List of University of Pennsylvania people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a partial list of notable faculty, alumni and scholars of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, United States.

Faculty[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Academia[edit]

Founders and leaders of academic institutions[edit]

College educators and scholars[edit]

Other educators[edit]

Arts, media, and entertainment[edit]

Athletics[edit]

College football Hall of Famers[edit]

Head coaches[edit]

NFL champions[edit]

Olympic medalists[edit]

(Note: The University currently holds the record for the most medals, 21 in total, won by its alumni at any one Olympics - the 1900 Paris Olympics.)

Sports executives and owners[edit]

Other athletes[edit]

Business[edit]

For a more comprehensive list of notable alumni in the business world, see Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. (Note: Not all of the following individuals attended the Wharton School, but may be alumni of other schools within the University of Pennsylvania).

Exploration[edit]

Government, politics and law[edit]

Colonial America delegates[edit]

Members of the Continental Congress[edit]

U.S. government[edit]

Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States[edit]
Members of the United States Cabinet[edit]
U.S. Senators[edit]
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]
U.S. Supreme Court Justices[edit]
U.S. Ambassadors[edit]

State government[edit]

Governors[edit]
State legislators[edit]

City government[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Other U.S. state and local officials[edit]

Foreign prime ministers, presidents, vice presidents and other heads of state[edit]

Other foreign officials[edit]

Lawyers, advisors and civil rights leaders[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Military[edit]

Medal of Honor recipients[edit]

Air Force officials[edit]

  • Harris Hull: Decorated Brigadier General of the United States Air Force during World War II
  • George G. Lundberg: Brigadier General of the United States Air Force during World War II, and 1917 Economics graduate
  • David G. Young III: United States Air Force Brigadier General

Army officials[edit]

Coast Guard officials[edit]

Marine Corps officials[edit]

Merchant Marine officials[edit]

Navy officials[edit]

Philosophy, theology, and religion[edit]

Science and technology[edit]

Other[edit]

Notorious[edit]

Fictional alumni[edit]

Nobel Laureates[edit]

Physics[edit]

  • George E. Smith: 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics
    • "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD sensor."
  • Raymond Davis: 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics
    • for "pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos."
  • John Robert Schrieffer: 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics (first Penn faculty member to win)
    • for the "theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory."
  • Robert Hofstadter: 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics
    • "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons."

Chemistry[edit]

  • Ei-ichi Negishi: 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • for "palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis."
  • Irwin Rose: 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation."
  • Alan MacDiarmid: 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers."
  • Hideki Shirakawa: 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers."
  • Alan J. Heeger: 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers."
  • Ahmed H. Zewail: 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy."
  • Christian B. Anfinsen: 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for his work on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation."
  • Vincent du Vigneaud: 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone."

Medicine[edit]

  • Gregg Semenza: 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability"
  • Harald zur Hausen: 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer."
  • Stanley B. Prusiner: 1997 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for his discovery of Prions: a new biological principle of infection."
  • Michael S. Brown: 1985 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • for his discovery "concerning the regulation of cholesterol metabolism."
  • Baruch Samuel Blumberg: 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases."
  • Gerald Edelman: 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • for the discovery "concerning the chemical structure of antibodies."
  • Haldan Keffer Hartline: 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • for the discovery "concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye."
  • Ragnar Granit: 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for describing the different types of light-sensitive cells in the eye and how light interacts with them."
  • Richard Kuhn: 1938 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for his work on carotenoids and vitamins."
  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof: 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • "for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle."

Economics[edit]

  • Thomas J. Sargent: 2011 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy."
  • Oliver E. Williamson: 2009 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm."
  • Edmund S. Phelps: 2006 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy."
  • Edward C. Prescott: 2004 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for his part in contributing to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."
  • Lawrence Robert Klein: 1980 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for the creation of economic models and their application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies."
  • Simon Smith Kuznets: 1971 Nobel Prize in Economics
    • "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Sarah Jean; Amador, Laura (2011). "A Pioneer in the Use of Video for the Study of Human Social Interaction: A Talk with Frederick Erickson". Crossroads of Language, Interaction and Culture. 8 (1). Retrieved May 6, 2015.
  2. ^ McDowell, Gayle Laakmann (2015). Cracking the coding interview : 189 programming questions and solutions (6th ed.). Palo Alto, CA. ISBN 978-0-9847828-5-7. OCLC 913477191.
  3. ^ "PETER ZEMSKY". INSEAD. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  4. ^ Middleton, Josh (2 April 2013). "Local Writer Nominated for ASME Award for Gay-Centric Story in Rolling Stone". Philadelphia Magazine. Philadelphia, PA. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  5. ^ Bernstein, Adam (March 24, 2014). "Journalist John Goshko dies at 80". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  6. ^ "'Captain America: The Winter Soldier': Directors Anthony and Joe Russo on landing in the Marvel universe and their love of '70s crime thrillers". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  7. ^ "Linda Simensky, C'85." University of Pennsylvania
  8. ^ "Reds Bagnell". 2014, Penn Athletics. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  9. ^ "George H. Brooke". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME, INC -. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Charlie Gelbert". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Ed McGinley". 2014, Penn Athletics. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Leroy Mercer". 2014, Penn Athletics. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  13. ^ "John Minds". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Skip Minisi". 2014, Penn Athletics. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  15. ^ "Bob Odell". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  16. ^ "Winchester Osgood". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  17. ^ "John H. Outland". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  18. ^ "George Savitsky". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  19. ^ "Hunter Scarlett". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  20. ^ "Vince Stevenson". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  21. ^ "Charles Wharton". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  22. ^ a b "John Heisman". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  23. ^ "Jerome Allen". Pro-Basketball Reference.com. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  24. ^ "E.B. Beaumont". ibiography.info. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  25. ^ "Marty Brill". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  26. ^ "Alfred E. Bull". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  27. ^ "Byron W. Dickson". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  28. ^ "Dexter Draper". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  29. ^ "James Dwyer". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  30. ^ "George Flint". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  31. ^ "Bob Folwell". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  32. ^ "Tom Gilmore". holycross.edu. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  33. ^ "Edward Green". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  34. ^ "Dick Harter". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  35. ^ "Bill Hollenback". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  36. ^ "Jack Hollenback". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  37. ^ "Danny Hutchinson". 2013 Wesleyan University. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  38. ^ "Charles Keinath". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  39. ^ "A. R. Kennedy". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  40. ^ "Alden Knipe". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  41. ^ "Otis Lamson". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  42. ^ "Matt Langel". 2014 COLGATE UNIVERSITY ATHLETICS. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  43. ^ "Dan Leibovitz". 2014, Penn Athletics. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  44. ^ "George Levene". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  45. ^ "Lou Little". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  46. ^ "John Lyons". unhwildcats.com. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  47. ^ "Harry Arista Mackey". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  48. ^ "John Macklin". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  49. ^ "Fran McCaffery". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  50. ^ "Jack McCloskey". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  51. ^ "Sol Metzger". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  52. ^ "David Micahnik". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  53. ^ "Allie Miller". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  54. ^ "George Munger". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  55. ^ "B. Russell Murphy". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  56. ^ "Samuel B. Newton". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  57. ^ "Harry Parker". 2014 The Harvard Crimson, Inc. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  58. ^ "Simon F. Pauxtis". 1995–2013, University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  59. ^ "Frank Piekarski". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  60. ^ "Jack Ramsay". Pro-Basketball Reference.com. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  61. ^ "Charles Rogers". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  62. ^ "Seth Roland". http://fduknights.com/. Retrieved 18 July 2014. External link in |publisher= (help)
  63. ^ "Michael Saxe". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  64. ^ "Frank Sexton". 1995–2013, University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  65. ^ "Andy Smith". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  66. ^ "Andrew Toole". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  67. ^ "Otto Wagonhurst". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  68. ^ "Garfield Weede". 2013 Kansas Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  69. ^ "Doctor Weeks". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  70. ^ "Carl Sheldon Williams". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  71. ^ "Henry L. Williams". THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL FOUNDATION AND COLLEGE HALL OF FAME, INC. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  72. ^ "George Washington Woodruff". 1995–2013, University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Archived from the original on 23 April 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  73. ^ "Wylie G. Woodruff". 2000–2014 College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  74. ^ "Jim Finn". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  75. ^ "Zack Rosen athletic biography". University of Pennsylvania athletics. Archived from the original on 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  76. ^ Alumni
  77. ^ "History Timeline for HEB Grocery Company". www.heb.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  78. ^ "Company Timeline - W. P. Carey Inc". www.wpcarey.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  79. ^ "Grayken Program in International Real Estate at the Wharton School Creates New Opportunities in Global Real Estate Education". Wharton University of Pennsylvania. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  80. ^ "Estee Lauder Companies Story - Profile, Founder, Founded, CEO | Famous Cosmetic Companies | SuccessStory". successstory.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  81. ^ "Alexander Lloyd". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  82. ^ "Lewis Heisler Ball". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  83. ^ "Ephraim Bateman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  84. ^ "William Wyatt Bibb". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  85. ^ "William Bingham". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  86. ^ "Clayton Douglass Buck". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  87. ^ "Joseph Maull Carey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  88. ^ "Henry H. Chambers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  89. ^ "Joseph Sill Clark". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  90. ^ "Simon Barclay Conover". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  91. ^ "George Robertson Dennis". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  92. ^ "Philemon Dickinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  93. ^ "James Henderson Duff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  94. ^ "Henry A. Du Pont". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  95. ^ "Jonathan Elmer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  96. ^ "William Grayson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  97. ^ "William Hindman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  98. ^ "Ted Kaufman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  99. ^ "Henry Latimer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  100. ^ "Lewis Fields Linn". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  101. ^ "John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  102. ^ "George Wharton Pepper". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  103. ^ "Caesar Augustus Rodney". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  104. ^ "Arlen Specter". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  105. ^ "John Selby Spence". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  106. ^ "Robert John Walker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  107. ^ "Joseph Rodman West". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  108. ^ "Ephraim Leister Acker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  109. ^ "Robert Adams Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  110. ^ "Wilbur L. Adams". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  111. ^ "John Archer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  112. ^ "James Armstrong". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  113. ^ "L. Heisler Ball". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  114. ^ "Ephraim Bateman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  115. ^ "John Milton Bernhisel". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  116. ^ "George A. Bicknell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  117. ^ "Richard Biddle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  118. ^ "Andrew Biemiller". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  119. ^ "Benjamin Markley Boyer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  120. ^ "Samuel Carey Bradshaw". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  121. ^ Charles Browne, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
  122. ^ "George Franklin Brumm". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  123. ^ "Hiram R. Burton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  124. ^ "John Cadwalader". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  125. ^ "Lambert Cadwalader". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  126. ^ "Greene Washington Caldwell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  127. ^ "E. Wallace Chadwick". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  128. ^ "Earl Chudoff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  129. ^ "George Bosworth Churchill". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  130. ^ "John Claiborne". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  131. ^ "John Daniel Clardy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  132. ^ "Isaiah Dunn Clawson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  133. ^ "John Clopton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  134. ^ "William Wilfred Cobey Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  135. ^ "Lewis Condict". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  136. ^ "Joel Cook". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  137. ^ "Thomas Buchecker Cooper". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  138. ^ "William Radford Coyle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  139. ^ "George William Crump". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  140. ^ "Willard S. Curtin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  141. ^ "J. Burrwood Daly". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  142. ^ "William Darlington". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  143. ^ "Philemon Dickerson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  144. ^ "Charles Djou". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  145. ^ "Frank Joseph Gerard Dorsey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  146. ^ "Charles F. Dougherty". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  147. ^ "George Eckert". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  148. ^ "Norman Eddy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  149. ^ "Joshua Eilberg". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  150. ^ "Lucius Elmer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  151. ^ "Phillip Sheridan English". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  152. ^ "Thomas Dunn English". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  153. ^ "Chaka Fattah". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  154. ^ "Clare G. Fenerty". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  155. ^ "John Floyd". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  156. ^ "Harold E. Ford Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  157. ^ "Vito John Fossella Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  158. ^ "Oliver W. Frey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  159. ^ "Benjamin Gilman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  160. ^ "Benjamin Golder". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  161. ^ "George Scott Graham". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  162. ^ "William Henry Harrison". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  163. ^ "Charles Eaton Haynes". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  164. ^ "James C. Healey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  165. ^ "William Hindman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  166. ^ "George Holcombe". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  167. ^ "Joseph Hopkinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  168. ^ Charles Robert Howell, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 10, 2007.
  169. ^ "John William Jones". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  170. ^ "Owen Jones". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  171. ^ "Albert Walter Johnson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  172. ^ "Joseph Jorgensen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  173. ^ "William Kennedy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  174. ^ "Everett Kent". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  175. ^ "Karl C. King". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  176. ^ "William Huntington Kirkpatrick". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  177. ^ "Thomas Kittera". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  178. ^ "John A. Lafore Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  179. ^ "Henry Latimer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  180. ^ "Caleb R. Layton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  181. ^ "James Leech". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  182. ^ "William Eckart Lehman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  183. ^ "George Leiper". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  184. ^ "John Thomas Lenahan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  185. ^ "Samuel Lilly". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  186. ^ "Lloyd Lowndes". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  187. ^ "James McDevitt Magee". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  188. ^ "Levi Maish". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  189. ^ "Francis Mallory". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  190. ^ "John Hartwell Marable". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  191. ^ "Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  192. ^ "Robert Marion". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  193. ^ "Alexander Keith Marshall". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  194. ^ "Samuel McConnell Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  195. ^ "George Deardorff McCreary". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  196. ^ "Joseph McDade". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  197. ^ "Robert C. McEwen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  198. ^ "John Miller". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  199. ^ "James Milnor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  200. ^ "George Edward Mitchell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  201. ^ "John Moffet". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  202. ^ "Samuel Moore". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  203. ^ "Edward Joy Morris". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  204. ^ "Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  205. ^ "Edward de Veaux Morrell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  206. ^ "John W. Murphy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  207. ^ "Leonard Myers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  208. ^ "William Augustus Newell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  209. ^ "Edson Olds". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  210. ^ "Archibald Olpp". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  211. ^ "Cyrus Maffet Palmer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  212. ^ "John M. Patton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  213. ^ "Levi Pawling". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  214. ^ "John H. Pugh". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  215. ^ "Robert R. Reed". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  216. ^ "Jacob Richards". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  217. ^ "Lewis Riggs". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  218. ^ "Caesar Augustus Rodney". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  219. ^ "Albert Rutherford". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  220. ^ "Leon Sacks". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  221. ^ "Benjamin Say". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  222. ^ "Pius Schwert". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  223. ^ "David Scott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  224. ^ "Hardie Scott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  225. ^ "John Roger Kirkpatrick Scott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  226. ^ "Joshua Seney". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  227. ^ "John Sergeant". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  228. ^ "Adam Seybert". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  229. ^ "Henry Marchmore Shaw". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  230. ^ "William B. Shepard". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  231. ^ "John E. Sheridan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  232. ^ "William Simonton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  233. ^ "Edward J. Stack". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  234. ^ "James Strawbridge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  235. ^ "Joel Sutherland". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  236. ^ "John Augustus Swope". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  237. ^ "William Terrell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  238. ^ "Martin Thayer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  239. ^ "John Chew Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  240. ^ "John Parnell Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  241. ^ "Hedge Thompson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  242. ^ "Philip A. Traynor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  243. ^ "William Troutman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  244. ^ "Charles Turpin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  245. ^ "Jonathan Updegraff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  246. ^ "Joseph Vigorito". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  247. ^ "George Wallhauser". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  248. ^ "John H. Ware, III". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  249. ^ "John Goddard Watmough". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  250. ^ "James D. Weaver". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  251. ^ "Hugh Williamson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  252. ^ "William H. Wilson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  253. ^ "Charles A. Wolverton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  254. ^ "Gunning Bedford Sr". National Governors Association. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  255. ^ "William Wyatt Bibb". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  256. ^ "C. Douglass Buck". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  257. ^ "Joseph M. Carey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  258. ^ "Joshua Clayton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  259. ^ "Philemon Dickerson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  260. ^ "James H. Duff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  261. ^ "John Floyd". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  262. ^ "Charles Goldsborough". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  263. ^ "Jon M. Huntsman Jr". National Governors Association. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  264. ^ "Lloyd Lowndes". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  265. ^ Sears, Young Napoleon, p. 3; Rafuse, pp. 10, 27–28.
  266. ^ "Wayne Mixson". NNDB Soylent Communications. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  267. ^ "William Augustus Newell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  268. ^ "William Paca". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  269. ^ "John M. Patton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  270. ^ "Hulett C. Smith". National Governors Association. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  271. ^ "Robert J. Walker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  272. ^ Grimes, William. "Sybil R. Moses, Prosecutor and Longtime New Jersey Judge, Dies at 69", The New York Times, January 24, 2009. Accessed October 20, 2009.
  273. ^ [1] Archived February 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  274. ^ [2] Archived April 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  275. ^ Palmer, Joanne (February 14, 2014). "'And then the phone rang…'; Wyckoff man's adventures in politics and public service". The Times of Israel. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  276. ^ "Constance J. Horner". nndb.com. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  277. ^ Sundar J.M. Brown
  278. ^ http://www.enivation.com/SigmaPi/archive/Emerald/1964/SP_EMERALD_VOL_50_NO_4_WINTER_1964.pdf, Pg. 182
  279. ^ http://www.enivation.com/SigmaPi/archive/Emerald/1962/SP_EMERALD_VOL_49_NO_2_SUMMER_1962.pdf, Pg. 56
  280. ^ Butler, FK (2004). "Closed-circuit oxygen diving in the U.S. Navy". Undersea Hyperb Med. 31 (1): 3–20. PMID 15233156. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
  281. ^ Pension Protection Fund Archived 2016-03-01 at the Wayback Machine
  282. ^ United Kingdom Trade & Investment Archived 2012-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  283. ^ [3] High Flier in Real Estate Is Sentenced for $17 Million Theft, The New York Times, September 20, 2010