List of World Heritage Sites in Belgium

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] The Kingdom of Belgium accepted the convention on 24 July 1996, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2016, there are 12 World Heritage Sites located in the country.[2]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

ID; number of the property on the World Heritage List
Name; as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location; in Belgium
Period; time period of significance, typically of construction
Criteria; the criteria the site was listed under by the World Heritage Committee
Year; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List
Description; brief description of the site
ID Name Image Location Date Type (Criteria) Year Description
943 Belfries of Belgium and France The belfry of the Cloth Hall in Ypres, Belgium Belgium and Northern France 11th-17th centuries Cultural (ii, iv) 1999, extended in 2005 A total of 56 belfries are listed as World Heritage. Among them are 33 Belgian belfries: Antwerp (Cathedral of Our Lady & Antwerp City Hall), Herentals, Lier, Mechelen (St. Rumbold's Cathedral & city hall), Bruges, Diksmuide, Kortrijk, Lo-Reninge, Menen, Nieuwpoort, Roeselare, Tielt, Veurne, Ypres, Aalst, Dendermonde, Eeklo, Ghent, Oudenaarde, Leuven, Tienen, Zoutleeuw, Sint-Truiden, Tongeren, Binche, Charleroi, Mons, Thuin, Tournai, Gembloux and Namur.[3]
855 Flemish Béguinages View of the Groot Begijnhof in Leuven, Belgium Flanders 13th century Cultural (ii, iii, iv) 1998 Béguinage (French) or begijnhof (Dutch) are collections of small buildings used by Beguines. These were various lay sisterhoods of the Roman Catholic Church, founded in the 13th century in the Low Countries, comprising religious women who sought to serve God without retiring from the world.[4] The list includes 13 béguinages: Bruges, Dendermonde, Diest, Ghent (Klein Begijnhof, Groot Begijnhof), Hoogstraten, Kortrijk, Leuven (Groot Begijnhof), Lier, Mechelen (Groot Begijnhof), Sint-Truiden, Tongeren and Turnhout.
996 Historic Centre of Brugge View of Bruges' city centre Bruges, West Flanders 12th-19th century Cultural (ii, iv, vi) 2000 Bruges is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the north-west of Belgium. Along with a few other canal-based northern cities, such as Amsterdam, it is sometimes referred to as "The Venice of the North". Bruges has a significant economic importance thanks to its port. At one time, it was considered the "chief commercial city" of the world.[5][6]
857 La Grand-Place, Brussels The Grand Place, decorated with a floral carpet Brussels, Brussels 1695-1699 Cultural (ii, iv) 1998 The Grand Place is the central square of Brussels. It is surrounded by guildhalls, the city's Town Hall, and the Breadhouse. The square is the most important tourist destination and most memorable landmark in Brussels. It measures 68 by 110 metres (223 by 361 ft).[7]
1344 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia View over the Bois du Cazier mine Wallonia 19th-20th century Cultural (ii, iv) 2012 During the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, mining and the heavy industry that relied on coal formed a major part of Belgium's economy. Most of this mining and industry took place in the sillon industriel ("industrial valley" in French), a strip of land running across the country where many of the largest cities in Wallonia are located. The named locations of this World Heritage Site are all situated in or near the area of the sillon industriel. Mining activities in the area declined during the 20th century, and today the four mines listed are no longer operational. Nowadays they are each open to visitors as museums.[8]
1005 Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta Internal staircase of the Tassel House, Brussels Brussels, Brussels 19th-20th century Cultural (i, ii, iv) 2000 The architect Victor Horta was well known for creating buildings in the Art Nouveau style fashionable at the time. Four of his most notable surviving works, Hôtel Tassel, Hôtel Solvay, Hôtel van Eetvelde and Maison & Atelier Horta, are listed as World Heritage Sites.[9]
1006 Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes View of the inside of the Spiennes mine Mons, Hainaut Neolithic Cultural (i, iii, iv) 2000 The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes are Europe's largest and earliest neolithic mines, located close to Walloon village of Spiennes, southeast of Mons. The mines were active during the mid and late Neolithic (4300-2200 BC).[10]
1009 Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai View of the Cathedral of Tournai Tournai, Hainaut 12th century Cultural (ii, iv) 2000 Notre-Dame Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church, see of the Diocese of Tournai in Tournai. Begun in the 12th century on even older foundations, the building combines the work of three design periods with striking effect, the heavy and severe character of the Romanesque nave contrasting remarkably with the Transitional work of the transept and the fully developed Gothic of the choir. The transept is the most distinctive part of the building, with its cluster of five bell towers and apsidal (semicircular) ends.[11]
1185 Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex View of the library of the Plantin-Moretus House Museum Antwerp, Antwerp 16th-17th century Cultural (ii, iii, iv, vi) 2005 The Plantin-Moretus Museum is a museum in Antwerp about early-modern printing in general and the famous printers Christophe Plantin and Jan Moretus in particular. It is located in their former residence and printing establishment, Plantin Press, at the Friday Market.[12]
1298 Stoclet House Exterior of the Stoclet House Woluwe-St-Pierre, Brussels 1911 Cultural (i, ii) 2009 The Stoclet Palace was a private mansion built by architect Josef Hoffmann between 1905 and 1911 in Brussels, Belgium, for banker and art lover Adolphe Stoclet.[13] It was one of the most refined and luxurious private houses of the twentieth century[14] and was lavishly decorated inside, including works by the artist Gustav Klimt.[15]
1321 The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement View of the Maison Guiette Antwerp, Antwerp 1927 Cultural (i, ii, vi) 2016 The Maison Guiette is the Belgian component of the multinational inscription 'The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement'. The building was listed among 16 other buildings of Le Corbusier in Argentina, France, Germany, India, Japan and Switzerland.
Maison Guiette was designed by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier in 1926 and it was finished in 1927. It served as the home and workplace of Belgian painter René Guiette. It is the only remaining building designed by Le Corbusier in Belgium. It is also known as Les Peupliers, named after the street where the building is situated.[16]
856 The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx View of Lift No. 3 Hainaut 1888-1917 Cultural (iii, iv) 1998 The lifts on the old Canal du Centre are a series of four hydraulic boat lifts near the town of La Louvière in the Sillon industriel of Wallonia. Along a particular 7 km (4.3 mi) stretch of the Canal du Centre, which connects the river basins of the Meuse and the Scheldt, the water level rises by 66.2 metres (217 ft). To overcome this difference, the 15.4-metre lift at Houdeng-Goegnies was opened in 1888, and the other three lifts, each with a 16.93 metres (55.5 ft) rise, opened in 1917.[17]

Belgium's Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[18] As of 2016, Belgium lists seventeen properties on its tentative list:[19]

ID Image Name Location Type (Criteria) Year Notes
856 Gravensteen, Gent Ghent historic town centre Ghent, East-Flanders Cultural (ii, iv) 2002
857 Gildehuizen Antwerpen Antwerp historic town centre Antwerp, Antwerp Cultural (ii, iv, vi) 2002
1712 2011-09-24 17.42 Leuven, universiteitsbibliotheek ceg74154 foto4 Historic buildings of the University of Leuven Leuven, Flemish Brabant Cultural (ii, iii, iv, vi) 2002
5355 Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert Brussels, Brussels Cultural (ii, iv) 2008
5356 Bloemenwerf - Henry Van de Velde - 1896 Bloemenwerf by Henry van de Velde Uccle, Brussels Cultural (i, ii) 2008
5357 Palais de Justice from Hilton Palace of Justice Brussels, Brussels Cultural (i) 2008
5358 Fagne.Ardenne High Fens landscape Liège province Cultural (v) 2008
5359 Chaussée Marie-Thérèse.1 Roman road from Bavay to Tongeren Belgium Cultural (iii, iv) 2008
5361 Palais_des_Princes-Evêques Prince-Bishops' Palace Liège, Liège Cultural (ii, iii) 2008
5362 Braine-L%27Alleud_-_Butte_du_Lion_dite_de_Waterloo Battlefield of Waterloo Braine-l'Alleud, Walloon Brabant Cultural (ii, iii, vi) 2008
5364 Panorama de la Bataille de Waterloo 03 Battle of Waterloo Cyclorama Braine-l'Alleud, Walloon Brabant Cultural (i, ii, iv, vi) 2008
5365 0 Dinant - La citadelle (1) The Mosane Citadels Wallonia Cultural (ii) 2008 Includes the citadelles in Dinant, Namur and Huy.
5623 Hoge Kempen 030 Hoge Kempen landscape Limburg province Mixed (iv, vi, viii) 2011
5841 Koloniën van Weldadigheid (Agricultural pauper colonies) Antwerp Cultural (v, vi) 2013 Together with The Netherlands. In total 7 colonies were selected for the list, among them are the colonies of Merksplas and Wortel in Belgium.
5886 Tyne Cot Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery Cemeteries and memorials of the Great War Belgium, France Cultural (iii, iv, vi) 2014 Together with France. A total of 105 elements were selected for the list in France and Belgium. 25 sites are situated in Belgium.
5932 Spa JPG01 Great Spas of Europe Spa, Liège Cultural (ii, iii, iv, vi) 2014 Collaboration with Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom. The city of Spa is selected to be part of the property.
6015 20120815 Zonienwoud (6) Extension to the Joint World Heritage Property Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany Brussels, Brussels Natural (ix) 2015 Together with Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Ukraine. The Sonian Forest in Brussels has been selected as part of the expansion of the property.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Belgium". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Belfries of Belgium and France". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Flemish Béguinages". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Historic Centre of Brugge". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Dunton, Larkin (1896). The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett. p. 158. 
  7. ^ "La Grand-Place, Brussels". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Major Mining Sites of Wallonia". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  13. ^ Sharp, Dennis (2002). Twentieth Century Architecture. Mulgrave: Images Publishing Group. ISBN 1-86470-085-8.  pp.44
  14. ^ Watkin, David (2005). A History of Western Architecture. London: Laurence King Publishing. ISBN 1-85669-459-3.  pp.548
  15. ^ "Stoclet House". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainaut)". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Tentative List – Belgium". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 

External links[edit]