List of Washington Metro stations

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Stylized Washington Metro system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail) is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. It is the second busiest in the United States, behind the New York City Subway.[1]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area, and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[2] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. By 1991, five rail lines were open: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines. The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. In 2004, three stations were opened: an extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first infill station, NoMa–Gallaudet U.[3] In 2014, the Silver Line opened with five new stations: Greensboro, McLean, Spring Hill, Tysons Corner, and Wiehle – Reston East.[4]

As of 2015, there are 91 stations on the six lines in the Metro system. An infill station at Potomac Yard is planned to open in 2018 on the Yellow and Blue lines, and six more stations are planned in 2019 as part of the Phase II of the Silver Line.[5][6]

Ten Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although other intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Four of those stations have separate, perpendicular upper and lower levels which opened at different times. Two other transfer stations, Rosslyn and Pentagon, have parallel stacked platforms. Ten stations are termini, stations at the end of lines; several other non-terminus stations are used to short turn trains in regular service.[7]

As of June 2015, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 31,186 passenger boardings per weekday. Nine of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, Silver, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station, with 27,058 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 12,609 passenger boardings per weekday.[8]

Lines[edit]

There are six Washington Metro lines as of 2014. Each is named for a different color.[7] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels. As part of the Rush+ service introduced in June 2012, some Yellow Line trains run to Franconia-Springfield on tracks normally used for the Blue Line. Until the Silver Line opened, some rush hour Orange Line trains ran to Largo Town Center.

The Silver Line currently runs to Wiehle–Reston East via the Tysons Corner district as part of Phase I of its construction; Phase II will extend the Silver Line from Wiehle–Reston East to Ashburn via Dulles International Airport in 2018.

Line Ridership (May 2010)[9] Stations[7] Termini[7]
Red Line Red Line 277,741 (37%) 27 Shady Grove Glenmont
Orange Line Orange Line 187,663 (25%) 26 Vienna New Carrollton
Blue Line Blue Line 120,104 (16%) 27 Franconia-Springfield Largo Town Center
Green Line Green Line 105,091 (14%) 21 Branch Avenue Greenbelt
Yellow Line Yellow Line[a] 59,781 (8%) 17 Huntington
Franconia–Springfield (Rush+)
Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
Greenbelt (Rush+)
Silver Line Silver Line N/A 28 (34 after Phase II) Wiehle–Reston East
Ashburn (2018)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter Station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda Metro Station
Greenbelt Station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza Station
Platform of the Silver Spring Station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the Washington Metrorail system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton Station[4]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom–GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
Wiehle-Reston East station on the first day of Silver Line service in 2014
* Official transfer stations
dagger Terminals
** Transfer station and terminal
Station[7] Lines[7] Rail Connections[4][9] Jurisdiction[4][9] Average weekday
boardings[8]
Opened[4][9]
Addison Road Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 3,349 November 22, 1980
Anacostia Green Line Green Line N/A District of Columbia 7,172 December 28, 1991
Archives Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 9,220 April 30, 1983
Arlington Cemetery Blue Line Blue Line N/A Arlington, Virginia 1,918 July 1, 1977
Ballston–MU Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 11,520 December 11, 1979
Benning Road Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 3,154 November 22, 1980
Bethesda Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 10,708 August 25, 1984
Braddock Road Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A Alexandria, Virginia 4,725 December 17, 1983
Branch Avenuedagger Green Line Green Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 6,145 January 13, 2001
Brookland–CUA Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 6,619 February 6, 1978
Capitol Heights Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 2,081 November 22, 1980
Capitol South Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 7,973 July 1, 1977
Cheverly Orange Line Orange Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 1,357 November 20, 1978
Clarendon Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 4,882 December 11, 1979
Cleveland Park Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 4,366 December 5, 1981
College Park–University of Maryland Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
MARC: Camden Line Prince George's County, Maryland 4,389 December 11, 1993
Columbia Heights [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 12,415 September 18, 1999
Congress Heights Green Line Green Line N/A District of Columbia 2,666 January 13, 2001
Court House Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 7,448 December 11, 1979
Crystal City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines Arlington, Virginia 12,008 July 1, 1977
Deanwood Orange Line Orange Line N/A District of Columbia 1,556 November 20, 1978
Dunn Loring Orange Line Orange Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 4,386 June 7, 1986
Dupont Circle Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 20,415 January 17, 1977
East Falls Church* Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 4,399 June 7, 1986
Eastern Market Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 6,194 July 1, 1977
Eisenhower Avenue Yellow Line Yellow Line N/A Alexandria, Virginia 1,757 December 17, 1983
Farragut North Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 25,294 March 29, 1976
Farragut West Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 22,374 July 1, 1977
Federal Center SW Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 5,373 July 1, 1977
Federal Triangle Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 8,411 July 1, 1977
Foggy Bottom–GWU Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 21,462 July 1, 1977
Forest Glen Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 2,382 September 22, 1990
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 7,932 December 11, 1993
Fort Totten* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 7,932 February 6, 1978
Franconia–Springfielddagger Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
VRE: Fredericksburg Line Fairfax County, Virginia 7,771 June 29, 1997
Friendship Heights Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 9,466 August 25, 1984
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 25,820 April 30, 1983
Gallery Place* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 25,820 December 15, 1976
Georgia Avenue–Petworth [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 6,296 September 18, 1999
Glenmontdagger Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 6,185 July 25, 1998
Greensboro Silver Line Silver Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,071 July 26, 2014
Greenbeltdagger Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
MARC: Camden Line Prince George's County, Maryland 6,315 December 11, 1993
Grosvenor–Strathmore Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 5,557 August 25, 1984
Huntingtondagger Yellow Line Yellow Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 7,922 December 17, 1983
Judiciary Square Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 8,778 March 29, 1976
King Street–Old Town* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Amtrak: Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, and Northeast Regional
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at Union Station)
Alexandria, Virginia 8,908 December 17, 1983
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at L'Enfant)
District of Columbia 20,367 July 1, 1977
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 20,367 April 30, 1983
Landover Orange Line Orange Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 1,938 November 20, 1978
Largo Town Centerdagger Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,912 December 18, 2004
McLean Silver Line Silver Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,669 July 26, 2014
McPherson Square Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 15,635 July 1, 1977
Medical Center Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 5,663 August 25, 1984
Metro Center* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 27,058 July 1, 1977
Metro Center* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 27,058 March 29, 1976
Minnesota Avenue Orange Line Orange Line N/A District of Columbia 2,827 November 20, 1978
Morgan Boulevard Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 2,036 December 18, 2004
Mount Vernon Square** Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 4,629 May 11, 1991
Navy Yard–Ballpark Green Line Green Line N/A District of Columbia 10,569 December 28, 1991
Naylor Road Green Line Green Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 2,828 January 13, 2001
New Carrolltondagger Orange Line Orange Line Amtrak: Northeast Regional and Vermonter
MARC: Penn Line
Prince George's County, Maryland 8,349 November 20, 1978
NoMa–Gallaudet U Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 9,226 November 20, 2004
Pentagon* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 15,145 July 1, 1977
Pentagon City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 14,427 July 1, 1977
Potomac Avenue Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 3,783 July 1, 1977
Prince George's Plaza Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 5,061 December 11, 1993
Rhode Island Avenue–Brentwood Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 6,001 March 29, 1976
Rockville Red Line Red Line Amtrak: Capitol Limited
MARC: Brunswick Line
Montgomery County, Maryland 4,424 December 15, 1984
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport 20 airtransportation.svg Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 7,284 July 1, 1977
Rosslyn* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 14,815 July 1, 1977
Shady Grovedagger Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 12,609 December 15, 1984
Shaw–Howard University [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 5,087 May 11, 1991
Silver Spring Red Line Red Line MARC: Brunswick Line Montgomery County, Maryland 13,008 February 6, 1978
Smithsonian Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 10,684 July 1, 1977
Southern Avenue Green Line Green Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,789 January 13, 2001
Spring Hill Silver Line Silver Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,406 July 26, 2014
Stadium–Armory* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A District of Columbia 2,809 July 1, 1977
Suitland Green Line Green Line N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 5,261 January 13, 2001
Takoma Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 5,774 February 6, 1978
Tenleytown–AU Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 6,351 August 25, 1984
Twinbrook Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 4,443 December 15, 1984
Tysons Corner Silver Line Silver Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 3,141 July 26, 2014
U Street [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
N/A District of Columbia 7,823 May 11, 1991
Union Station Red Line Red Line Amtrak: Acela Express, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter
MARC: Brunswick, Camden, and Penn Lines
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at Union Station)
District of Columbia 31,186 March 29, 1976
Van Dorn Street Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
N/A Alexandria, Virginia 3,234 June 15, 1991
Van Ness–UDC Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 6,266 December 5, 1981
Viennadagger Orange Line Orange Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 11,458 June 7, 1986
Virginia Square–GMU Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
N/A Arlington, Virginia 3,970 December 11, 1979
Waterfront Green Line Green Line N/A District of Columbia 4,180 December 28, 1991
West Falls Church Orange Line Orange Line N/A Arlington, Virginia 3,051 June 7, 1986
West Hyattsville Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 3,843 December 11, 1993
Wheaton Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 4,231 September 22, 1990
White Flint Red Line Red Line N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 3,855 December 15, 1984
Wiehle – Reston Eastdagger Silver Line Silver Line N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 8,588 July 26, 2014
Woodley Park Red Line Red Line N/A District of Columbia 7,093 December 5, 1981

Future stations[edit]

A sign marking the planned site of the Potomac Yard station

Potomac Yard, planned to open in 2018, is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines, also planned to open in 2018.[5] Phase 2 of the Silver Line is tentatively planned to open in late 2019 with six new stations. When finished, the line's western terminus will be Ashburn.[6]

Station Lines Jurisdiction Projected Opening Reference
Dulles International Airport 20 airtransportation.svg Silver Line Silver Line Loudoun County, Virginia 2019 [6]
Herndon Silver Line Silver Line Fairfax County, Virginia 2019 [6]
Innovation Center Silver Line Silver Line Fairfax County, Virginia 2019 [6]
Potomac Yard Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Alexandria, Virginia 2018 [5]
Reston Town Center Silver Line Silver Line Fairfax County, Virginia 2019 [6]
Loudoun Gateway Silver Line Silver Line Loudoun County, Virginia 2019 [6]
Ashburn Silver Line Silver Line Loudoun County, Virginia 2019 [6]

Notes[edit]

  • a The Yellow Line terminates at Mt Vernon Square during peak hours (5:00 am to 9:30 am and 3:00 pm to 7:00 pm Monday through Friday). Thus, the Columbia Heights, Fort Totten, Georgia Avenue–Petworth, Shaw–Howard University, and U Street stations are not served by the Yellow Line during these times.[10]
  • b Stations noted in this list twice with upper and lower levels are considered by Metrorail to be a single station. The levels are noted separately here because they opened on different dates.
  • c This station is served by additional trains during rush hour as part of the Rush Plus routing scheme. The secondary line listed does not serve the station during non-rush periods.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Transit Ridership Report: First Quarter 2015" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X. 
  3. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Governor McAuliffe Announces Award of $50 Million Loan to the City of Alexandria to Build a New Potomac Yard Metrorail Station" (Press release). Office of the Governor of Virginia. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Airports Authority Updates Status of Silver Line Metrorail Construction Project" (Press release). Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Metrorail Website. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved August 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. June 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  10. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.