List of Volvo engines

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Volvo Cars has a long reputation as a maker of inline (or straight) engines. This list of Volvo engines gives an overview of available internal combustion engines.

When Volvo started in 1927, they ordered their engines from the engine manufacturer Penta in Skövde. The first engine was the inline four-cylinder side-valve 28 horsepower (21 kW; 28 PS) Type DA. In 1931, Volvo acquired a majority of the Penta stock, and in 1935, Penta became a subsidiary of Volvo. For the engines used by Volvo Trucks, see List of Volvo Trucks engines.

Previous owner, Ford Motor Company, allowed Volvo to continue to design their own engines, with a new-generation straight-six engine introduced in 2006. More recently the VEA program has been launched. VEA engines are branded as "Drive-E" in marketing. In 2017, Volvo Cars announced they will no longer develop diesel engines.[1]

Naming[edit]

To name their engines, Volvo has used:

  • 1955–1985 — four or five characters
  • 1985–1994 — five or six characters
  • 1993–1994 — six to eight characters

Generally, the following naming scheme is used:

In 2010 Volvo changed their engine branding nomenclature so that it is independent of engine size and number of cylinders. The letter "D" designates diesel and "T" petrol. Letters are followed by a number that dictate the level of power. The table below list the lower limit power required for each emblem in 2010.[2]

Diesel Power [metric hp] Petrol Power [metric hp]
D13 - - -
D11 - - -
D8 300 T8 325
D6 250 T6 275
D5 200&215 T5 225
D4 165 T4 175
D3 135 T3 150
D2 115 T2 125
D1 90 T1 100

Engines in production[edit]

Diesel[edit]

VED4, Volvo Engine Diesel 4[edit]

[3]

  • D2 120PS [088 kW] single-turbo. From MY2016
  • 181PS [133 kW]. In the following vehicles: S60/V60, XC60, S80/V70 & XC70.[4]
  • 190PS [140 kW]. In the following vehicles: V40/V40 Cross Country.[5]

VED5, Volvo Engine Diesel 5[edit]

  • 140 kW, 420 Nm, 2.4 liter. In the following vehicles: AWD V60/XC60.
  • 162 kW, 440 Nm, 2.4 liter. In the following vehicle: AWD XC60.

Petrol[edit]

VEP4, Volvo Engine Petrol 4[edit]

[3]

  • T2 122PS [90 kW] single turbo. From MY2016
  • T3 152PS [112 kW] single turbo. From MY2016
  • T4 190PS [140 kW] single turbo. From MY2016
  • T5 245PS [180 kW] single turbo. From MY2016
  • T6 320PS [235 kW] turbo and supercharger. From MY2016
  • Polestar 367PS [270 kW] turbo and supercharger. From MY2017
  • T8 320PS [235 kW] turbo, supercharger, and rear electric motor (87PS, 64 kW). From MY2016

Engines out of production[edit]

Side-valve six[edit]

Volvo's first six-cylinder engine was introduced in 1929. It was a side-valve straight-six engine.

  • 1929–1958 side-valve six — PV651/2, TR671/4, PV653/4, TR676/9, PV658/9, PV36, PV51/2, PV53/6, PV801/2, PV821/2, PV831/2 and PV60

B4B[edit]

Volvo's next major advance was the B4B line of compact inline-four engines introduced in 1944.

B18[edit]

The B18 of 1960 was the company's next major advance, with five main bearings.

  • 1962–1974 B18 — 1.8 litres - 1,778 cubic centimetres (108.5 cu in) — new-design 1.8 & 2.0 litres overhead valve (OHV) 8v fitted into all Volvo models from 1961 to 1974 (except the 164) and 1975 U.S.-spec 240 models
    • B18C - single carburetor version - fitted in the Volvo BM 320 tractor
    • B18A - single carburetor version
    • B18D - twin SU carburetor version
    • B18B - twin SU or Zenith carburetor version
  • 1969–1981 B20 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) — evolution of the B18

B30[edit]

The B30 was Volvo's second line of straight-six engines, introduced in 1969.

V6[edit]

Volvo introduced the PRV engine, its only V6 engine, in 1974. The PRV was available in 2.7 and 2.8 L configurations, with SOHC cylinder heads. The PRV was developed together with Renault and Peugeot; thus the acronym name PRV.

SOHC[edit]

  • 1976–1984 B17 — 1.8 litres - 1,784 cubic centimetres (108.9 cu in) SOHC 8-valve
    • 1979–1981 — B17A — 8.3:1 compression — 90 horsepower (67 kW; 91 PS)
  • 1976–1984 B19 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 340/360, Volvo 240, Volvo 740
    • 1974–1978 — B19A — 8.8:1 compression — 97 horsepower (72 kW; 98 PS)
    • 1974–1981 — B19E — 8.8:1 compression — 117 horsepower (87 kW; 119 PS)
    • 1979–1984 — B19A — 8.5:1 compression — 90 horsepower (67 kW; 91 PS)/97 horsepower (72 kW; 98 PS)
    • 1982–1984 — B19E — 9.2:1 compression — 117 horsepower (87 kW; 119 PS)
    • 1982–1984 — B19ET — ??:1 compression — 136–145 PS (100–107 kW)
  • 1976–1985 B21 — 2.1 litres - 2,127 cubic centimetres (129.8 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240
    • 1976 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 102 horsepower (76 kW; 103 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1977–1978 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 104 horsepower (78 kW; 105 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1977–1978 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 101 horsepower (75 kW; 102 PS) — California
    • 1979 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — North America
    • 1979 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 101 horsepower (75 kW; 102 PS) — California
    • 1974–1980 B21E — 9.3:1 compression — 123 horsepower (92 kW; 125 PS) — European
    • 1980 B21A — 9.3:1 compression — 100 horsepower (75 kW; 101 PS) — Canada
    • 1980 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. & Canada models
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — California
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 99 horsepower (74 kW; 100 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1981 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 126 horsepower (94 kW; 128 PS) — U.S. Turbo
    • 1981 B21A — 9.3:1 compression — 100 horsepower (75 kW; 101 PS) — Canada
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1982 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 99 horsepower (74 kW; 100 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1982 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 105 horsepower (78 kW; 106 PS) — California
    • 1982–1983 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 127 horsepower (95 kW; 129 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 131 horsepower (98 kW; 133 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B21FT-IBS — 7.5:1 compression — 162 horsepower (121 kW; 164 PS) — U.S. models
  • 1979–1984 B23 — 2.3 litres - 2,316 cubic centimetres (141.3 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240, Volvo 740
    • 1979–1980 B23E — 10.3:1 compression 140 horsepower (104 kW; 142 PS) — European
    • 1981–1982 B23E — 10.0:1 compression — 136 horsepower (101 kW; 138 PS) — Canada
    • 1983 B23F — 10.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B23E — 10.3:1 compression — 115 horsepower (86 kW; 117 PS) — Canada
    • 1983–1984 B23F — 9.5:1 compression — 111 horsepower (83 kW; 113 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B23F — 10.3:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
  • 1985–1992 B200 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 340/360 and 200/700/900 series for certain markets
  • 1985–1995 B230 — 2.3 litres - 2,316 cubic centimetres (141.3 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240/740/Volvo 940
    • 1985–1986 B230F — 9.8:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1985–1987 B230E — 9.8:1 compression — 131 horsepower (98 kW; 133 PS)
    • 1988–1993 B230F — 9.8:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1985-1990 B230ET — 10.3:1 compression — 182 horsepower (136 kW; 185 PS) — European models
    • 1985–1998 B230FT — 8.7:1 compression — 165 horsepower (123 kW; 167 PS) — U.S./European models
    • 1993-1995 B230FB — 9.8:1 compression — 136 horsepower (101 kW; 138 PS) — European models
    • 1994–1998 B230FK — 8.7:1 compression — 135 horsepower (101 kW; 137 PS) — European models

DOHC[edit]

The line of multi-valve DOHC engines began with the B234 for the 1989 model year.

Volkswagen Group diesels

Volvo licensed diesel engines from Volkswagen Group for decades.

Volvo V8[edit]

Volvo B36, used in trucks

Modular[edit]

Volvo began a line of modular engines in 1990, with straight-four, straight-five, and straight-six variants. In 2016 the last Volvo Modular engine was produced.

SI6, Short Inline 6[edit]

This engine was designed by Volvo in Sweden but is built in Wales, at Ford's Bridgend Engine Plant

Yamaha Volvo V8[edit]

This V8 engine is designed by Volvo Cars and Yamaha Motor of Japan. The engine is built by Yamaha in Japan, and other parts of the engine are added at Volvo Cars engine unit in Skövde, Sweden.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volvo Cars to stop developing new diesel engines -CEO
  2. ^ "Nya motoremblem på Volvos bilar - ju högre siffra desto mer effekt". www.volvocars.com (in Swedish). 29 March 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  3. ^ a b "South Africa - Volvo Cars". www.volvocars.com.
  4. ^ "The new Volvo Drive-E powertrain family – world-leading engine output versus CO2 emissions". www.media.volvocars.com. 25 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  5. ^ "Volvo V40 D4 with new Drive-E powertrains: the most powerful, lowest emission engine in its segment". www.media.volvocars.com. 25 February 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2017-07-09.