Outline of Vietnam

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The location of Vietnam
An enlargeable relief map of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Vietnam:

Vietnamsovereign country located on the eastern extent of the Indochinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia.[1] It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the east. With a population of over 86 million, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.

Vietnam was under Chinese control for a thousand years before becoming a nation-state in the 10th century. Successive dynasties flourished along with geographic and political expansion deeper into Southeast Asia, until it was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Efforts to resist the French eventually led to their expulsion from the country in the mid-20th century, leaving a nation divided politically into two countries. Bitter fighting between the two sides continued during the Vietnam War, ending with a communist victory in 1975.

Emerging from a long and bitter war, the war-ravaged nation was politically isolated. The government's centrally planned economic decisions hindered post-war reconstruction and its treatment of the losing side engendered more resentment than reconciliation. In 1986, it instituted economic and political reforms and began a path towards international reintegration. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth had been among the highest in the world in the past decade. These efforts culminated in Vietnam joining the World Trade Organization in 2007 and its successful bid to become a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in 2008.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Vietnam

Geography of Vietnam[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Vietnam

Geography of Vietnam

 Laos 2,130 km
 China 1,281 km
 Cambodia 1,228 km
  • Coastline: 3,444 km (excluding islands)

Environment of Vietnam[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Vietnam

Environment of Vietnam

Natural geographic features of Vietnam[edit]

Regions of Vietnam[edit]

Regions of Vietnam

Ecoregions of Vietnam[edit]

List of ecoregions in Vietnam

Administrative divisions of Vietnam[edit]

Administrative divisions of Vietnam

Regions of Vietnam[edit]

The Vietnamese government often groups the various provinces into eight regions. These regions are not always used, and alternative classifications are possible.

Provinces of Vietnam[edit]

Provinces of Vietnam Vietnam is divided into 59 provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh).

Districts of Vietnam[edit]

Districts of Vietnam The provinces of Vietnam are divided into districts (huyện), provincial cities (thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh), and towns (thị xã).

Demography of Vietnam[edit]

Demographics of Vietnam

Government and politics of Vietnam[edit]

Branches of the government of Vietnam[edit]

Government of Vietnam

Executive branch of the government of Vietnam[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Vietnam[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Vietnam[edit]

Judiciary of Vietnam

Foreign relations of Vietnam[edit]

Foreign relations of Vietnam

International organization membership[edit]

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Vietnam[edit]

Law of Vietnam

Military of Vietnam[edit]

Military of Vietnam

Local government in Vietnam[edit]

Local government in Vietnam

History of Vietnam[edit]

History of Vietnam

Culture of Vietnam[edit]

Culture of Vietnam

Art in Vietnam[edit]

Religion in Vietnam[edit]

Religion in Vietnam

Sport in Vietnam[edit]

Sport in Vietnam

Economy and infrastructure of Vietnam[edit]

Economy of Vietnam

Education in Vietnam[edit]

Education in Vietnam

Health in Vietnam[edit]

Health in Vietnam

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b "Vietnam". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Vietnam

Non state-run

While all media in Vietnam must be sponsored by a Communist Party organization and be registered with the government, the following media sources have less government control than others.

  • VnExpress: Popular online newspaper (in Vietnamese)
  • Tuổi Trẻ (Youth): Daily newspaper with highest circulation, affiliated with the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Organization of Ho Chi Minh City (in Vietnamese)
  • Thanh Niên (Youth): Major daily newspaper, affiliated with the Vietnam National Youth Federation
  • Lao Động (Labour): Major daily newspaper, affiliated with the Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (the sole labour union in Vietnam) (in Vietnamese)
  • Tiền Phong (Vanguard): Major daily newspaper, affiliated with the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth organization (in Vietnamese)
  • Vietnam Economic Times – for foreign investors.