS 2013
TalkForGood Verizon CDMA 2013
Total Call Mobile Sprint CDMA Unknown
Touch Mobile Sprint CDMA & LTE Unknown
Trumpet Mobile Sprint CDMA 2013
TúYo Mobile T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 2012
Univision Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UTMS & LTE 2017 Absorbed by Ultra Mobile in July 2017[198]
UppWireless T-Mobile GSM & UMTS 2016
UVA Mobile T-Mobile GSM, UMTS & LTE 2017
UWT Mobile AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile GSM, CDMA, UMTS & LTE Unknown
Voce AT&T GSM & UMTS 1 February 2008
Votel Mobile Sprint CDMA 2014
Voyager Mobile Sprint CDMA 2015
Wireless Services US Verizon CDMA & LTE July 2017 [199]
WOW Mobile PCS Sprint CDMA 2012
XCellular USA Sprint CDMA & LTE 25 July 2014
ZACT Sprint CDMA & LTE 3 August 2014
Zapp Sprint CDMA 2012
ZERO11 Wireless AT&T UMTS Unknown
ZUMA Prepaid Sprint CDMA 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Feldmann, Valerie (2005). Leveraging Mobile Media: Cross-Media Strategy and Innovation Policy for Mobile Media Communication. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 172. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "The Phone Companies People Actually Love". Bloomberg's. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  4. ^ a b c "Google Fi - Frequently asked questions". fi.google.com. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  5. ^ BYOD or BYOP -- "Bring Your Own Device/Phone." Willing to connect compatible devices not sold by the company.
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  9. ^ "Terms and Conditions". AllvoiWireless.com. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
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  11. ^ a b c d "PLANS". BeastMobile.com. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
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