List of mobile network operators in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of mobile network operators (MNOs) in the United States. The Cellular Telecommunications & Internet Association (CTIA), lists approximately 30 facilities-based wireless service providers in the United States as members. Competitive Carriers Association (CCA) has over 100 members.[1] Aside from the facilities-based providers, there are over 50 virtual operators that use the top three networks to provide service.

Largest American wireless providers[edit]

The top five wireless telecommunications facilities-based service providers by subscriber count in the United States are:

Largest American wireless providers
Company Subscribers Date Ref
AT&T Mobility Increase 241.5 million Q4 2023 [2]
Verizon Increase144.8 million Q4 2023 [3]
T-Mobile US Increase119.7 million Q4 2023 [4]
Dish Wireless Decrease 7.4 million Q4 2023 [5]
UScellular Decrease 4.6 million Q4 2023 [6]

Each active SIM card is considered a subscriber.[7] Wholesale customers include users of machine to machine networks and mobile virtual network operators that operate on the host network, but are managed by wholesale partners. The subscriber counts on this page are taken from each provider's quarterly reports. AT&T's subscriber count includes "connected devices".[8][9][10]

Technologies used[edit]

Four of the top five wireless providers have all standardized on 4G LTE and 5G NR as their wireless communication standards, where as Dish Wireless uses only 5G NR. Of which, LTE has been deployed across their entire coverage area; however, the LTE bands used by each provider remain largely incompatible. Four of the top five carriers have enabled VoLTE and VoNR on their networks, while Dish uses strictly VoNR. AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Dish Wireless , and uscellular also sell SIM cards through their retail channels, both in-store and online.

The top five wireless providers operate nationwide wireless networks which cover most of the population in the United States, while smaller carriers provide native network coverage across selected regions of the United States while supplementing nationwide coverage through roaming agreements with other carriers.

Facilities-based service providers[edit]

The following tables lists service providers that own and manage their network equipment and facilities. Unless specified otherwise the subscriber count includes subscribers on the virtual networks hosted.

Contiguous United States[edit]

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers
(in millions)
(excluding roaming)
Appalachian Wireless[11] VoLTE LTE 0.138[12] (February 2021) KY, WV East Kentucky Network, LLC
AT&T Mobility
•Includes FirstNet and Cricket Wireless
VoLTE, VoIP, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR 241.5 (Q4 2023)[2] Contiguous US; AK, HI AT&T Inc.
Big River Broadband LTE Unknown MO Big River Telephone
Bravado Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown OK Cross Communications
Bug Tussel Wireless UMTS HSPA+, LTE Unknown WI Bug Tussel Wireless, LLC
C Spire VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR 1.2[13] (May 2016) MS, TN, FL, AL, Telapex, Inc.
Carolina West Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.08 (April 2013)[14] NC Carolina West Wireless, Inc.
Cellcom VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling LTE, 5G NR[15] 0.3[16] (July 2013) WI NSight Telservices
Cellular One GSM, UMTS, wholesale CDMA2000[17] EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown TX, LA Alta Communications
Cellular One of North East Arizona GSM, UMTS, VoLTE EDGE, HSPA+, LTE, LTE CSFB 0.1[12] (July 2018) AZ, NM, UT, CO, CA, TX Smith Bagley Inc.
Choice Wireless GSM, UMTS, VoLTE EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown NV, CO, AZ, NM, VI Atlantic Tele-Network
Colorado Valley Communications LTE Unknown TX Colorado Valley Telephone Coop
Commnet Wireless (wholesale) GSM, UMTS, VoLTE EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown AZ, CO, MT, NM, NV, TX, UT, WY Atlantic Tele-Network
Custer Telephone Cooperative CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown ID Custer Telephone Cooperative, Inc
Dish Wireless
•Includes Boost Infinite, Boost Mobile, Gen Mobile, and Ting Mobile
Uses a mix of AT&T Mobility, T-Mobile US Voice over LTE (voLTE) and the Dish Wireless Voice over New Radio (voNR) Network. Depending on device[18] Uses AT&T Mobility and T-Mobile US 4G LTE and 5G Networks for majority of devices and Dish Wireless' Standalone 5G Network for certain devices and availability[18] 7.4[19] (Q4 2023) Contiguous US Dish Network Corporation
DTC Wireless LTE Unknown TN Advantage Cellular Systems, Inc.
ETC CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown IN Miles Communications
Evolve Broadband LTE Unknown TX Worldcall Interconnect Inc.
FTC Wireless UMTS HSPA+, LTE[20] Unknown SC Farmers Telephone Cooperative Inc.
Illinois Valley Cellular CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown IL Illinois Valley Cellular RSA 2-III Partnership
Infrastructure Networks LTE Unknown TX, ND Infrastructure Networks, Inc.
Inland Cellular CDMA2000, VoLTE[21] EV-DO, LTE 0.013[22](July 2013) WA, ID Inland Cellular
Limitless Mobile UMTS HSPA+, LTE Unknown PA Limitless Mobile, LLC

•Includes Sagebrush Cellular

CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.012[23] MT, ND Nemont Telephone Cooperative
Nex-Tech Wireless VoLTE[24] LTE, 5G NR[25] Unknown KS Nex-Tech
NNTC Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown CO Nucla Naturita Telephone Company
Northern Pacific Wireless Wi-Fi calling, VoEX 802.11EX Hybrid Data Transfer Unknown CA NorthernPW LLC.
NorthwestCell CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown MO NorthwestCell
NVC CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.01 SD James Valley Telecommunications
Pine Belt Wireless VoLTE LTE Unknown AL Pine Belt Communications
Pine Cellular GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown OK Pine Cellular, Inc
PTCI GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown OK Panhandle Telecommunication Systems, Inc
Redzone Wireless LTE Unknown ME Redzone Wireless, LLC
Rock Wireless UMTS HSPA+, LTE[26] Unknown ND, SD Standing Rock Telecom (Tribally Owned)
RTC Communications VoLTE LTE Unknown IN RTC Communications, LLC
Silver Star Communications LTE Unknown WY Silver Star Telephone Company, Inc
Snake River PCS CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown OR Eagle Telephone System
Southern Linc VoLTE LTE 0.17[27] (April 2011) AL, GA, MS, FL Southern Company
STRATA Networks LTE Unknown UT, WY, CO Uintah Basin Electronics Telecommunications, Inc.
Tampnet GSM EDGE, LTE Unknown Gulf of Mexico Tampnet
Thumb Cellular VoLTE LTE 0.037 MI Agri-Valley Communications
T-Mobile US
•Includes Assurance Wireless and Metro by T-Mobile
GSM, VoLTE, VoNR,[28] VoIP, Wi-Fi calling EDGE, LTE, NR 119.7[4] (Q4 2023) Contiguous US; HI, PR, VI Deutsche Telekom AG (48%)
SoftBank Group Corporation (4%)
free float (48%)[29]
Union Wireless UMTS HSPA+, LTE 0.041[23] WY, CO Union Telephone
United Wireless

•Includes Westlink communications

CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.022[30] (Sep 2016) KS United Wireless Communications, Inc.
UScellular VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR 4.6[6] (Q4 2023) 23 states Telephone and Data Systems Inc. (84%)
•Includes TracFone Wireless and Visible by Verizon
VoLTE, VoNR, VoIP, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR 144.8[3] (Q4 2023) Contiguous US; AK, HI Verizon Communications Inc.
Viaero Wireless UMTS, VoLTE HSPA+, LTE 0.110[23] CO, KS, NE, SD, WY Northeast Colorado Cellular, Inc.
VTel Wireless LTE Unknown VT Vermont Telephone Company, Inc.
WUE LTE Unknown NV Wue, Inc.

Alaska and Hawaii[edit]

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers
(in millions)
(excluding roaming)
ASTAC UMTS HSPA+, LTE Unknown AK The Arctic Slope Telephone Association Cooperative
AT&T Mobility VoLTE, VoNR, VoIP, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR See above Contiguous US; AK, HI AT&T Inc.
Bristol Bay Cellular Partnership CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown AK BBTC Inc.
Copper Valley Telecom VoLTE LTE Unknown AK Copper Valley Telephone Cooperative, Inc
Cordova Wireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown AK Cordova Telephone
GCI Wireless GSM, UMTS, VoLTE EDGE, HSPA+, LTE 0.219 (March 2019)[31] AK GCI
Hawaiian Telcom CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown HI Hawaiian Telcom, Inc.
Ketchikan Public Utilities CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown AK Ketchikan Public Utilities
Mobi CDMA2000, VoLTE EV-DO, LTE Unknown HI Mobi, Inc.
OTZ Cellular GSM EDGE, LTE Unknown AK OTZ Telephone Cooperative
TelAlaska Cellular GSM EDGE, LTE Unknown AK American Broadband
T-Mobile US GSM, VoLTE, VoNR, VoIP, Wi-Fi calling EDGE, LTE, NR See above Contiguous US; HI, PR, VI Deutsche Telekom AG (48%)

SoftBank Group Corporation (4%) free float (48%)

Verizon VoLTE, VoNR, VoIP, Wi-Fi calling LTE, NR See above Contiguous US; AK, HI Verizon Communications Inc.

Puerto Rico and United States Virgin Islands[edit]

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers
(in millions)
(excluding roaming)
Claro (formerly Verizon) GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE 1.6[32] (Q2 2020) PR América Móvil
Liberty Puerto Rico (formerly AT&T) UMTS, VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling HSPA+, LTE, NR 1.0[33] (Q1 2021) PR, VI Liberty Latin America[34]
T-Mobile US GSM, VoLTE, VoNR,[28] VoIP, Wi-Fi calling EDGE, LTE, NR See above Contiguous US; HI, PR, VI Deutsche Telekom AG (48%)
SoftBank Group Corporation (4%)
free float (48%)[29]
Viya GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown VI ATN International[35]

Guam and Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers
(in millions)
(excluding roaming)
Docomo Pacific GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE, NR 0.065[36] GU, MP NTT Docomo
GTA GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown GU TeleGuam Holdings LLC
IT&E GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown GU, MP IT&E Overseas, Inc

American Samoa[edit]

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers
(in millions)
(excluding roaming)
ASTCA CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown AS Government of American Samoa
Bluesky GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE 0.032 AS Amper SpA

Defunct, merged and acquired operators[edit]

Some operators listed below may still function as a separate brand but they no longer own any infrastructure (towers, network, etc.).

Operator Voice technology Data technology Subscribers (millions) End date Notes
Airfire Mobile GSM EDGE 0.02 June 2014 Acquired by U.S. Cellular.[37]
Alaska Communications GSM, UMTS
(legacy: CDMA2000[38])
(legacy: EV-DO[38])
0.103[39] (December 2014) February 2015 Acquired by GCI[40]
Alltel CDMA CDMA2000, EV-DO 13 (at peak) September 2013 Acquired by Verizon Wireless and AT&T Mobility.[41]
AT&T Wireless Services GSM EDGE 22 October 2004 Acquired by Cingular Wireless, which later rebranded to AT&T Mobility.[42]
Big Sky Mobile GSM EDGE Unknown 2017 Sold spectrum licenses to AT&T and T-Mobile and exited the business.[43]
Blaze Wireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown December 2019 Parent company, Pinpoint Communications, discontinued cellular service and spectrum leases through Viaero Wireless were cancelled.
Blue Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown July 2020 Exited business and sold spectrum licenses to Verizon.[44]
Bluegrass Cellular CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.210 (March 2021)[45] March 2021 Acquired by Verizon.[45]
Breakaway Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown 2018 Discontinued cellular service.[46]
Cellular One of East Central Illinois GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+ Unknown January 2016 Acquired by AT&T Mobility.[47]
Cellular One of Northeast Pennsylvania CDMA CDMA2000, EV-DO Unknown March 2012 Acquired by Verizon Wireless.[48]
Chariton Valley Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2021 Acquired by Verizon Wireless[49]
Chat Mobility CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2021 Acquired by Verizon Wireless
Choice Wireless
former Amerilink Wireless
GSM EDGE Unknown 2016 Became a T-Mobile US MVNO.
Cincinnati Bell Wireless GSM, UMTS,
GAN Wi-Fi calling[50]
EDGE, HSPA+ 0.34[51] (January 2014) February 2015 Spectrum assets acquired by Verizon Wireless, service to any customers remaining on the network was shut off after February 28, 2015.[52]
affiliate of Clear Talk Wireless
CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2016 WGH Communications sold South Carolina licenses to T-Mobile US and exited the business
ClearTalk Wireless
Flat Wireless
CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2017 Flat Wireless assets acquired by Sprint.
Clearwire WiMAX 11[53] (June 2012) December 2013 Acquired by Sprint.[54]
Corr Wireless GSM EDGE 0.02[55] 2013 Acquired by AT&T Mobility.[55]
CTC Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2019 Exited wireless business.
DTC Wireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+ Unknown 2017 Discontinued cellular service, though still offers fixed wireless service.[56]
Element Mobile CDMA2000 EV-DO 0.077[57] (August 2011) 2013 Acquired by AT&T Mobility.[58][59]
Epic PCS GSM EDGE Unknown 2015 Acquired by United Wireless and PTCI.[60]
Farmers Mutual Telephone Company CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2018 Sold spectrum licenses to Verizon Wireless and Eltopia Communications and became a Verizon Wireless MVNO.
Fuego Wireless LTE Unknown 2016 Sold network and spectrum licenses to AT&T and Infrastructure Networks[61]
Golden State Cellular CDMA2000 EV-DO 0.018[62] 2014 Acquired by Verizon Wireless.[63]
Indigo Wireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE 0.0004 (2023)[64] 2023 Acquired by AT&T Mobility[64]
iWireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+, LTE Unknown 2018 Acquired by T-Mobile US.[65]
KTC PACE GSM EDGE Unknown 2015 Became an AT&T Mobility MVNO.[66]
Leap Wireless (Cricket Communications, Inc.)
•Includes Cricket PAYGo & RadioShack No Contract Wireless
4.57[67] (February 2014) 2014 Acquired by AT&T Mobility.[67]
Long Lines Wireless GSM EDGE 0.018[68](November 2013) December 2013 Acquired by AT&T Mobility[69]
MTA Solutions CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2017 Discontinued cellular service.[70]
MetroPCS Communications, Inc. CDMA EV-DO, LTE 9.5 May 2013 Acquired by T-Mobile US.[71]
Mid-Rivers Communications CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.001 August 2019 Exited wireless business and sold network to Verizon Wireless.[72]
miSpot LTE Unknown November 2014
MobileNation CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.02[23] January 2020 Exited wireless business.[73]
Mosaic Telecom UMTS HSPA+, LTE Unknown 2016 Discontinued cellular service[74]
NEP Wireless GSM EDGE, LTE 0.011[75] (June 2010) September 2015 [76]
Nextel iDEN WiDEN 15 (Apr 2004) 2004 Acquired by Sprint.[77]
NMobile CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown June 2018 Discontinued cellular service.[78]
nTelos CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.300 (September 2015) May 2016 Acquired by Shentel[79]
Peoples Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2015 [80]
Phoenix Communications GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA Unknown 2018 Sold to Hillary Communications and cellular service discontinued.[81]
Pioneer Cellular CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.06[12] (January 2014) 2023 [64]
Plateau Wireless GSM, UMTS EDGE, HSPA+ 0.042[82] (September 2014) 2014 Acquired by AT&T Mobility.[83]
Pocket Communications CDMA2000 1xRTT Unknown October 2010 Merged with Cricket.[84]
PrimeCo Wireless CDMA Unknown Unknown 1999 Became Verizon Wireless.[85]
Revol Wireless CDMA CDMA2000, EV-DO Unknown January 2014 Sold spectrum licenses to Sprint.[86] Subscribers transferred to Boost Mobile.[87]
•T-Mobile Affiliate [88]
VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling
(legacy: CDMA2000[89])
(legacy: EV-DO[89])
0.84 [90] (July 2020) July 2021 Wireless assets acquired by T-Mobile US.[91]
Sprint Corporation
•Including hosted virtual operators, and Boost Mobile
VoLTE, Wi-Fi calling
(legacy: CDMA2000[89])
(legacy: EV-DO[89])
54.1[92] (December 2019) April 2020 Merged with T-Mobile US on April 1, 2020.[93][94][95]
Standing Rock Telecom CDMA2000 EV-DO Unknown November 2014 Shut down CDMA for UMTS/LTE and rebranded to Rock Wireless
Stelera Wireless HSPA Unknown April 2013 Defunct.[96]
Syringa Wireless CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE 0.00135 December 2015 Discontinued cellular service[97]
TerreStar GSM EDGE, HSPA Unknown 2010 Acquired by Dish Network[98]
Triangle Mobile CDMA2000 EV-DO, LTE Unknown 2021 Acquired by Verizon.[99]
West Central Wireless
•Including Right Wireless and Five Star Wireless
GSM, UMTS, VoLTE EDGE, HSPA+, LTE 0.04[100] (November 2012) August 2023 Acquired by Verizon.[101]
Westlink Wireless GSM EDGE Unknown 2013 Acquired by United Wireless.[102]

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