Who Framed Roger Rabbit (franchise)

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Who Framed Roger Rabbit
The logo of the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Created byGary K. Wolf
Original workWho Censored Roger Rabbit? (1981)
by Gary K. Wolf
OwnerWalt Disney Pictures
Amblin Entertainment
Print publications
Films and television
Film(s)Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)
Short film(s)
Video game(s)
Theme park attraction(s)

Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a media franchise owned by The Walt Disney Company and Amblin Entertainment, that began with the 1988 film, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, itself based on a book titled Who Censored Roger Rabbit? by Gary K. Wolf.

The original film was released through Disney's Touchstone Pictures banner on June 22, 1988, and became a blockbuster hit. It brought a renewed interest in the Golden Age of American animation, spearheading modern American animation and the Disney Renaissance.[1] It won three Academy Awards for Best Film Editing, Best Sound Effects Editing and Best Visual Effects and received a Special Achievement Academy Award for its animation direction by Williams. In 2016, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[2]

There's also media related to the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, including books, three animated shorts, comic books, and video games.


Who Censored Roger Rabbit?[edit]

Who Censored Roger Rabbit? by Gary K. Wolf is the book on which the film is loosely based. ISBN 0-345-30325-3

Who Framed Roger Rabbit[edit]

Who Framed Roger Rabbit by Martin Noble is the novelization of the film of the same name. ISBN 0-352-32389-2

Who P-P-P-Plugged Roger Rabbit?[edit]

Who P-P-P-Plugged Roger Rabbit? is a humorous mystery novel written by Gary K. Wolf released in 1991 (ISBN 0-679-40094-X). The book is inconsistent with and so is neither a sequel nor a prequel to Who Censored Roger Rabbit? or the film adaptation by Disney. It could be considered a reboot. The original novel was retconned as a dream of Jessica, in chapter 12.

The novel features the original main characters Roger Rabbit, Eddie Valiant, Jessica Rabbit, and Baby Herman. Their personalities conform to those established in the Who Framed Roger Rabbit film, such as Jessica's devotion to Roger and Roger's cartoony quirks such as his speech impediment.

The story starts out with Eddie Valiant at the front door of Roger Rabbit's house. Almost immediately after he is let inside the house, Roger tells him about the upcoming Gone with the Wind toon adaptation and how he has a chance to play the lead as Rhett Butler. However, the Telltale News, a newspaper that tends to toons, prints an article about Jessica Rabbit and her relationship with Clark Gable. Introduced in this novel is Jessica's diminutive twin sister, Joellyn, who becomes Eddie's main love interest as he has broken up with his girlfriend. We also meet Eddie's sister, who is in a mixed-race marriage with a toon, and has three children with her toon husband. From here, the story branches out to the murders of Kirk Enigman (another candidate for the part of Rhett Butler), Baby Herman, and Dodger Rabbit (Roger Rabbit's evil cousin).

Who Wacked Roger Rabbit?[edit]

Who Wacked Roger Rabbit? is a mystery-humor novel written by Gary K. Wolf released in 2013.

Jessica Rabbit: XERIOUS Business[edit]

Jessica Rabbit: XERIOUS Business is a novel written by Gary Wolf released in 2022 that details the origin story of Jessica Rabbit, who was originally a human named Jessica Krupnick before she became a Toon.

Children's picture books[edit]


Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)[edit]

Animated short films[edit]

Walt Disney Feature Animation produced a series of animated shorts featuring Roger Rabbit, following the release of the film. The three shorts (Tummy Trouble, Roller Coaster Rabbit, and Trail Mix-Up), were presented in front of various Disney/Touchstone features in an attempt to revive short subject animation as a part of the movie-going experience. Of the 3 shorts, only the first is "complete", the other 2 films ending with Roger wrecking the sets.

Cast and characters[edit]

List indicator(s)
  • A dark gray cell indicates the character did not appear in that installment.
  • A C indicates a character appears in an cameo appearance.
  • An S indicates a performer stood in as their character's singing voice.
  • A U indicates an actor or actress was not credited for their respective role.
Characters Feature film Short films Video game
Who Framed Roger Rabbit Tummy Trouble Roller Coaster Rabbit Trail Mix Up Hare Raising Havoc
Roger Rabbit Charles Fleischer Jess Harnell
Jessica Rabbit Kathleen TurnerU Kathleen Turner Marnie Mosiman
Amy IrvingS
Baby Herman Lou Hirsch April Winchell
April Winchell[a]
Mrs. Herman April Winchell
Raoul J. Raoul Joel Silver Sol Pavlosky Corey Burton
Droopy Richard Williams Corey Burton
Eddie Valiant Bob Hoskins
Judge Doom Christopher Lloyd
Corey Burton[b]
Dolores Joanna Cassidy
Marvin Acme Stubby Kaye
R.K. Maroon Alan Tilvern
Lieutenant Santino Richard LeParmentier
Smart Ass David Lander
Greasy Charles Fleischer
Stupid Fred Newman
Wheezy June Foray
Benny the Cab Charles Fleischer
  1. ^ Winchell provides the voice of Baby Herman in scenes in which the character acts like an infant.
  2. ^ Burton provides the voice of Judge Doom in his "Toon" form.

Main characters[edit]

Other toons[edit]

  • Baby Herman (voiced by Lou Hirsch): Roger's co-star in short films. Although he has the appearance of a baby, he is really a middle-aged man. He acts as an innocent baby when acts with Roger in the cartoons (being voiced by April Winchell as an infant). When Roger is accused of killing Marvin Acme, he asks Eddie for help in proving his friend's innocence, though Eddie rejects his offer.
  • Toon Patrol: Five weasels who act as the Toontown police force, working under the orders of Judge Doom, acting as the film's secondary antagonists. They also appear as the main antagonists in the Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin attraction.
    • Smart Ass (voiced by David Lander): Leader of the Toon Patrol, and Judge Doom's right-hand man. He is the only one with constant dialogue in the film, unlike his companions, who only have brief phrases.
    • Greasy (voiced by Charles Fleischer): A weasel notable for wearing a 1930s-style green suit.
    • Psycho (voiced by Charles Fleischer): A weasel notable for having bulging eyes, spiky hair, and wearing a straitjacket.
    • Stupid (voiced by Fred Newman): A weasel who stands out for being obese, and wearing children's clothing such as a striped T-shirt, sneakers, and a hat with a propeller.
    • Wheezy (voiced by June Foray): A weasel who stands out for being gray (unlike his companions who are brown) and constantly smoking cigarettes that cause him to be surrounded by smoke.
  • Benny the Cab (voiced by Charles Fleischer): An anthropomorphic taxi cab that was imprisoned by the Toon Patrol until freed by Roger and Eddie, whom he helps escape from the weasels. He also appears in the Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin attraction as the vehicle used by Roger to rescue Jessica. Benny also has cameo appearances in the House of Mouse television series episodes "Max's New Car" and "Mickey vs. Shelby".
  • Mrs. Herman (voiced by Amy Irving): Is Baby Herman's mother in the cartoons starring Roger. She is seen only from the waist down.
  • Bongo the Gorilla (voiced by Morgan Deare in the film and Jeff Bergman in Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin): Is a big gorilla and the bouncer of The Ink and Paint Club.
  • Lenny the Cab: Benny's "twin cousin", who appears in the Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin attraction as the ride vehicle used by the guests.

Other humans[edit]

  • Dolores (played by Joanna Cassidy): Eddie's girlfriend. She works as a waitress at a bar, where she helps Eddie hide Roger. Later, after the incident between Roger and Doom at the bar, she mentions that her boss fired her.
  • Marvin Acme (played by Stubby Kaye): The wisecracking owner of the Acme Factory and Toontown, who is killed after a safe falls on his head. At the climax of the film, it is discovered that in his will he leaves the Toons as the owners of his property.
  • R.K. Maroon (played by Alan Tilvern): Owner of Maroon Cartoons and Roger's boss. He hires Eddie to find out about Jessica's infidelities. Later, Eddie discovers that it was all a planned ploy, but when Maroon is about to tell him the whole truth, he is killed by being shot by Judge Doom.
  • Lieutenant Santino (played by Richard LeParmentier): Police lieutenant and friend of Eddie, whom he takes to the Acme Factory to show him the scene of Marvin Acme's murder. At the climax of the film, he meets Eddie again at the Acme Factory, where Eddie reveals to him Doom's acts on the case.
  • Teddy Valiant: Eddie's deceased brother, with whom he worked as a private detective, until he was killed by a toon who dropped a piano on his head during a case.
  • Raoul J. Raoul (played by Joel Silver in the film and Sol Pavlosky in Tummy Trouble): Director of Roger's films, who ends up enraged due to Roger's clumsiness when it comes to acting.

Video games[edit]

Comic books[edit]

Roger Rabbit[edit]

Roger Rabbit is a comic book series by Disney Comics starring characters from the 1988 film, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, as well as following continuity from the film. It spawned a spin-off series entitled Roger Rabbit's Toontown, which lasted five issues.

The series continues the adventures of Roger Rabbit, who has since returned to working for Maroon Cartoons, now under C.B. Maroon (a character introduced in the graphic novel, Roger Rabbit: The Resurrection of Doom). The comics are usually split into two stories, with one main feature focusing on Roger's adventures, and a back-up feature presented to look like an actual animated subject.

While characters such as Jessica Rabbit, Baby Herman and Benny the Cab all appear in the stories, Eddie Valiant is seldom seen, replaced by a new detective character named Rick Flint. This is explained in the first issue. It is explained that when Roger went to Eddie with a new case, Eddie was too busy with new cases brought on by his new-found fame after defeating Judge Doom twice. Eddie then refers Roger to a "new kid" private detective, Rick Flint. The actual editorial reason for omitting Eddie Valiant from the comic was not having the likeness rights to make Eddie resemble Bob Hoskins. Two other new characters introduced were Lenny, a toon plane who is Benny's cousin, and Mel, who is Roger's sentient mailbox.

The series had a one-off 3D strip as part of the Disney's Comics in 3-D series, which reprints the back-up features of earlier comics and converted them into 3D. The comic-book line lasted 18 issues, and continued until the implosion of Disney Comics.

Roger Rabbit's Toontown[edit]

Roger Rabbit's Toontown was a comic book published by Disney Comics. It features Roger and his supporting characters from Disney and Amblin Entertainment's Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Every issue began with a Roger Rabbit story and his supporting characters such as his wife Jessica, his co star Baby and his taxi cab friend Benny round out the comic. This comic book lasted for five issues from May to August 1991.

This comic book is similar to the Roger Rabbit version of Walt Disney's Comics and Stories.

Graphic novels and trade paperbacks[edit]

  • Who Framed Roger Rabbit (based on the movie)
  • Roger Rabbit: Tummy Trouble (based on the animated short)
  • Roger Rabbit: Who Framed Rick Flint (trade paperback featuring a story line from the Roger Rabbit comic series) ISBN 0-307-21803-1

Roger Rabbit: The Resurrection of Doom[edit]

Roger Rabbit: The Resurrection of Doom (ISBN 0-871-35593-0) is a graphic novel sequel that takes place between the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit and the Roger Rabbit short film Tummy Trouble. It also helped to set the scene for the Roger Rabbit comic-book series by Disney Comics.

Plot summary[edit]

The comic opens with a documentary about the origin of Judge Doom. The documentary mentions the original character cel used to create Doom. Eddie Valiant is given credit for ending Doom's reign of terror by dissolving him in a puddle of Dip, stated as 'A victim of his own evil creation', and putting a stop to his plans to erase Toontown and build a freeway where it would have once stood.

A weasel, Slimy, is shown watching the documentary. He goes with two other weasels, Flasher and Ragtag, to find the original cel of Doom. They manipulate some animators to bring Doom back to life. With time, Doom remembers everything that happened to him, and now wants revenge against both Eddie Valiant and Roger Rabbit for ruining his plans.

Meanwhile, Eddie Valiant is called by C.B. Maroon, the late R.K. Maroon’s brother and new executive of Maroon Cartoons, who announces they are reopening the studio, and pays Valiant $500 to run a search on the background of Roger Rabbit. Valiant finds Roger's records clean as a whistle.

Meanwhile, Roger and Jessica Rabbit are enjoying life at home as much as possible, despite Roger's unemployment following the closing of Maroon Cartoon Studios. Roger gets a call from Maroon Cartoons, saying they are reopening the studio, and that they want Roger to come work for them. Roger accepts the offer, and the next day, Roger meets C.B. Maroon, who starts Roger off with a very low-budget film (depicted in a Hanna-Barbera-esque style). Roger angrily objects to his part in the film, and is fired ("Get me that other rabbit with the tiger for a buddy!").

The next day, Roger finds dozens of scandalous, untrue headlines centered on himself. He turns to Valiant to find out why this is happening. Valiant first meets with C.B. Maroon, and questions him about firing Roger. Maroon reveals himself as Doom, tells his plan to ruin Roger's reputation and then kill him. He and the weasels knock Valiant out and lock him up in a storage locker, where Valiant meets the real C.B. Maroon. Doom, as C.B. Maroon, puts Maroon Studios up for auction, and the studio will be officially sold at noon.

Meanwhile, Roger and Jessica are about to leave for Simi Valley, but first go to Valiant's office to say goodbye, only to find the office ransacked. Jessica finds indentations of the address Valiant wrote on the last piece of paper he used. Rushing to the address, they find and rescue Eddie Valiant and C.B. Maroon. They leave to save Maroon Studios. Valiant sprays him and his weasels with the Dip-filled gag squirt gun, and before dissolving, "Maroon" reveals himself to be Doom.

The real C.B. Maroon announces he is re-opening Maroon Cartoon Studios, and will be providing all the toon employees with work, including Roger Rabbit and Baby Herman with a line-up of new animated short films, starting with Tummy Trouble.


Mickey's Toontown[edit]

Mickey's Toontown is a themed land located at Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland (in this last being simply named Toontown), which is inspired on the city of Toontown from the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. A similar land also existed at the Magic Kingdom under the name Mickey's Toontown Fair, until it was closed in 2011.

Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin[edit]

Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin is a dark ride based on Who Framed Roger Rabbit. The first version opened at Disneyland on January 26, 1994, while another version at Tokyo Disneyland was opened on April 15, 1996.


  1. ^ King, Susan (March 21, 2013). "Classic Hollywood: On the case of 'Roger Rabbit'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  2. ^ "Complete National Film Registry Listing". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-05-14.

External links[edit]