List of Washington Nationals no-hitters
The Washington Nationals are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Washington, D.C.. They play in the National League East division. Formed as an expansion team in 1969 as the Montreal Expos, they were based in Montreal, Quebec, through the 2004 season. In 2005 they moved to Washington, D.C. and become known as the Washington Nationals. Seven no-hitters have been pitched in franchise history, four while the team was based in Montreal as the Expos, and three as the present-day Washington Nationals.
A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. Only one franchise in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher throw a no-hitter.[a]
Dennis Martínez threw the first and thus far only perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, in Expos/Nationals franchise history on July 28, 1991, during the Expos era. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."
The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.
The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager include determining the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game.
List of no-hitters in Expos/Nationals history
|¶||Indicates a perfect game|
|£||Pitcher was left-handed|
|*||Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum|
|1||April 17, 1969||Stoneman, BillBill Stoneman (1)||7–0||5||@ Philadelphia Phillies||Bateman, JohnJohn Bateman||Gorman, TomTom Gorman||Mauch, GeneGene Mauch (1)||
|2||October 2, 1972||Stoneman, BillBill Stoneman (2)||7–0||8||New York Mets||McCarver, TimTim McCarver||McSherry, JohnJohn McSherry||Mauch, GeneGene Mauch (2)|||
|3||May 10, 1981||Lea, CharlieCharlie Lea||4–0||4||San Francisco Giants||Carter, GaryGary Carter||Quick, JimJim Quick||Williams, DickDick Williams||
|4||July 28, 1991||Martínez, DennisDennis Martínez¶||2–0||0||@ Los Angeles Dodgers||Hassey, RonRon Hassey||Poncino, LarryLarry Poncino||Runnells, TomTom Runnells||
|5||September 28, 2014||Zimmermann, JordanJordan Zimmermann||1–0||2||Miami Marlins||Ramos, WilsonWilson Ramos (1)||Porter, AlanAlan Porter||Williams, MattMatt Williams (1)||
|6||June 20, 2015||Scherzer, MaxMax Scherzer (1)||6–0||1||Pittsburgh Pirates||Ramos, WilsonWilson Ramos (2)||Muchlinski, MikeMike Muchlinski||Williams, MattMatt Williams (2)||
|7||October 3, 2015||Scherzer, MaxMax Scherzer (2)||2–0||1||@ New York Mets||Ramos, WilsonWilson Ramos (3)||Randazzo, TonyTony Randazzo||Williams, MattMatt Williams (3)|||
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- "April 17, 1969 Montreal Expos at Philadelphia Phillies Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "October 2, 1972 New York Mets at Montreal Expos Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "May 10, 1981 San Francisco Giants at Montreal Expos Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "July 28, 1991 Montreal Expos at Los Angeles Dodgers Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "September 28, 2014 Miami Marlins at Washington Nationals Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- "June 20, 2015 Pittsburgh Pirates at Washington Nationals Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- "October 3, 2015 Washington Nationals at New York Mets Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved October 4, 2015.