List of Vice Presidents of the United States by time in office

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This is a list of Vice President of the United States by time in office. The basis of the list is the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater.

Since 1789, there have been 47 people sworn into office as Vice President of the United States. Of these, nine succeeded to the presidency during their term, seven died while in office, and two resigned. Since the adoption of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution (February 10, 1967), when there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President nominates a successor who takes office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Vice Presidents by time in office[edit]

Rank Vice President Length
in days
OVP General details
1
tie
Daniel D. Tompkins 2,922 6 Served two full terms.
Thomas R. Marshall 2,922 28 Served two full terms.
Richard Nixon 2,922 36 Served two full terms.
George H. W. Bush 2,922 43 Served two full terms.
Al Gore 2,922[a] 45 Served two full terms.
Dick Cheney 2,922 46 Served two full terms.
7 John Nance Garner 2,879[b] 32 Served two full terms.
8 John Adams 2,874[c] 1 Served two full terms.
9 John C. Calhoun 2,856 7 Served one full term, under President John Quincy Adams. Resigned 3 years, 9 months and 24 days into his second (consecutive) term, this one under President Andrew Jackson.
10 Joe Biden 2,774 47 Incumbent, serving his second term of office.
11 George Clinton 2,604 4 Served one full term, under President Thomas Jefferson. Died 3 years, 1 month and 16 days into his second (consecutive) term, this one under President James Madison.
12 Spiro Agnew 1,724 39 Served one full term. Resigned 8 months and 20 days into his second term.
13
tie
Aaron Burr 1,461 3 Served one full term.
Martin Van Buren 1,461 8 Served one full term.
Richard Johnson 1,461 9 Served one full term.
George M. Dallas 1,461 11 Served one full term.
John C. Breckinridge 1,461 14 Served one full term.
Hannibal Hamlin 1,461 15 Served one full term.
Schuyler Colfax 1,461 17 Served one full term.
William A. Wheeler 1,461 19 Served one full term.
Levi P. Morton 1,461 22 Served one full term.
Adlai E. Stevenson 1,461 23 Served one full term.
Charles W. Fairbanks 1,461 26 Served one full term.
Charles G. Dawes 1,461 30 Served one full term.
Charles Curtis 1,461 31 Served one full term.
Henry A. Wallace 1,461 33 Served one full term.
Alben W. Barkley 1,461 35 Served one full term.
Hubert Humphrey 1,461 38 Served one full term.
Walter Mondale 1,461 42 Served one full term.
Dan Quayle 1,461 44 Served one full term.
31 Thomas Jefferson 1,460[a] 2 Served one full term.
32 James S. Sherman 1,336 27 Died in office.
33 Lyndon B. Johnson 1,036 37 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of John F. Kennedy.
34 Henry Wilson 993 18 Died in office.
35 Garret Hobart 992[a] 24 Died in office.
36 Calvin Coolidge 881 29 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of Warren G. Harding.
37 Nelson Rockefeller 763 41 Selected to succeed Vice President Gerald Ford.
38 Elbridge Gerry 629 5 Died in office.
39 Millard Fillmore 492 12 Succeeded to presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.
40 Thomas A. Hendricks 881 21 Died in office.
41 Gerald Ford 246 40 Selected to succeed Vice President Spiro Agnew, and subsequently succeeded to the presidency upon the resignation of Richard Nixon.
42 Chester A. Arthur 199 20 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of James A. Garfield.
43 Theodore Roosevelt 194 25 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of William McKinley.
44 Harry S. Truman 82 34 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
45 William R. King 45 13 Died in office.
46 Andrew Johnson 42 16 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of Abraham Lincoln.
47 John Tyler 31 10 Succeeded to the presidency upon the death of William Henry Harrison.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Of years evenly divisible by 100, only those evenly divisible by 400 are leap years. The years 1800 and 1900 are divisible by 100, but not by 400. as a result, the term of both Thomas Jefferson (1797–1801) and Garret Hobart (1897–1901) did not include a 366-day leap year, and so were one day shorter than a normal full term. The year 2000 is divisible by 400 and so did include one, thus Al Gore's second term (1997–2001) was not shorter than his first.
  2. ^ The 20th Amendment (ratified January 23, 1933) moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20. The 1937 presidential inauguration was the first to take place on the new date. As a result, John Nance Garner's first term in office (1933–1937) was only 1,418 days long, 1 month and 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  3. ^ Due to logistical delays, John Adams assumed the office of Vice President 1 month and 17 days after the March 4, 1789 scheduled start of operations of the new government under the Constitution. As a result, his first term (1789–1793) was only 1,413 days long, and was the shortest term for a U.S. vice president who neither died in office nor resigned.

Vice Presidential vacancies[edit]

Dates Length
in days
Reason Next Vice President
after vacancy
April 20, 1812 - March 4, 1813 318 George Clinton died. Elbridge Gerry, following election of 1812.
November 23, 1814 - March 4, 1817 832 Elbridge Gerry died. Daniel D. Tompkins, following election of 1816.
December 28, 1832 - March 4, 1833 66 John C. Calhoun resigned. Martin Van Buren, following election of 1832.
April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845 1,430 John Tyler succeeded to presidency. George M. Dallas, following election of 1844.
July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1853 969 Millard Fillmore succeeded to presidency. William R. King, following election of 1852.
April 18, 1853 - March 4, 1857 1,416 William R. King died. John C. Breckinridge, following election of 1856.
April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869 1,419 Andrew Johnson succeeded to presidency. Schuyler Colfax, following election of 1868.
November 22, 1875 - March 4, 1877 468 Henry Wilson died. William A. Wheeler, following election of 1876.
September 19, 1881 - March 4, 1885 1,262 Chester A. Arthur succeeded to presidency. Thomas A. Hendricks, following election of 1884.
November 25, 1885 - March 4, 1889 1,195 Thomas A. Hendricks died. Levi P. Morton, following election of 1888.
November 21, 1899 - March 4, 1901 468 Garret Hobart died. Theodore Roosevelt, following election of 1900.
Septemnber 14, 1901 - March 4, 1905 1,267 Theodore Roosevelt succeeded to presidency. Charles W. Fairbanks, following election of 1904.
October 30, 1912 - March 4, 1913 125 James S. Sherman died. Thomas R. Marshall, following election of 1912.
August 2, 1923 - March 4, 1925 580 Calvin Coolidge succeeded to presidency. Charles G. Dawes, following election of 1924.
April 12, 1945 - January 20, 1949 1,379 Harry S. Truman succeeded to presidency. Alben W. Barkley, following election of 1948.
November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1965 425 Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded to presidency. Hubert Humphrey, following election of 1964.
October 10, 1973 - December 6, 1973 57 Spiro Agnew resigned. Gerald Ford, following confirmation by Congress.
August 9, 1974 - December 19, 1974 132 Gerald Ford succeeded to presidency. Nelson Rockefeller, following confirmation by Congress.

See also[edit]

References[edit]