List of VLF-transmitters

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A list of VLF-transmitters and LF-transmitters, which work or worked on frequencies below 100 kHz.

List of VLF transmissions[edit]

Name / Call sign Location Frequency Coordinates Remarks
Project Sanguine 0.076 kHz
ZEVS Murmansk, Russia 0.082 kHz 68.813321 N 33.7517427 E, 68.7163557 N 33.7078248 E
NOV Alpha Transmitter Novosibirsk Bolotnoye, Bolotninsky District, Russia 11.905 kHz 55°45′22″N 84°26′52.4″E Alpha-Navigation
KRA Alpha Transmitter Krasnodar Poltavskaya, Russia 12.649 kHz 45°24′12″N 38°09′29″E Alpha-Navigation, also RJH63
KOM Alpha Transmitter Komsomolskamur Khabarovsk, Russia 12.649 kHz 50°04′24″N 136°36′24″E Alpha-Navigation
MUR Alpha Transmitter Murmansk Revda, Russia 12.649 kHz 68°02′8″N 34°41′00″E Alpha-Navigation
ASH Alpha Transmitter Ashkabad Seyda, Turkmenistan 12.649 kHz 39°28′16″N 62°43′07″E Alpha-Navigation
Trinidad - Omega Station B Chaguaramas, Trinidad 12.0 kHz 10.699738 N 61.638386 W valley span antenna dismantled, station replaced by the Paynesville Liberia Station in 1976
Paynesville - Omega Station B Paynesville, Liberia 12.0 kHz 6.305442 N 10.662068 W 1,368-foot (417 m) tower demolished in 2011
Kaneohe - Omega Station C Haiku Valley, Hawaii, USA 11.8 kHz 21.404811 N 157.830834 W 5,000-foot (1,500 m) valley span antenna, decommissioned in 1997. Antenna dismantled, deteriorating transmitter building and Haiku Stairs remain
Bratland - Omega Station A Bratland, Norway 12.1 kHz 66.419323 N 13.129950 E 11,500-foot (3,500 m) valley span antenna over salt water. dismantled in 2002. Building and helix house remains
LaMoure - Omega Station D LaMoure, North Dakota, USA 12.1 kHz 46.365987 N 98.335667 W now operated by US Navy on 25.2 kHz
Plaine Chabrier - Omega Station E Plaine Chabrier, Reunion Island 12.3 kHz 20.974153 S 55.289973 E 1,404-foot (428 m) tower demolished in 1999
Golfo Nuevo - Omega Station F TGolfo Nuevo, Chubut, Argentina 12.9 kHz 43.053524 S 65.190763 W 1,201-foot (366 m) tower demolished in 1998
Woodside - Omega Station G Woodside, Victoria, Australia 13.0 kHz 38.481268 S 146.935326 E 1,417-foot (432 m) foot tower demolished in 2015
Shushi-Wan - Omega Station H Tsushima Island, Japan 12.8 kHz 34.614763 N 129.453830 E 1,276-foot (389 m) foot tower dismantled in 1998
GBZ Criggion Criggion, Wales, UK 15.2 kHz 52.72246 N 3.06295 W towers and antenna demolished in 2003. Derelict transmitter building remains
Kahuku Marconi Transmitter Kahuku, Oahu, Hawaii, USA 16.1 kHz 21.7062 N 157.9731 W shut down in 1939, deteriorated transmitter building and support buildings remain
Monte Grande Radio Station Monte Grande, Argentina 17.330 kHz 34.757502 S 58.509128 W
Waunfawr Marconi Transmitter Waunfawr, Wales, UK 21.2 kHz 53.1239 N 4.1935 W Closed in 1938, only the transmitter building remains
Table Head Marconi Transmitter Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada 37.5 kHz 46.21118 N 59.9525 W dismantled and moved to Marconi Towers, Nova Scotia in 1904
Marconi Towers Transmitter Marconi Towers, Nova Scotia, Canada 37.5 kHz 46.1547273 N 59.9455246 W closed and sold in 1946. Manager's house and ruins remain.
Marion Marconi Transmitter Marion. Massachusetts, USA 25.8 kHz 41.7131401 N 70.7748406 W shut down in 1957, towers demolished in 1960. Transmitter and support buildings remain
New Brunswick Marconi Transmitter New Brunswick, New Jersey. USA 21.8 kHz 40.51529 N 74.48895 W shut down in 1948, demolished in 1953. Only the station cottage remains
Bolinas Marconi Transmitter Bolinas, California. USA 19.2 kHz 37.913 N 122.72825 W shut down in 1946. Transmitter building, MF and HF transmitters and one cottage remain
RCA Radio Central Rocky Point, New York, USA 18.3 kHz 40.92379 N 72.9356 W last VLF tower demolished in 1977
NSS Annapolis Annapolis, Maryland, USA 21.4 kHz 38.977778 N 76.453333 W shut down in 1996, 1,200-foot (370 m) tower demolished in 1999, three 600-foot (180 m) towers remain
Forestport Tower Forestport, New York, USA 43.44485337 N 75.0861464 W 1,205-foot (367 m) tower demolished in 1998
Tuckerton Transmitter Tuckerton, New Jersey, USA 22.1 kHz 39.558495 N 74.370570 W shut down 1948, 820-foot (250 m) tower demolished 1955, transmitter building remains
Silver Creek Communications Annex Silver Creek, Nebraska, USA 41.3461996 N 97.72176109 W 1,226-foot (374 m) tower demolished in 1995. Building remains.
Hawes Radio Relay Facility Hinkley, California, USA 34.9174009 N 117.377046654 W 1,226-foot (374 m) tower and all buildings demolished in 1986
HWU Rosnay, France 15.1 kHz, 18.3 kHz, 21.75 kHz 46.714119 N 1.244309 E
GBR Rugby, UK 15.8 kHz 52.367290 N 1.188524 W shut-down in 2003, demolished in 2007
JXN Gildeskål, Norway 16.4 kHz 66.982337 N 13.872471 E 7,759-foot (2,365 m) valley-span antenna
SAQ Grimeton, Sweden 17.2 kHz 57.113958 N 12.404425 E Only active at special occasions (Alexanderson Day)
NAA Cutler, Maine, USA 17.8 kHz, 24.0 kHz 44.644506 N 67.284565 W
INS Kattabomman Vijayanarayanam, India 18.2 kHz 8.3869497 N, 77.7505891 E
NBA Summit Naval Radio Station Summit, Canal Zone, Panama 18.6 kHz 9.0699425 N, 79.6333477 W megawatt naval VLF station, demolished
GBZ Anthorn, Cumbria, UK 19.6 kHz 54.911683 N 3.278738 W 13 towers, 745-foot (227 m) tall
NWC Exmouth, Western Australia 19.8 kHz 21.816325 S 114.16546 E
ICV Tavolara (Sardinia, Italy) 20.27 kHz, 20.76 kHz 40.922889 N 9.732052 E Valley-span antenna
RJH69 Vileyka, Belarus 20.5 kHz 54.463204 N 26.775827 E Time signal transmitter Beta
RJH77 Archangelsk, Russia 20.5 kHz 64.360491 N 41.568489 E Time signal transmitter Beta
RJH99 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 20.5 kHz 56.171945 N 43.931667 E Time signal transmitter Beta
RJH66 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 20.5 kHz 43.039444 N 73.6125 E Time signal transmitter Beta
RAB99 Khabarovsk, Russia 20.5 kHz 48.48555 N 134.82333 E Time signal transmitter Beta
Martanskaya, Russia 44.773640 N 39.547262 E
NPM Lualualei, Hawaii, USA 21.4 kHz 21.420382 N 158.153912 W 1,503-foot (458 m) tower installed 1972
NPO Sangley Point Naval Radio Statiom Cavite, Philippines 21.5 kHz 14.495 N 120.908 E Three 600-foot (180 m) VLF towers demolished after World War II
GBZ Skelton, UK 22.1 kHz 54.731929 N 2.883359 W
JJI Ebino, Japan 22.2 kHz 32.092247 N 130.829095 E
JAP Yosami, Japan 34.971474 N 137.017018 E demolished
Malabar Radio Station Malabar, Indonesia 7.116281 S 107.606183 E valley span-antenna, demolished
DHO38 Rhauderfehn, Germany 23.4 kHz 53.087341 N 7.608652 E submarine communication
NLK Seattle, Washington (USA) 24.8 kHz 48.203633 N 121.916828 W valley-span antenna
NML La Moure US Navy Transmitter LaMoure, North Dakota, USA 25.2 kHz 46.365987 N 98.335667 W 1,148-foot (350 m) tower
NPM Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, USA 26.1 kHz 21.35 N 157.964 W Three 600-foot (180 m) towers dismantled in 1936. Transmitters moved to Lualualei in 1936
Denizkoy VLF Transmitter TBB Bafa, Turkey 26.7 kHz 37.409420 N 27.325273 E 1,247-foot (380 m) tower
NPL Chollas Heights San Diego, California, USA 30.6 kHz 32.74063 N, 117.0643 W ceased operations in 1992, towers demolished 1995, Transmitter building remains
TFK Grindavik, Iceland 37.6 kHz 63.850833 N 22.451667 W
Sayville Telefunken Wireless Station Sayville, New York, USA 38.4 kHz 40.7437 N 73.1033 W 477-foot (145 m) tower demolished. massive concrete guy wire anchors remain.
JJY Mount Otakadoya, Japan 40 kHz 37.372557 N 140.849007 E Time signal
SRC Grimeton, Sweden 40.4 kHz 57.113958 N 12.404425 E Shares antenna with SAQ, used for encrypted messages to Swedish Navy
NAU Naval Communications Station Puerto Rico Aguada, Puerto Rico, USA 40.75 kHz 18.398775 N 67.177486 W 1,205-foot (367 m) tower
NAA Arlington Arlington, Virginia, USA 50.0 kHz 38.867820 N 77.0791 W towers removed in 1941, NAA buildings remain
Clifden Marconi Transmitter Derrigimlagh, Clifden, Ireland 54.5 kHz 53.4508506 N 10.0430238 W demolished following an attack by Irish republican forces in July 1922
WWVB Fort Collins, Colorado, USA 60 kHz 40.678056 N 105.046944 W Time signal
JJY Mount Hagane, Japan 60 kHz 33.465539 N 130.175516 E Time signal
MSF Anthorn, Cumbria, UK 60 kHz 54.91 N 3.28 W Time signal
RBU Moscow, Russia 66.666 kHz 55.730481 N 38.152471 E Time signal
RBU Taldom, Russia 66.666 kHz 56.733333 N 37.663333 E Time signal
BPC Pucheng, China 68.5 kHz 34.948333 N 109.542778 E Time signal
HBG Prangins, Switzerland 75 kHz 46.408422 N 6.252680 E Demolished 2012
Globecomm Tower Thule, Greenland 68.9 kHz 76.553133 N 68.5507134 W 1,241-foot (378 m) tower was the tallest structure outside the USA in 1954. Demolished in 1992
BSF Guishan, Taiwan 77.5 kHz 25.005556 N 121.365 E Time signal
DCF77 Mainhausen, Germany 77.5 kHz 50.014234 N 9.011487 E most important[according to whom?] time signal in Europe
RKS Liblice 1 Liblice, Czech 50.072249 N 14.880810 E demolished
Podebrady, Czech 50.137793 N 15.144331 E
Radom - Wacyn, Poland 51.409332 N 21.117214 E
Warsaw, Poland 52.266412 N 20.879892 E destroyed
Goliath Kalbe, Germany 52.669218 N 11.421890 E removed by Russian troops, reinstalled in Russia
Nauen Transmitter Station Nauen, Germany 52.647959 N 12.908292 E 872-foot (266 m) tower demolished and all equipment removed by Soviet Army in 1946, transmitter building remains
Eilvese Eilvese, Germany 52.546389 N 9.414722 E 820-foot (250 m) tower demolished in 1931
Königs Wusterhausen Königs Wusterhausen, Germany 52.304277 N 13.611326 E demolished
Kamina Kamina, Togo 7.933333 N 0.85 E destroyed
Herzogstand Herzogstand, Germany 47.628889 N 11.322222 E experimental station, valley-span antenna, demolished
Gudinge, Sweden 60.524275 N 18.012192 E
Ruda, Sweden 57.120331 N 16.153111 E
Tving, Sweden 56.275050 N 15.487858 E
Crimmond, UK 57.617467 N 1.887617 W
Inskip, UK 53.830074 N 2.834262 W
FTA Saint Assise, France 48.544910 N 2.576294 E
La Regine, France 43.386781 N 2.097364 E
Kerlouan, France 48.637736 N 4.350769 W
Lafayette Radio Station Marcheprime, France 44.708611 N 0.813611 W destroyed by retreating German troops in 1944
Basse-Lande transmitter Brains, France 47.170749 N 1.694947 W destroyed
Torreta de Guardamar Guardamar, Spain 38.071871 N 0.664625 W
Dimona, Israel 30.975696 N 35.098668 E
Kato Souli, Greece 38.145186 N 24.019703 E
Niscemi, Italy 37.125654 N 14.436325 E
Mokpo, South Korea 34.682222 N 126.446944 E
Datong, China 20.6 kHz 39.942959 N 113.247886 E