List of Welsh Nobel laureates

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Listed below are the Nobel laureates born in Wales, in alphabetical order. Wales is a country within the United Kingdom, this means that Welsh Nobel laureates are included in the list of Nobel laureates for Great Britain by the Nobel Foundation.

Wales has a population of approximately 3 million people.[1] On a per capita basis the number of Nobel laureates compares favourably with other leading Nobel Prize-winning countries.[2]

Nobel laureates[edit]

Sir Clive Granger[edit]

Sir Clive Granger (4 September 1934 – 27 May 2009) was born in Swansea and was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2003, sharing the prize with Robert F. Engle.[3]

Brian David Josephson[edit]

Brian David Josephson is a Welsh physicist best known for his pioneering work on superconductivity and quantum tunnelling who was born in 1940 in Cardiff and won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 for the prediction of the Josephson effect.[3]

Bertrand Russell[edit]

The philosopher Bertrand Russell (18 May 1872 – February 1970) won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1950 ‘in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought’.[4] He was born in Trellech, Monmouthshire, spent most of his time outside Wales, and died at his home at Plas Penrhyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Merionethshire.

Sir Martin Evans[edit]

Sir Martin John Evans FRS FMedSci (born 1 January 1941, Stroud, Gloucestershire) is a Welsh scientist who, with Matthew Kaufman, was the first to culture mice embryonic stem cells and cultivate them in a laboratory in 1981. He is also known, along with Mario Capecchi and Oliver Smithies, for his work in the development of the knockout mouse and the related technology of gene targeting, a method of using embryonic stem cells to create specific gene modifications in mice. In 2007, the three shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in recognition of their discovery and contribution to the efforts to develop new treatments for illnesses in humans.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Barwell (2009). Multilingualism in Mathematics Classrooms: Global Perspectives. Multilingual Matters. pp. 113–. ISBN 978-1-84769-204-7. With a population of around 3 million, Wales is one of the smallest of the four nations that make up the United Kingdom.
  2. ^ Australian Nobel Prize winners Archived 19 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Australian Government web site. URL referred on 5 September 2010
  3. ^ a b Previous Welsh Nobel Prize winners Wales On Line web site. URL referred 5 September 2010
  4. ^ Nobel Prize literature laureates Nobel Prize Foundation web site. URL referred 5 September 2010