List of Washington Metro stations

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Stylized Washington Metro system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and branded Metrorail) is a rapid transit system serving Washington, D.C. and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. With an average weekday ridership of 748,000, the Washington Metro is the third-busiest rapid transit system in the United States, behind the Chicago "L" and the New York City Subway.[1] As of 2015, the system has 91 active stations spread out on six lines with 117 miles (188 km) of tracks. Six more stations are planned in 2020 as part of the Phase II of the Silver Line[2] and an infill station at Potomac Yard is planned to open in 2021 on the Yellow and Blue lines.[3]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[4] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. By 1991, five rail lines were open: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines. The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. In 2004, three stations were opened: an extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first infill station, NoMa–Gallaudet U.[5] In 2014, the Silver Line opened with five new stations: Greensboro, McLean, Spring Hill, Tysons Corner, and Wiehle–Reston East.[6]

Nine Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although other intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Four of those stations have separate, perpendicular upper and lower levels which opened at different times. Two other transfer stations, Rosslyn and Pentagon, have parallel stacked platforms. Ten stations are termini (stations at the end of lines); several other non-terminus stations are used to short turn trains in regular service.[7]

As of May 2016, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 28,864 passenger boardings per weekday. Nine of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, Silver, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station, with 24,160 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 11,696 passenger boardings per weekday.[8]

Lines[edit]

There are six Washington Metro lines as of 2017. Each is named for a different color.[7] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels.

The Silver Line currently runs to Wiehle–Reston East via the Tysons Corner district as part of Phase I of its construction; Phase II will extend the Silver Line from Wiehle–Reston East to Ashburn via Dulles International Airport in 2018.

Line Ridership (May 2010)[9] Stations[7] Termini[7]
WMATA Red.svg 277,741 (37%) 27 Shady Grove Glenmont
WMATA Orange.svg 187,663 (25%) 26 Vienna New Carrollton
WMATA Blue.svg 120,104 (16%) 27 Franconia–Springfield Largo Town Center
WMATA Green.svg 105,091 (14%) 21 Branch Avenue Greenbelt
WMATA Yellow.svg[a] 59,781 (8%) 17 Huntington Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
WMATA Silver.svg N/A 28 (34 after Phase II) Wiehle–Reston East
Ashburn (2020)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda station
Greenbelt station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza station
Platform of the Silver Spring station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton station[6]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom–GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
Wiehle-Reston East station on the first day of Silver Line service in 2014
* Official transfer stations
dagger Terminals
** Transfer station and terminal
Station[7] Lines[7] Rail Connections[9] Jurisdiction[9] 2017 Average weekday
boardings[8]
Opened[6][9]
Addison Road WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 2,899 November 22, 1980
Anacostia WMATA Green.svg N/A District of Columbia 6,026 December 28, 1991
Archives WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,344 April 30, 1983
Arlington Cemetery WMATA Blue.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 1,476 July 1, 1977
Ballston–MU WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 9,414 December 11, 1979
Benning Road WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 2,536 November 22, 1980
Bethesda WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 9,142 August 25, 1984
Braddock Road WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Alexandria, Virginia 3,969 December 17, 1983
Branch Avenuedagger WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 5,522 January 13, 2001
Brookland–CUA WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,468 February 6, 1978
Capitol Heights WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 1,965 November 22, 1980
Capitol South WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 6,856 July 1, 1977
Cheverly WMATA Orange.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 557 November 20, 1978
Clarendon WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 4,028 December 11, 1979
Cleveland Park WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 3,773 December 5, 1981
College Park–University of Maryland WMATA Green.svg MARC: Camden Line Prince George's County, Maryland 5,118 December 11, 1993
Columbia Heights [a] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 10,679 September 18, 1999
Congress Heights WMATA Green.svg N/A District of Columbia 2,173 January 13, 2001
Court House WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 6,354 December 11, 1979
Crystal City WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines Arlington, Virginia 10,239 July 1, 1977
Deanwood WMATA Orange.svg N/A District of Columbia 637 November 20, 1978
Dunn Loring WMATA Orange.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 3,688 June 7, 1986
Dupont Circle WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 16,948 January 17, 1977
East Falls Church* WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 3,955 June 7, 1986
Eastern Market WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,119 July 1, 1977
Eisenhower Avenue WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Alexandria, Virginia 1,331 December 17, 1983
Farragut North WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 21,989 March 29, 1976
Farragut West WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 18,762 July 1, 1977
Federal Center SW WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,426 July 1, 1977
Federal Triangle WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 7,555 July 1, 1977
Foggy Bottom–GWU WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 17,666 July 1, 1977
Forest Glen WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 2,126 September 22, 1990
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,030 December 11, 1993
Fort Totten* (upper level)[b] WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,030 February 6, 1978
Franconia–Springfielddagger WMATA Blue.svg VRE: Fredericksburg Line Fairfax County, Virginia 5,589 June 29, 1997
Friendship Heights WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,015 August 25, 1984
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 22,427 April 30, 1983
Gallery Place* (upper level)[b] WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 22,427 December 15, 1976
Georgia Avenue–Petworth [a] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,708 September 18, 1999
Glenmontdagger WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 5,643 July 25, 1998
Greensboro WMATA Silver.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,083 July 26, 2014
Greenbeltdagger WMATA Green.svg MARC: Camden Line Prince George's County, Maryland 3,056 December 11, 1993
Grosvenor–Strathmore WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 5,215 August 25, 1984
Huntingtondagger WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 6,629 December 17, 1983
Judiciary Square WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,196 March 29, 1976
King Street–Old Town* WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg Amtrak: Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, and Northeast Regional
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at Alexandria Union Station)
Alexandria, Virginia 6,752 December 17, 1983
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b] WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at L'Enfant)
District of Columbia 20,235 July 1, 1977
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg District of Columbia 20,235 April 30, 1983
Landover WMATA Orange.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 731 November 20, 1978
Largo Town Centerdagger WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,565 December 18, 2004
McLean WMATA Silver.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,629 July 26, 2014
McPherson Square WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 13,247 July 1, 1977
Medical Center WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 5,300 August 25, 1984
Metro Center* (lower level)[b] WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 24,053 July 1, 1977
Metro Center* (upper level)[b] WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 24,053 March 29, 1976
Minnesota Avenue WMATA Orange.svg N/A District of Columbia 1,006 November 20, 1978
Morgan Boulevard WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 2,881 December 18, 2004
Mount Vernon Square** WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 4,172 May 11, 1991
Navy Yard–Ballpark WMATA Green.svg N/A District of Columbia 9,622 December 28, 1991
Naylor Road WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 2,276 January 13, 2001
New Carrolltondagger WMATA Orange.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional and Vermonter
MARC: Penn Line
Prince George's County, Maryland 3,691 November 20, 1978
NoMa–Gallaudet U WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 8,526 November 20, 2004
Pentagon* WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 13,074 July 1, 1977
Pentagon City WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 12,137 July 1, 1977
Potomac Avenue WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 3,261 July 1, 1977
Prince George's Plaza WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,474 December 11, 1993
Rhode Island Avenue–Brentwood WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,345 March 29, 1976
Rockville WMATA Red.svg Amtrak: Capitol Limited
MARC: Brunswick Line
Montgomery County, Maryland 3,928 December 15, 1984
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport 20 airtransportation.svg WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 5,906 July 1, 1977
Rosslyn* WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 12,436 July 1, 1977
Shady Grovedagger WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 11,355 December 15, 1984
Shaw–Howard University [a] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 4,188 May 11, 1991
Silver Spring WMATA Red.svg MARC: Brunswick Line Montgomery County, Maryland 11,850 February 6, 1978
Smithsonian WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 9,135 July 1, 1977
Southern Avenue WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,451 January 13, 2001
Spring Hill WMATA Silver.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 1,145 July 26, 2014
Stadium–Armory* WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A District of Columbia 2,763 July 1, 1977
Suitland WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 4,672 January 13, 2001
Takoma WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,108 February 6, 1978
Tenleytown–AU WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,357 August 25, 1984
Twinbrook WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 4,101 December 15, 1984
Tysons Corner WMATA Silver.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 3,024 July 26, 2014
U Street [a] WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,301 May 11, 1991
Union Station WMATA Red.svg Amtrak: Acela Express, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter
MARC: Brunswick, Camden, and Penn Lines
VRE: Fredericksburg and Manassas Lines
(at Union Station)
District of Columbia 29,197 March 29, 1976
Van Dorn Street WMATA Blue.svg N/A Alexandria, Virginia 2,468 June 15, 1991
Van Ness–UDC WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,557 December 5, 1981
Viennadagger WMATA Orange.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 8,962 June 7, 1986
Virginia Square–GMU WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg N/A Arlington, Virginia 3,597 December 11, 1979
Waterfront WMATA Green.svg N/A District of Columbia 3,915 December 28, 1991
West Falls Church WMATA Orange.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 2,411 June 7, 1986
West Hyattsville WMATA Green.svg N/A Prince George's County, Maryland 3,487 December 11, 1993
Wheaton WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 3,499 September 22, 1990
White Flint WMATA Red.svg N/A Montgomery County, Maryland 3,417 December 15, 1984
Wiehle–Reston Eastdagger WMATA Silver.svg N/A Fairfax County, Virginia 7,262 July 26, 2014
Woodley Park WMATA Red.svg N/A District of Columbia 5,853 December 5, 1981

Future stations[edit]

A sign marking the planned site of the Potomac Yard station

Potomac Yard, planned to open in 2021, is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines.[3] Phase 2 of the Silver Line is tentatively planned to open in late 2019 with six new stations. When finished, the line's western terminus will be Ashburn.[2]

Station Lines Jurisdiction Projected Opening Reference
Dulles International Airport 20 airtransportation.svg WMATA Silver.svg Loudoun County, Virginia 2020 [2]
Herndon WMATA Silver.svg Fairfax County, Virginia 2020 [2]
Innovation Center WMATA Silver.svg Fairfax County, Virginia 2020 [2]
Potomac Yard WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Yellow.svg Alexandria, Virginia 2021 [3]
Reston Town Center WMATA Silver.svg Fairfax County, Virginia 2020 [2]
Loudoun Gateway WMATA Silver.svg Loudoun County, Virginia 2020 [2]
Ashburn WMATA Silver.svg Loudoun County, Virginia 2020 [2]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Transit Ridership Report: First Quarter 2015" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Airports Authority Updates Status of Silver Line Metrorail Construction Project" (Press release). Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Lazo, Luz (August 31, 2017), "Potomac Yard Metro station delayed again, now likely to open in 2021", The Washington Post, retrieved August 31, 2017
  4. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X.
  5. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. May 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 29, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.